Islas del caribe


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Islas del caribe

  1. 1. JAMAICA ISLAND When Christopher Columbus first visited Jamaica, he described it as the fairest isle that eyes have seen. Five hundred years later, more than a million visitors have travelled to Jamaica annually to see for themselves this island that has been winning over and over the prestigious World Travel Awards, "Best Caribbean Destination." The population is just over two and a half million with high concentrations in the cities and surroundings, especially Kingston, the capital. Kingston was founded on 22 July 1692, as a place for refugees and survivors of the 1692 earthquake that destroyed Port Royal. On May 5, 1953, Jamaica gained internal autonomy, and, in 1958, superheaded the organization of the West Indies Federation. After a referendum, Jamaica became independent on Aug. 6, 1962. Michael Manley, of the socialist People's National Party, became prime minister in 1972. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS. Have you ever been to Jamaica? Look at the map, where is Jamaica situated? Which is the capital of Jamaica? When was it founded? Since when Jamaica has been independent? Investigate a bit more about this lovely country
  2. 2. CAYMAN ISLANDS The Cayman Islands were sighted by Christopher Columbus, on 10 May 1503 on his fourth and final voyage to the New World. He named them Las Tortugas after the numerous sea turtles there. The first recorded English visitor to the islands was Sir Francis Drake, who landed there in 1586 and named them the Cayman Islands. The Cayman Islands have been a major international financial centre for the last years and the biggest sectors are banking and financial services. The Cayman Islands have been a luxury destination since first hotels were established. The main beach is the Seven Mile Beach. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS Who first sighted the Cayman Islands? When did Columbus do his fourth and finale voyage to the New World? With witch kind of animal is also this island compared to? Which is the most important activity there? Since when these islands are called Cayman Islands?
  3. 3. Investigate a bit more about this financial island. BAHAMAS The Bahamas is an English-speaking country consisting of 29 islands. It is located in the Atlantic Ocean north of Cuba. Its total land area is almost 14 000 km², with an estimated population of 330,000. Its capital is Nassau. The Bahamas were the site of Columbus' first landfall in the New World in 1492. The islands were mostly deserted from 1513 to 1650, when British colonists from Bermuda settled on the island of Eleuthera. The Bahamas became a crown colony in 1718. Following the American War of Independence, British and Africans slaves moved to The Bahamas and set up a plantation economy. The slave trade was abolished in the British Empire in 1807 and many Africans liberated from slave settled in The Bahamas during the 19th century. Economic activity is mostly based on tourism and financial services. A relatively high degree of economic freedom has made the Bahamas one of the most prosperous countries in the Caribbean region. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS. Which is the official language spoken in Bahamas? For which years the Bahamas Islands were deserted? Who were the first inhabitants of the islands? Look at the map, where are Bahamas situated? Which is the most important activity there?
  4. 4. CUBA ISLAND Cuba was a Spanish colony and has been independent for more than 100 years. In 1952, there was a revolution in Cuba. Fidel Castro has been the communist president of Cuba since the revolution Cuba has had a long history in education. The University of Havana was founded in 1728. Cuba has ranked high in numbers of doctors for the last 50 years and has made significant contributions to world health since the 19th century. Cuba has also been a tourist destination since the 1990s. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS. Since how many years has Cuba been independent? Who has been the president of Cuba since the revolution? When was founded the university of Cuba? Have you ever been to Cuba? Since when Cuba has been a tourist destination?
  5. 5. HAITI Haiti was the first colony to be independent in the XIX century; it was a French Colony before. Since its independence Haiti has suffered a lot of wars and problems. Haiti has been the poorest country in America for many years and one of the poorest in the world. In January Haiti suffered an earthquake which killed almost 200,000 people and destroyed the capital The Presidential Palace was destroyed also during the earthquake Haiti has received many help from the rest of the world since the earthquake. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS: Since when Haiti has been independent from France? When did the earthquake happen? Why do you think that Haiti is considered one of the poorest countries in the world? Which important monument there, has been destroyed? How can we help Haiti now?