Modern music final


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Modern music final

  1. 1. Modern MusicSamanthaTroyGage3rd hour
  2. 2. Music Basics• Scales• Notes• 1. sharps• 2. flats• Naturals
  3. 3. Pre-Modern Era• Romanticism – focused on the freeexpressions feelings of the composers• Neo-Classicism – a reaction toRomanticism; restored, order, clarity andemotional restraint
  4. 4. Turn Of The Century• Progressing industrial revolution• First World War• Search for new inspiration• Personal concerns and feelings• Neo-Classical Movement• Development to World War Two
  5. 5. Arnold Schoenberg• Grew up middle classJewish• Father died young• At 9 years old,Schoenberg begancomposing little piecesfor two violins – thiswas his first evercompositions• After learning the cello,he began to composequartets
  6. 6. Arnold Schoenberg (cont.)• Alexander von Zemlinsky was an inspiration• Zemlinsky gave direction on harmony,counterpoint, and composition• This resulted in his first publicly performedwork, the String Quartet in D Major
  7. 7. First Major Works• Verklate Nacht (Transfigured Night) (1899)•• Based on a poem• Progressive nature outraged both musiccommittees and the public• Then he moved to Berlin• Wrote similar pieces (high musical textures, hardto comprehend)• Not like post-romantic orchestras
  8. 8. Tonal vs. Atonal• Tonality refers to what key a song is in• Atonality refers to the absence of tonality
  9. 9. 12 tone method• Each compisition is formed from a special rowor series of 12 different tones.• This method comes with flexibility• (Sam’s Flute)•
  10. 10. End of life• Germany saw rise of socialism• Moved from Paris to USA• There he returned to Jewish Faith
  11. 11. John Cage• Studied and learned fromSchoenberg• Born in LA• Studied cultures of Asia andother Buddhistcountries, bringing Zeninfluence into his music.• Studied Duchamp in college• Major Work: 4’33•
  12. 12. indeterminism• Chance over choice• Cage did not want to associate himself withwhat music was supposed to be.• No preconceived notion.• This idea of free music was heard andexperimented with around the world. Ithorrified people, but also intrigued them atthe same time.
  13. 13. Karlheinz Stockhausen• Learned the piano by age 7• Parents died at age 12• Late 40’s early 50’s – began experimentation• Eventually wrote for opera, orchestral andelectronic genres
  14. 14. Early works• Tape recordings• Creation of imagination and hallucinations• Improvisation• “How Time Passes”
  15. 15. Major Piece• Helicopter String Quartet•
  16. 16. Steve Reich• “It’s Gunna Rain”and “Come Out”•• Phasing• Like Cage,envisioned a futureof unpredictability
  17. 17. Steve Riech cont.• “Music for 18 Musicians” (1978)• Fast harmonic rate with no percussion
  18. 18. Steve Reich cont.• “Drumming” (1971)• Composed after a trip to Africa• Employed “phasing”
  19. 19. La Monte Young• Pupil of John Cage• Made swirling music “come to life” in his NewYork house along with several collaborators• His house was named Minimalism, that’s werethat word comes from• Later created serialism inspired musicalexperiments with Cage•
  20. 20. Major Works• A Well Tuned Piano (1964)• The Second Dream of the High Tension LineStepdown Transformer (1991)
  21. 21. Minimalism• Came to form in the second half of the 20thcentury• Characterized by great rhythmic drive,simplified harmonies and hypnotic repetition• Evoked a “trance” like feeling, hypnotic
  22. 22. Serialism• Music that uses Mathmatical values tomanipulate different music elements overtime
  23. 23. The Velvet Underground• The most influential contemporary rock band toever exist (arguably)• Active 1964-1973• Collaborated with pop artist Andy Warhol• Co-founder John Cale was a student of La MonteYoung• They originated the "pessimistic" strand ofpsychedelic music, basically invented punk rock• Employed drones of feedback and distortion•
  24. 24. Punk Rock• Resulted from a reaction of mainstream rock nroll bands of the time• Increasing popularity in new medias such astelevision also helped spark the movement• Mid 70’s• Fast and edgy, often with short song lengthsand stripped-down instrumentation, lyricsoften politically charged.
  25. 25. Post-Punk• “post” has nothing to do with the timeperiod, formation paralleled punk rock• Included Punk aesthetics , but furthered punkmusic artistically, often fused other genres suchas krautrock, dub, funk and largely art-rock• The post-punk movement is known forconnecting with the underground music scene ofthe late 70’s and 80’s, helping to spark genressuch as gothic rock and alternative rock
  26. 26. Brian Eno• Another example of the avant-garde mashingwith the contemporary• “Father” of the Ambient Genre• Took cheap melodies and added a strongrhythmic base and counterpoint of synthesizer• Went on to collaborate with a wide range ofartists•
  27. 27. The Internet• The internet has allowed practically anyone toaccess the entirety of music at their fingertips• This result – endless independentexperimentation and genre-blending, as well asthe ability to share these experiments with therest of the world• File sharing websites have altered what it meansto distribute music to the artist’s audience –more and more artists are starting to make theirmusic free for anyone