BIOLOGY FIRST GRADING REVIEW<br />
POINTERS:<br />Nature of Biology and its Branches<br />Scientific Method<br />Microscopes<br />Biotechnology<br />Cell Str...
Parts of the Test:<br />Multiple Choice ( 10 pts)<br />Word Analogy ( 10 pts ) <br />Modified True or False ( 10 pts )<br ...
Which of these organelles is NOT found in plants?<br />	a. vacuole	  c. centriole<br />b.mitochondrion	d. nucleus<br />Whi...
3. What organelle serves as a primary "packaging" area for molecules that will be distributed throughout the cell?<br />		...
 5.  Stores water, food, and other cellular material.<br />		A)A cytoskeleton	B)A chromosome<br />		C)A ribosome		D)A vacu...
8. ____ is a group of similar cells that work in unison to perform one function.<br />		A)A nucleus		c)A vacuole<br />		B)...
10. Sugars and starches are examples of 	organic compounds known as polysaccharides.(full word)<br />11.Which term refers ...
12. Which term refers to the movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an are of lower concentration?	...
14. All organic compounds contain the 	element	a. water		c. nitrogen<br />		b. oxygen		d. carbon<br />15. Which of the fol...
16. Why is water important for a cell?	a. Water is the main ingredient in 			DNA.<br />		b. Water is an essential organic ...
Hypotonic.<br />Isotonic.<br />Hypertonic.<br /> 18. Which is isotonic, hypertonic and hypotonic?<br />
19. What phenomenon is exhibited by the jars?<br />Diffusion.<br />
20. If an animal cell is placed into a solution whose concentration of dissolved substances is higher than that inside the...
22. Which of the following apply to skeletal muscle? a. smooth and involuntary b. smooth and unbranchedc. striated and vol...
24. Which best describes light-independent reactions?<br />		a. They are the first stage of 					photosynthesis.	b. They u...
26. The Calvin cycle takes place in the<br />a. stroma.<br />		b .photosystems.<br />		c .thylakoid membranes.<br />d.chlo...
28. The sunlight is used during 	photosynthesis to<br />		a. Break down the xylem <br />b. Break down the water <br />		c....
29. Cellular respiration is the name given to a series of biochemical reactions that:<br />	a. makes glucose from carbon d...
31. During glycolysis, 6-carbon glucose is broken into:<br />		a. nothing, but is recycled as a 			catalyst	b. 1 molecule ...
33. When oxygen is not present, fermentation may be used to break the pyruvate or pyruvic acid molecules into all of the f...
35.Oxidative decarboxylation links glycolysis to the Krebs cycle (also known as the citric acid cycle or tricarboxylic aci...
37. How many ATP molecules theoretically may be generated by the complete oxidation of glucose into carbon dioxide?<br />	...
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Biology first grading review

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Biology first grading review

