A: A generic noun represents a whole class of things; it is not a specific, real, concrete thing, butrather a symbol of a whole group.
Examples of Generic Nouns:i. A horse has four legs.ii. An apple is red.iii. A bird lays eggs.
Article Rules for Generic Nouns:1. Use “a” / “an” before a generic singular count noun: An apple is red.2. Do not use an article before a generic plural count noun: Apples are red.3. Do not use an article before a generic noncount noun: Fruit comes in many different colours.
A: An indefinite noun is an actualthing (not a symbol), but it is not specifically identified.
Examples of Indefinite Nouns:i. I ate an apple.ii. The man on the subway took out a book.iii. The student was wearing a hat.
Article Rules with Indefinite Nouns:1. Use “a” / “an” with indefinite singular count nouns: I ate an apple.2. Use nothing or “some”, “two”, “a few”, “several”, etc… with indefinite plural count nouns. I ate some apples.3. Use nothing or “some”, “a little”, “a lot of”, etc… with indefinite noncount nouns. I ate some fruit.
A: A noun is definite when boththe speaker and the listener arethinking about the same specific thing.
Examples of Definite Nouns:i. Thank you for the apple you gave me.ii. I want to pass the car that is going so slow ahead of us.iii. The monkey we saw at the zoo last Tuesday was really funny.
Article Rules with Definite Nouns:1. Use “the” with definite singular count nouns: Thank you for the apple you gave me.2. Use “the” with definite plural count nouns: Thank you for the apples you gave me.3. Use “the” with definite noncount nouns: Thank you for the fruit you gave me.
1. Use “the” when you know orassume that your listener is familiar with and thinking about the same specific thing or person you are talking about.
Examples:i. Open the door!ii. The sun is awfully bright.iii. Tell the doctor what is wrong with you today.
2. Use “the” for the secondmention of an indefinite noun.
Examples:i. Yesterday I saw some dogs. The dogs were chasing a cat.ii. The cat was chasing a mouse. The mouse ran into a hole.iii. The hole was very small.
3. Do not use “the” with a pluralcount noun or a noncount noun when you are making a generalization.
Examples:i. Incorrect: The horses are my favorite animals. (horses=plural count noun)ii. Incorrect: The ice is a beautiful substance. (ice=noncount noun)iii. Incorrect: The courage is a virtue. (courage=noncount noun)
4. A singular count noun is always preceded by: a) an article (a/an or the); OR b) this/that; OR c) a possessive adjective
Examples:i. I ate an apple. / I ate the apple.ii. I ate that apple.iii. I ate my apple.
ExercisesWrite the correct Article in the blanks. theI like ___ small dogLast night I ate an apple ______ People come from different cities.