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Music advocacy fliers


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Music advocacy fliers

  1. 1. Studies find link between music instruction and academic achievement as measured by standardized tests. n a 2000 University of Sarasota Study, Jeffrey Lynn instrumental music in grades 6-12 score significantly higherI Kluball explored the relationship of instrumental music instruction and academic achievement for the seniorclass in Lee County High School, Leesburg, Georgia. in language arts and math on standardized tests than do students involved in non-music extra-curricular activities or with students not involved in any school related extra-Significant correlations were found between the number of curricular activity.years of band instruction and academic achievement as U of S study by Jeffrey Lynn Kluball, 2000; ETSU studymeasured by the Georgia High School Graduation Test by Daryl Erick Trent(GHSGT) Mathematics and GHSGT Science tests.An East Texas State University study by Daryl Erick Trent Join AMC at:revealed that high school seniors who participated in
  2. 2. Researchers find music is a superior way to teach elementary students the concept of fractions. econd-grade and third-grade students were taught One of the researchers, Dr. Frances Rauscher, said, “ItS fractions in an untraditional manner — by teaching them basic music rhythm notation. The group wastaught about the relationships between eighth, quarter, has been clearly documented that young students have difficulty understanding the concepts of proportion (heavily based in math and science) and that no successfulhalf and whole notes. Their peers received traditional program has been developed to teach these concepts in thefraction instruction. school system.” When tested, the students who were exposed to the Reference: Neurological Research, March 15, 1999music-based lessons scored a full 100% higher on fractionstests than those who learned in the conventional manner. Join AMC at:
  3. 3. According to a Gallup Survey, Americans hold music and music-making in high regard Percentage of Americans who believe:• Music is part of a well-rounded education 95%• Music is an activity that a child can enjoy all his/her life 98%• Music brings the family together 90%• School band is a good way for young people to develop teamwork skills 97%• Schools should offer instrumental music as part of the regular curriculum 93%• Music gives children a sense of accomplishment 95%• Music helps instill an appreciation of arts and culture 96% Source: American Attitudes Toward Music, The Gallup Organization, March 2000
  4. 4. Music majors are better readers, more successful med school applicants. study of 7,500 university students revealed that References: “The Comparative Academic Abilities ofA music majors scored the highest reading scores among all majors including English, biology,chemistry and math. Students in Education and in Other Areas of a Multi-focus University,” Peter H. Wood, ERIC Document No. ED327480 Physician and biologist Lewis Thomas studied the “The Case for Music in the Schools,” Phi Delta Kappan,undergraduate majors of medical school applicants. He February, 1994found that 66% of music majors who applied to med schoolwere admitted, the highest percentage of any group. Forty-four percent (44%) of biochemistry majors were admitted. Join AMC at:
  5. 5. Taking piano lessons and using math puzzle software significantly improves math skills of elementary school children. econd-grade students were given four months of The findings are significant because a grasp ofS piano keyboard training, as well as time using newly designed math software. The group scored over 27%higher on proportional math and fractions tests than proportional math and fractions is a prerequisite to math at higher levels, and children who do not master these areas of math cannot understand more advanced math critical tochildren who used only the math software. high-tech fields. Music involves ratios, fractions, proportions and Reference: Neurological Research March, 1999thinking in space and time. The software – called Spatial-Temporal Animation Reasoning (STAR) – allows children to Join AMC at:solve geometric and math puzzles that boost their ability to www.amc-music.orgmanipulate shapes in their minds.
