Understanding how to reduce stress through mindfulness while playing video games

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Understanding how to reduce stress through mindfulness while playing video games

  1. 1. Understanding how toreduce stress throughmindfulness whileplaying video gamesFrank ChenStanford University
  2. 2. Outline•  Mindfulness Practices •  Physical: Yoga, meditation, walking, breathing •  Reflective non-judgmental interfaces•  Video Game Practices •  Physical activity feedback •  Social engagement•  Intersection•  Conclusion
  3. 3. Breathing, Yoga, Walking, Meditation-  Reduces stress and presents a host of mental, physical, emotional benefits. Ability comes through training. Trigger come from class, alarm, etc. [US News 2010, Latimer 2006]-  Arises from being in the moment, escape from everyday stresses, focusing on self. [Shapiro 2006]
  4. 4. DayTender.com, Last.fm•  Reduces stress of knowing what I am doing (body, thoughts, music). Guides exploration of data and enhances ability for self- reflection. Triggered through email, homepage, or music player.•  Gives feedback of behaviors and increases awareness of behaviors while being non-judgmental.
  5. 5. Dance Central•  Reduces stress through taking out of everyday experience in game-play & being silly—not exercise [questionnaire, 4/19]. Ability to escape everyday stress; triggered through seeing system.•  Engagement through points / accuracy feedback, challenges, avatar & narrative. [Reeves, Reed2009]
  6. 6. Nike +•  Reduces stress of knowing how I am running. Ability for exploration of data for coaching. Triggered by mobile notification or need to track runs (akin to exercise machines).•  Engagement through social ranking, cooperation & competition, transparency, goals / planning (prescriptive).
  7. 7. How might we reduce stressfor someone playing videogames?¡  Looking to mindfulness techniques? ¡  Using physical activity to focus, free of distractions. ¡  Enabling self-reflective interfaces.¡  Looking to video game techniques? ¡  Using physical activity to escape and track feedback. ¡  Enabling engagement with feedback: rewards, goals, prescriptive, ranks, avatars, narratives. ¡  Enabling social engagement: communication, cooperation / competition.
  8. 8. Conclusion¡  Different heuristics in the design of mindfulness and gaming technologies.¡  Discussion: ¡  How can we balance tradeoff between game engagement (escape) & mindfulness (reflection)? ¡  What are designs that work in presenting mindfulness in physical activity video games?

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