Kwic

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Kwic

  1. 1. Introduction Hans Peter Luhn (1st July 1896-19th August 1964). He worked in IBM as a computer scientist after that he became manager of the information retrieval research division. He crated Luhn algorithm and KWIC indexing etc. Luhn was the first person proposed counting of terms occurrences in the subject of a document.
  2. 2. KWIC H.P. Luhn and his associates produced keywords copies of machine produced permuted title indexes in the International Conference of Scientific Information held at Washington in 1958. It is named as Keyword- In-Context index (KWIC). American Chemical society adopted KWIC in 1961 for the publication of ‘Chemical Titles’.
  3. 3. Cont… KWIC is a form of word index where each occurrence of the keyword is displayed together with surrounding words in a list of string. In this KWIC the Keyword appears in the center. KWIC is a automatic indexing system.
  4. 4. Three parts in KWIC Index Keywords: subject denoting words which serve as approach terms. Context: keywords selected also specify the particular context of the document. (rest of the words in the title) Identification or location code: To provide full bibliographic description of the document address code is used.
  5. 5. KWIC indexing stages 1) Preparation of the ‘Stop list’. It is the list consist of words those words don’t have any value for indexing/retrieval. 2) Selection of keyword from the title of the document after omitting stop words. 3) Index generation with the help of rotation of the title and placing keywords in appropriate place with meaningful context.
  6. 6. Cont… 4) Separate the last and first word using stroke ‘/’ or ‘*’ asterisk marks in an entry and keywords are to be print in bold letters. 5) In each entry the identification code to be print in the right most end. And 6) Arrange the entries alphabetical order based on keywords.
  7. 7. Examples Title: Essentials of Business communication – 580 Keywords in the title:  Essentials  Business  Communication Entries: 1. Essentials of Business communication/580 2. Business communication/Essential of 580 3. Communication/Essential of business 580 Arrangement of Entries: 1. Essentials of Business communication/580 2. Business communication/Essential of 580 3. Communication/Essential of business 580
  8. 8. Cont… Title: Encyclopedia of research on library science – 020.72 Keywords in the title:  Encyclopedia  Research  Library science Entries: 1. Encyclopedia of Research on library science/020.72 2. Library science/Encyclopedia of research on 020.72 3. Research on Library science/Encyclopedia of 020.72 Arrangement of Entries: 1. Research on Library science/Encyclopedia of 020.72 2. Library science/Encyclopedia of research on 020.72 3. Encyclopedia of Research on library science/020.72
  9. 9. Merits of KWIC It is always current and based on the actual words of the authors. It is easy to make compare to other indexing system. Because of the mechanical method of preparation more information may be displayed other than manual method. The cost is low because of the machine compilation.
  10. 10. Demerits of KEIC Lack of terminology control because it is totally based on the title of the document. Some titles are misleading the users to other documents.
  11. 11. Conclusion KWIC is totally based on the machine works. It is easy to the users to retrieve the all documents related to the keywords given by the users. It relates all the related documents together. Luhn development is very useful to the information providers. Because it is easy to develop.
  12. 12. References 1) David G. Hays (1966). Automatic Language Processing. New York: Elsevier 2) Mika Kaki (2005). fKWIC: Frequency Based Keyword- in-Context Index for Filtering Web Search Results. Finland: University of Tampere 3) www.egyonkosh.doi
  13. 13. Thank You!!!

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