Can we use technology to improve psychological well-being? Yes, but first we have to understand what are determinants of well being.
In recent years a growing number of studies have been investigating how to deliver technology-based rehabilitation interventions that will foster optimal flow experience. Many questions have emerged from these studies, including: “How may I foster optimal experiences for all patients?”, “How may I gauge the feedback necessary to maintain patients’ absorption?” and “When may it be important to modify the levels of challenge inherent in the rehabilitation exercise?” Recent research on flow has revealed circumstances in our social and physical environments that may be conducive to flow experiences. These circumstances may provide useful bases for making design decisions about rehabilitation technology interventions, ranging in scope from scheduling to the content and nature of direct interactions between therapists and the consumer Transformation of flow can be defined as a person’s ability to draw upon an optimal experience and use it to marshal new and unexpected psychological resources and sources of involvement. According to Riva this process involves three main steps. First, it is necessary to identify an information-rich environment that contains functional real-world demands; second, using the technology to enhance the level of presence of the subject in the environment and to induce an optimal experience; third, allowing cultivation, by linking this optimal experience to the actual experience of the subject.