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Improving Land Governance for Inclusive and Sustainable Agriculture Transformation

Eugene Rurangwa, UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)

Presentation to the 11th CAADP Partnership Platform Meeting
Side event on Improving Land Governance for Inclusive and Sustainable Agricultural Transformation
Convened by the AU/AfDB/UNECA Land Policy Initiative
Johannesburg
24 March 2015

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Improving Land Governance for Inclusive and Sustainable Agriculture Transformation

  1. 1. Improving Land Governance for Inclusive and Sustainable Agriculture Transformation Joint work by LPI, FAO and NEPAD Agency 24 March 2015
  2. 2. Outline of The Presentation Introduction Joint efforts in improving land governance Overview of Malabo Declaration Monitoring and Evaluation Framework and Land Governance Proposed common sets of indicators/Joint Efforts CAADP-LPI in MEF Next Steps and Way Forward
  3. 3. Introduction • Food Security for billions of people in the world depends on their land tenure security • Land rights and tenure security with equitable access to land and other natural resources are fundamental to food security and a foundation to sustainable agriculture transformation, economic development and the elimination of poverty • Tenure security often depends on the quality of land governance
  4. 4. Joint Efforts in Improving Land Governance • LPI and FAO are working closely to improve land governance in Africa through VGGT and F&G’s principles as globally and regionally consensual accepted guiding tools • Joint implementation through awareness raising and advocacy, capacity development, knowledge generation and technical assistance to Institutions and Countries and through monitoring and evaluation framework • LPI and CAADP-NPCA with common indicators
  5. 5. Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods The African vision for agriculture transformation
  6. 6. AU Malabo Declaration (June 2014) 1. Recommitment to the Principles and Values of the CAADP Process • Application of principles of evidence-based planning, policy efficiency, dialogue, review, and accountability, shared by all NEPAD programs; 2. Recommitment to enhance investment finance in Agriculture • Uphold 10% public spending target • Operationalization of Africa Investment Bank 3. Commitment to Zero hunger and ending hunger in Africa by 2025 • At least double productivity with access to quality and affordable inputs (for crops, livestock, fisheries, amongst others) and reliable and affordable mechanization and energy supplies • Efficient and effective water management systems notably through irrigation; • Supply of appropriate knowledge, information, and skills to users;
  7. 7. AU Malabo Declaration (continued) 4. Commitment to Halving Poverty by 2025, through inclusive Agricultural Growth and Transformation • Sustain Annual sector growth in Agricultural GDP at least 6% • Establish and/or strengthen inclusive public-private partnerships for at least 5 priority agricultural commodity value chains with strong linkage to smallholder agric. • Create job opportunities for at least 30% of the youth in agricultural value chains. • Preferential entry & participation by women and youth in gainful and attractive agribusiness
  8. 8. AU Malabo Declaration (continued) 5. Commitment to Boosting Intra-African Trade in Agricultural Commodities & Services • Triple intra-Africa trade in agricultural commodities • Fast track continental free trade area & transition to a continental Common External tariff scheme 6. Commitment to Enhancing Resilience of Livelihoods & Production Systems to Climate Variability and Other Shocks • Ensure that by 2025, at least 30% of farm/pastoral households are resilient to shocks due to climate variablility 7. Commitment to Mutual Accountability to Actions and Results • Through the CAADP Result Framework – conduct a biennial Agricultural Review Process
  9. 9. AU Malabo Declaration (continued) 8. Strengthening the African Union Commission to support delivery on these commitments 9. A Call for Action a) the AU Commission and NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NPCA) to develop an implementation strategy and roadmap that facilitates translation of the 2025 vision and goals of Africa Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation into concrete results and impacts b) AU Commission to fast-track the operationalization of the African Investment Bank; c) The AU Commission and RECs to facilitate the acceleration of economic integration to boost intra-Africa trade in food and agriculture d) Through the CAADP Result Framework – conduct a biennial Agricultural Review Process • ,
  10. 10. Monitoring and Evaluation Framework and Land Governance • Effective monitoring is central to ensuring changes in land governance • Commitment to support greater transparency in land transactions and in release of data for improved land tenure governance. • Malabo “Special commitment” to “Mutual Accountability, Actions and Result” (Commitment VII).
