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Future Watch: Benchmarking digital ships - summary


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Modern ships are noted to be highly automated and are increasingly dependent on software-based control systems. A significant shift is expected in the way in which the maritime industry manages information. This summary report is based on a large study commissioned by Business Finland and Future Watch service regarding the leading countries in developing the solutions for digital ships.

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Future Watch: Benchmarking digital ships - summary

  1. 1. 11 Digital Ships Project Supporting Business Finland to Drive Faster Export Success By Improving Insight On Trends
  2. 2. 22 Project Context, Objectives and Approach • Modern ships are noted to be highly automated and are increasingly dependent on software-based control systems. A significant shift is expected in the way in which the maritime industry manages information. • Business Finland wanted to gather market intelligence on the topic of ‘Digital ships’. • Digital ships refers to the application of digital technologies to the shipping industry. • To conduct research on the topic of Digital Ships, to gather specific intelligence on − Technology development − Technology adoption, and − Benchmarking of countries Context Objectives Approach • Tech Scouting, selecting and shortlisting countries based on preliminary analysis • Country Benchmarking, benchmarking countries based on technology development, adoption status, stakeholder ecosystem • Prioritization • mapping country attractiveness re which countries are competent in marine digitization
  3. 3. 33 Project Scope , Definition and Coverage Definition: Digital Ship & AI Digital Ship refers to the application of digital technologies such as machine learning, data analytics, visualization (augmented/virtual), cloud and advanced wireless communications technology to the shipping industry Geographies Technologies Covered • Simulation/Digital Twin • Big data • Artificial Intelligence/ Machine Learning • Cybersecurity • Sensors • Robotics • Image/Video analytics (including surveillance) • Advanced wireless communication technologies • Navigation technologies (including LIDAR/ SONAR and other location-mapping) • Autonomous systems (including remote- controlled/ autonomous vessels) Norway Holland Germany Japan US Singapore
  4. 4. 44 Prioritized Countries Countries across the world have made efforts to modernize their shipping infrastructure. Public private partnerships has been a prevalent model to accelerate marine digitalization. Country Inclination Towards R&D Spending IP (CY 2016- 2018) Technology Adoption Status Technology Readiness Level Degree of Focus on Emerging Applications Final Score Ranking Low - 1 Medium - 2 High - 3 <1000 - 1 1001-5000 - 2 >5000 - 3 Low - 1 Medium - 2 High - 3 TRL 1,2,3,4 - 1 TRL 5,6,7,8 - 2 TRL 8,9 - 3 Low - 1 Medium - 2 High - 3 Weightage 10% 10% 40% 30% 10% Japan 3 3 2 2 3 2.3 USA 2 3 2 2 3 2.2 Germany 2 2 2 2 2 2 Norway 3 1 2 2 3 2.1 Singapore 3 1 2 2 3 2.1 Holland 1 1 2 1 2 1.5 Finland 2 1 2 2 2 1.9
  5. 5. 55 Country Assessment - Japan “AI will enable a digital captain at the holographic command center to conduct vessel operations with higher accuracy, safety, and efficiency.” Atsushi Sora, Chief Digital Officer, JRCS Funding Activity Japanese and Scottish companies are collaborating to develop subsea technologies. A total of £8 million was invested in the first phase of the collaboration and the second phase saw investments upward of £15 million. Focus on Robotics The country is highly competent in robotics technology . Companies and institutes including University of Tokyo & Kyushu Institute of Technology, Yanmar & JAMESTEC are working on projects focused on autonomous maritime robots and auto-docking & auto-navigation systems. • Fujitsu has multiple marine digitization projects in Japan with regards to sensors, IoT and Big data. • Has developed a maritime big data platform to collect operational data. • Partnered with Yamaha and used IoT to improve sailing efficiency of a dinghy. • Developed a miniaturized photodetector for high- sensitivity infrared cameras in the ship’s navigation system. Launched a project to leverage artificial intelligence, mixed reality and other pioneering technologies for promoting workstyle innovation in marine industries. Developed and demonstrated autonomous pilot technology for auto- docking system and auto- navigation of a robotic boat. Prominent Institutions