  6. 6. Research shows piano students better equipped tocomprehend mathematical and scientific concepts. reschoolers were divided into three groups: One “Spatial-temporal” is basically proportional reasoningP group received private piano keyboard lessons and singing lessons. A second group received privatecomputer lessons. The third group received no training. — ratios, fractions, proportions and thinking in space and time. This concept has long been considered a major obstacle in the teaching of elementary math and science. Those children who received piano/keyboard training Reference: Neurological Research February 28, 1997performed 34% higher on tests measuring spatial-temporalability than the others — even those who receivedcomputer training. Join AMC at:
  7. 7. Young children with developed rhythm skills perform better academically in early school years. ow do early sensory and motor development according to rhythmic competency. Students who wereH influence later cognitive, perception and language skills? That was the question asked by DebbyMitchell at the University of Central Florida in her study, achieving at academic expectation scored high on all rhythmic tasks, while many of those who scored lower on the rhythmic test achieved below academic expectation.“The Relationship between Rhythmic Competency and The study concludes that the large percentage ofAcademic Performance in First Grade Children” The study children who are achieving below academic expectationexplored the cognitive-motor link, and how sensory and are lacking in foundation skills that should have beenmotor development may influence later cognitive, developed prior to entering school.perception and language skills. Findings showed that there was a significant difference Join AMC at:in the academic achievement levels of students classified
  8. 8. In both verbal and math scores, high school student-musicians outpace peers. he College Entrance Examination Board reports, arts four or more years scored 59 points higher andT “Students of the arts continue to outperform their non-arts peers on the SAT®. In 2001, SAT takerswith coursework/experience in music performance scored 41 points higher on the verbal and math portions respectively than students with no coursework or experience in the arts.”57 points higher on the verbal portion of the test and 41 Reference: Profile of SAT and Achievement Test Takers,points higher on the math portion than students with no The College Board, compiled by Music Educatorscoursework/experience in the arts.” National Conference, 2001, 1996. Longer arts study proved to parlay into even higher testscores. The 1996 report observed, “Those who studied the Join AMC at:
  9. 9. College-age musicians emotionally healthier than non-musician counterparts. ccording to a study conducted at the University of The study looked at 362 students who were in their firstA Texas, college-aged music students have fewer problems with alcohol, are emotionally healthier,and concentrate better than their non-musical counterparts. semester of college. They were given three tests, measuring performance anxiety, emotional concerns and alcohol related problems. In addition to having fewer battles with “This study is interesting on many levels,” commented the bottle, researchers also noted that the musiciansDr. Kris Chesky, one of the study’s researchers. “First of all, seemed to have surer footing when facing flies in the face of all the stereotypes out there about Reference: Houston Chronicle, January 11, 1998musicians. It also seems to support the assertion thatstudying music helps people learn to concentrate.” Join AMC at:
  10. 10. Regardless of socioeconomic background, music-making students get higher marks in standardized tests.U CLA professor, Dr. James Catterall, led an standardized tests, such as the SAT, but also in reading analysis of a U.S. Department of Education proficiency exams. database. Called NELLs88, the database was The study also noted that the musicians scored higher,used to track more than 25,000 students over a period of no matter what socioeconomic group was being studied.ten years. Reference: Dr. James Catterall, UCLA, 1997. The study showed that students involved in musicgenerally tested higher than those who had no music Join AMC at:involvement. The test scores studied were not only
  11. 11. Hungary, Netherlands and Japan top worldwide science achievement and have strong commitment to music education. he top-performing students on the 1988 International contradict the United States’ focus on math, science,T Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IAEEA) Test in science were theeighth and ninth graders from Hungary, followed by those vocabulary, and technology. Local education policy and funding should take a lesson from these high academically ranking countries andfrom the Netherlands and Japan. recognize the long-term learning benefits of music by All three countries have required music training at the making it an integral part of every child’s education.elementary and middle school levels, both instrumental andvocal, for several decades. The centrality of music Join AMC at:education to learning in the top-ranked countries seems to
  12. 12. Researchers find arts training not only raises scholastic performance, but also improves student behavior and attitude. n Rhode Island, researchers studied eight public school their fellow students in reading and surpassed theirI first grade classes. Half of the classes became “test arts” groups, receiving ongoing music and visual artstraining. In kindergarten, this group had lagged behind in classmates in math by 22%. In the second year of the project, the arts students widened this margin even further. Students were also evaluated on attitude and behavior.scholastic performance. Classroom teachers noted improvement in these areas also. After seven months, the students were given a Reference: Nature May 23, 1996standardized test. The “test arts” group had caught up to Join AMC at: