In Melvil’s day there was no set way for library books to be organized. This made it hard for people to find the books they wanted, so Melvil started thinking and came up with a brilliant idea!!
He decided it would make it easier to find books if they were grouped by subject, so first he came up with 10 general groups to use for sorting all subjects.
Today we have too many fiction books in our libraries to organize them in this way, so fiction books have their own way of being organized.
The Numbersin Nonfiction
We have learned therecipe for making anonfiction call number. numbers (for the subject)first three letters ofthe author’s last name
Now let’s learn moreabout the numbers in a nonfiction call number.
How do we know what number goes with each subject ?By using something cool called The Dewey Decimal System !!
The Dewey DecimalSystem is a tool used to sort books into groups or categories
This system was invented by a mannamed Melvil Dewey. He was a librarian who lived long ago.
Sorting books bysubject, what abrilliant idea!!I think I’ve got it !!
10 general groupsfor sorting all of the subjects General means broad, lots of subjects will fit into each group.
Here are the 10 general groups for sorting books inthe Dewey Decimal System:General Works PhilosophyReligion Social StudiesLanguage ScienceTechnology Arts and LeisureLiterature History/Geography
This seems like alot to remember, but don’t worry you’ll learn it allquickly. So let’s get going !!!!
000s-General Works Books that fit in this group have many different subjects in them. Like:Encyclopedias or The Guinness Book of RecordsThis is also where books onunexplained subjects would befound-like The Loch Ness Monster.
100s-PhilosophyBooks that fit in this grouptell about how we think andfeel.
200s-ReligionBooks in this group tellabout different religions orstories from the bible.
300s-Social Studies Books in this group tell about how people live together.holidays and customsgovernment, military
Fairy tales and folk talesare also placed in the 300s. Many were written to teach a lesson about behavior and.. That’s social studies.
400s-LanguageBooks in this group areabout different languagesor grammar. noun verb adjective
500s-Science Books in this group areabout things from nature.
600s-TechnologyThis group has books that areabout man-made things.
700s-Arts and LeisureBooks in this group areabout things we do for fun.
800s-Literature Books in this group arestories, plays, or poetry.This is the group fictionbooks were put in long agowhen The Dewey DecimalSystem was first invented.
Today we have too manyfiction books in ourlibraries to organize themin this way, so fictionbooks have their own wayof being organized.You know, in ABC order, by author !
900s- History/GeographyBooks in this group tellabout events of the pastand countries of the world.