Environmental Design                                     And Green DesignDesign 200: Introduction to Design               ...
Environmental Design   •    Environmentally friendly design.   •    Takes into account facts learned through ecology.   • ...
What is Ecology?   •    The relationship between living organisms and their        environment.Design 200: Introduction to...
Water PollutionDesign 200: Introduction to Design                                     The Department of Design
LandfillsDesign 200: Introduction to Design                                     The Department of Design
Ozone Depletion   •    CFC’s, HCFC’s, HFC’s   •    Deplete ozone layer.   •    Also act as greenhouse gases.Design 200: In...
Greenhouse Effect   •    25% carbon dioxide increase in atmosphere within last        200 years:       •     wood       • ...
Design for the Real            World   •    “In this age of mass production when everything must        be planned and des...
6 Stages in Product             Life   •    Choice of Materials       •     Including raw materials.   •    Manufacturing ...
A Green Product   •    Is not dangerous to people or animals.   •    Does not use materials from threatened species or    ...
Eco-design Tips   •    Greater emphasis on quality and performance.   •    Design product for affordable repair.   •    Do...
Eco-design Tips   •    Consider pollution that may occur during        manufacturing or after use.   •    Use reclaimed ma...
4 Steps to Eco-                 Designing   •    Educate yourself about environmental issues.   •    Suggest that design c...
Design For                    Disassembly   •    Design a product that can be easily disassembled.   •    Components can b...
Green Advertising   •    Claims should be as specific as possible…not vague or        incomplete.   •    Claims should ref...
Waste-Management   •    Source reduction.   •    Direct reuse of products (closed loop).   •    Recycling (open loop).   •...
Reuse, Refill, Recycle   •    Think before you throw. There’s no such place as away.   •    Every year we throw away valuab...
Grolsch Beer                        Recyclable top seal.                          Recyclable glass.                       ...
Interior Design Tips   •    Work with other professionals from the ground up in        the planning of a building.   •    ...
VC Design Tips   •    Recycled paper for print or packaging; less packaging.   •    Paper from alternative sources of cell...
Package DesignDesign 200: Introduction to Design                                     The Department of Design
Package DesignDesign 200: Introduction to Design                                     The Department of Design
Biopol PlasticDesign 200: Introduction to Design                                     The Department of Design
Package DesignDesign 200: Introduction to Design                                     The Department of Design
Tesla Roadster   •    135 mpg   •    250 mile range   •    0 to 60 in 4 seconds   •    The 2010 Roadster has a base price ...
Ifo Acqua Toilet   •    Efficient use of space   •    Attractive sculptural form   •    Uses 33% less waterDesign 200: Int...
Compact FluorescentsDesign 200: Introduction to Design                                     The Department of Design
Aeron ChairDesign 200: Introduction to Design                                     The Department of Design
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06 Design & the Environment

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06 Design & the Environment

  1. 1. Environmental Design And Green DesignDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  2. 2. Environmental Design • Environmentally friendly design. • Takes into account facts learned through ecology. • Promotes sustainability. • Humanistic.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  3. 3. What is Ecology? • The relationship between living organisms and their environment.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  4. 4. Water PollutionDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  5. 5. LandfillsDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  6. 6. Ozone Depletion • CFC’s, HCFC’s, HFC’s • Deplete ozone layer. • Also act as greenhouse gases.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  7. 7. Greenhouse Effect • 25% carbon dioxide increase in atmosphere within last 200 years: • wood • oil • coal • Methane, CFCs, nitrous oxide and other greenhouse gases. • DeforestationDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  8. 8. Design for the Real World • “In this age of mass production when everything must be planned and designed, design has become the most powerful tool with which man shapes his tools and environments (and by extension, society and himself). This demands high social and moral responsibility from the designer.” • 1970, Victor PapanekDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  9. 9. 6 Stages in Product Life • Choice of Materials • Including raw materials. • Manufacturing • Packaging • Transportation • Use • Ending ConsequencesDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  10. 10. A Green Product • Is not dangerous to people or animals. • Does not use materials from threatened species or environments. • Does not consume excessive energy and other resources. • Does not produce unnecessary waste. • Does not cause environmental damage.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  11. 11. Eco-design Tips • Greater emphasis on quality and performance. • Design product for affordable repair. • Don’t waste natural resources that can’t be replaced on a global scale. • Question the ultimate consequences of a new product being introduced. • Profit balances and production quotas are not enough.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  12. 12. Eco-design Tips • Consider pollution that may occur during manufacturing or after use. • Use reclaimed materials that can be reused or recycled. • Avoid excessive packaging. • Research environmental protection laws in market area.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  13. 13. 4 Steps to Eco- Designing • Educate yourself about environmental issues. • Suggest that design companies formulate an internal environmental policy. • Establish a policy regarding purchasing and materials. • Advise clients to become environmentally conscious.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  14. 14. Design For Disassembly • Design a product that can be easily disassembled. • Components can be extracted, sorted, recycled or maintained.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  15. 15. Green Advertising • Claims should be as specific as possible…not vague or incomplete. • Claims should reflect disposal options available to local consumers. • Claims should be supported by reliable scientific evidence.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  16. 16. Waste-Management • Source reduction. • Direct reuse of products (closed loop). • Recycling (open loop). • Incineration. • Landfill.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  17. 17. Reuse, Refill, Recycle • Think before you throw. There’s no such place as away. • Every year we throw away valuable resources worth millions of dollars!Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  18. 18. Grolsch Beer Recyclable top seal. Recyclable glass. Reduces litter.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  19. 19. Interior Design Tips • Work with other professionals from the ground up in the planning of a building. • Consider heating, ventilation, and cooling system; how to save money; how to keep air clean and free of mold. • Insulation: more is worth the investment. • Include task lights and natural lighting. • Specify spots for recycling. • Insect and mold resistant moldings.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  20. 20. VC Design Tips • Recycled paper for print or packaging; less packaging. • Paper from alternative sources of cellulose (leaf fiber), seed fiber (cotton), grass fibers (straw, maize stalks, bamboo, bagasse from sugar cane), Bast fibers from stems of flax, hemp, and jute. • Paper bleached with hydrogen peroxide instead of chlorine bleach. • Water or soy based printing inks.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  21. 21. Package DesignDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  22. 22. Package DesignDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  23. 23. Biopol PlasticDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  24. 24. Package DesignDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  25. 25. Tesla Roadster • 135 mpg • 250 mile range • 0 to 60 in 4 seconds • The 2010 Roadster has a base price of US$109,000Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  26. 26. Ifo Acqua Toilet • Efficient use of space • Attractive sculptural form • Uses 33% less waterDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  27. 27. Compact FluorescentsDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  28. 28. Aeron ChairDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design

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