Origins and development of Single Party Authoritarian States

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Excellent resource for introducing Topic 3 of IB HIstory Syllabus. Created by a Colleague of Mine in Beijing.

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Origins and development of Single Party Authoritarian States

  1. 1. State Political Party Leader Period USSR Communist Stalin 1903-1928-1953 NSDAP Germany Hitler 1921-1933-1945 Nazi Partido Argentina Peron 1943-1946-1974 Justicialista China Communist Mao 1921-1949-1976 Arab Egypt Nasser 1952-1956-1970 Socialist Union Cuba Communist Castro 1953-1959-2008ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  2. 2. Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza, KPSS CPSU Communist Party of the Soviet Union ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  3. 3. Berlin Reichstag, May 1945 German parliamentORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  4. 4. Any guesses as to where this is? A street scene in Gysante, Xizang (Tibet)ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  5. 5. Another street scene in Gysante. 万 wan swastika For over 3000 years the swastika was used by many cultures throughout the world to representlife, sun, power, strength, and good luck.ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  6. 6. In the 20th century, and in another form, the swastika came to symbolise hatred, violence, racism, anti-semitism, genocide, war and hegemony! where?ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  7. 7. Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei National Socialist German Worker’s Party ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  8. 8. Partido Justicialista Social Justice PartyORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  9. 9. 中国共产党 Communist Party of ChinaORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  10. 10. Liberation Rally National Union PartyORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  11. 11. Partido Comunista de Cuba Communist Party of CubaORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  12. 12. State Political Party Leader Period USSR Communist Stalin 1903-1928-1953 NSDAP Germany Hitler 1921-1933-1945 Nazi Partido Argentina Peron 1943-1946-1974 Justicialista China Communist Mao 1921-1949-1976 Arab Egypt Nasser 1952-1956-1970 Socialist Union Cuba Communist Castro 1953-1959-2008ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  13. 13. authoritarianism showing a lack of concern for the wishes or opinions of others favouring or enforcing strict obedience to authority,esp. that of the government, at the expense of personal freedom d i c t a t o r i a l d e s p o t i c a u t o c r a t i c autocratic t y r a n n i c a l l i b e r a l d e mo c r a t i c ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  14. 14. political partyAn organsation whose members share the same ideas and whose aims are usually to achieve political power within government. China Hu Jintao Communist Party USA Barack Obama Democratic Party Germany Angela Merkel Christian Democratic Union Britain David Cameron Conservative Party ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  15. 15. two party state A state in which there are only two politcal parties. China Communist Party USA Democratic Party Germany Christian Democratic Union Britain Labour PartyORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  16. 16. two party state A state in which there are only two politcal parties China Communist Party USA Democratic Party Germany Christian Democratic Union Britain Labour PartyORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  17. 17. Democratic Party Republican PartyORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  18. 18. mutil- party state A state in which there are many political parties China Communist Party USA Democratic Party Germany Christian Democratic Union Britain Conservative PartyORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  19. 19. “left-wing”The liberal, socialist, French National Assembly 1789 The or radical section of a political party or system. socialist communist In the National Assembly in France (1789–91), the nobles sat to the presidents right and the commons to the left. ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  20. 20. “right-wing”The conservativeThereactionary section of a political party or system. or French National Assembly 1789 tradionalists conventionalists In the National Assembly in France (1789–91), the nobles sat to the presidents right and the commons to the left. ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  21. 21. Communism Karl Marx The Communist Manifesto published in 1848German philosopher A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs 1818 - 1883 ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  22. 22. socialism A political and economic system in which many factors of production (land, labour, capital and enterprise) and essential services (public utilities,transport, education, health etc) are owned and operated by the stateORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  23. 23. liberalism A willingness to adopt or rejectpolitical and economic ideas from both the left and the right and to promote individual freedoms. ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  24. 24. conservatism A reluctance to change traditional values or ways and cautiousness about change or innovationORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  25. 25. fascismFascism is a right-wing authoritarian political systemwhich includes• a belief in the supremacy of one national or ethnic group• a contempt for democracy• significant government control of industry and business• military might• an insistence on obedience to a powerful leader or demagogueORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  26. 26. demagogue? a political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular desires and prejudices rather than by using rational argumentORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  27. 27. One nation One people One leaderORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  28. 28. communism conservatism fascism liberalism socialism political systemsextreme left-wing right-wing extremeleft-wing right-wing communism socialism liberalism conservatism fascism authoritarian authoritarian radical traditional totalitarian democratic totalitarian dictatorships dictatorships individual state more more important important than the state than the state ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  29. 29. political systemsextreme left-wing right-wing extremeleft-wing right-wing communism socialism liberalism conservatism fascism authoritarian authoritarian radical traditional totalitarian democratic totalitarian dictatorships dictatorships individual state economic systems command many mixed mainly state economies state owned economies free capitalism enterprises enterprise communism socialism capitalism fascism ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES
  30. 30. UK N Korea China Sweden USAORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES

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