3.a multifunctional governance and water rights

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argument for new ways of managing mega irrigation systems

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3.a multifunctional governance and water rights

  1. 1. MULTIFUNCTIONAL GOVERNANCE AND WATER RIGHTS IN IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
  2. 2. 1. Utility providing water in timely and efficient manner to farmers 2. The basis for the agricultural economy 3. Main part of the physical landscape WHAT IS IRRIGATION?
  3. 3. SIZE OF THE SYSTEM MATTERS OBJECTIVE MATTERS IRRIGATION HYDROLOGY MATTERS RELATION TO LARGER ENVIRONMENT MATTERS POLITICAL CONTEXT MATTERS WHAT IMPACTS GOVERNANCE
  4. 4. GOOD GOVERNANCE OR EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE “the process by which water resources are managed through the application of responsibility, participation, information availability, transparency, custom, and rule of law. It is the art of coordinating administrative actions and decision making between and among different jurisdictional levels or “ the process of achieiving fair objectives for water resource use and development – including the positioning of different stakes and interests’
  5. 5. PRINCIPLES • Having a mechanism for prioritization • Ability to deliver stated goals and be at least ‘problem and action oriented’ • Cooperation and engagement of active and informed water users and potential polluters • Integration with other domains that effect water such as land use management • Based on effective mechanisms: finances, functioning legal system, evidence based monitoring, communication EFFECTIVE WATER GOVERNANCE
  6. 6. •BALANCED AND PRIORITIZED NEEDS •BALANCED FUNCTIONS •SECURITY AND SUSTAINABILITY •INTEGRATED DIFFERENT WATER SOURCES EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE OF IRRIGATION SYSTEM
  7. 7. IWRM IN IRRIGATION MULTIPLE WATER REOSURCES MULTIPLE FUNCTIONS ACHIEVE BALANCED OBJECTIVES LONG TERM AND BROAD SUSTAINABILITY WATER RESOURCE SYSTEM TIME
  8. 8. MULTIFUNCTIONALITY
  9. 9. • Direct use of the water • Direct use of the infrastructure (dam, storage, canal and embankments) • Effect on the hydrological environment – Moisture/ dryness of top soil – Shallow groundwater – Recapture of excess surface water • Effect on public health MULTIFUNCTIONALITY OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS
  10. 10. MULTIFUNCTIONALITY OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS 1. Water for crops 2. Controlling water table for agricultural production 3. Domestic water supply 4. Washing functions 5. Livestock water supply 6. Fisheries 7. Industrial water supply (including brick killns) 8. Energy generartion (hydel, water mills) 9. Firefighting resources 10. Water supply to other users 1. Increased property values of land near water fronts 2. Leisure opportunities – water based recreationl 3. Local navigation 4. Use of canal and drain bank for tree cultivation 5. Defense lines 6. Use of canal and drain banks for transportation (embankment roads) 7. Effluent disposal Direct use of water Direct use of infrastructure
  11. 11. MULTIFUNCTIONALITY OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS 18. Improving land accessibility 19. Reduced damage to built up property by controlling soil moisture 20. Improving soil chemistry 21. Buffering water stock for drought periods (groundwater) 22. Improved protection against floods 23. Generating water for reuse 24 Greenhouse gas emission 25 Miceo climate 26 Land comsidlation or reclamation 27 Aquatic diversity 28. Incidence of water borne vector diseases (human, liivestock) 29. Environmental sanitation and healthy/ clean environment Hydrological environment Public health
  12. 12. Canals and drains serve many functions and their management is essential for the livelihoods of all stakeholders in the area
  13. 13. Drinking water Fishery Industry Agriculture Groundwater recharge Etc Many stakeholders
  14. 14. • FUNCTIONS • VALUES • STAKEHOLDERS FRAMEWORK
  15. 15. Waste transport Farmers Tail end re-use for irrigation Agricultural drainage Drains Waterlogging & salinity Landscape Functions Stakeholders Issues Seawater intrusion at high tide Municipalities Tail end farmers Drains Lack of treatment Sugar mills Drainage of excess rainwater Fishing Cattle drenching Fishermen Farmers No access for animals provided causing damage to drains All inhabitants and users of the area Obstruction of natural drainage by combined effect of LBOD and high tide.
  16. 16. Waste transport Farmers Drinking water Irrigation water Canals Shortage Landscape Functions Stakeholders Issues Pollution Municipalities All inhabitants Canals Lack of treatment is a danger to public health, agriculture, fisheries, nature Insufficient supply at tail ends Inequal distribution Industries
  17. 17. DO THE SAME FOR GROUNDWATER
  18. 18. • STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT • TECHNICAL MANAGEMENT • FINANCES AND ADMINISTRATION LINK TO

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