  1. 1. BIOLOGY FIRST GRADING REVIEW<br />
  2. 2. POINTERS:<br />Nature of Biology and its Branches<br />Scientific Method<br />Microscopes<br />Biotechnology<br />Cell Structures and functions<br />Mitosis and Meiosis<br />Active and Passive Transport<br />Plant and Animal Tissues<br />Plant Organs<br />Sexual and Asexual Reproduction in Plants<br />Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration<br />
  3. 3. Parts of the Test:<br />Multiple Choice ( 10 pts)<br />Word Analogy ( 10 pts ) <br />Modified True or False ( 10 pts )<br />Diagram Completion ( 20 pts )<br />Classification ( 15 pts )<br />Application Questions ( 10 pts )<br />Evaluation<br />Designing Experiment<br />
  4. 4. Which of these organelles is NOT found in plants?<br /> a. vacuole c. centriole<br />b.mitochondrion d. nucleus<br />Which of the following organelles is most important in providing energy to the cell?<br />a.mitochondrionc.centrosome<br />b.nucleusd.peroxisome<br />
  5. 5. 3. What organelle serves as a primary "packaging" area for molecules that will be distributed throughout the cell?<br /> a. mitochondrion c.vacuole<br /> b. Cytoskeleton d. Golgi<br />4. What is the correct order of these mitotic stages?<br /> a. prophase - metaphase - telophase - anaphase – cytokinesis<br /> b. prophase - cytokinesis - metaphase - telophase – anaphase<br /> c. anaphase - prophase - metaphase - telophase – cytokinesis<br />d. prophase - metaphase - anaphase - telophase - cytokinesis<br />
  6. 6. 5.  Stores water, food, and other cellular material.<br /> A)A cytoskeleton B)A chromosome<br /> C)A ribosome D)A vacuole<br />6. The plants give off what that animals need during cellular respiration?<br />  a. oxygen  c. carbon dioxide  b. chlorophyll<br />7. The animals breathe out what that plants need for photosynthesis?<br /> a. oxygen   c.carbon dioxide   b.chlorophyll<br />
  7. 7. 8. ____ is a group of similar cells that work in unison to perform one function.<br /> A)A nucleus c)A vacuole<br /> B)A lysosomeD)A tissue<br />9. Which term refers to the movement of materials through a cell membrane when the cell's energy is required?<br />a.passive transport <br />b.active transport<br />b.osmosis<br />d.diffusion<br />
  8. 8. 10. Sugars and starches are examples of organic compounds known as polysaccharides.(full word)<br />11.Which term refers to the movement of materials through a cell membrane without using the cell's energy?a.concentration<br /> b. active transport<br />c. passive transport<br /> d. collisionSugar molecules can combine with one another to form large molecules called a. proteins c. enzymes<br />b. starches d. lipids<br />
  9. 9. 12. Which term refers to the movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an are of lower concentration? a. active transport<br /> b. diffusion<br /> c. concentration<br /> d. collision<br />13. What is the function of the cell wall? a. to perform different functions in each cell<br /> b. to protect and support the cell<br /> c. to prevent oxygen from entering the cell<br /> d. to prevent water from passing through it<br />
  10. 10. 14. All organic compounds contain the element a. water c. nitrogen<br /> b. oxygen d. carbon<br />15. Which of the following statements is NOT part of the cell theory?a. Cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living things.<br /> b. All cells are produced from other cells.<br /> c. All living things are composed of cells.<br /> d. Only animals are composed of cells.<br />
  11. 11. 16. Why is water important for a cell? a. Water is the main ingredient in DNA.<br /> b. Water is an essential organic compound for the body.<br /> c. All proteins are made of water.<br /> d. Most chemical reactions in cells require water.<br />17. Which term refers to the diffusion of water molecules through a selectively permeable membrane? a. active transport<br /> b. engulfing<br /> c. passive transport<br /> d. osmosis<br />
  12. 12. Hypotonic.<br />Isotonic.<br />Hypertonic.<br /> 18. Which is isotonic, hypertonic and hypotonic?<br />
  13. 13. 19. What phenomenon is exhibited by the jars?<br />Diffusion.<br />
  14. 14. 20. If an animal cell is placed into a solution whose concentration of dissolved substances is higher than that inside the cell,  <br />a. the cell will swell<br /> b. the cell will shrivel<br /> c. the cell will remain the same size<br />21.Cardiac muscle is which of the following? a. striated and branched b. striated and unbranchedc. smooth and voluntary d. striated and voluntary e. smooth and involuntary <br />
  15. 15. 22. Which of the following apply to skeletal muscle? a. smooth and involuntary b. smooth and unbranchedc. striated and voluntary d. smooth and voluntary e. striated and branched <br />23. Which type of tissues support, defend, and store food in the body?<br />A)epithelial<br /> B)Connective<br /> C)Nervous<br /> D)muscular<br />
  16. 16. 24. Which best describes light-independent reactions?<br /> a. They are the first stage of photosynthesis. b. They utilize the energy stored in ATP and NADPH.C. They use carbon dioxide to synthesize proteins. D. They create energy-rich ATP and NADPH.<br />25, Photosynthesis uses sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into<br />a.oxygen.<br />b.high-energy sugars.<br /> c.ATP and oxygen.<br />d.oxygen and high-energy sugars.<br />
  17. 17. 26. The Calvin cycle takes place in the<br />a. stroma.<br /> b .photosystems.<br /> c .thylakoid membranes.<br />d.chlorophyll molecules.<br />27. Where do the light-dependent reactions take place?<br /> a .in the stroma<br /> b. outside the chloroplasts<br />c. in the thylakoid membranes<br /> d. only in chlorophyll molecules<br />
  18. 18. 28. The sunlight is used during photosynthesis to<br /> a. Break down the xylem <br />b. Break down the water <br /> c. Break down the stomata<br />
  19. 19. 29. Cellular respiration is the name given to a series of biochemical reactions that:<br /> a. makes glucose from carbon dioxide and waterb. uses glucose to make ATPc. uses glucose to make oxygend. uses ATP to make oxygen<br />30.The steps of respiration occur in different parts of the cell. Where in the cell does glycolysis occur?<br /> a. chloroplast b. mitochondriac. cytoplasm d. nucleus<br />
  20. 20. 31. During glycolysis, 6-carbon glucose is broken into:<br /> a. nothing, but is recycled as a catalyst b. 1 molecule of 6-carbon fructosec. 2 molecules of 3-carbon pyruvic acid or pyruvate d. NADH<br />32. Glycolysis produces a net gain of:<br />a. no ATP b. 1 ATP c. 2 ATP d. 5 ATP<br />
  21. 21. 33. When oxygen is not present, fermentation may be used to break the pyruvate or pyruvic acid molecules into all of the following except:<br /> a. ethanol b. oxygen c. carbon dioxide d. lactic acid<br />34. When oxygen is present the pyruvate or pyruvic acid molecules enter what is known as the Krebs cycle (or citric acid cycle or tricarboxylic acid cycle). Where in the eukaryotic cell does the Krebs cycle occur?<br />a. mitochondria b. nucleus c. cytoplasm d. lysosome<br />
  22. 22. 35.Oxidative decarboxylation links glycolysis to the Krebs cycle (also known as the citric acid cycle or tricarboxylic acid cycle). During this reaction, pyruvate is oxidized into all of the following except:<br /> a. carbon dioxide b. acetyl-CoAc. fructose<br />36. Which is more efficient in terms of producing ATP from glucose?<br />a. aerobic metabolism (with oxygen) b. anaerobic metabolism (without oxygen)<br />
  23. 23. 37. How many ATP molecules theoretically may be generated by the complete oxidation of glucose into carbon dioxide?<br /> a. 2 b. 12-20 c. 32d. 36-38<br />

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