The Shah of Iran

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The Shah of Iran

  1. 1. The last Shah of Iran Mohammed Reza Pahlavi
  2. 2. The Shah <ul><li>Britain and the URSS forced Reza Shah to abdicate, because of his friendly relationships with Germany, and permitted Mohammad Reza to assume the throne. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Price Mohammed Reza Pahlavi </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Shah <ul><li>He advocated reform policies, culminating in the 1963 program known as the  White Revolution , which included land reform, the extension of voting rights to women, and the elimination of illiteracy.  </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Shah <ul><li>Become one of the major American allies in the region, rules with a hard hand, relying on U.S. military aid and a powerful political police, the SAVAK. </li></ul><ul><li>Former savak </li></ul>
  5. 5. Losing the power <ul><li>1953: The Shah was driven into exile </li></ul><ul><li>Regained his throne and dismissed Masaddeq (Prime Minister) </li></ul><ul><li>The Shah launched the “White Revolution” that consisted in modernize the country undertaking supported by oil revenues </li></ul>Mohammad Mosaddeq
  6. 6. <ul><li>1978: it was feared a revolution because there was popular discontend </li></ul><ul><li>The president of U.S asked the Shah to undertake democratic reforms </li></ul><ul><li>The Shah put up several liberalizing goverments </li></ul><ul><li>1979: The Shah must go into exile </li></ul>Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his wife
  7. 7. Islamic fundamentalist <ul><li>The Islamic fundamentalist is a term used to describe religious ideologies </li></ul><ul><li>In the Islamic Revolution it had the role of overthrow the Shah of Iran </li></ul><ul><li>After overthrowed the Shah, it started the Islamic Republic. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ayatollah Khomeini <ul><li>A Islamic Republic took the power after the Shah was overthrow. </li></ul><ul><li>The lider of the new Republic was Ayatollah Khomeini, A religious lider. </li></ul><ul><li>He created a new Islamic regime, refusing all the western influence. </li></ul><ul><li>Ayatollah Khomeini </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hostage Crisis (1980-1981) <ul><li>Diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States </li></ul><ul><li>A grup of Islamits students and militars took over the American Embassy in support to the Iranian Revolution </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The crisis started when the Shah went into exile to the United States </li></ul><ul><li>The students wanted him back to judge him for his crimes </li></ul><ul><li>The hostages were held at the Embassy for 444 days. </li></ul><ul><li> The hostage crisis at the US embassy in Tehran </li></ul>

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