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  1. 1. We want to discuss about the topic which holds a lot of interest among youth and about which youth are passionate……...and it is the Indian government s most prestegious department ……….
  3. 3. The National Security Guard (NSG) is a Special Response Unit in India that has primarily been utilized for counter-terrorism activities and was created by the Cabinet Secretariat under the National Security Guard Act of the Indian Parliament in 1986. It works completely within the CentralParamilitary Force structure.
  4. 4. HISTORY The NSG was established under the National Security Guard Act of 1986. The NSG was formed after an analysis of 1984 Operation Blue Star. During this operation, in which the Indian Army removed Sikh militants who had seized control of the Golden Temple, there was significant civilian collateral casualties. The temple also suffered damages during that operation. The operation highlighted the need for a force specialising in counter-terrorist operations with greater efficiency.
  5. 5. The NSG's roles include protecting VIPs conducting antisabotage checks, rescuing hostages, neutralizing terrorist threats to vital installations, engaging terrorists and responding to hijacking and piracy. The NSG is much sought after for VVIP security for high-risk VVIPs in India, more as a status symbol by the policitians; this task is done by the Special protection group(SPG) of the NSG. The Special Action Group is the strike force in anti-terrorist and anti-hijack operations, supported by the SRG and others.
  6. 6. The NSG's specific goals include: Neutralization of terrorist threats Handling hijacking situations in air and on land. Bomb disposal (search, detection and neutralisation of iIEDS) PBI (Post Blast Investigation) Engaging and neutralizing terrorists in specific situations. Hostage Rescue
  7. 7. Equipmen t Browning Hi-Power 9mm Semi-automatic pistol Glock 17 9mm Semi-automatic Pistol Glock 19 9mm Semi-automatic Pistol SIG P226 9mm Semi-automatic Pistol Heckler & Koch M-512 12 Gauge Shotgun 1A SMG 9mm Sub-machine gun Heckler & Koch MP5 A3,A5 and SD3 9mm Submachine Gun AKM 7.62x39mm Assault Rifle
  8. 8. SIG SG 551 5.56mm NATO Assault Rifle Steyr SSG 69 7.62mm NATO Bolt-Action Sniper Rifle Mauser SP66 7.62mm NATO Bolt-Action Sniper Rifle SIG-Sauer SSG 3000 7.62mm NATO Bolt-Action Sniper Rifle Heckler & Koch MSG-90 7.62mm NATO Semi-Automatic Snip Heckler & Koch PSG1 7.62mm NATO Semi-Automatic Sniper AGS-17 30mm automatic grenade launcher
  9. 9. TRAINING The basic training period at the organisation's training centre at Manesar, 50km from New Delhi, last ninety days. Only those who complete the entire course successfully are in inducted into the NSG and given further specialised training. The probation grind saps the toughest of recruits and the drop out rate is 50 - 70%.
  10. 10. Upgrades after 26/11 CornerShot Guns Laser Designator Advance Audio Communication Set GPS & GPRS Technological Systems Wall Surveillance Radars Night Vision Devices Protective Goggles Special Tactical Gears Thermal Imaging Cameras Mini Remotely Operated Vehicles Non skid shoes Ghillie suits
  11. 11. NSG members are assigned partners soon after completion of basic training and they train and even go on leave together. But as crack professionals, they are under orders to shoot their partner if he makes a single threatening step detrimental to the security of a VIP. On an average, a commando fires 2000 rounds of live ammunition during practise sessions throughout the year
  12. 12. SPECIAL OPERATIONS Operation Black Thunder I was conducted on 30 April 1986 when the NSG commandos stormed the Golden Temple. Compared to Operation Bluestar in 1984, however, this was a tame affair; no weapons were discovered and nobody was killed. Operation Black Thunder II was conducted on 12 May 1988 when 1000 NSG commandos had arrived at the temple. Black Cat sniper teams armed with Heckler & Koch PSG-1 rifles with night scope took up positions, including atop a 300-foot watertower. While commandos from the 51 SAG divided into assault squadrons, Special Ranger Groups were used to seal off the area around the temple and for tactical support. On May 15th, the NSG began its attack.
  13. 13. HIJACK RESCUE Fourteen men from a Quick Reaction Team of the NSG, armed with the H&K 9mm MP-5 sub-machine guns, Glock 17 or the Sig Sauer pistols and poison-tipped knives, split into pairs and enter the plane through seven different entrance points, the doors and the cockpit. The team takes the three hijackers by complete surprise. In fact the two patrolling the aisle are dead with softpenetration, non-ricochetable ammunition in their heads even before they have time to react. And the third hijackers is disarmed in the cockpit by the No.1 team. Time taken for the entire operation; a mere 12 seconds.
  14. 14. Some of the NSG's known operations include: April 30, 1986 - May 12, 1988 — attack on Khalistani militants hiding in the Golden Temple during Operation Black Thunder II April 25, 1993 — rescue of hijacked plane Indian Airlines Boeing 737 by Islamic militants during Operation Ashwamedh October, 1998 — major combat missions in Jammu and Kashmir July 15, 1999 — rescue of 12 hostages held by armed terrorists who had stormed an apartment complex in Kashmir and killed 4 people
  15. 15. September 25, 2002 — Operation Vajra Shakti to free hostages held by terrorists who had killed 29 worshippers at the Akshardham temple in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. They suffered their first combat death in this operation. A second commando, who was seriously injured and was in a coma, died after 18 months. November 26, 2008 Mumbai attacks — Operation Black Tornado and Operation Cyclone to flush out terrorists & rescue hostages after multiple attacks across Mumbai , India. Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan and Havaldar Gajender Singh Bisht of the Special Action Group lost their lives during the operations.
  16. 16. Criticism There have been several occasions where the lack of proper transportation has hampered the response time of the unit. This was evident during the 1999 hijacking of Indian Airlines Flight 814 when the unit was stuck in rush hour traffic due to a lack of helicopters. During the Mumbai attacks, the unit was delayed due to lack of aircraft in Delhi and then lack of ground transportation in Mumbai.