Strategies to Accelerate
for English Learners
Inspección InglésInspección Inglés
G.Zazpe - S. RomanoG.Zazpe - S. Romano
Identify academic learning needs.
Describe instructional model to
accelerate academic learning.
Identify learning strategies that
assist academic content and
Academic needs of English
Develop academic vocabulary
Read to acquire new information
Understand information presented
Participate in classroom
Write to communicate knowledge
What is academic content?
Alligned to National Curriculum
and the English syllabus
Content information and content
How does academic content
Practice in reading and writing
across curriculum areas
Interaction with authentic texts
Development of discipline-specific
Incrase motivation through
What is academic content?
Language used during teaching and
Language in content textbooks
Language of literature
Language used to cummunicate new
Language of literacy
Input: academic Language
and Content Texts
Literature genres: stories,
Informational texts: articles, essays
Oral texts: teachers, speakers, peers
presenting their work, video,
TV,films, live performance
Personal texts: Journals, e-mails,
instant messages, letters
The teacher´s role
Model academic language
Add language activities to content
Have high expectations
Teach students how to learn
(through strategies) SBL
What are learning strategies?
Thoughts and actions that assist
Ways to understand, remember
and recall information.
Ways to practice skills efficiently.
What does research say?
All second language learners use strategies BUT :
GOOD language learners use more varied
strategies and use them more flexibly
Frequent use of learning strategies is correlated to
Strategy instruction improves academic
Instruction needs to be explicit.
Students need to develop metacognition
Transfer is difficult
Language instruction matters.
Why teach learning stragies?
Show students how to be better
Build students´ self – efficacy.
Increase student motivation for
Help students become reflective
and critical thinkers.
Planning : understand the task, set goals,
organize materias and find resouces.
Monitoring : while working on task- check
your progress on the task, check your
comprehension as you use the language.
Do you understand? If not, what is the
problem?check your production as you
use language. Are you making sense? If
not, what is the problem?
Evaluation: after completing the task-
asses how well you have accomplished
the learning task; asses how well you
have used learning strategies, decide
how effective the strategies were,
identify changes you will make the next
time you have a similar task to do.
manage your own learning:
determine how best you learn,
arrange conditions that help you
learn, seek opportunities for
practice, focus your attention on the
Social learning strategies
Cooperation: work with others to:
Give and receive feedback.
For more info:
New competencies for EFL
What do they imply and which key
elements or qualities are involved in
today´s teacher praxis?
Why the need to talk about
Know the subject well
Have good interpersonal relationship skills
Work cooperatively,avoid working in isolation
Consult others in case of doubts or queries
Be accountable for what you do
Evaluate what you do constantly
Keep on learning and updating yourselves
Let´s reflect together.....
“The most important knowledge
teachers need to do good work is a
knowledge of how students are
experiencing learning and perceiving
their teacher´s actions.”
Our profession is evolving
permanently, there are some basic
and classical skills we must
manage, but there are others
related to the profession itself which
need to be taken care of as well.
New teaching competences
Teachers should be fully equipped to
respond to the evolving challenges of
the knowledge society, but also to
participate actively in it and to prepare
learners to be autonomous lifelong
What actions do you take in your
lessons to achieve this goal? Talk it
over with a colleague
Top qualities for teachers working
as EFL instructors
Work in pairs and exchange ideas
on the above issue.
Qualities for teachers
Now , change the pair you have
worked with and consider the
Let´s share our professional
Focus on the competencies our students need
to develop as successful learners.
Differentiate our teaching, use formative
evaluation to actively fight against school
Develop an active and cooperative pedagogy,
based on problem solving activities and
Be ethical in everything you do and remain true
to yourself (facing ethical dilemmas of our
Keep on developing yourselves, reading,
participating and reflecting on you praxis.
Reflect on your teaching, question
everything you do either individually or in
groups (or both)
Participate in the ongoing development of
novice or inexperienced teachers
Work cooperatively explaining what you do
and what can work well in certain situations
and with specific students
Involve yourself in institutional
projects, support principal´s ideas
and contribute with innovative and
Commit yourselves on individual or
collective methods of innovation.
Integrate the ICTs
The reflective practitioner
We have to fall back on routines in which
previous thought and sentiment has been
sedimented. It is here that the full importance of
refelction-on and in-action becomes revealed.
As we think and act, questions arise that
cannot be answered in the pesent. The space
afforded by recording, supervision and
conversation with our peers allows us to
approach these. Reflection requires space in
the present and the promise of space in the
futures (Smith 1994: 150)
What research has shown....
