04 Accessibility

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04 Accessibility

  1. 1. Design for Accessibility A designer’s responsibility.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  2. 2. History • Individuals with disabilities have faced social and technical barriers. • Negative, misinformed attitudes amongst educators, employers, marketers, and manufacturing.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  3. 3. Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  4. 4. Why should I care? • We are all getting older. • You could become impaired at any moment. • The impaired are an untapped market and need designer with specialized skills. • You are designing for your future.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  5. 5. 2000 Census Demographics • 49.7 million (19%) people age 5 and over with a disability. • 5.2 million between 5 – 20 years old. • 30.6 million between 21 – 64 • 57% employed ($33,109 vs. $43,269). • 700,000 per year are newly disabled. • 79 million “baby boomers”= GrowingDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  6. 6. 2000 Census Demographics • 25 million had difficulty walking a quarter mile, climbing 10 stairs, or used an ambulatory aid. • 18 million had difficulty carrying a 10- pound bag of groceries or grasping small objects. • 8.0 million had difficulty hearing what was said in a normal conversation (even when wearing a hearing aid).Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  7. 7. Range of Disabilities Mobility Learning Disabilities Impairments • Visual processing.• Physical. • Dyslexia.• Maneuvering. • Attention deficit• Dexterity. disorder.Visual Impairments Hearing Impairments• Blindness. • Accessing audible communication.• Color blindness.• Macular degeneration.• Cataracts and glaucoma.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  8. 8. What is ADA? • The Americans with Disabilities Act, enacted in 1990. • All private and public schools, libraries, businesses and facilities must be accessible. • Applies to all employers with 15 or more. • Makes it unlawful to discriminate in all employment practices.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  9. 9. Reasonable Accommodations “Provide equally effective access to programs and services to individuals with disabilities in an integrated manner.” - Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act & Title II of the Americans With Disabilities Act 34 CFR 104 & 28 CFR 35Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  10. 10. Next Steps How do we break down the barriers? • Architects • Interior Space Designers • Product Designers • Visual Communication DesignersDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  11. 11. Architects • Ramps • Curb-cutsDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  12. 12. Visual Communication • Signage & • Control Surfaces Way FindingDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  13. 13. Interior Space Design • Specifications & AffordancesDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  14. 14. Industrial DesignDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  15. 15. Methods of Access • Adapted Design • Retrofitting. • Removal of barriers. • Accessible Design • Accommodation. • Modification of policies and procedures. • Provision of auxiliary aids & services.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  16. 16. Universal Design • Universal design is the design theory that products, services and environments should be designed to include a broader range of the population including those with varying disabilities. The key premise is that by designing for “inclusiveness”, the design will be better for everyone. • It seeks to “destigmitize” disabilities and the so called solutions that are marketed to the disabled.Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  17. 17. Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  18. 18. Principles of Universal Design • Equitable Use • Perceptible Information • Flexibility in Use • Clear and • Low Physical Effort Intuitive Use • Tolerance for • Size and Space for Approach and Error UseDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  19. 19. Universal Design • The intent of universal design is to simplify life for everyone by making products, communications, and the built environment more usable by as many people as possible at little or no extra cost. Universal design benefits people of all ages and abilities. - UNC Center For Universal DesignDesign 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  20. 20. For Next Class...Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design
  21. 21. A03: Scavenger Hunt • You need a partner, to find your partner... find a person in class with the same face value card, but opposite color card as you. Example: Q of Spades can partner with Q of Hearts, or Diamonds. • Make sure at least one member of the group has access to a digital camera of some sort. • Dress for the weather!Design 200: Introduction to Design The Department of Design

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