  6. 6. 66 Country Assessment - United States “There are so many ways to take advantage of the data that we already have. It could be our financial systems, it could be any of our functional areas.” Vice Adm. Jan Tighe, Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Information Warfare Funding Activity American Association of Port Authorities have identified the need for $4 billion in port and supply chain security needs over the next 10 years. Focus on Digitization United States is a world leader in digital technologies. Institutions in the country have benefited from this and have adopted technologies such as cloud, AI and AR/VR faster then others. • US navy has been one of the leading technology hubs globally in the area of marine defense. • Has used Blockchain to develop supply chain system. • Is using AR/VR to train fleet on operating ships. • Using AI to develop predictive analytics capabilities with a focus on condition monitoring and reliability testing. Princess cruises has used wearbles and AI for passenger analytics. Royal Caribbean is implementing a micro services architecture to streamline operations. American Bureau of Shipping implemented an in depth cyber risk analysis solution for maritime sector to protect assets, operations and critical suppliers. Prominent Institutions
  7. 7. 77 Country Assessment - Germany “We have many questions to address concerning the future. We must get to grips with Industry 4.0, with digitalization and how this will change supply chains. We must develop the port to enable it to play a prominent role.” Frank Horch, Senator for Economics, Transport and Innovation Funding Activity The Government of Germany is supporting German ports in the exploration and development of innovative port technologies and also in transshipment with the Initiative for Innovative Port Technologies (IHATEC) launched in 2016. The programme has a budget totalling approx. EUR 64 million and is set to run until 2020. Maritime Agenda 2025 Digitization is key focus of the “Maritime Agenda 2025” approved by the Federal Cabinet. Government initiatives and funding efforts are providing targeted support for research and development of innovative real time technologies bringing safety and security. • Hamburg Port managed by HPA is one of the busiest port in Europe and has implemented multiple digitization initiatives: • Is developing a AI tool to improve the predictions of maritime and land transports. • Is testing 5G for real time communication from ship to shore. • Is using Big data based system for traffic monitoring. • Is using IoT based communications to connect port to ships. Hamburg Süd has jointly participated in several blockchain pilot projects to digitally verify the counterfeiting of products and to eliminate paperwork. 5G trials are being conducted at the port of Hamburg to transmit the movement of ships in real time across the port, controlling traffic lights, data transmission and remote control center operation. Prominent Institutions
  8. 8. 88 Country Assessment - Norway “Currently, we are at the very beginning of this development, but we see and believe that there will be a significant market for these types of services in the near future. At first, short sea shipping will use autonomous ships.” Thomas Wilhelmsen, CEO, Wilhelmsen Group Funding Activity Norway is working with International Maritime Organization to achieve 50% reduction in GHG emissions by 2050 compared to 2008 under a project named GreenVoyage-2050. The Government of Norway is providing funding of NOK 10,000,000 for the initial two years, focusing on the initial eight pilot countries and is looking to expand the funding in 2020. Autonomous Ship Testing Norway has been highly active in developing and testing technologies for Autonomous Shipping and has launched multiple test beds for the same. • Kongsberg Maritime and Wilhelmsen are prominent Norwegian companies working on the digitization of the country’s shipping industry. • The companies have collaborated to establish a company focused on developing a holistic supply chain of autonomous shipping. The Royal Norwegian Navy is using VR based solutions to simulate flight training on ship decks or on land. Navtor has collaborated with Weathernews to launch an artificial intelligence based route planning service for marine navigation and optimization of route planning and fuel savings. Prominent Institutions
  9. 9. 99 Country Assessment - Singapore “As a global hub port and leading International Maritime Centre, Singapore believes that it is well- positioned to leverage on the ongoing revolution in ICT, smart devices and Internet of Things (IoT).” Andrew Tan, Chief Executive, MPA Funding Activity In 2018 Martime Cluster Fund by MPA granted SGD 50,000 in form of seed funding to 13 startups. Got SGD 100 Million from Singapore Government to promote Technology adoption. Benefitting from Location Convenient connectivity, a stable and encouraging political regulatory environment coupled with the fact that the country is one of the major tech hubs in the Asia Pacific makes Singapore one of the better positioned countries to be a leader in marine digitization. • The Maritime Port Authority of Singapore is leading digitization efforts and has collaborated with multiple private and public stakeholders such as IBM, PSA Corporation and Fujitsu for a wide range of projects. • Worked with IBM and PIL on Blockchain in Supply Chain • Plans to leverage UAVs for ship inspection • Launched Living Lab, an initiative to help technology adoption Collaborating with PIL, MPA, PSA, Mearsk and others on multiple projects. A blockchain project from IBM focused on digitizing the bill of landing while the big data initiative with MPA focuses on improvement of productivity and safety. Involved in Blockchain trials with IBM. Signed an MoU with MPA to promote additive manufacturing. Prominent Institutions
  10. 10. 1010 Country Assessment - Holland “Speed and efficiency is essential to our business, and requires us to use all of the data available to us. Thanks to real-time information about infrastructure, water, air, etc., we can enormously improve the service we provide to everyone who uses the port, and prepare to embrace the connected, autonomous shipping of the future.” Paul Smits, Chief Financial Officer of the Port of Rotterdam Authority Funding Activity In 2018, Dutch bank ING and European Investment Bank (EIB) decided to contribute €150 million each to support projects with a “green innovation element” in Europe’s maritime sector. Government Initiatives Strong cooperation between knowledge institutes, such as the Maritime by Holland Innovation Council and the MARIN Advisory Council. Government also stimulates maritime innovations by providing operational knowledge and user know-how, by offering opportunities for tests or evaluations or by acting as a ‘launching customer’. • Port of Rotterdam is the busiest port in Europe and has participated in multiple initiatives targeted at marine digitization. • Partnered with IBM and leveraged AI and IoT in an ongoing effort to host autonomous ships by 2025. • Used big data analytics for sustainable supply chain analysis of Reefer containers. • Partnered with ABN Amro and Samsung SDS to use Blockchain for container logistics management. Kranendonk is working on using smart robotics technologies to automate a wide range of tasks involved in shipbuilding. We4Sea has launched a new project for aiding ship owners to reduce CO2 emissions and increase the fuel efficiency by utilizing big data technology. Prominent Institutions
  11. 11. 1111 Country Assessment - Finland “Finferries wants to actively take part in ventures where cutting-edge technology is utilised to increase the safety of maritime operations. We believe this cooperation will benefit both our customers and the environment as the focus is on increasing reliability of marine traffic” Mats Rosin, CEO, Finferries Funding Activity Finland has backed the One Sea autonomous shipping technology alliance with a round of funding and also has been active in its support for the development of autonomous shipping through domestic legislation and international advocacy. Leader in Arctic Shipping Finland is one of the hubs of arctic shipping and specializes in building and designing ships for harsh arctic environments. • Kongsberg has been highly active in development of technologies related to autonomous shipping. • Collaborated with Finferries to demonstrate an autonomous ferry. • Is developing AR based ship command center and on smart workstations with facial recognition with VTT. Fleetrange provides an IoT based solution which captures real time data from vessels such as ship- tracking, traffic-monitoring, vessel motion and live video. Awake AI is a Smart Port and Ship platform enabling data exchange for autonomous shipping Wartsila is working on development of AR based techniques to support repair and maintenance operations on ships in dry docks or in voyage. ABB Marine and Ports is focused on Automation and Marine Software. Prominent Institutions
  12. 12. 1212 Patent Assessment Country Number of Patents Key Focus Areas Japan 7930 Transmission & Communication, Information and Data Management systems USA 746,598 Threat Monitoring and Defense, Data collection & Marine Analytics, Navigation and Weather Forecasting Germany 1407 Imaging & Mapping Systems, Failure and Fault Detection, Navigation systems Norway 120 Subsea Communication, Digital Signal Processing, Telemetry systems Singapore 224 Digital Payments and Claims Settlement, 3D Mapping and Imaging Holland 60 Communications and Networks, Distributed Sensor Systems and Methods Finland 509 Object tracking and Positioning China 80926 Remote Sensing, Ship tracking systems • United States holds the most number of patents with regards to shipping technologies. • Number of patents have been registered with regards to autonomous shipping technology and are focused on areas such as shore control, Remote navigation and Cybersecurity for an autonomous ship. • Themes around green shipping, energy conservation and environmental protection are also gaining traction and are being highlighted in terms of patents. The activity around Green Shipping practices is mostly driven by industrial norms set by institutionalized associations. • They are also motivated by customers’ demand for environmental friendliness and their own strategy to make good image.