  11. 11. • Better knowledge and understanding of: a) the extent to which people benefit from secure land and property rights; and b) the effectiveness of land-related policies and land administration systems in helping to deliver tenure security for all and in achieving sustainable utilization of land resources LPI and CAADP-NPCA have developed MEF for measuring progress towards improved conditions in sustainable development and agriculture transformation
  12. 12. … is the instrument for systematic regular review of the progress made in implementing the provisions of the Malabo Declaration The CAADP Results Framework
  13. 13. .Common focus on land governance and land management issues • Multi-level implementation approach, and • Shared responsibility for periodic reports to the AU Summit The CAADP Results Framework and LPI MEF alignment
  14. 14. Scoping Land Issues • Land as factor of production: land insecurity  low investments in land low ag. pdn food insecurity • Lack of productive assets (land): - a major cause and consequence of poverty esp. in poor rural areas; • With increasing pop. growth decline in farm size and grazing land increasing poverty in rural areas • Appropriate land governance and management  a prerequisite for improvements in agric. Performance: HENCE THE NEED FOR TRACKING INDICATORS ON LAND GOVERNANCE AND AGRICULTURE TRANSFORMATION
  15. 15. Good Land Gov. & Mgt +Agric. Production & Productivity Food Security Secured land access/Land rights Enhanced food availability More investments in land/land husbandry and Agriculture THE LINKAGES
  16. 16. Thematic area Proposed indicator/outcome statement Indicator formulation 1. Land tenure security - Formal recognition of legitimate rights to land including customary, religious, etc. - Formal recognition of women’s right to inherit and own land  Number of countries with legal and institutional framework that provides men and women equal rights to inherit land  % of rural households with protected (documented/perceived) land and land resource rights (ownership, access, transfer, etc.) 2. Land use planning and management - Land use plans in place at devolved administrative level (district, county, etc) - Legal framework for governing land use conversion and institutional framework for enforcement in place  Number of countries with land use plan in place at devolved administrative level (district, county, etc.)  % of all agricultural land converted within the legal framework 3. Land conflict management - Potential agricultural land in Africa devoid of conflict and dispute - Capacity of institutions to manage and resolve land conflict  Number of land and land resource related conflicts recorded per year in the country  % of land related cases (formal/traditional mechanisms) resolved of all total cases filed within a year 4. Large Scale Land Based Investments - LSLBIs comply with the provisions of the Guiding Principles - Transactions on LSLBIs are transparent and publicly accessible  % of LSLBIs which adhere to GPs based on independent, holistic assessment of economic, financial, social and environmental costs and benefits associated with the proposed investment, throughout its time period  Number of households displaced without fair and timely compensation in compliance with existing
  17. 17. NEPAD Agency-LPI M&E Joint Work • Articulation of land management & land governance indicators in the CAADP RF; • Defining protocols for data generation & reporting on land matters to organs eg. the AU; • Joint trainings on M&E for land-related entities • Enhancing land-related indicators in results frameworks of National Ag. Investment Plans • Building partnerships with entities (eg. statistics bureaus) to harvest and manage data on land
  18. 18. Next Steps and Way Forward • Joint implementation programme: LPI/FAO/CAADP-NPCA on awareness raising and advocacy for political buy in and on MEF • Joint capacity development activities for constituencies (EU/SDC/FAO- LGP, CAADP, RECs…) • Joint working group on Global land indicators for post 2015 • Assessing the potential for replication beyond the pilots (Scaling up, Best practices)
  19. 19. • Harmonization and alignment of the reporting processes (AU) • Further work on data harvesting (ACS) • Piloting a set of core land indicators within countries or targeted initiatives
  20. 20. i THANK YOU http://www.uneca.org/lpi http://www.nepad.org/npca http://www.fao.org/nr/tenure

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  • sayanmaity7543

    Sep. 8, 2015

Eugene Rurangwa, UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Presentation to the 11th CAADP Partnership Platform Meeting Side event on Improving Land Governance for Inclusive and Sustainable Agricultural Transformation Convened by the AU/AfDB/UNECA Land Policy Initiative Johannesburg 24 March 2015

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