A systems approach towards seed sector development in Africa


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A presentation on Integrated Seed Sector Development

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  • In many Sub-Saharan African countries, agricultural development is key to accelerating economic development and overcoming poverty. Increasing agricultural production and productivity is vital for food security, since it provides a source of food and generates income for smallholder farmers. Growth in agricultural production also stimulates growth in other sectors of the economy. Limited availability of, and access to, quality seed is often regarded as one of the main obstacles for increasing production and productivity levels.
  • Seed entrepreneurship:
    - production and seed services
    - Entrepreneurship to enforce market orientation and sustainability
    - ISSD Africa: seed entrepreneurship assessments in 8 countries

  • Partnership platforms
    Partnership platforms in each region
    With as many stakeholders from local and regional settings as are interested to participate
    For joint discussion and definition of regional seed challenges
    And suggestions of interventions that are demand driven
    Led by a select core group of the key decision-makers
    Who plan and monitor the implementation of innovation projects
    Innovation projects
    Study to generate evidence to warrant change
    Generate awareness on the issue – evidence stands to reason, breaks the taboo
    Formulate project to jointly identify, plan and experiment with solutions
  • By their specific nature themes need to be tackled at continental level but rooted in national practice
  • A systems approach towards seed sector development in Africa

    1. 1. Integrated Seed Sector Development A systems approach towards seed sector development in Africa Marja Thijssen, Wageningen UR Nairobi, 14 July 2014
    2. 2. Integrated Seed Sector Development Outline:  Agriculture, ISSD and seed systems  ISSD guiding principles  National program: ISSD Ethiopia Seed system: Local seed business Governance: Partnerships and innovation  Continental program: ISSD Africa  Recap
    3. 3. Integrated Seed Sector Development  Quality seed is a key input for increasing agricultural production and productivity  Seed sector is complex and farmers gain access to seed from diverse seed sources Goal of ISSD:  Creating vibrant, market-oriented and pluralistic seed sectors  Enhancing farmers’ access to quality seed of superior varieties  Contributing to food security and economic development
    4. 4. Seed systems Farmers gain access to seed from diverse seed sources Characterizing seed systems:  Domains: public, private, informal, formal, mixed  Type of crops: food crops, cash crops  Type of varieties: landrace, improved, exotic, hybrid  Type of seed quality assurance: informal, QDS, certified, ...  Seed dissemination mechanism: local exchange, agro-input distribution schemes, agro-dealers National private companies Major food and cash crops Maize (hybrid and OPV), sunflower Improved varieties through public breeding Certified Agro-dealers and input schemes
    5. 5. Informal, intermediary & formal seed systems Farmer- saved Food crops Cowpea, millets, sorghum, banana, cassava Local varieties and introduce and recycled improved varieties Farmer seed farmer-saved and exchange, local markets Community- based Major food and cash crops Beans, cowpea, pigeon pea, green grams, millets, sorghum, maize, banana, potato Local varieties and introduced and recycled improved varieties Farmer seed Farmer-saved and exchanged, local markets Relief Food security (subsistence) crops Beans, maize, cassava Local, improved and imported Various Free distribution, voucher schemes Local Seed Business Major food and cash crops Beans, rice, maize, sorghum, potato Improved varieties released through public programmes Standard, QDS Distribution and marketing National companies (public – private) Major food and cash crops Maize (hybrid and OPV), sunflower, brewing sorghum, wheat, rice Improved varieties released through public programmes Certified Marketing through agro-dealers and distribution through input schemes Multi- national companies Cash crops Maize (hybrids), exotic vegetables Improved varieties released through private breeding companies Quality Direct marketing and through agrodealers Closed value chains Plantation and greenhouse cash crops Sugar cane, tea, cotton, tobacco, flowers Improved varieties released through private breeding programmes Quality Seed import for use within value chain Informal Intermediary Formal
    6. 6. ISSD guiding principles  Foster pluralism and build programs upon a diversity of seed systems ● Every country has its own landscape of seed systems ● Different seed systems have different seed value chains  Promote entrepreneurship and demand/market orientation ● In formal and informal seed systems ● In the public and private sector •Plant genetic resources management •Variety development •Early generation seed production •Seed multiplication •Seed dissemination •Seed use
    7. 7. ISSD guiding principles  Facilitate interaction between informal and formal systems ● Recognize informal seed systems ● Interaction between various components of the seed value chain variety development EGS production seed multiplication seed dissemination PGR management seed selection production diffusion PVS CBM Local seed outlets Seed extension
