Smart city case studies in the USA

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Team Finland Future Watch Report

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Smart city case studies in the USA

  1. 1. Selection of Leading Smart City Case Studies in the USA Tekes Smart City Project Futures Session Planning 25 September 2013
  2. 2. U.S. Smart City Project – First Phase Analysis • Survey U.S. urban development in the USA, noting both the hard science of cutting-edge smart technology innovations as well as the soft science of shaping appealing and sustainable smart city environments. • Identify and summarize a representative group of leading smart city case studies. • Based upon above, target select municipalities and associated smart city programmes for in-depth field analysis and/or benchmarking by Tekes-led Finnish delegation.
  3. 3. ICT is changing urban geography Global Internet of Things Market Projection (Billion Dollars) 290 Source: http://www.iais.fraunhofer.de/4804.html 44 2011 2017 Source: Markets & Markets, September 2012
  4. 4. It offers connectivity to distant spaces/people Projected Connected Devices Per Person Globally 6,58 Proportion of Global Web Page Views from Mobile Devices: 2011-2012 10,1,% 5,8% 3,47 2011 2012 Source: StatCounter, May 2012 Social Media Landscape 1,84 0,08 2003 2010 2015 2020 Source: Cisco IBSG, April 2011
  5. 5. It promises to create broadly connected sustainable communities Cisco’s Blueprint for Smart & Connected Communities Connected & Sustainable Work Connected & Sustainable Mobility Connected & Sustainable Buildings Connected & Sustainable Energy Sustainable Socio – Economics Smart Work Centers Smart Transportation Pricing Homes Renewables & Co-Generation Active Community & Eco Maps Digital Swarming & Hub Pavilions Personal Travel Assistant Office Buildings Urban Monitoring & Measurement Connected Workplaces Connected Public Transit Public Spaces Citizens Energy Efficiency Innovative Green Business Models and Sustainability Clusters Connected Workforce Public Transit Hubs Hospitals & Schools ← Sustainable Urban Planning → Broadband Platform IP-Enabled Homes & Offices, Roads, Utilities, Workplace Design Source: http://ict4green.wordpress.com/2011/05/04/ict-companies-focused-on-smart-city-effort-cisco-cud/
  6. 6. Today’s view of Smart City development Current Smart City Applications Global Smart City Technology Market Forecast (Billion Dollars) 20,2 6,1 2012 Source: http://revistamoviles.blogspot.com.es/2012/03/telefonicaconvertira-alcala-de-henares.html 2020 Source: Pike Research, January 2013 IDC Government Insights states: In 2013, 70% of Worldwide Spending on Smart City Projects Will Be Focused on Energy, Transportation, and Public Safety.
  7. 7. Selected Smart City Case Studies SeattlePortlandVancouver Living Building Challenge Tacoma Sustainable City Return on Investment Portland Plan San Francisco Architecture at Zero San Francisco SFPark Pilot San Francisco DataSF LA Food Truck Nation Urban Smart Glasses Applications: Police in MD, MN, UT… Ann Arbor Connected Vehicles Sacramento Municipal LEED Platinum Campus Las Vegas, Driverless Vehicles Boston Municipal Food Truck Web Page Locator NYC Midtown in Motion Fort Wayne Smart Hospital Santa Rita Jail Microgrid San Francisco WalkFirst Boston Innovation District NYC Digital NYC Hyper-local Smart Screens Greenprint Denver Fort Collins FortZed Chattanooga Small City Broadband Network Dallas-Fort Worth (DFW) Airport = “Aerotropolis” Houston “Coolest City” NYC CityScan Houston Municipal 4G Network
  8. 8. Examples that collectively offer a glimpse into the future New York City’s Smart Screens City24/7 Pilot converted 250 obsolete public telephone booths, which will incorporate touch, voice, and audio technology to deliver a wide array of hyper-local (about two square city blocks) information, services, and offerings in real time. The Smart Screens can also be accessed via Wi-Fi on nearby smartphones, tablets, and laptop computers. There is the potential to convert a further 12 800 booths whose licenses will be expiring in October 2014. DFW Airport computergenerated customerservice agent hologram greets and responds verbally when asked questions on everything from where the nearest restroom is to where customers should head for a connecting flight. Laurel [Maryland] Police Department is using a…new generation of police video camera in their sun glasses that provides an officer's point of view [POV] during stops. Smart glasses are seen as a future tool for crime control.
