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Parking management and access policies to the historical center in the city of Parma

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Parking management and access policies to the historical center in the city of Parma

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Presentation made at the workshop "Gestão do Controlo de Acesso e Estacionamento em Zonas Históricas" made in Lisbon on June 20th

Presentation made at the workshop "Gestão do Controlo de Acesso e Estacionamento em Zonas Históricas" made in Lisbon on June 20th

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Parking management and access policies to the historical center in the city of Parma

  1. 1. Gabriele Folli Deputy Mayor Environment and Mobility Comune di Parma Parking control and LTZ access in the city of Parma Workshop Gestão do Controlo de Acesso e Estacionamento em Zonas Históricas 20 de Junho de 2017 Auditório da Biblioteca Orlando Ribeiro – Estrada de Telheiras 146, 1600-598 Lisboa
  2. 2. 2 Parma a middle size european town • University 23.000 students (60% coming from outside province) • Head office of EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) • Named UNESCO Creative City of Gastronomy in 2015 • Long tradition in agriculture, food and industrial food processing • Long tradition in opera music (Giuseppe Verdi, Teatro Regio) • Touristics flows rapidly increasing in last 5 years
  3. 3. Parma – City general figures ■ 194.374 inhabitants in 260,6 km2 (745 inh/km2) ■ 24.124 in the historical center (2,4 km2; 10.093 inh/km2) ■ 129.060 in urban area (29 km2; 4.407 inh/km2) ■ 41.190 in rural area (229 km2 ; 178 inh/km2) ■ 96.141 families, 12.337 business activities ■ 15% of the population of different native language ■ Important presence of University students coming from outside (66% on a total of 26.000 students)
  4. 4. 4 Urban Mobility Context • Area: 261 Km2 • Cars registered (in the city): 130.000 • Cars registered (in the province): 370.000 • Road network: 1.268 km • Cycling tracks: 130 km • LTZ:: 46% of downtown • Low speed zones: 20% of the city • Pedestrian zones: 8% of downtown Public Transport Modal split • 237 km urban lines + 1.970 km extra-urban lines • 60% of the fleet with low emissions buses (electric, CNG, Euro 4 or more) • 34 millions of passengers per year • 17 urban lines (4 are electric trolley buses) • «Happybus» school service (51 schools, 1346 users, 565.000 km/year) • Night bus on demand «ProntoBus»
  5. 5. Sump timeline March 21 2017* Final approval of the SUMP in the Municipal Council Jan 2015 Start Jul 2015 Web page, survey, swot analysys, state of the art Sep 2015 Approval by the municipal gouvernement of strategy and vision document Jul 2016 Focus groups, update traffic data , SEA (strategic env. assessment), participation Sep/Nov 2016 Approval by the local gouverneme nt of the plan, adoption of the plan by the municipal council Dec 2016/ Feb 2017 Comments reception by stakeholders and citizens, counterargu ments, SEA approval *Parma second city in Italy to have an approved SUMP
  6. 6. Performance indicators SR SP2 Mobility modal split Actual situation SUMP goals
  7. 7. Parking and access policies • Parking regulation and access policies are key factors in order to regulate access to historical city center • Pricing and time limit policies are useful to ease parking rotation in certain areas (i.e. residents, customers of shop keepers, hospital) • Pricing policies has been applied also to incentivate purchasing of low emission vehicles (CNG, LPG, electric, etc.) • Competition between public transport and private cars use can be greatly tuned working on parking and access policies Parking regulation and access policies are strategic factors to proceed towards sustainable mobility in our cities
  8. 8. Infomobility, 100% owned by the municipality of Parma The company is 100% public company owned by the municipality and is in charge of handling: • Parking spots • 2 multi-storey car parks • Control cameras on LTZ and bus lanes • «Cicletteria» the bike hub at the railway station • Bike-sharing • Car sharing • European projects on sustainable mobility 90% of the incomes coming from parking spots (5000k Euro)
  9. 9. Limited Traffic Zone • 3 control cameras at the access • Cameras active 7/7 from 7,30 to 19,30 • LTZ actually 46% of the city’s historical centre • Other 3 cameras on bus preferential lanes
  10. 10. Limited Traffic Zone • Access permitted to 30.000 users – Residents – Deliveries, shop owners and other workers – Public authorities – Journalists – Hotels – Disable people and elders – Doctors – Low emissions vehicles – Non residents but with a private garage inside the area – Occasional users (daily ticket or 2hour ticket) • 3.000 parking spots type inside the area – Toll parkging (blue stripes) – Reserved to residents (night-time – blue- white stripes) – Loading and unloading – Reserved to disable LTZ area will cover 100% of the historical city center within 2020
  11. 11. Parking pass categories in LTZ • Low emission vehicles can park only ½ hour with Disc Parking • Categories 5 and 7 can have limited parking time according to type of user • Residents, disable and part of public authority category are free of charge Ref Type of user ZTL Parking & transit Only transit 1 Low emissions vehicles 10.506 ● 2 Residents 6.253 ● 3 Non residents but with a private garage inside the area 4.247 ● 4 Disable people and elders 3.593 ● 5 Deliveries, shop owners and other workers 3.558 ● 6 Public authorities 569 ● 7 Schools 360 ● 8 Doctors 191 ● 9 Hotels 91 ● 10 Journalists 70 ● Total 29.438 14.685 14.753
  12. 12. Parking spot type in LTZ • Blue/White stripes occupancy are reserved to residents during night time and upon payment for the daytime • Part of the disable parking spots are reserved to nominated users and the rest available for occasional disable users (52 on 185) • Loading/unloading spots has different allowed parking time according to the area Parking spot type ZTL Blue stripes 578 Loading/unloading 180 Disable 185 Blue/White Stripes 2.059 Total 3.002