    8. 8. Development and food security drivers Market and profit drivers Developmen t oriented ISSD guiding principles •Plant genetic resources management •Variety development •Early generation seed production •Seed multiplication •Seed dissemination •Seed use  Enhance complementary roles of private and public sector ● Market and profit drivers versus development and food security drivers
    9. 9. ISSD guiding principles  Support enabling policies for a dynamic seed sector ● Policy frameworks supporting multiple seed systems ● Adaptation of policy frameworks to changing circumstances  Promote evidence based seed sector innovation ● Facilitate stakeholder partnerships for experimentation with innovative approaches towards institutional bottlenecks ● Collaboration with knowledge institutes for research and studies
    10. 10. Coordinating partners:  4 Ethiopian universities: Bahir Dar, Haramaya, Hawassa and Mekelle University  Oromia Seed Enterprise and the Ethiopian Seed Association  Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innovation Collaborating partners:  Federal, regional and local government; private companies, NGOs and seed producer cooperatives and their partners Development partner:  DGIS, the Netherlands ISSD operationalized in national programme in Ethiopia
    11. 11. Set-up of ISSD Ethiopia programme Localseedbusiness Nationalprivateseed companies Internationalseed companies Supporting a pluralistic and market oriented seed sector Strengthening demand driven seed services Policy development Enabling and evolving policies Policy implementation Partnerships and Innovation Capacity development Experience sharingProcess facilitation Research and studies
    12. 12. ISSD Ethiopia: LSB development Local Seed Business:  Supporting farmer groups  in the development of community-based small business enterprises  on the production and marketing of quality seed  of crops and varieties with high local demand  Vector for introducing improved varieties  Production of quality seed of local varieties  Building capacities in four key performance areas
    13. 13. ISSD Ethiopia: LSB development  24 crops and 127 different varieties  Gradual scaling from 35 groups to over 200 groups 0 5 10 15 20 25 2010 2011 2012 2013 Tigray SNNPR Oromia Amhara Seed production (excluding potato, in kt/year)
    14. 14. ISSD Ethiopia: LSB development Seed for business: Ethiopian farmers as seed entrepreneurs www.youtube.com/user/ISSDethiopia
    15. 15. Private seed companies LSBs Public seed companies ISSD ISSD Ethiopia: Partnerships & innovation Strengthen seed sector coordination and facilitate systemic change:  Partnership platforms: unite seed sector stakeholders  Joint definition and prioritization of challenges  Suggestions for interventions  Innovation projects: study challenges, experiment with possible solutions, learn lessons, and feed these into policy dialogue
    16. 16. ISSD Ethiopia: Partnerships & innovation Platform LSBs Policy and enabling environment Action learning and research Partnership projectUp-scaling Local-regional interface Regional-national interface ExperimentingMonitoring Learning Strategizing LOCAL REGIONAL FEDERAL Core group
    17. 17. ISSD Ethiopia: Partnerships & innovation Innovation projects:  Diverse modalities addressing seed quality: ● Amhara: comparative study on seed quality ● Tigray: seed import regulations ● SNNPR: awareness raising on new seed proclamation ● Oromia: establishment seed regulatory agency  Other projects: ● Access to early generation seed ● Access to finance for seed producers ● Seed marketing ● Seed and gender ● Seed related education, training, extension
    18. 18. ISSD Ethiopia: Partnerships & innovation Partnerships in seed sector development in Ethiopia www.youtube.com/user/ISSDethiopia
    19. 19. ISSD Africa Mali EthiopiaGhana Uganda Malawi Burundi Mozambique Zambia 8 multi-stakeholder country task teams plus international partners  Operating under the umbrella of the AUC ASBP
    20. 20. ISSD Africa  ISSD assessments in 8 countries in Africa: How to make seed programmes and policies more coherent with farmers’ practices and realities  AUC-ASBP ISSD Communiqué: “A pluralistic approach to seed sector development is required to optimally serve objectives of food security, economic development, entrepreneurship and biodiversity”
    21. 21. National ISSD programmes in Africa Scaling the ISSD approach in Africa through national programmes  Operational in: ● Uganda  Formulated for: ● Burundi ● Ghana ● Mozambique ● Tanzania Different programmes with different set-up based upon national realities and demands
    22. 22. ISSD Africa: next phase  Collaboration with national seed programmes on 4 selected themes, being approached from and ISSD perspective: 1. Common challenges to promoting seed entrepreneurship 2. Access to varieties in the public domain 3. Matching global commitments with national realities 4. Supporting seed sector development in the context of AUC African Seed and Biotechnology Programme and NEPAD Comprehensive Agricultural Development Programme
    23. 23. Recap  Theory of change: Increasing farmers access to quality seed increases productivity Increasing seed access through ISSD, which is a comprehensive, inclusive and systems approach Improved productivity leads to food security and economic development  Proven success in implementation of the approach in national programmes in Ethiopia and Uganda  Endorsement of ISSD approach the AUC at continental level, with support from a variety of partners at national and international level
    24. 24. Thank you For more information please visit: www.ISSDseed.org