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Accessibility testing kailash 26_nov_ 2010


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Accessibility testing kailash 26_nov_ 2010

  1. 1. Kailash More November 26, 2010
  2. 2.  What is Accessibility ?  Purpose of Accessibility  Accessibility Coverage  Accessibility Aim  Accessibility Standards  Validating Accessibility  Adaptation Possibilities  Assistive Technology Products
  3. 3.  Web Accessibility: Web accessibility means designing sites so that people with disabilities can use them fully. The aim is to ensure that whatever disability a person may have, they should be able to perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with the web.  Accessibility Aim: "The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect.“  Accessibility functionality: Accessibility functionality makes content resources usable by persons with disabilities chiefly through careful attention to the linearizing of content navigation as well as the separation of presentation style and actual symbolic content.
  4. 4.  They may not be able to see, hear, move, or may not be able to process some types of information easily or at all.  They may have difficulty reading or comprehending text.  They may not have or be able to use a keyboard or mouse.  They may have a text-only screen, a small screen, or a slow Internet connection.  They may not speak or understand fluently the language in which the document is written.  They may be in a situation where their eyes, ears, or hands are busy or interfered with (e.g., driving to work, working in a loud environment, etc.).  They may have an early version of a browser, a different browser entirely, a voice browser, or a different operating system
  5. 5.  Mobility Impaired – Reduced functions of legs and feet  Dexterity Impaired –Reduced functions of arms and hands  Visually Impaired – Total loss of visibility (Blindness)  Hearing Impaired – Profound hearing loss or hard of hearing  Speech Impaired - Fluency or voice volume  Language Impaired – Difficulty to comprehend or express concepts in natural language
  6. 6.  Disabled and elderly people contribute 20% in European market and almost all the other developed countries which is expected to be 25% by the year 2030.  About 10 per cent of the world population is disabled.  None of the 15 Indian companies surveyed had websites which met the international accessibility standards (BS Reporter / New Delhi February 12, 2008)
  7. 7. At all stages of a project  Business requirements  Technical Specifications  Design  Testing  Maintenance
  8. 8.  Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) are part of a series of Web accessibility guidelines published by the W3C's Web Accessibility Initiative.  They consist of a set of guidelines on making content accessible, primarily for disabled users, but also for all user agents, including highly limited devices, such as mobile phones.
  9. 9.  [Priority 1] A Web content developer must satisfy this checkpoint. Otherwise, one or more groups will find it impossible to access information in the document. Satisfying this checkpoint is a basic requirement for some groups to be able to use Web documents.  [Priority 2] A Web content developer should satisfy this checkpoint. Otherwise, one or more groups will find it difficult to access information in the document. Satisfying this checkpoint will remove significant barriers to accessing Web documents.  [Priority 3] A Web content developer may address this checkpoint. Otherwise, one or more groups will find it somewhat difficult to access information in the document. Satisfying this checkpoint will improve access to Web documents. **Some checkpoints specify a priority level that may change under certain (indicated) conditions.
  10. 10.  Conformance Level "A": all Priority 1 checkpoints are satisfied;  Conformance Level "Double-A": all Priority 1 and 2 checkpoints are satisfied;  Conformance Level "Triple-A": all Priority 1, 2, and 3 checkpoints are satisfied
  11. 11.  Guideline 1. Provide equivalent alternatives to auditory and visual content.  Guideline 2. Don't rely on color alone.  Guideline 3. Use markup and style sheets and do so properly.  Guideline 4. Clarify natural language usage  Guideline 5. Create tables that transform gracefully.  Guideline 6. Ensure that pages featuring new technologies transform gracefully.  Guideline 7. Ensure user control of time-sensitive content changes.
  12. 12.  Guideline 8. Ensure direct accessibility of embedded user interfaces.  Guideline 9. Design for device-independence.  Guideline 10. Use interim solutions.  Guideline 11. Use W3C technologies and guidelines.  Guideline 12. Provide context and orientation information.  Guideline 13. Provide clear navigation mechanisms.  Guideline 14. Ensure that documents are clear and simple
  13. 13.  Accessibility audit - An accessibility expert reviews your site, highlighting any accessibility issue  Accessibility testing - Real disabled users complete common tasks on your website whilst a moderator notes all problems they experience  Automated accessibility testing - An automated program evaluates your website against accessibility guidelines
  14. 14.  All functions should be available via Keyboard.  Information should be visible when the display settings are changed to high contrast modes.  Screen reading tool should be able to read all the text available and every picture/image should have corresponding alternate text associated.  Product defined keyboard actions should not affect accessibility keyboard shortcuts.  Try using different browsers (Text / Image).
  15. 15.  Web accessibility evaluation tools are software programs or online services that help determine if a Web site meets accessibility guidelines.  Automation tools are big time-saver.  Single tool cannot certify that your product is accessibility compliant. (“N” number of tools are available)  Only do a partial job
  16. 16.  Total Validator  WebXact  Taw3  Web Accessibility Toolbar  Web Developer Toolbar  Many more….
  17. 17.  Speech > ◦ Speech – to – text ◦ Speech to symbolic & pictorial information ◦ Speech to lip movement ◦ Speech to signs (animation)
  18. 18.  Sound > ◦ Musical sounds to visual presentation ◦ Environment sound to visual presentation  Still Pictures > ◦ Tactile presentation of still pictures ◦ Description of still pictures using sounds ◦ Description of still pictures using text ◦ Contrast/Color/Enlargement of still pictures
  19. 19.  Moving Pictures > ◦ Description of moving pictures using text ◦ Description of moving pictures using sounds ◦ Gesture – to – text  Text > ◦ Text to speech ◦ Text to Braille ◦ Text to graphics/symbols ◦ Text to sign (animation) ◦ Text to lip movements (animation) ◦ Text to gesture
  20. 20.  Graphics > ◦ Tactile representation of graphics ◦ Description of graphics using text  Moving Graphics > ◦ Description of moving graphics using text
  21. 21.  Alternative Keyboards  Wands and sticks  Joysticks  Touch Screens  Braille embossers  Keyboard filters  Screen Readers  Speech Recognition  Many more…..
  22. 22. THANK YOU