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HUMAN RESOURCE
MANAGEMENT
-By Arpita Belapurkar
Module-I
 Introduction to Human Resource Management:
Concept, Nature and Scope of Human Resource
Management, Growth and Development of the
Various Policies and Practices of Human Resource
Management
Introduction to HRM
 Human resource management (HRM, or simply
HR) is the management process of an organization's
workforce, or human resources.
 It is an inherent part of management, which is
concerned with the human resources of an
organization.
 Responsible for the attraction, selection, training
assessment, and rewarding of employees, while also
overseeing organizational leadership and culture and
ensuring compliance with employment and labour laws.
 In circumstances where employees desire and are
legally authorized to hold a collective bargaining
agreement, HR will also serve as the company's
primary liaison with the employees' representatives
(usually a trades union)
 Its objective is the maintenance of better human
relations in the organization
 (development, application and evaluation of policies,
procedures and programs relating to human resources
to optimize their contribution towards the realization of
organizational objectives)
 In other words, HRM is concerned with getting better
results with the collaboration of people.
 It is an integral but distinctive part of management,
concerned with people at work and their
relationships within the enterprise.
 It is the recruitment, selection, development,
utilization, compensation and motivation of human
resources by the organization.
Nature of HRM
Human Resource Management is a process of
bringing people and organizations together so that
the goals of each are met.
• It is pervasive in nature as it is present in all
enterprises.
• Its focus is on results rather than on rules.
• It tries to help employees develop their potential
fully.
• It encourages employees to give their best to the
organization.
Nature of HRM
• It is all about people at work, both as individuals
and groups.
• It tries to put people on assigned jobs in order to
produce good results.
• It helps an organization meet its goals in the future
by providing for competent and well-motivated
employees.
Nature of HRM
• It tries to build and maintain cordial relations
between people working at various levels in the
organization.
• It is a multidisciplinary activity, utilizing knowledge
and inputs drawn from psychology, economics, etc.
Functions of HRM
 Broader function
 Human Resource Management is a comprehensive function
because it is about managing people in the organization. It
covers all types of people in the organization from workers
till the top level management.
 People oriented
 Human resource is the core of all the processes of human
resource management. So HRM is the process which brings
people and organizations together so that their goals can be
achieved.
Functions of HRM
 Action oriented
 Human resource management believes in taking actions
in order to achieve individual and organizational goals
rather than just keeping records and procedures.
 Development oriented
 Development of employees is an essential function of
human resource management in order to get maximum
satisfaction from their work so that they give their best
to the organization.
Functions of HRM
 Continuous function
 As human resource is a living factor among all factors of
production therefore it requires continuous improvement and
innovations in order to get excellence. So it requires a
constant alertness and awareness of human relations and
there importance in every day to day operations.
 Future oriented
 HRM is very important activity which helps organization to
achieve its objectives in future by providing well motivated
and competent employees
Objectives of HRM
 To help the organization reach its goals.
 To ensure effective utilization and maximum
development of human resources.
 To ensure respect for human beings. To identify and
satisfy the needs of individuals.
 To ensure reconciliation of individual goals with
those of the organization.
 To achieve and maintain high morale among
employees.
Objectives of HRM
 To provide the organization with well-trained and
well-motivated employees.
 To increase to the fullest the employee’s job
satisfaction and self-actualization.
 To develop and maintain a quality of work life.
 To be ethically and socially responsive to the needs
of society.
 To develop overall personality of each employee in
its multidimensional aspect.
Objectives of HRM
 To enhance employee’s capabilities to perform the
present job.
 To equip the employees with precision and clarity in
transaction of business.
 To inculcate the sense of team spirit, team work and
inter-team collaboration.
Functions of HRM
In order to achieve the above objectives, Human
Resource Management undertakes the following
activities:
 Human resource or manpower planning.
 Recruitment, selection and placement of personnel.
 Training and development of employees.
 Appraisal of performance of employees.
 Taking corrective steps such as transfer from one job to
another.
Functions of HRM
 Remuneration of employees.
 Social security and welfare of employees.
 Setting general and specific management policy for
organizational relationship.
 Collective bargaining, contract negotiation and
grievance handling.
 Staffing the organization.
 Aiding in the self-development of employees at all
levels.
Functions of HRM
 Developing and maintaining motivation for workers by
providing incentives.
 Reviewing and auditing manpower management in the
organization
 Potential Appraisal. Feedback Counselling.
 Role Analysis for job occupants.
 Job Rotation.
 Quality Circle, Organization development and Quality
of Working Life.
Major Influencing Factors of HRM
HRM is influenced by following factors, which work as various
issues affecting its strategy:
 Size of the workforce.
 Rising employees’ expectations
 Drastic changes in the technology as well as Life-style changes.
 Composition of workforce. New skills required.
 Environmental challenges.
 Lean and mean organizations.
