BSPA Judges Conference 2013WHEN IS A PROBLEM NOT A        PROBLEM  JANE HASTIE Nee NIXON MRCVS
A PERCEIVED PROBLEMMAY BE REDUCED OR ELIMINATEDWITH SUPPORTIVE MANAGEMENT
WHAT JUDGES WILL SPOT IN THE         SHOW RING     1 LAME HORSES/PONIES2 UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT NOISE        3 OVERBENTNE...
PRIDE AND JOY THE EXHIBIT IS USUALLY THE  OWNER’S PRIDE AND JOY.MAKE PROACTIVE COMMENTS !!
PAUL COOK‘’When assessing the ride, youobviously want a horse to be;   light in the hand   responsive   going through the ...
UNDER PERFORMANCE   MOST COMMON CAUSES1 LOWER AIRWAY INFLAMMATORY DISEASE              2 LAMNESS3 INSUFFICIENTLY PHYSICALL...
PAUL COOK‘’The judge is thereto also assess ahorses soundnessboth in wind andlimb’’
LOWER INFLAMMATORY       AIRWAY DISEASEIS THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF UNDER     PERFORMANCE IN ALL HORSES
COMMON CAUSES RESPIRATORY         TRACT DISEASE• LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT =•    LUNGS•     LOWER TRACHEA•
UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT =•   NASAL PASSAGES•   PHARYNX including soft palate•   LARYNX with glottis•   UPPER TRACHEA•   NA...
What is lower respiratory tract disease• 1 Sensitisation of lung tissue to allergens•   ie stable dust•       hay spores• ...
Signs lower respiratory tract disease•   Dull/lethargic•   Not moving off leg•   Inappetance associated with•   Increased ...
Preventative management• Good ventilation• Dust free environment• Feed on floor• When travelling allow head down [teapot  ...
Upper respiratory tract noise   • The happy horse and     rider
The upper respiratory tract• larynx
Causes of Upper respiratory tract noise• Sore throat•     bacterial•     viral    lymphoid hyperplasia•     pain from coug...
L Vocal cord paresis/collapse
DISPLACEMENT OF SOFT PALATE
Lord Thomas video
PAUL COOK‘’You are also there to assess ahorse’s wind, if you believe ahorse makes a noise then youneed to say; “in my opi...
2nd most common cause of under  performance is bad conformation• 8/10 RULE• All horses & ponies with rotational or angular...
PAUL COOK‘’Do not ride a horse that is evenmarginally un-level - in my viewany horse that is un-level shouldbe asked to le...
How to avoid lameness• 1 do not breed from animals with poor  conformation• 2 do not purchase animals with poor  conformat...
MEDIO- LATERAL INBALANCE
How to assess foot balance, leftand right handed farriers  Well balanced foot               Unbalanced foot
VETERINARY TIMES JANUARY 25TH 2010“ANIMAL LOVERS UNABLE TO RECOGNISE PORTLY  EQUINES”WORLD HORSE WELFARE CHARITY POLLi) 50...
LAMINITIS areas of hard fat
Laminitis•           1 metabolic•           2 hard ground ie traumatic•   a pony/ horse with low grade laminitis will•    ...
IT SHOULDN’T WORK !!• HORSE WITH GOOD CONFORMATION WILL/SHOULD• BE EXHIBITED IN CONDITION SUITABLE FOR JOB IN             ...
CONFORMATION FAULTS                         THE FEET• SLIGHTLY ODD FRONT FEET•   ESPECIALLY HEEL DEPTH• NO HEEL SUPPORT• W...
The Competition Horse conformational faults                           •   ALL rotational and angular limb                 ...
BACK AT THE KNEE
FAULTS PREDISPOSING TO SPLINTSOffset Knees            Bow Legs   Knocked Knees
THE HINDQUARTERS• The flatter the pelvis• → More muscle• → Greater strength and flexibility• STRAIGHT HIND LEGS → Unable t...
The Competition Horse conformational faultsQuarters width should be parallel with thighsHINDLEG                           ...
HOCK CONFORMATIONCow Hocks                   Sickle HocksPre-dispose to              Pre-dispose to   Pelvic Fractures    ...
