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Heike Hoeffler: What role for development cooperation?

"The African Agriculture Policy Agenda in Practice: Managing processes and improving advisory capacities”, Accra, June 2014

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Heike Hoeffler: What role for development cooperation?

  1. 1. The Contemporary Agricultural Policy Agenda – What Role for Development Cooperation? 13th June 2014 Agricultural Policy Learning Event, 11-13 June 2012, Accra, Ghana Heike Hoeffler GIZ Sector Project Agricultural Policy and Food Security (heike.hoeffler@giz.de) 13.06.2014 Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und Agrarwirtschaft“ Seite 1
  2. 2. What are ag policy advisers doing and what they need to do their job better? Seite 2 Questions What can be the role of donors in supporting development-oriented agricultural policies? now post-lunch session Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und 13.06.2014 Agrarwirtschaft
  3. 3. Current Role of Donors? Adding mess to an already awkward sector ?!? Fragmentation (Steve) Political Economy: Incentives? (Colin) Donors have their own agenda Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und 13.06.2014 Agrarwirtschaft Donors are stubborn (Boaz) Lack of Programmatic Approach (Susan) Role of CAADP Round Tables? Joint Sector Reviews? (Ghana) Sector Performance – Monitoring? Project Level vs Sector Budgeting Processes (Delink – Mark) Data for Evidence (Ag Census - Susan) Fashion Waves / Predictability ?
  4. 4. Feedback from GIZ Sector Networks: Process Management!!! Seite 4 SNRD Asien, Mai 2013 (Bangkok, Thailand) SELLER, May 2012 (Budva, Montenegro) SNRD Africa, April 2012 (Windhoek, Namibia) Sector Project Agricultural Policy and Food Security
  5. 5. Sector Project Agricultural Policy and Food Security Feedback from AgPolicy Expert Meeting Dec. 2012: Political Economy!!! With the implementation of new aid modalities, political advisers need new roles. Seite 5 Advisors need to be “political animals” (= present in a country for a long time and conversant with national and local politics). Short-term missions miss out the important soft skills! Peter Bazeley’s Top Tips only work in longer-term relationships! Example Ghana: Joint creation of sector evidence for reform works (e.g. with IFPRI) – but: no solo-tours by donors! Donor coordination is crucial for trust building.
  6. 6. Sector Project Agricultural Policy and Food Security Donor agencies must avoid the Come to under-stand “clumsiness” in political processes. who holds power and then build up trust! Political economy does not only exist in partner countries, but also within donor agencies! How can development cooperation capture political ad hoc windows of opportunities? Agricultural Policy for Development – Documentation of Expert Meeting December 17, 2012 Bonn, Germany Seite 6
  7. 7. Feedback from Peter Bazeley: Improve Policy Dialogue !!! Significance of process and Policy Dialogue that ‘policy’ relates to ‘values’ (or is synonymous with ‘values’), and that the ‘allocation’ of values will, inherently, be the subject of multiple judgements and factors – some straightforward and evidence-based, most not. Policy dialogue is to be seen as a discussion over the relative importance (the allocation) of values to (by) players. While we would all feel more comfortable with better evidence, evidence is but one factor in ‘good’ policy-making. Our recent evaluation of policy dialogue for AusAID (see overview on next slide) suggested at least ten other broad, important, manageable areas of process in supporting policy development, such as the clarity of intent, trust, credibility and negotiating capital. 13.06.2014 Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und Agrarwirtschaft Seite 7
  8. 8. 13.06.2014 Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und Agrarwirtschaft Seite 8
  9. 9. Feedback from Regina Birner: Engage in Innovation !!! Sound analysis: From Best Practice to Best Fit! Investing in building political voice: Farmers’ organizations, parliamentarians, political parties Developing innovative approaches for policy implementation, 13.06.2014 Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und Agrarwirtschaft Seite 9
  10. 10. http://www.future-agricultures.org/pp-video Hon. Chance Kabaghe (MP Former Minister of Agriculture, Zambia), Gem Argwings-Kodhek (Future Agricultures, Kenya). Feedback from FAC Conference: Be ready for theWindow of Opportunity!!! 13.06.2014 Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und Agrarwirtschaft Seite 10
  11. 11. Seite 11 Rhoda Pearce, Commisioner of Rural Economy and Agriculture of the Africa Union Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und 13.06.2014 Agrarwirtschaft
  12. 12. Seite 12 GHANA Situation – A typical Case? Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und 13.06.2014 Agrarwirtschaft
  13. 13. Seite 13 ….CAADP framework matters, but: Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und 13.06.2014 Agrarwirtschaft
  14. 14. Seite 14 Monitoring / Budgets / Sector Reviews Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und 13.06.2014 Agrarwirtschaft
  15. 15. 13.06.2014 Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und Agrarwirtschaft Seite 15
  16. 16. Seite 16 Questions now: What can realistically be the role of donors in supporting development-oriented agricultural policies? Where has it worked and why? Abteilung „Ländliche Entwicklung und 13.06.2014 Agrarwirtschaft

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