Good practice and youthwork experience in relation of prevention of risk migration (human trafficking)-the experience of BulgarianNetwork for Child and Youth Trafficking Prevention (BNCYTP)
ABOUT BNCYTP BNCYPT is a Network with 43 institutional and more then 100 individual members. Registered in January 2007, BNCYTP is the first association of NGOs in Bulgaria, whose aim and mission focus solely on the issues of risk migration - child and youth trafficking prevention.
MAIN PROGRAM AREAS in BNCYTPPrevention of child and youthrisk migration (focusing ontrafficking) through research;awareness raisingcampaigning; non-formalhuman rights education,community outreach, advocacyand lobbying.
RESPONDING TO THE NEEDS OF PREVENTION OF RISK MIGRATION IN BULGARIA BNCYTP works to identify vulnerable communities and groups and develop adequate community outreach programs, custom-made trainings and educational programs and special service provision, considering the unique needs of each group. BNCYTP applies a culturally-sensitive approach to all trafficking prevention programs delivered by the organization.
GUIDING PRINCIPLE OF BNCYTP: HUMAN RIGHTS BASED APPROACHTO PREVENTION OF CHILD AND YOUTH RISK MIGRATION
“Violations of human rights are both a cause and a consequence of trafficking in persons. Accordingly, it is essential to place the protection of all human rights at the centre of any measures taken to prevent and end trafficking.”(OHCHR, Recommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Human Trafficking, 1)
VULNERABILITY PROFILES Trafficking is a dynamic process - routes and “supply-” and “demand” flows change all the time. What we know, however, is that many of the victims have similar vulnerability profiles: Children and yougn people who grow up in institutions: orphans, abandoned children, children with disabilities, young offenders.
VULNERABILITY PROFILES (Ctnd) Minority children and youth: in Bulgaria most vulnerable are the Roma (Gypsies); Children and youth from socially disadvantaged families, who live in rural and remote areas; Children and youth who come from dysfunctional families and families where domestic violence or abuse was taking place; Migrant children and youth, including refugees.
GOOD PRACTICES OF BNCYTP IN YOUTH WORK Awareness Raising and Campaign Programs; Research studies and publications; Training and Non-formal Youth Education; Networking with youth organizations and institutions at local, national and international level.
FOCUS ON VULNERABLE CHILDREN AND YOUTH Since its establishment in 2007, the BNCYTP realized 12 projects, focusing on trafficking prevention of children and young people at risk. 4 of those projects had local and national scope and 8 had international scope. Most of them were Piloting Innovative Projects, that were realized not just for the benefit of youth, but also by young people.
AN EXAMPLE OF THE PRACTICE OF THE BNCYTP In May 2007, our project “SMOOTH TRANSITIONTO INCLUSIVE EMPLOYMENT: ENTREPRENEURSHIP SKILLS FOR TRAFFICKING PREVENTION OF INSTITUTIONALIZED YOUTH” received the 2007 EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA YOUTH INNOVATION GRANT “Connecting Youth to Work and Citizenship Opportunities” funded by THE WORLD BANK and NOKIA
WHAT DID THE PROJECT AIM? To establish a youth-led public-private partnership “Youth Entrepreneurship Connection”; To unify the trafficking prevention efforts of CSOs, state institutions and governmental bodies, vocational training centers, local authorities and businesses; To provide training and consultancy on youth entrepreneurship for youth trafficking prevention of institutionalized youth in order to ensure the inclusive employment of the most vulnerable to human trafficking young people in the community.
WHY WAS THE PROJECT NECESSARY TO REALIZE? Thousands of BG disabled or orphaned children inhabit overcrowded state institutions where job- skills training programs are frequently pushed aside in order to ensure food, minimal shelter, and an abbreviated version of the public education; Most of them have nowhere to turn when they are "released" at 18; with no social and professional skills, they easily become trafficking victims; According to unofficial BG data, only 30% of the institutionalized graduates obtain sustainable employment during their lifetime and their average life expectancy is less then 35 years.
WHAT WAS INNOVATIVE ABOUT THE PROJECT? Novel concept: Delivering Child and Youth Trafficking Prevention Programs via Youth Entrepreneurship was a very new concept in Bulgaria in 2007, especially in the regions where poverty and unemployment make youth particularly vulnerable to illegal labor migration. Innovative approach: “Youth Entrepreneurship Connection” was an unique approach to public- private partnership in child trafficking prevention, that had never been implemented before in Bulgaria.
WHAT WAS INNOVATIVE ABOUT THE PROJECT? (cntd) Technology: The project used a Virtual Learning Platform as tool for communication, consultancy and training and as a dynamic database of youth entrepreneurship opportunities. The young participants in our project were the first group of vulnerable children, empowered with access to and skills to use such communicational and educational tool to overcome social exclusion and get access to equal employment opportunities.
BNCYTP projects linking formal and non-formal education Volunteering for Child Trafficking Prevention: 10 months project with 12 international volunteers from 8 EU and African countries. Methods used: – Creativity and Arts – Sports and Outdoor activities – Games and simulation exercises
NON-FORMAL EDUCATION ART CAMPAIGNS Example fromJune 2012Collaboration withthe Global“NO PROJECT”
EXAMPLES OF OTHER BNCYTP PROJECTS, TARGETTING YOUTH AT RISK Training of under-aged prostitutes on human rights education for trafficking prevention; Training of Roma mothers on prevention of child and youth slavery; Series of trainings (national and international) of youth workers and multipliers on child trafficking prevention;
EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR CTP WHOM DO WE TARGET? Vulnerable communities – with focus on children and youth; Teachers (formal education), child and youth trainers (non- formal education); Civil society: human rights activists, youth multipliers, child rights and women rights activists, mainstream child and youth organization, minority organizations and groups; Social workers; Law enforcement officers, national police forces, border guards and customs officials; Judicial authorities; Media.
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE WORK OF BNCYTP www.stop-trafficking.net www.facebook.com/pages/Freedom- Keepers-Bulgaria/313088715421382 Inquiries can be emailed at firstname.lastname@example.org
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