  13. 13. 1313 Country Attractiveness Mapping While AI projects are matured with high attractiveness, blockchain based use cases are still in the emerging stage. High Medium Low Singapore United States Finland Japan Norway Holland Germany AI Big Data Blockchain UAVs Cloud AI AR/VR MR Blockchain Cloud Cybersecurity AI AI AI AI AI Big Data Big Data Big Data Big Data Big Data AR/VR MR AR/VR MR AR/VR MR AR/VR MR Blockchain Blockchain Blockchain Blockchain Blockchain Cloud Cloud Cybersecurity Sensors 5G IoT Robotics Robotics Sensors Automation Technology Readiness Level • Basic Technology Research • Research to prove Feasibility • Technology Development • Technology Demonstration • System/ Subsystem Development • System Test, Launch & Operations
  14. 14. 1414 Key Competency by Countries (1/3) Singapore United States • Efforts by government, convergence of technology and shipping industries, ease & convenience for maritime business are the key factors for adoption of technology in Singapore maritime industry. Key Applications: • AI seems to be high in technology readiness level due to its ability to optimize vessel’s functioning that results in time/cost savings and safety enhancements – Fujitsu, Singapore Management University and Institute of High Performance Computing have collaborated to develop vessel traffic management at the port of Singapore by using AI and big data analytics to improve congestion prediction and collision detection techniques. • Digitization and elimination of paperwork, container registry and shipment tracking using blockchain technology; and process simplification using cloud technology are other key applications in Singapore maritime industry. • Exponential rise in data, increasing connected ecosystem, efforts and initiatives by government are the key factors for adoption of technology in US maritime industry. Key Applications: • US maritime industry is offering a wide variety of application landscape with AI being high in technology readiness level due to its ability to solve issues through predictive measures - US Navy Military Sealift Command has collaborated with a artificial intelligence firm Abeyon, and developed data analysis tool Clarifi. The tool leverages predictive analysis functionality to monitor the condition and reliability of ships in Navy Sealift Command. • Other applications such as shipping trade tracking, transparent freight brokers and securing real-time information using blockchain; ship inspections, training and simulation using augmented reality.
  15. 15. 1515 Key Competency by Countries (2/3) Japan Norway • Rapid growth in usage of IoT technology in maritime sector, growing trend towards autonomous ships and collaborative work culture are driving the development on smart ships in Japan. Key Applications: • Initiatives by Japanese government has pushed AI towards high in readiness level – Eco Marine Power, a Japan based developer of vessel renewable energy systems is integrating AI in a range of its ship related technology projects using Neural Network Consoles developed by Sony Network Communications. • Other applications include object detection, classification and collision avoidance in varied weather conditions using sensors technology; regulating fleet purchasing process, securing service and maintenance records, shipment tracking and price transparency using blockchain; reducing unplanned maintenance and asset downtime using big data. • Government efforts to digitize the maritime cluster in Norway, initiatives related to green shipping that reduce carbon emissions and shipping 4.0 are the key factors for adoption of technology for maritime industry in Norway. Key Applications: • Norway is at the pinnacle in using AI technologies. Kongsberg group of companies commercialized AI technology to provide technical requirements for operating autonomous ships, by providing the latest training simulators, delivering a maritime digitalization platform and driving e-navigation. • Other applications include real-time comparison of prices, safety and security, vessel management and predictive maintenance using big data; ship building, remote maintenance and training using AR/VR technologies.
  16. 16. 1616 Key Competency by Countries (3/3) Holland Germany • Increase in usage of IoT devices, various government led initiatives and extensive research and development in maritime infrastructures are the key factors for technology adoption in Holland. Key Applications: • Libelium partnered with Vicrea to develop a wireless sensor network for managing canal traffic by controlling the flow of boats in the Netherlands. The companies have also developed a novel laser solution for monitoring speed, distance and direction. The sensor is also used for detecting any ship and also determine the ship movement. • Other applications include safety and secured navigation of ships using sensors technology, ship inspection, cleaning and ship patrolling using robotics, online payments and automated security using blockchain, autonomous navigation and predictive maintenance using AI/ML. • Demand for energy efficient and environment friendly ships, government push towards digitizing the ports and usage of advanced technologies for reducing operating costs and usage of resources efficiently are the key factors for adoption of advanced technologies. Key Applications: • Companies such as Deutsche Telekom, SAP, Carnival Maritime are widely using big data analytics solutions in application areas such as real time navigation assistance, reducing water consumption and intelligent voyage operations. • Other applications include digitization and elimination of paperwork, container and cargo management using blockchain technology; improved connectivity and reducing latency time, transmission of 3D data in ship design and improve shore-to-shore communications using 5g.
  17. 17. 1717 Key Government Initiatives (1/3) • Singapore has launched a programme named PIER71 to promote maritime innovation, where the MPA (Maritime Port Authority of Singapore) highlighted the need for strengthening the infrastructure around maritime related activities such as commodity trading, logistics and e- commerce. • The committee framing the report identified autonomous systems, robotics, data analytics and artificial intelligence as key technologies for digital transformation of Singapore’s Maritime industry. • US Navy is partnering with technology vendors to shift its owned-and-operated data centers to Cloud. • For this, US Navy has initiated a research, development, test and evaluation (RDT&E) budget request of $20.5 billion, out of which $17.2 billion would be reserved for development of emerging technologies. Singapore United States
  18. 18. 1818 Key Government Initiatives (2/3) Japan Norway • Japan Ship Technology Research Association (JSTRA) is a platform that establishes close cooperation between industry, government and academia, as well as among consignors, shippers and shipbuilding. • JSTRA’s major role is to deepen the level of shared awareness with regard to issues and challenges concerning ship technologies and carries out projects related to regulations, standards and R&D • Norwegian government has framed a strategy “Maritim21” for the research and development of Norwegian maritime sector. • Maritim21 aims to stimulate R&D and innovation efforts from both companies and government authorities to develop new technologies that can give Norwegian companies competitive advantage.
  19. 19. 1919 Key Government Initiatives (3/3) • The Port of Rotterdam in the Netherlands aims to be prepared for autonomous ships by 2025. • With other countries, the Netherlands are operating maritime autonomous surface ships (MASS) and will be undergoing legal and regulatory reviews. • Federal government in Germany has developed a long term strategy for maritime industry “Maritime Agenda 2025”. • The aim of the Maritime Agenda 2025 is to formulate parameters that apply to the whole maritime sector for addressing key challenges such as the automation and digitalization of products and services, production and logistic processes, increasing competition on global markets, demand for skilled labour and demographic change, maritime security and increasing environmental and climate standards. Holland Germany
  20. 20. 2020 Maritime Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) & Keppel Offshore & Marine (Keppel O&M) ,Technology Centre for Offshore and Marine (TCOMS) are developing autonomous vessels that will be leveraged for harbor operations such as channeling, berthing, mooring and towing. The project is expected to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2020. SESAME Straits project (Secure, Efficient, and Safe maritime traffic Management in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore) focuses on developing e-Navigation technology called "Just-in-time Arrival" for reducing maritime traffic congestion, hot spots and create automated ship-to-shore communication for reducing waiting time and increasing the efficiency. The project is expected to be completed in 2020-2021. Wärtsilä, MPA and PSA Marine Wärtsilä has launched an acceleration center and has co-created a project named Wärtsilä IntelliTug. The project has created a harbor tug with autonomous navigation in collaboration with MPA and PSA. Autonomous Ships Projects – Singapore Singapore has attracted multiple international partners into its maritime ecosystem and has collaborated with them to develop and test autonomous ships and related applications. The Maritime Port Authority of Singapore has made efforts to incubate technology innovation in the country and has partnerships with multiple companies in the industry.
  21. 21. 2121 Autonomous Ships Projects –Norway Norway accelerates the development of autonomous ships by launching test beds for autonomous vessels. Norway has so far built 3 test beds for autonomous ships . The efforts are set to transform the many aspects in the shipping and offshore operations. Norway envisions autonomous ships as safe, environment friendly and cost effective modes of transportation. Norway is also planning to launch two more test sites Grenland and Tromso by end of 2019. Kongsberg Advanced Autonomous Waterborne Applications (AAWA) project aims to develop design and specifications for the next generation partially or fully autonomous ships. AUTOSEA is a collaboration between NTNU, Kongsberg Maritime, DNV GL and Maritime Robotics for developing technology for automated situational awareness for ships.
  22. 22. 2222 Autonomous Ships Projects – Germany German Government is currently searching for a suitable waterway networks to test autonomous ships. Test sites such as urban areas in Berlin, the lower reaches Elbe river and large scale ports have high chances to be considered as autonomous ships test sites. Germany seems to be moving slowly in terms of testing their own autonomous ships. Projects pertaining to autonomous ships are still in infancy stage in Germany. MUNIN – Maritime Unmanned Navigation through Intelligence Networks Innovation Network SCAS (Systems and Components for Autonomous ships) The network SCAS of companies, research institutes and institutions has set itself the goal of realizing systems, components, sensors, communication services and technologies for partially or fully autonomous ships. MUNIN project is a collaborative research project, co-funded by European Commissions. MUNIN aims to develop and verify a concept for an autonomous ship
  23. 23. 2323 Autonomous Ships Projects – USA Great Lakes, Michigan Test Bed: The Smart Ships coalition announced Great Lakes as the test bed for testing autonomous surface and sub-surface vehicles and related technologies. The Great Lakes Research Center at Michigan Tech to supports an autonomous vessel test bed facility, and Marine Autonomy Research Site (MARS). Boston Coast Trial Area: US Navy has completed shipboard integration testing of the Knifefish unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) and the Unmanned Influence Sweep System (UISS). Sea Hunter Testing: US Navy’s unmanned surface vessel ‘Sea Hunter’ completed the first autonomous ship trial from San Diego, California to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii and back without the navigation and steering crew. The US Maritime Administration is continuously improving the US merchant marine in terms of domestically, coastwise and internationally. In the future, a smooth shift from manual to the autonomous surface ships will build on the United States’ strengths in sensors, communications, artificial intelligence, robotics and marine engineering technologies.
  24. 24. 2424 Autonomous Ships Projects – Finland Kongsberg Kongsberg is planning to develop projects focusing on landbased control centres, and artificial intelligence for developing remote and autonomous shipping operations in the future. Moreover, Kongsberg and Stena Line work together to develop intelligent awareness for ships. Jaakonmeri Test Area The Jaakonmeri Test Area was launched in August 2017 by DIMECC under the One sea ecosystem. The test area is open to all institutions who wish to test autonomous maritime traffic, vessels and related technology. The area also offers partners with the opportunities to test their vessels in adverse winter conditions. Finland has started pilots of Autonomous ships and has established dedicated test beds for the same. The One Sea Ecosystem by DIMECC has seen participation from major industry players such as ABB Marine & Ports, Ericsson and Kongsberg.
