Murendo Youth and climate change adaptation in Zimbabwe - case of Chivi and Masvingo districts
Youth and Climate change adaptation inZimbabwe: Case of Chivi and Masvingo districts Conrad Murendo, Lars Otto Naess and Kizito Mazvimavi
Motivation• Climate change is one of the factors that will affect the shape of agriculturein the future• Youths are bearer climate change effects• Youth have a crucial role for the future shape of the agricultural sector• Youth involvement in climate change adaptation adaptation strategies lessresearched# Focus on rural youth (14-24 years)
Research Questions1. Are rural youths involved in climate change adaptation decision making?2. Are rural youths participating in climate change adaptation strategies?
MethodologyPrimary Data Collection • October 2011 • Household questionnaire •2 villages per war •Stratified random sampling District Ward Name Total Masvingo Charumbira 36 Mugabe 36 Mhara 34 Chivi Dewe 36 Utsinda 36 Maringire 36 Total 214 Dry region (NRIV)Respondents scoring (1= high, 0 = low or no involvement)# Household members involvement in decision making and implementation ofclimate adaptation strategies# Over the last 12 months
Decision making in climate change adaptation (%) Soil & water Conservation Drought Fodder conservation agriculture tolerant conservation (n=44) (n=151) crops (n=60) (n=142)Male head 81 61 61 68Spouse 2 10 11 3Joint male head & spouse 9 23 24 20Male youth 8 4 1 7Female youth 0 2 3 2Total (%) 100 100 100 100Youth:Few households MOSTLY where parents are mobile or ill (# Diaspora andHIV/AIDs)
Youth labour supply in Conservation Agriculture Household Gender of Proportion (%) Pearson Chi-Square χ2 p - value member household head Households category Male youth Female (n=77) 39 0.28 0.77 Male (n=74) 37 Female youth Female (n=77) 36 5.7 0.03** Male (n=74) 31• Around 35 % of households had youths providing labour for conservationagriculture activities: weeding, fertilizer application and harvesting.• Average time worked per day: 3 hours
• Precision fertilizer application (MICRODOSING) under ConservationAgriculture• Youths not trained in conservation agriculture ONLY household heads
Youth labour supply in Conservation of cropresidues for dry season livestock feedingHousehold Gender of Proportion (%) Pearson Chi- p- valuemember category household head households Square χ2Male youth Female (n=31) 32 0.10 0.87 Male (n=29) 26Female youth Female (n=31) 28 Male (n=29) 0.40 0.61 26About 27 % of households had youths providing labourNo differences by gender of youth and head
Summary• Third of households > Youth labour supply in climate risk managementstrategies.• Trainings exclude youths ONLY focus on household heads• Training youths necessary especially in key activities like fertilizationetc.
Emerging Research QuestionsTheme: Youth and climate change implicationsResearch questions which embrace heterogeneity 1. Differentiation within youth groups, for example between male and female? 2. Youth in different wealth groups? 3. Youth and child headed households?