Research on effective teaching over the past
two decades has shown that effective
practice is linked to inquiry, reflection, and
continuous professional growth (Harris
Reflective practice can be beneficial form of
professional development at both the pre-
service and in-service levels of teaching. By
gaining a better understanding of their own
individual teaching styles through reflective
practice, teachers can improve their
effectiveness in the classroom.
EFL teacher´s profile
let´s consider the following dimensions
Register (record of sts´progress, daily plans,
Follow annual plan and syllabus coverage
Analysis of diagnostic results
Keep registers at the right place so they can be
Never take registers home
Written tests should also be kept at school
after being turned in to students
Keep record of students sent to Tutorias.
Be good model of the language taught
Possess deep theoretical knowledge to back up your
Practice the four skills daily, balance the activities
Be able to adapt to different realities.
Use the foreign language as much as possible.
Encourage students to use English all the time. Adopt
ICT´s and develop technology oriented lessons.
Teach not only the language but also the culture.
Be commited to your own profession.
Keep updated, attend salas, meetings,
Share good practices (materials we use in
our lessons, websites)
Avoid working in isolation
Be members of a professional organization
Be suscribed to EFL magazines (online or
Attend salas by the ones organized by your
Share the best practices with your
Promote, organize and participate actively in
the activities that concern your classes and
institutions (e.g. Organizing local activities)
Be open to interact with native speakers and
foster students interaction with ETA´s and
written tests 2014
Why do we have to change the
format of the written tests?
Is it true that Inspección does not
want that we teach Grammar in the
Why we need to change.......?
We have observed that tests do not asses
what has been taught.
We need to weigh according to outcomes
and course emphasis.
Contextualize all tasks
Improve students´writing dramatically
Principles of assessment
When testing we have to consider:
praticality, reliability, validity,
authenticity and washback effect.
Written tests : former and new
Listening and reading Comprehension tasks
are designed in the same way (always aiming at
Vocabulary and use of English will be checked
in the written part. A rubric will be fundamental
in order to assess it correctly.
Pre writing task (not only vocabulary but
strategies that help students to organize ideas,
vocabulary,etc) leading to the written task
itself. Include two options.
PRE WRITING ACTIVITIES
They should provide key words/ideas
Provide meaning and be meaningful
Help organize students´work
THIS HELPS STUDENTS OVERCOME THEIR
FEAR TO WRITE
The use of graphic organizers as pre
Graphic organizers guide learners´thinking as they
fill in and build upon a visual map or diagram.
They are visual learning strategies for students
and are applied across the curriculum to enhance
learning and understanding of subject matter
In a variety of formats dependent upon the task
graphic organizers facilitatestudents learning´by
helping them identify areas of focus within a broad
topic such as a novel or article. Because they help
the learner make connections and structure
thinking students often turn graphic organizers for
Types of graphic organizers
Webs, concept maps, mind maps and
plots such as bar charts, pie
charts,Venn diagrams, are some of the
types of graphic organizers used in
visual learning to enhance thinking
skills and improve academic
performance on written papers, tests
and homework assignmets.
Teaching with graphic
Cause and effect
Comparing and contrasting concepts
Organizing problems and soluctions
Relating information to main themes and
The writing prompt
Do not give so much information that the
student just repeats the prompt in his or her
Make sure you indicate the audience
The topic should be of interest to the students
and the teacher. Remember you have to rad the
Avoid topics that are too abstract have hidden
biases, are too controversial or are too
Provide limits on the amount of writing you
Content (the ideas expressed)
Organization and structure of the writing
Clarity, logical organization
Accuracy of meaning (vocabulary)
Accuracy of language conventions
Register (level of formality of the writing)
Style (for advanced levels)
What we assess depends on our purpose
Use of rubrics to assess writing
A rubric can be holistic or analytical.
A rubric is a list of criteria and a
description of how well the criteria is
met at different scores, ranges.
Holistic rubrics : consider multiple criteria at once
when determining the score or grade
Strategies to encourage
Stick posters or positive messages and
labels on the walls to familiarize students
with written codes.
Have a bulletin board with weird news,
news from famous people, horoscope,
beauty tips, fashion styles, etc.
Have a mailbox.
Make “word snakes” for new vocabulary
Make collages with visual
representations of specific vocabulary
Copy songs, rhymes or poems
Paste labels with idioms.
Encourage creative pieces of work
Have a graffitti as a sort of “ complaint wall”
Make sts fill in soundless filmstrips.
Complete cartoon strips.
Make them write postcards for a special person
Make them keep a journal with new vocabulary.
Make them re-write a fairy story
Make them write weather reports with pictures
Make them design new covers for books
Copy shopping lists or restaurant menu