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  1. 1. Spain<br />Thispresentation has beenmadeby Raquel, Andrea, Marilyn, Gabriela and Celia.<br />
  2. 2. Geography of Spain<br />Spain is one of the most mountainous countries of Europe.<br />There are several rivers and beaches.<br />Spain is divided into 17 autonomic communities and 2 autonomic cities.<br />There are three different types of climates: mountain climate, Mediterranean climate and subtropical climate.<br />There are a lot of animal and plants species.<br />
  3. 3. History of Spain <br />During the Ancient Age the Iberians and the Celtics occupied the Iberian Peninsula until the 3rd century B.C in which the Romans invaded it. <br />The Romans settled until the Cantabria range, until the 5th century A.D in which they were defeated by the Visigoths.<br />In the 8th century A.D the Visigoths were expelled by the Muslims . They stayed in the Iberian Peninsula until the 15th century A.D<br />
  4. 4. Since the 15th century Spain started to grow until it became the world wide power of the Modern Age until the 17th century in which it started to decline.<br />In 1808 Spain was conquered by the French until the year 1812.<br />In the 20th century Spain suffered a civil war and a dictatorship guided by Franco, until the year 1975 in which Spain signed its Democracy. <br />
  5. 5. Spanish culture<br />Spanish is the official language in the country but there are other languages spoken within the different communities, like Catalonian.<br />The most part of the Spanish people are Catholic people.<br />The majority of the festivities are based on Catholic traditions.<br />There is a long variety of gastronomic caused by the different cultures that had lived in Spain. <br />Paella isone of thetypicalSpanishdishes.<br />
  6. 6. Sports in Spain<br />The last year was a great year for sport in Spain:<br />The best tennis player is Rafael Nadal, a Spaniard.<br />We are the seconds in Formula 1.<br />Our basketball team is the second of the world.<br />We won the world cup of football<br />
  7. 7. Madrid<br />
  8. 8. Monuments of Madrid<br />The Plaza Mayor, The Kio Towers, The Almudena’s Church and the Prado Museum.<br />The Puerta del Sol, The Royal Palace, The Puerta de Alcala and Cibeles.<br />
  9. 9. Entertainment places<br />The Retiro Park, Aquopolis and the cable railway.<br />The zoo, the funfair and IFEMA.<br />
  10. 10. Alcorcon<br />
  11. 11. Alcorcon is a city in the metropolitan area of Madrid. It is located 13 km to the south-west of Madrid. It has got 33,73 km² and about 167.967 inhabitants.<br />
  12. 12. Its origins are not totally clear. One of the theories is that Alcorcon was founded by Muslim craftsmen, that called the city Al-Qadir that means hill or vantage point. But, the most probably thing is that, the village of Alcorcon was founded between the XI and XII centuries.<br />At the beginning of the XX century the Castles of the Marques of Valderas were built. <br />
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  14. 14. Our school was founded in 1986 in Alcorcon. In the course 2005/2006 a bilingual section was created and since this creation, more than half of the students study in it. <br />The high school has always participated in international social programs and organizes exchanges with French, Dutch, Belgian and Danish students to foment the cultural knowledge of the pupils. <br />
  15. 15. The high school takes part in two Europe Comenius programmers called “Keep on talking” and "Methodologies and strategies for the development of the European conscientious in schools". It also participates in a project called Europe as a Learning Environment in Schools) which is also a Comenius program<br />Also the school participates in global classroom, a project that help to prepare the students in underserved communities.<br />
  16. 16. Spanish Emigration <br />
  17. 17. The Spanish emigration is a historic phenomenon that started during the Modern Age.<br />During all the Modern Age the main migratory places were the colonies in America. People emigrated trying to find a job.<br />With the American independence, emigration was hindered by the expulsion of the Spanish from America, focusing a great part of the XIX century in Cuba, Puerto Rico, Argentina, Venezuela, Mexico, Brazil, Uruguay, Chile and other American countries.<br />
  18. 18. The civil war from 1936 to 1939 and the post-war period led to the republican exile. Large amounts of people migrated throughout Europe and Ibero-America <br />In 1960 there was a big economical crisis in Spain, so Spanish people were to France, German and Switzerland to work.<br />
  19. 19. Spanishwritersexiledduringthe civil war<br />Luis Cernuda<br />Rafael Alberti<br />
  20. 20. Immigration in Spain <br />
  21. 21. The population of Spain has been double because of the immigration.<br />The majority of the foreigners in Spain are Moroccan, Ecuadorian, Romanians, Colombian. Chinese also play an important role in the immigration of Spain, and people from South East Asia such us Filipinos created a community in Spain. <br />Immigrants form some sub-Saharan African countries have also settled in Spain as workers. <br />Also there some immigrants from the east of Europe.<br />