ANATOMY   CURB   APPEARANCE
DEFINITION OF A CURB• COMPLEX OF SOFT TISSUE INJURIES ON BACK OF THE HOCK JOINTS• CONFORMATIONAL BONY ABNORMALITIES AND/OR...
Transfering weight to hind quaters• Will cause•    O / A [osteoarthritis] eg bone spavins•    Suspensory desmitis•    Sacr...
• Examples of conformation faults  causing multifactorial problems in  the Competition Horse
•   HEAD CONFORMATION → JAW JOINT PAIN•   → One sidedness•   → Head Tilt•   → Uneven back muscle development•   → Poor sad...
• Heel of one front foot deeper than the other• High heeled foot → ↓ Shoulder blade →  Poor Saddle fit     • ↓            ...
• Straight hind leg conformation →•   Upward fixating patellla      →•  Gaskin MM →       Asymmetrical pelvis            ...
ConclusionThe good Competition Horse should   – Be well balanced   – “Fill the eye”   – Have conformation that gives the a...
3rd most common cause of under        performance are     WEAK CORE MUSCLES
Core muscles 1
Core muscles 2
CORE STRENGTH• Critical to build up horse’s and your own core  muscle strength.•    Rider ; independent seat•    Horse ; s...
Work overload in weak young horse•     will cause•           loading of hind quarters•           tying up••      leading t...
OVERBENTNESS   OVERBENTNESS
OVERBENTNESS 1• Causes•              lack of engagement of HQ•               restricts movement of•                       ...
Overbentness 2• Because•         horse/pony musculoskeletally unfit•           for purpose•         producer cutting corne...
Rider/horse and pony EMPATHY• Charlotte Dujardine OBE•     Won 2 gold medals due to her balance  and harmony with Valegro
How to manage problems• 1 prevent occurrence in the first place• 2 cause minimal loss of performance• DO NOT•    breed/ pu...
DO•   Breed/purchase for good sustainable•     conformation and subsequently•       performance•   Keep your stables/lorri...
JUDGES : YOU ARE THE LEADERS• THE REST WILL FOLLOW• YOU HAVE THE ULTIMATE  RESPONSIBILITY• FOR EQUINE WELFARE AND  DEVELOP...
THANK YOU FOR YOUR     ATTENTION   and good luck !ANY QUESTIONS PLEASE
BSPA Judges Conference 2013
BSPA Judges Conference 2013
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BSPA Judges Conference 2013

  1. 1. BSPA Judges Conference 2013WHEN IS A PROBLEM NOT A PROBLEM JANE HASTIE Nee NIXON MRCVS
  2. 2. A PERCEIVED PROBLEMMAY BE REDUCED OR ELIMINATEDWITH SUPPORTIVE MANAGEMENT
  3. 3. WHAT JUDGES WILL SPOT IN THE SHOW RING 1 LAME HORSES/PONIES2 UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT NOISE 3 OVERBENTNESS 4 LACK OF HQ ENGAGEMENT
  4. 4. PRIDE AND JOY THE EXHIBIT IS USUALLY THE OWNER’S PRIDE AND JOY.MAKE PROACTIVE COMMENTS !!
  5. 5. PAUL COOK‘’When assessing the ride, youobviously want a horse to be; light in the hand responsive going through the gears Comfortable’’ ie the horse/pony MUST PERFORM !