  9. 9. Indicating profound change ahead Smart City ICT Building Blocks REQUIREMENT DESCRIPTION Ubiquitous connectivity Essential element: competitively-priced anytime/anyplace access to high-bandwidth Anytime/anyplace devices Devices designed to access cloud services via a Wi-Fi or 3G network Collaboration platforms Unified: voice, text, video, calendars, office automation tools, online meetings Cloud computing Processing, storage, & applications as Internet or pay-as-you go private network service Open standards Interoperable hardware and software systems within Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) Geospatial platforms Easier, faster, and cheaper abilities to present and manipulate data on a map or aerial image Internet of Things Increasing real-time data possibilities for connecting a wide range of sensors to the Internet Advanced analytics Innovation = making fact-based decisions & controlling events based on real-time data Open access to public data Government agencies with “more eyes” that add value to data Rea;-time digitally controlled devices Integration into computerized home, building, and infrastructure control systems Social networking Enabling and supporting community interactivity Source: Alcatel Lucent, 2012
  10. 10. Rise of augmented urban spaces Augmented Space refers to group of emerging technologies that are unified by their ability to overlay physical space with information. It is a paradigm that succeeds Virtual Reality; instead of disembodied occupation of virtual worlds, the physical and virtual are seen together as a contiguous, layered and dynamic reality. Keiichi Matsuda See: http://www.keiichimatsuda.com/augmentedcity.php
  11. 11. Entering the next evolutionary phase Augmented Reality (AR) Revenue Forecast for Mobile Devices Split by Category Augmented Virtuality (AV): In-place Technologies (Billion Dollars) $5.2 billion in 2017 $5.2 billion in 2017 Source: Juniper Research See LHN App & near-term future of urban living: http://espn.go.com/video/clip?id=8486178
  12. 12. Finding balance in Smart City Development Cohen’s Smart Cities Wheel* Personal Observations from a rapidly growing young urban professional population Houston, Texas, Inner City Living Image Source: Enterra Insights, 26 April 2013 *See: http://www.fastcoexist.com/1680538/whatexactly-is-a-smart-city
  13. 13. Initial cities targeted Portland, Oregon Seattle, Washington • Tekes selected Portland & Seattle initially as collective field trip targets. • Both cities score highly in numerous metrics relevant to broader smart city development.  http://www.travelportland.com/media/archive/  http://www.seattle.gov/economicdevelopment/press_newsRankings.ht m
  14. 14. Relevant Smart City cases from Oregon & Washington • Systems Dynamic Modeling for Smart City Development: City of Portland, Oregon’s Portland Plan example • Sustainable City Return on Investment Tool: City of Tacoma, Washington, seeking solution; relates to participation in LLGA Cities Pilot the Future initiative • Sustainable Innovation Horizon for Buildings, Neighborhoods & Communities: Cascadia Region’s International Living Futures Institute’s Living Building Challenge
  15. 15. Living Building Challenge (LBC) Profile “LBC…a holistic standard…that could yield an entirely new level of integration between building systems, transportation, technology, natural resources, and community.” “… this is the future. It’s where innovative developers, planners and construction companies should be looking...“ See: http://living-future.org/lbc/about
  16. 16. Additional Examples & Opportunities City of Portland City of Seattle • PortlandMaps.com - Public access to City of Portland datasets: http://www.portlandmaps.com/about.cfm • Data.Seattle.Gov website– Public access to high value, machine readable City of Seattle datasets: https://data.seattle.gov/ • SmartTrips (Facebook & Twitter access): http://www.portlandoregon.gov/transportation/43 801 • Seattle City Mobile Applications & Sites: http://www.seattle.gov/html/citizen/mobileApps.ht m • Portland Development Commission Cluster Development (cleantech among four target areas): http://www.pdc.us/our-work/economicdevelopment/cluster-development.aspx • Live traffic video on mobile devices via TrafficLand (includes Seattle & Portland): http://trafficland.com/city/SEA/index.html • Neighborhood-scale development & District Energy: http://www.portlandoregon.gov/bps/article/34943 7 • District Energy Recommendations: http://www.seattle.gov/environment/district_ener gy.htm • Seattle 2030 District (downtown building reduction goals for energy, water & CO2e of auto and freight): • City of Portland waste management crisis: http://www.2030district.org/seattle/district-goals http://www.environmentalleader.com/2013/05/15/
  17. 17. Proposed field trip broadened Cascadia Region AK • Anchorage, Alaska, also offers potentially interesting linkages. • Anchorage, Seattle and Portland, representing the Cascadia Region of North America, is a logical place to start Finnish-American smart city technology networking.

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