Safety audit is a tool used by management to
promote and ensure the safe work
procedures to be followed at industry.
It identifies various hazards and risks present
at the site.
Safety audit is finding out whether the safety
system is on right track.
It ensures that existing loss prevention
systems, safe work procedures and other
work practices are in place and being
Duty has been defined under state factory rules
by Factories Act, 1948:
To advise on maintenance of records which
are related to accidents, dangerous
occurrences and occupational diseases
To advice on measures to be adopted for
removing the unsafe actions by workers
To provide advice on matters related to
carrying out plant safety inspection
To carry out health & safety surveys is the duty
of safety committee.
Internal Safety Audit: It is carried out in house
and done by internal management.
External Safety Audit: It is carried out through
an external source.
Sometimes, it is for certifications and for
complying with the internal management
Internal Safety Audits are conducted by either
the safety committee members or safety
representatives or safety officer and procedure
followed generally going through the records,
matching standards with targets and physical
observations at workplace.
External Safety Audits are conducted by
external person for auditing from certified
agencies and procedure is almost same.
It ensures that management system is
functioning in a manner that protects
employees, customers, communities, the
environment, assets against risks
It is control mechanism.
Other benefits of Audit such as:
1. Identification of opportunities for
2. Increased safety awareness
3. Greater confidence regarding compliance
with regulatory requirements
Regular routine workstation inspecting
Periodic detailed on machines
High level audits on overview of entire safety
Preliminary visit of factory
Identify audit elements
Discussion with management, officers,
executives, workers etc.
Cross verification at site, personal or records,
Verification, preparation report, observation.
Organisational & Administration
Safety policy, operating instructions,
emergency and disaster control plan.
Industrial hazard control like housekeeping,
storage of materials etc.
Machine garding, material handling
Use of PPE
Fire Prevention and Control
Equipment provided, maintenance, testing etc.
Ventilation, skin contamination control,
air/water pollution, noise control etc.
Reporting and Investigation of Accident
Type of accidents, procedures of investigation
Safety promotional activities
Communication for safety
Personal and placement
Accident investigation & reporting
1 = Unacceptable performance
2 = Acceptable, improvement is necessary
3 = average performance, improvement
4 = Above average performance
Safety survey are made to have detailed
observations of all types of unsafe physical
and environment conditions
The occupier/manager of factory and other
workers should provide necessary co-
operation to the authorities conducting
Safety surveys also helps in determining
safety and training needs of
workers/supervisors/ management etc.
The reports on observations and remedial
measures are discussed in joint meeting of all
heads and owner of plant.
For each observation noted in survey,
remedial measures may be suggested
Action plan can be drawn for taking up
suggested remedial measures within time
Statutory check of records and visual checking
Productive machine safety
Working at heights
Storage of Chemicals
Hazard identification techniques
Audit is to give qualitative/quantitative terms
to find out how far the defined standards are
Audit inspection, each audit item will be rated
from 0 to 4 according to manner of guideline
0 = unacceptable performance and poor
attitude and immediate work stoppage
To make detailed observation of all types of
unsafe physical and environmental condition as
well as unsafe practices committed by workers
In every part of factory, sufficient and
suitable lighting should be provided
In every factory all glazed windows and
skylights used for lighting of inner and outer
surface shall be kept clean.
In every part of factory, provision shall be
made for the prevention of:
Place in Industry Level of illumination (in Lux)
Cloak Room 100
Entries, Corridors, Stairs etc. 100
Assembly Shop and Rough Work 150
Medium Work 300
Fine Work 700
Very Fine Work 1500
The level of illumination required in a work
room of factory depends on other factors such
Age of workers: below 40 years can work in
half and one-third of average illumination
and above 40 years 2 to 5 times of average
Size of object
Contrast between object and background
Glare arises when some part of field is bright