  6. 6. UNDER PERFORMANCE MOST COMMON CAUSES1 LOWER AIRWAY INFLAMMATORY DISEASE 2 LAMNESS3 INSUFFICIENTLY PHYSICALLY TRAINED FOR PURPOSE
  7. 7. PAUL COOK‘’The judge is thereto also assess ahorses soundnessboth in wind andlimb’’
  8. 8. LOWER INFLAMMATORY AIRWAY DISEASEIS THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF UNDER PERFORMANCE IN ALL HORSES
  9. 9. COMMON CAUSES RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASE• LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT =• LUNGS• LOWER TRACHEA•
  10. 10. UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT =• NASAL PASSAGES• PHARYNX including soft palate• LARYNX with glottis• UPPER TRACHEA• NASAL PASSAGES•
  11. 11. What is lower respiratory tract disease• 1 Sensitisation of lung tissue to allergens• ie stable dust• hay spores• moulds• 2 Disease /infection• ie viruses = herpes , flu• RESULTING IN• Reduced air exchange surfaces• excess mucus in the lungs• broncho pneumonia
  12. 12. Signs lower respiratory tract disease• Dull/lethargic• Not moving off leg• Inappetance associated with• Increased respiratory rate• Cough• Nasal discharge
  13. 13. Preventative management• Good ventilation• Dust free environment• Feed on floor• When travelling allow head down [teapot spout]• Biosecurity ….remember the Olympic Games• Vaccinate
  14. 14. Upper respiratory tract noise • The happy horse and rider
  15. 15. The upper respiratory tract• larynx
  16. 16. Causes of Upper respiratory tract noise• Sore throat• bacterial• viral lymphoid hyperplasia• pain from coughing from lower airway• disease• overbent squashing vocal cords• vocal cord collapse• high blowing• displacement soft palate• alar fold paralysis
  17. 17. L Vocal cord paresis/collapse
  18. 18. DISPLACEMENT OF SOFT PALATE
  19. 19. Lord Thomas video
  20. 20. PAUL COOK‘’You are also there to assess ahorse’s wind, if you believe ahorse makes a noise then youneed to say; “in my opinion, todayyour horse seems to be making anoise”, offering them theopportunity to leave the ring. It isimportant however, as I havefound with younger judges, not toconfuse ‘high blowing’ withunsoundness’’BEWARE INSPIRATORY NOISE INTHE EARLY STAGES ISINTERMITTENT !
  21. 21. 2nd most common cause of under performance is bad conformation• 8/10 RULE• All horses & ponies with rotational or angular limb deformities will be subclinically lame by 8 years old and clinically lame requiring management by 10 years old
  22. 22. PAUL COOK‘’Do not ride a horse that is evenmarginally un-level - in my viewany horse that is un-level shouldbe asked to leave the ringwhether ridden by the judge ornot – in this day and age we couldbe liable by riding a horse orasking it to go round with othersor do an individual show if wemake an unsound horse worse.’’
  23. 23. How to avoid lameness• 1 do not breed from animals with poor conformation• 2 do not purchase animals with poor conformation• 3 foot balance ie correct foot trimming and shoeing to conformation• 4 laminitis subclinical clinical• 5 ensure musculo-skeletal fitness,especially core muscles of both horse and rider !!
  24. 24. MEDIO- LATERAL INBALANCE
  25. 25. How to assess foot balance, leftand right handed farriers Well balanced foot Unbalanced foot
  26. 26. VETERINARY TIMES JANUARY 25TH 2010“ANIMAL LOVERS UNABLE TO RECOGNISE PORTLY EQUINES”WORLD HORSE WELFARE CHARITY POLLi) 50% could not recognise pictures of overweight horses and many did not view condition as a welfare threatii) Thin horses often the correct weight, but looked thin compared to overweight field companions
  27. 27. LAMINITIS areas of hard fat
  28. 28. Laminitis• 1 metabolic• 2 hard ground ie traumatic• a pony/ horse with low grade laminitis will• loose action• be reluctant to go away from the leg• transfer weight to hind quaters
  29. 29. IT SHOULDN’T WORK !!• HORSE WITH GOOD CONFORMATION WILL/SHOULD• BE EXHIBITED IN CONDITION SUITABLE FOR JOB IN HAND • THOSE HORSES WITH WEAK CONFORMATION ARE MORE LIKELY TO BE EXHIBITED TOO FAT IN ORDER TO TRY UNSUCCESSFULLY TO HIDE FAULTS • I.E FAT HORSE IS INDICATION OF CONFORMATION PROBLEM