 Downsizing and rightsizing of the organizations.
 Culture prevailing in the organization etc.

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Human resource management pgdm ii trim

  • 2. Module-I  Introduction to Human Resource Management: Concept, Nature and Scope of Human Resource Management, Growth and Development of the Various Policies and Practices of Human Resource Management
  • 3. Introduction to HRM  Human resource management (HRM, or simply HR) is the management process of an organization's workforce, or human resources.  It is an inherent part of management, which is concerned with the human resources of an organization.
  • 4.  Responsible for the attraction, selection, training assessment, and rewarding of employees, while also overseeing organizational leadership and culture and ensuring compliance with employment and labour laws.  In circumstances where employees desire and are legally authorized to hold a collective bargaining agreement, HR will also serve as the company's primary liaison with the employees' representatives (usually a trades union)
  • 5.  Its objective is the maintenance of better human relations in the organization  (development, application and evaluation of policies, procedures and programs relating to human resources to optimize their contribution towards the realization of organizational objectives)  In other words, HRM is concerned with getting better results with the collaboration of people.
  • 6.  It is an integral but distinctive part of management, concerned with people at work and their relationships within the enterprise.  It is the recruitment, selection, development, utilization, compensation and motivation of human resources by the organization.
  • 7. Nature of HRM Human Resource Management is a process of bringing people and organizations together so that the goals of each are met. • It is pervasive in nature as it is present in all enterprises. • Its focus is on results rather than on rules. • It tries to help employees develop their potential fully. • It encourages employees to give their best to the organization.
  • 8. Nature of HRM • It is all about people at work, both as individuals and groups. • It tries to put people on assigned jobs in order to produce good results. • It helps an organization meet its goals in the future by providing for competent and well-motivated employees.
  • 9. Nature of HRM • It tries to build and maintain cordial relations between people working at various levels in the organization. • It is a multidisciplinary activity, utilizing knowledge and inputs drawn from psychology, economics, etc.
  • 10. Functions of HRM  Broader function  Human Resource Management is a comprehensive function because it is about managing people in the organization. It covers all types of people in the organization from workers till the top level management.  People oriented  Human resource is the core of all the processes of human resource management. So HRM is the process which brings people and organizations together so that their goals can be achieved.
  • 11. Functions of HRM  Action oriented  Human resource management believes in taking actions in order to achieve individual and organizational goals rather than just keeping records and procedures.  Development oriented  Development of employees is an essential function of human resource management in order to get maximum satisfaction from their work so that they give their best to the organization.
  • 12. Functions of HRM  Continuous function  As human resource is a living factor among all factors of production therefore it requires continuous improvement and innovations in order to get excellence. So it requires a constant alertness and awareness of human relations and there importance in every day to day operations.  Future oriented  HRM is very important activity which helps organization to achieve its objectives in future by providing well motivated and competent employees
  • 13. Objectives of HRM  To help the organization reach its goals.  To ensure effective utilization and maximum development of human resources.  To ensure respect for human beings. To identify and satisfy the needs of individuals.  To ensure reconciliation of individual goals with those of the organization.  To achieve and maintain high morale among employees.
  • 14. Objectives of HRM  To provide the organization with well-trained and well-motivated employees.  To increase to the fullest the employee’s job satisfaction and self-actualization.  To develop and maintain a quality of work life.  To be ethically and socially responsive to the needs of society.  To develop overall personality of each employee in its multidimensional aspect.
  • 15. Objectives of HRM  To enhance employee’s capabilities to perform the present job.  To equip the employees with precision and clarity in transaction of business.  To inculcate the sense of team spirit, team work and inter-team collaboration.
  • 16. Functions of HRM In order to achieve the above objectives, Human Resource Management undertakes the following activities:  Human resource or manpower planning.  Recruitment, selection and placement of personnel.  Training and development of employees.  Appraisal of performance of employees.  Taking corrective steps such as transfer from one job to another.
  • 17. Functions of HRM  Remuneration of employees.  Social security and welfare of employees.  Setting general and specific management policy for organizational relationship.  Collective bargaining, contract negotiation and grievance handling.  Staffing the organization.  Aiding in the self-development of employees at all levels.
  • 18. Functions of HRM  Developing and maintaining motivation for workers by providing incentives.  Reviewing and auditing manpower management in the organization  Potential Appraisal. Feedback Counselling.  Role Analysis for job occupants.  Job Rotation.  Quality Circle, Organization development and Quality of Working Life.
  • 19. Major Influencing Factors of HRM HRM is influenced by following factors, which work as various issues affecting its strategy:  Size of the workforce.  Rising employees’ expectations  Drastic changes in the technology as well as Life-style changes.  Composition of workforce. New skills required.  Environmental challenges.  Lean and mean organizations.  Downsizing and rightsizing of the organizations.  Culture prevailing in the organization etc.