Christiane Paul - Arquivando o contexto: estratégias de preservação para a net art (um estudo de caso)/ Archiving the context: strategies for preserving the web-based art (a case study)
Information Curation and Database AestheticsArchiving Context: Preservation Strategies for Net-based Art (A Case Study) Christiane Paul
I. Defining Database AestheticsII. Applying Database Aesthetics in CurationIII. Applying Database in Archiving and Preservation
I. Defining Database Aesthetics= the aesthetic principles applied in imposing the logic of the database to any type of information= filtering data collections= visualizing data [not the aesthetics of the database as structure itself]* database aesthetics as a conceptual potential and cultural form* a way of revealing (visual) patterns of knowledge, beliefs, and socialbehavior
II. Applying Database (Aesthetics) in Curation• Presenting art projects relying on database aesthetics• Using databases in the presentation of art (as repositories of art; as structure for crowd curation)
Wattenberg and Walczak, Apartment (installation sketch)
Apartment at Ars Electronica, Linz Austria: 2 user stations, 2 projections (2D / 3D component), 1 archive stationApartment at Electrohype Festival, Sweden:1 projection (2D) onto table
Potentiality of Database - Semiotics of Database• Ferdinand de Saussure:syntagmatic relations referring intratextually to other words co-present within the textparadigmatic relations referring intertextually to words absent from the text• Lev Manovich:narrative syntagmatic dimension = explicit paradigmatic dimension = implicitdatabase paradigmatic dimension = explicit, privileged syntagmatic dimension = downplayed, dematerialized
III. Applying Database in Preservation and Archiving• Database as structure for archiving art / context (Wayback Machine)• Database as structure for archiving metadata about art and preservation approaches (Forging The Future Initiative, a working group of The Variable Media Network founded by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and the Daniel Langlois Foundation for Art, Science, and Technology; members include(d) the Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, Cleveland Performance Art Festival and Archive, the Walker Art Center, Franklin Furnace Archive, Rhizome.org, and the Whitney Museum of American Art)
Archiving Context• If net art is intrinsically contextual—since it often makescontext its content through a process of linking—doinstitutions need to archive its fluctuating context?• The archiving of the context of net art would require a newunderstanding of the archive as a living environment thatcan itself adapt to the changing requirements of themutable “records” it contains.
The Worlds First Collaborative Sentence Douglas Davis, 1994Originally commissioned by the Lehman College Art Gallery, Bronx, NewYork, in conjunction with "Interactions," its 1994 survey exhibition of theartists work With the assistance of Gary Welz, Robert Schneider, and Susan Hoeltzel
Preservation Challenges• Nonfunctional Submission FormIn the process of migrating the work from the Lehman server to Whitney ones, crucial files (theCGI script) powering the form that allowed users to contribute to the Sentence, were omitted.• Large Text SizeSeveral pages of the Sentence included text that became increasingly large, eventually makingthe browser slow down and rendering the work essentially unusable. This problem was caused byonline user contributions that were not properly formatted; while older browser versionscompensated for this issue and correctly displayed the text, newer ones showed increasinglylarge letters.• Link RotMany of the links that were contributed by visitors to the Sentence became obsolete over theyears (a process referred to as “link rot”), because the pages and files to which they were pointingwere moved or deleted.• Garbled Korean CharactersSeveral pages of the Sentence appear as garbled characters, a problem caused by the fact thatthe work was shown at the 1995 Gwangju Biennale in South Korea. The Korean character set didnot properly display in the browser because it was not defined in the header of the pages.
Live Version• restores the works functionality and allows visitors to contribute (PHP script replaces the original CGI)• display of the work has been promoted to current standards (original HTML has been modified to include closing tags)• original links and URLs posted by contributors were left “broken” (to point to the ephemeral nature of the Web)• legibility of the Korean characters was not restored
Korean Character Set• “garbage text” as it appears on many pages:μ‚²oeËüüŽ ‚Í«ì«ô ÀË«Ì åŸ Ë ÕíË…¡’ËøËê‚„ ¡Ÿ¦ÖËí²oe¸Ë«ì«ô ¦‚ ÒÈé€Ò• example of characters above written in their raw form in HTML:╦л╠ хЯ ╦Н╒э╦ЕбТ ╦°╦ъВД бЯж╓╦э▓Ь╕╦льлЇ• “garbage text” with encoding:탞쿇劍 궼レヴ 읫ヌ 藜 죸 傑鋸굜 줋┶健쿇맷レヴ 쫩 蘆 읒 잴
Historic Version• leaves the code mainly untouched and shows work as it wouldhave been experienced from 1994-2005 when it stoppedfunctioning• displays as it would have at the time of its creation• links have been modified to copies of the original pages at theInternet Archives Wayback Machine