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  1. 1. Articles
  2. 2. Q: What is an article?
  3. 3. A: There are only two articles inthe English language: “the” and “a”/ “an”. Articles are kinds of adjectives that give information about a noun.
  4. 4. Q: When do I use which article?
  5. 5. A: It depends on what kind of noun is being modified.
  6. 6. Kinds of Nouns• Nouns are singular or plural• Nouns are count or noncount• Nouns are generic, indefinite, or definite
  7. 7. Q: What is the differencebetween a count and a noncount noun?
  8. 8. A: A count noun is a noun that can be counted. A noncount noun is a noun that, grammatically, cannot be counted.
  9. 9. Some Examples: Count Nouns Noncount Nouns• Couch • Furniture• Machine • Machinery• Mountain • Scenery• Earring • Gold• Medal • Confidence
  10. 10. Some Common Noncount Nouns:i. Whole groups made up of similar items: baggage, clothing, equipment, food.ii. Fluids, Solids, Gases, or Particles: water, glass, oxygen, riceiii. Abstractions: courage, information, timeiv. Languages: English, French, Cantonesev. Fields of Study: literature, history, mathvi. Recreation: baseball, poker, basketballvii. Activities (gerunds): studying, learningviii. Natural Phenomena: weather, sunshine
  11. 11. Note: Noncount nouns have no plural form.
  12. 12. Q: What are generic nouns?
  13. 13. A: A generic noun represents a whole class of things; it is not a specific, real, concrete thing, butrather a symbol of a whole group.
  14. 14. Examples of Generic Nouns:i. A horse has four legs.ii. An apple is red.iii. A bird lays eggs.
  15. 15. Article Rules for Generic Nouns:1. Use “a” / “an” before a generic singular count noun: An apple is red.2. Do not use an article before a generic plural count noun: Apples are red.3. Do not use an article before a generic noncount noun: Fruit comes in many different colours.
  16. 16. Q: What is an indefinite noun?
  17. 17. A: An indefinite noun is an actualthing (not a symbol), but it is not specifically identified.
  18. 18. Examples of Indefinite Nouns:i. I ate an apple.ii. The man on the subway took out a book.iii. The student was wearing a hat.
  19. 19. Article Rules with Indefinite Nouns:1. Use “a” / “an” with indefinite singular count nouns: I ate an apple.2. Use nothing or “some”, “two”, “a few”, “several”, etc… with indefinite plural count nouns. I ate some apples.3. Use nothing or “some”, “a little”, “a lot of”, etc… with indefinite noncount nouns. I ate some fruit.
  20. 20. Q: What is a definite noun?
  21. 21. A: A noun is definite when boththe speaker and the listener arethinking about the same specific thing.
  22. 22. Examples of Definite Nouns:i. Thank you for the apple you gave me.ii. I want to pass the car that is going so slow ahead of us.iii. The monkey we saw at the zoo last Tuesday was really funny.
  23. 23. Article Rules with Definite Nouns:1. Use “the” with definite singular count nouns: Thank you for the apple you gave me.2. Use “the” with definite plural count nouns: Thank you for the apples you gave me.3. Use “the” with definite noncount nouns: Thank you for the fruit you gave me.
  24. 24. General Guidelines for Article Usage:
  25. 25. 1. Use “the” when you know orassume that your listener is familiar with and thinking about the same specific thing or person you are talking about.
  26. 26. Examples:i. Open the door!ii. The sun is awfully bright.iii. Tell the doctor what is wrong with you today.
  27. 27. 2. Use “the” for the secondmention of an indefinite noun.
  28. 28. Examples:i. Yesterday I saw some dogs. The dogs were chasing a cat.ii. The cat was chasing a mouse. The mouse ran into a hole.iii. The hole was very small.
  29. 29. 3. Do not use “the” with a pluralcount noun or a noncount noun when you are making a generalization.
  30. 30. Examples:i. Incorrect: The horses are my favorite animals. (horses=plural count noun)ii. Incorrect: The ice is a beautiful substance. (ice=noncount noun)iii. Incorrect: The courage is a virtue. (courage=noncount noun)
  31. 31. 4. A singular count noun is always preceded by: a) an article (a/an or the); OR b) this/that; OR c) a possessive adjective
  32. 32. Examples:i. I ate an apple. / I ate the apple.ii. I ate that apple.iii. I ate my apple.
  33. 33. ExercisesWrite the correct Article in the blanks. theI like ___ small dogLast night I ate an apple ______ People come from different cities.
  34. 34. Thanks