  13. 13. • Parking meters at the entrance of the LTZ accept both cash and credit cards and are connected to control cameras database to put regular entrance in white list Occasional user ticket for LTZ +64% Tickets sold for 2-hour or daily access in LTZ • Disable people has 48h time to comunicate the plate number to avoid fine from control cameras and they have free access Future development: sell bus tickets through parking meters
  14. 14. 14 Loading/unloading for shop keepers
  15. 15. Street with limited parking time • In some cases (central streets, hospital area, public offices) parking time is limited to 1 or 2 hours in order to favour park rotation • Parking in these areas have to be paid with parking meters or app even for those who has parking passes (i.e. residents)
  16. 16. Areas outside the city center where parking is regulated • Parking regulation often well accepted and required by residents in order to avoid parking by commuters • Free parking pass for residents which doesn’t have a garage Parking spot type LTZ+Outside center Blue stripes 9.928 Loading/unloading 326 Disable 623 Blue/White Stripes 3.100 Total 13.977 436 parking meters located in LTZ and areas outside center
  17. 17. • 3.700 car parks available in multi-storey parks mainly around the LTZ • Real time availability with Multi-storey parking facilities
  18. 18. • A series of ring-road inter-changing car parls connected with public transport and car/bike sharing with the city center • Parking is for free and bus ticket sold at the inter-changing car park is valid for the whole day at a discounted cost Inter-changing car parks Our goal Reduce access of private cars to the city center
  19. 19. • Urban mobility designed to ease the use of different mobility means to reach the destination Most of the bike sharing stations are strategically located to encourage intermodality near: • bus stops (24) • inter-changing car parks (2) • multi-storey car parks (8) • car sharing spots (9) • electric charging stations Intermodality
  20. 20. • Free parking and access to LTZ and bus lanes for electric cars • Electric charging station network available in che city center Free access to electric and plug-in cars
  21. 21. Parking pass type Plate number Description of the authorization Pass type Area where is possible to access/park Yearly adhesive stamp for renewal Pass number Anti- counterfeiting TAG RFID-HF inside
  22. 22. • Parking spots ticket can be paid also through smartphone app Easy Park Tools for electronic payment +80% Tickets sold 2016vs2015 with Easy Park (10% on the total) 45% of access in multi-storey parks w/Telepass • Electronic toll collection (Telepass) in the most used multi-storey parks
  23. 23. • Dedicated app for urban mobility integrating all the information available for bus, bike sharing, car sharing, bike lanes and parking facilities • Multi-storey parking availability in real time on the app • Info on bus lines and bike sharing stations available in inter-changing car parks and MSP App GiroParma – Parking facilities
  24. 24. 24 Control activities • A total of 30 operators works on control and fines • Average level of presence in each of the 25 sub-zones reaching 64% in 2016 (+13% vs 2015) • Average of 126 fines issued per day in 2016 (+16% compared to 2015) Average presence of the opertors per shift Nr. Morning shift 10 Afternoon shift 7 Evening shift 4 The goal is not to increase fines but to increase regular payments
  25. 25. Control cameras • Connection to pass database (all the vehicles are photographed but immediately cancelled if in white-list due to privacy issues) • Occasional user are verified in a later step • In every point of access 2 cameras are used (1 for the plate and 1 for the context) An average of 4 operators control data coming from 11 cameras
  26. 26. 26 Parking control operators • SIM connection to parking passes database • Connection with external application such as Easy Park and Simon Mobile • Integrated photo-camera 5 Mpx used in case of fine • GPS connection to localize the place where the fine issued • NFC system to control the validity of the parking pass (expecially used for disable passes) • Integrated software to issue the fine directly connected with ERP
  27. 27. 27 Earnings vary by area
  28. 28. 28 Parking pass Yearly renewed • Strong advertising campaign to move people from front office payment to online or bank/post office methods to avoid queues Type of payment Nr. of users % Bank payment 3.069 15% Post office 10.959 55% Credita card 2.473 12% Front office 3.313 17% Total 19.814 100%
  29. 29. • European project developped together with Lisbon and Madrid for a series of mobility services dedicated to disable • Smartphone application dedicated for elders and disable people to identify reserved parking spots • Develop an european standard for disable parking pass (with tag RFID and QR Code) Mobility for disable people
  30. 30. Intelligent mobility • New service contract signed in 2017 for smart lighting foreseen the substitution of 2/3 of the 37.000 lights in the city with low consumption technologies • 66% savings on actual energy consumed (21 millions kwh/year) • Wi-Fi technology can be applied on each pole to control lighting and install a wide variety of sensors (control cameras, traffic sensors, pollution sensors, etc) Future development Using sensors and/or cameras mounted on lighting poles to verify parking spot availability
  31. 31. Mobility under total control • Integrating all the information related to mobility to a central control room • The IT infrastructure will integrate data analisys, reporting and simulation software • Information will be both available for the decision makers and users thath will have access to a simplified version
  32. 32. …and finally, a look on the future Driverless cars • VisLab a spin-off from Parma University leader in the development of driverless technologies • Dedicated urban area for testing • Future applications to public transport, cleaning vehicles, etc. 32 A permanent test area in our city
  33. 33. Thank you for your attention Comune di Parma Gabriele Folli Deputy Mayor for Environement & Mobility e-mail: folli@comune.parma.it

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