The National Security Guard (NSG) is a Special
Response Unit in India that has primarily been
utilized for counter-terrorism activities and was
created by the Cabinet Secretariat under the National
Security Guard Act of the Indian Parliament in 1986.
It works completely within the CentralParamilitary
The NSG was established under the National Security
Guard Act of 1986. The NSG was formed after an analysis
of 1984 Operation Blue Star. During this operation, in which
the Indian Army removed Sikh militants who had seized
control of the Golden Temple, there was significant civilian
collateral casualties. The temple also suffered damages
during that operation. The operation highlighted the need for
a force specialising in counter-terrorist operations with
The NSG's roles include protecting VIPs conducting antisabotage checks, rescuing hostages, neutralizing terrorist
threats to vital installations, engaging terrorists and
responding to hijacking and piracy.
The NSG is much sought after for VVIP security for
high-risk VVIPs in India, more as a status symbol by the
policitians; this task is done by the Special protection
group(SPG) of the NSG. The Special Action Group is
the strike force in anti-terrorist and anti-hijack operations,
supported by the SRG and others.
The NSG's specific goals include:
Neutralization of terrorist threats
Handling hijacking situations in air
and on land.
Bomb disposal (search, detection and
neutralisation of iIEDS)
PBI (Post Blast Investigation)
Engaging and neutralizing terrorists in
SIG SG 551 5.56mm NATO Assault Rifle
Steyr SSG 69 7.62mm NATO Bolt-Action Sniper Rifle
Mauser SP66 7.62mm NATO Bolt-Action Sniper Rifle
SIG-Sauer SSG 3000 7.62mm NATO Bolt-Action Sniper Rifle
Heckler & Koch MSG-90 7.62mm NATO Semi-Automatic Snip
Heckler & Koch PSG1 7.62mm NATO Semi-Automatic Sniper
AGS-17 30mm automatic grenade launcher
The basic training period at the organisation's training
centre at Manesar, 50km from New Delhi, last ninety days.
Only those who complete the entire course successfully are
in inducted into the NSG and given further specialised
training. The probation grind saps the toughest of recruits
and the drop out rate is 50 - 70%.
Upgrades after 26/11
GPS & GPRS Technological
Wall Surveillance Radars
Night Vision Devices
Special Tactical Gears
Thermal Imaging Cameras
Non skid shoes
NSG members are assigned partners soon after
completion of basic training and they train and even go
on leave together. But as crack professionals, they are
under orders to shoot their partner if he makes a single
threatening step detrimental to the security of a VIP. On
an average, a commando fires 2000 rounds of live
ammunition during practise sessions throughout the year
Operation Black Thunder I was conducted on 30 April 1986 when the
NSG commandos stormed the Golden Temple. Compared to Operation
Bluestar in 1984, however, this was a tame affair; no weapons were
discovered and nobody was killed.
Operation Black Thunder II was conducted on 12 May 1988 when
1000 NSG commandos had arrived at the temple. Black Cat sniper
teams armed with Heckler & Koch PSG-1 rifles with night scope took
up positions, including atop a 300-foot watertower. While commandos
from the 51 SAG divided into assault squadrons, Special Ranger
Groups were used to seal off the area around the temple and for tactical
support. On May 15th, the NSG began its attack.
Fourteen men from a Quick Reaction Team of the NSG, armed
with the H&K 9mm MP-5 sub-machine guns, Glock 17 or the
Sig Sauer pistols and poison-tipped knives, split into pairs and
enter the plane through seven different entrance points, the
doors and the cockpit.
The team takes the three hijackers by complete surprise. In
fact the two patrolling the aisle are dead with softpenetration, non-ricochetable ammunition in their heads even
before they have time to react. And the third hijackers is
disarmed in the cockpit by the No.1 team. Time taken for the
entire operation; a mere 12 seconds.
Some of the NSG's known operations include:
April 30, 1986 - May 12, 1988 — attack on Khalistani militants hiding
in the Golden Temple during Operation Black Thunder II
April 25, 1993 — rescue of hijacked plane Indian Airlines Boeing 737
by Islamic militants during Operation Ashwamedh
October, 1998 — major combat missions in Jammu and Kashmir
July 15, 1999 — rescue of 12 hostages held by armed terrorists who
had stormed an apartment complex in Kashmir and killed 4 people
September 25, 2002 — Operation Vajra Shakti to free hostages
held by terrorists who had killed 29 worshippers at the
Akshardham temple in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. They suffered their
first combat death in this operation. A second commando, who was
seriously injured and was in a coma, died after 18 months.
November 26, 2008 Mumbai attacks — Operation Black Tornado
and Operation Cyclone to flush out terrorists & rescue hostages
after multiple attacks across Mumbai , India. Major Sandeep
Unnikrishnan and Havaldar Gajender Singh Bisht of the Special
Action Group lost their lives during the operations.
There have been several occasions where the lack of proper
transportation has hampered the response time of the unit.
This was evident during the 1999 hijacking of Indian Airlines
Flight 814 when the unit was stuck in rush hour traffic due to
a lack of helicopters. During the Mumbai attacks, the unit was
delayed due to lack of aircraft in Delhi and then lack of
ground transportation in Mumbai.