Australian aboriginal beliefs and spiritualities terminology

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Australian aboriginal beliefs and spiritualities terminology

  1. 1. AUSTRALIANABORIGINALBELIEFS ANDSPIRITUALTIES TERMINOLOGY
  2. 2. INDIGENOUS PEOPLE Those people who arethe original inhabitants of any country
  3. 3. ABORIGINALDerived from the Latin ab origine, meaning “from the beginning”. This is the term given to theIndigenous peoples of Australians by the Europeans
  4. 4. Koori – (South) NSW, Victoria, TasmaniaMurri – QueenslandYolngu – Northern TerritoryNunga – South AustraliaNyungah – Western Australia
  5. 5. TORRES STRAIT ISLANDERThe indigenous people of theTorres Strait Islands which arelocated north of the Cape YorkPeninsula and south of Papua NewGuinea.Torres Strait Islanders often use thename of their island community:e.g. Badu, Murray, Yam
  6. 6. DREAMINGA complex concept of fundamentalimportance to Aboriginal culture,embracing: • the creative era when the Spiritual Beings and Ancestral Beings roamed and instituted Aboriginal society • the present and future
  7. 7. ANCESTRALBEINGSCommonly, this term refers to deities/spiritsregarded as direct ancestors that shapedcreation in the Dreaming and founded theceremonies, marriage laws and other lawsof human society. They continue to exist.
  8. 8. COUNTRY The term used byAboriginal people to referto the land in which theybelong and their place of Dreaming
  9. 9. SACRED SITESThe places where the ancestralbeings became a part of the land(e.g. watering holes, rocks, trees).Thus the Ancestral Beings remainpresent in the sacred sites,linking past and present, thepeople and the land.
  10. 10. KINSHIPThe system of relationships traditionally accepted by aparticular culture and rights and obligations they involve
  11. 11. ELDERSKey persons and keepers of various sacred-secret knowledge within Aboriginalcommunities.They are the overseers of the Dreaming tracksHighly respected: matriarchal and patriarchalMatriarchal/patriarchal: a form of socialorganisation in which the mother (L: mater –mother) or Father (L: pater – father) is the headof the family or social group
  12. 12. TOTEM An object such as an animal, pant or particularlandmark through which a person is linked to the Ancestral Being responsible for his or her existence

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