  30. 30. CONFORMATION FAULTS THE FEET• SLIGHTLY ODD FRONT FEET• ESPECIALLY HEEL DEPTH• NO HEEL SUPPORT• WEAK HOOF CAPSULES• SIGN OF LAMINITIS• UNEVEN HEEL DEPTH → Uneven scapular height → Asymmetrical Shoulders re: saddle fit
  31. 31. The Competition Horse conformational faults • ALL rotational and angular limb deformities out 8/10 rule • Overdeveloped muscles indicate lameness behind
  32. 32. BACK AT THE KNEE
  33. 33. FAULTS PREDISPOSING TO SPLINTSOffset Knees Bow Legs Knocked Knees
  34. 34. THE HINDQUARTERS• The flatter the pelvis• → More muscle• → Greater strength and flexibility• STRAIGHT HIND LEGS → Unable to come under the horse• ACUTE HOCK ANGLE → Less able to carry weight• TARSAL VALGUS → Risk of Pelvic fractures
  35. 35. The Competition Horse conformational faultsQuarters width should be parallel with thighsHINDLEG NORMAL HOCK
  36. 36. HOCK CONFORMATIONCow Hocks Sickle HocksPre-dispose to Pre-dispose to Pelvic Fractures Curbs
  37. 37. ANATOMY CURB APPEARANCE
  38. 38. DEFINITION OF A CURB• COMPLEX OF SOFT TISSUE INJURIES ON BACK OF THE HOCK JOINTS• CONFORMATIONAL BONY ABNORMALITIES AND/OR INJURIES MAY MIMIC AND CONTRIBUTE EVENTUALLY TO CURB FORMATION• CAUSING UNDER PERFORMANCE AND LAMENESS
  39. 39. Transfering weight to hind quaters• Will cause• O / A [osteoarthritis] eg bone spavins• Suspensory desmitis• Sacro iliac disease• Curbs• Windgalls
  40. 40. • Examples of conformation faults causing multifactorial problems in the Competition Horse
  41. 41. • HEAD CONFORMATION → JAW JOINT PAIN• → One sidedness• → Head Tilt• → Uneven back muscle development• → Poor saddle fit• → Hind leg lameness
  42. 42. • Heel of one front foot deeper than the other• High heeled foot → ↓ Shoulder blade → Poor Saddle fit • ↓ ↓• → Suspensory ligament pain → Uneven loading of back CAUSES hind leg lameness•
  43. 43. • Straight hind leg conformation →• Upward fixating patellla →•  Gaskin MM → Asymmetrical pelvis – → S I Pain – → ↓ Impulsion – → Forehand M M – →Foreleg lameness
  44. 44. ConclusionThe good Competition Horse should – Be well balanced – “Fill the eye” – Have conformation that gives the appearance of balance and comfort – To allow him to express the will and do the job required
  45. 45. 3rd most common cause of under performance are WEAK CORE MUSCLES
  46. 46. Core muscles 1
  47. 47. Core muscles 2
  48. 48. CORE STRENGTH• Critical to build up horse’s and your own core muscle strength.• Rider ; independent seat• Horse ; steadily increasing fittening• extreme care when riding at• extended trot on weak• young horse
  49. 49. Work overload in weak young horse• will cause• loading of hind quarters• tying up•• leading to• gait on the forehand• splints• joint problems
  50. 50. OVERBENTNESS OVERBENTNESS
  51. 51. OVERBENTNESS 1• Causes• lack of engagement of HQ• restricts movement of• neck muscles• core muscles• Resulting in• unbalanced stiff unattractive gait• upper respiratory tract inspiratory• noise ie whistle/roar
  52. 52. Overbentness 2• Because• horse/pony musculoskeletally unfit• for purpose• producer cutting corners• rider inabilty /lack of independent• seat
  53. 53. Rider/horse and pony EMPATHY• Charlotte Dujardine OBE• Won 2 gold medals due to her balance and harmony with Valegro
  54. 54. How to manage problems• 1 prevent occurrence in the first place• 2 cause minimal loss of performance• DO NOT• breed/ purchase horses/ponies with poor conformation just because they are cheap• use poorly ventilated stables/horse transport because you are too lazy to keep them properly clean• take short cuts in fittening , especially the young horse because you are short of time• ride with the neck overbent• get the pony/horse too fat as a quick fix•
  55. 55. DO• Breed/purchase for good sustainable• conformation and subsequently• performance• Keep your stables/lorries/trailers dust free• and clean• Get yourself and pony/horse properly fit• Feed for work done
  56. 56. JUDGES : YOU ARE THE LEADERS• THE REST WILL FOLLOW• YOU HAVE THE ULTIMATE RESPONSIBILITY• FOR EQUINE WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT• PLEASE BE ACCURATE,FIRM AND PROACTIVE
  57. 57. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION and good luck !ANY QUESTIONS PLEASE

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