  25. 25. 2525 Autonomous Ships Projects –Japan Sea Machines Robotics, Toyota AI Ventures and Brunswick Corp The companies are developing autonomous ships integrated with situational awareness, advanced perception and navigation assistance technology for a range of vessel types such as containerships. Japan's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transportation and Tourism (MLIT) NYK and NYK Group companies MTI Co. Ltd., Keihin Dock Co. Ltd., and Japan Marine Science Inc. (JMS) participated in a demonstration project employing remote control and ship maneuvering support functions. Japan is looking to begin the practical implementation of the autonomous ships by 2025. The boxship In 2019, Japanese shipping company Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha (NYK) expects to test an autonomous containership called “The boxship” that would sail from Japan to North America . Japan leads the world in the development of autonomous ships because of the presence of established automation and navigation technology developers. The Japanese government envisions that AI and robotic technologies plus IoT are likely to significantly impact the Japanese marine sector that encourages businesses to invest more into researching new technologies for autonomous applications.
  26. 26. 2626 Autonomous Ships Projects – Holland Joint Industry Project (JIP) Xomnia Roboat The Delft University of Technology, MARIN and the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO) are researching on autonomous vessels. Xomnia has developed a self- driving boat based on AI and deep learning technologies. The boat automatically navigates based on the gathered data and experience. MIT and Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions (AMS) are developing 5 year research project called the “Roboat” that supports in garbage collection, delivery services, transportation and infrastructure. Several companies in Holland are actively providing solutions for small and medium size autonomous vessels at various autonomy levels. For large size vessels, some initiatives are in progress. For instance, TNO is supporting Dutch industry to take a proactive role in the autonomous system integration for strengthening their position in the offshore market.
  27. 27. 2727 Key Conclusions Key Conclusion of the Study • Japan and the USA, with high fleet values and sizes, lead the developments in marine digitization concepts by researching and promoting various autonomous vessel research projects. Both countries are witnessing funding support from the government for research and development in the marine digitization ecosystem. Most of the projects engage seagoing vessels for testing and improving autonomous technologies. • The key technologies that are enabling the digitization concept in the marine sector are sensor, artificial intelligence, bigdata, blockchain, cloud and cyber security. • Artificial intelligence is a potential game changer in maritime industry across countries such as Singapore, United States, Finland, Japan and Norway - based on the commercialization status and usage of AI in real-world scenarios such as to predict the future course and manoeuvres of a vessel, to intelligently optimize the route in real-time, thereby reducing the fuel costs. • Autonomous navigation of ships, collision avoidance and the development of a manned remote manoeuvring system, predictive & prescriptive analytics, data management & disaster recovery are the key applications in the digital ship.
  28. 28. 2828 Key Conclusions Key Conclusion of the Study • As a world-leading maritime nation, Norway has taken a position at the forefront in developing and adopting autonomous ships. The key factor driving the growth is due to the formulation of Norwegian Forum for Autonomous Ships (NFAS) where the organizations form a group to develop projects. Many organizations follow a partnership business model with emerging startups to develop autonomous vessels. For instance, Wilhelmsen and KONGSBERG, have collaborated to start the new company, called Massterly, which offers the complete value chain for autonomous ships, from design and development for controlling systems, logistics services and vessel operations. • Shipping industry is known to be characterized with involvement of a wide range of domestic and international, private and public stakeholders, all of whom have to be involved in the planning of implementation of technologies such as blockchain. Having a centralized authority or a facilitator for marine digitization has helped countries in their digitization initiatives. For example MPA, Singapore and Port of Hamburg, Germany.
  29. 29. 2929 Key Conclusion of the Study DISCUSSION