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Age and acquisition


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Age and acquisition

  1. 1. By: Gabriela Flores ESPE UNIVERSITY
  2. 2. • It refers to the period of time when a person can not acquire language or it turns more dificult than in other moments. • There is a biological timetable in all human being to acquire a first or second language. • According to some authors the most critical point for a second language occurs around puberty.
  3. 3. • Lateralization is when certain functions of the brain are a asigned to the left or right hemisphere of the brain. • In the left hemisphere are located the intellectual, logical and analytic function. • In the right hemisphere is located the function related to emotional and social needs. • Functions related to language appear mostly in the left hemisphere. • Lateralitation starts around the age of two and is completed around puberty. • The plasticity of the brain helps children before puberty to a acquire first and second language.
  4. 4. COGNITIVE CONSIDERATION: • Human cognitition develops rapidly through the first sixteen years of life. • Different from children and teenagers adults acuire second language by grammatical explanations and deductive thinking. • Lenguaje interacts with cognitiion to achieve equilibrium. AFFECTIVE CONSIDERATIONS: Affective factors are related to the age of language acquisition. • Innhibitions • language ego • Second identity • Peer presure LINGUISTIC CONSIDERATIONS • Bilingualism: learning two languages at the same time. • There exist the code-switch of language. • Bilingual speakers have one meaning with two languages in operation. • Both languges are acquired slower tha learning just one. • Bilingual children have a greater mental flexibility.
  5. 5. • It is when the first language is used as an aid when talking in the second language. • In children the interference doesn’t appear as a marked contrast. • In adults, due to the difference in the acquisition of second language (grammar, linguistic rules and environment) the interference is notably in some cases to bridge gaps. • The use of the first language can be interpreted as a facilitating factor more than an interference.
  6. 6. • Lenguage es linked to the human thought. • Lenguaje helps to shape thinking and thinking helps to shape language. • Speaker must distinguish thoughts and concepts on the second language which can be in some cases be similar to the first language which can convey a new system of conceptualization.