1. National Radiological Protection Board. Mobile phones and health 2004: report by the Board of NRPB. Chilton, Didot, Oxfordshire, National Radiological Protection Board, 2004 (Documents of the NRPB, volume 15, no.5;http://www.hpa.org.uk/radiation/publications/documents_of_nrpb/pdfs/doc_15_5.pdf, accessed 15 September 2006). 2. Maier M. Brains and mobile phones. BMJ, 2006, 332:864–865.
).( Ahmed, Z (2004). Youth drives India's mobile phone revolution. Retreived from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3585257.stm).
sample research proposal on 'mobile phone usage and health of youth'.
Mobile phone usage
Health of Youth
Review of Literature
Study population and area
Sampling and sample size determination
Tools and Techniques
Analysis of Data
• Mobile or cellular phones are now an integral part of
• More than 200 countries were estimated to be using mobile
• There are approximately 4.6 billion mobile phone
subscriptions globally to which 11 to 12 million more are
added every month.
(Maier M. Brains and mobile phones. BMJ, 2006, 332:864–865)
Mobile use among Indians
• Mobile cellular service was introduced in 1994.
Usuage of mobile phones
• 80% cellular subscribers in urban areas and 20% in rural
Comparison with other communication media
Users in Millions
In 2012, in India there were 929.37 million mobile phone
users, 31.53 million landlines and 116.5 million television users.
Mobile phones and youth
• Mobile phone use has become nearly ubiquitous among
adolescents in the India.
• More than half of India’s population is under 25 years of age and
is at the forefront of mobile phone revolution.
College-going and working young adults in India clearly indicate
that mobile phones play a crucial role in their life and they use
them for a variety of communication and media-related activities
such as accessing internet, news, messengers, facebook , listening
to music and taking pictures.
The growth of mobile phones in India and in particular their
popularity and use by young people in India is posing a high risk to
their health (Ahmed, 2004).
Mobile Phones and Health
• Medical researchers are concerned about the possible health
risks, even small ones ,as a result of the exposure to Radio
Frequency and microwave electromagnetic fields, have been
expressed since the introduction of mobile phones.
• The adverse health effects of radiofrequency fields are on
brain electrical activity, cognitive function, sleep, heart rate
and blood pressure due to over indulgence of mobile phones
(WHO study 'Electromagnetic fields and public health: mobile phones).
• The electromagnetic fields produced by mobile phones are
classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer
as possibly carcinogenic to humans.
In India there are about 929 million mobile
phone users, majority of which belong to
young age population, which are also
suffering from the harmful effects of the
same and are NOT aware about it. In our
study we will emphasize on the issues
leading to the these harmful effects and also
measure the youth responsiveness towards
this insidious problem.
• Impact of increased usage of Mobile
phone on the health of youth (15-25
• What is the impact of the mobile usage on
the health of youth?
• What factors contribute to the increased use
of mobile phones among the youth?
• What is the youth responsiveness towards
• The main purpose is to determine the impact of the
increased use of mobile phones on Youth’s health .
• The second purpose is to identify the factors that
contributes to the increased use of mobile phones among
• The third purpose is to measure the awareness and
responsiveness about the increased use of mobile phones
and its harmful effects among the youth.
Sampling and Sample size determination
Sampling procedure will be adopted.
School/Colleges of Jaipur will be selected by
Systematic Random Sampling -3 schools and 7
Total 500 individuals we need for the
Tools and Techniques
Technique- 1.Face to Face Surveys.
Face to Face
• Total 150 individuals of age 15-18 years
from 3 schools selected by systematic
• The surveys will be filled out by the
assistance of the trained interviewers.
• Total 350 individuals of age 18-25 years
from 7 colleges will be selected .
• Sent by- E-Mails.
• Over- sampling will be done i.e. of 700
individuals will be surveyed by E-mails.
Analysis Of Data
• Frequency distribution in terms of :
Number of years you were using mobile phones
Duration of using Mobile phones.
Number of Health problems faced by individual who are
Data will further be analysed through SPSS .
1. National Radiological Protection Board. Mobile phones and health 2004:
report by the Board of NRPB. Chilton, Didot, Oxfordshire, National
Radiological Protection Board, 2004 (Documents of the
nrpb/pdfs/doc_15_5.pdf, accessed 15 September 2006).
2. Maier M. Brains and mobile phones. BMJ, 2006, 332:864–865.
3.( Ahmed, Z (2004). Youth drives India's mobile phone revolution.
Retreived from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3585257.stm
4. : http://www.itu.int/ITUD/icteye/Reporting/ShowReportFrame.aspx?ReportName=/WTI/Cellular