Understanding how to reduce stress through mindfulness while playing video games
Understanding how toreduce stress throughmindfulness whileplaying video gamesFrank ChenStanford University
Outline• Mindfulness Practices • Physical: Yoga, meditation, walking, breathing • Reflective non-judgmental interfaces• Video Game Practices • Physical activity feedback • Social engagement• Intersection• Conclusion
Breathing, Yoga, Walking, Meditation- Reduces stress and presents a host of mental, physical, emotional benefits. Ability comes through training. Trigger come from class, alarm, etc. [US News 2010, Latimer 2006]- Arises from being in the moment, escape from everyday stresses, focusing on self. [Shapiro 2006]
DayTender.com, Last.fm• Reduces stress of knowing what I am doing (body, thoughts, music). Guides exploration of data and enhances ability for self- reflection. Triggered through email, homepage, or music player.• Gives feedback of behaviors and increases awareness of behaviors while being non-judgmental.
Dance Central• Reduces stress through taking out of everyday experience in game-play & being silly—not exercise [questionnaire, 4/19]. Ability to escape everyday stress; triggered through seeing system.• Engagement through points / accuracy feedback, challenges, avatar & narrative. [Reeves, Reed2009]
Nike +• Reduces stress of knowing how I am running. Ability for exploration of data for coaching. Triggered by mobile notification or need to track runs (akin to exercise machines).• Engagement through social ranking, cooperation & competition, transparency, goals / planning (prescriptive).
How might we reduce stressfor someone playing videogames?¡ Looking to mindfulness techniques? ¡ Using physical activity to focus, free of distractions. ¡ Enabling self-reflective interfaces.¡ Looking to video game techniques? ¡ Using physical activity to escape and track feedback. ¡ Enabling engagement with feedback: rewards, goals, prescriptive, ranks, avatars, narratives. ¡ Enabling social engagement: communication, cooperation / competition.
Conclusion¡ Different heuristics in the design of mindfulness and gaming technologies.¡ Discussion: ¡ How can we balance tradeoff between game engagement (escape) & mindfulness (reflection)? ¡ What are designs that work in presenting mindfulness in physical activity video games?