Successfully reported this slideshow.
You’ve unlocked unlimited downloads on SlideShare!
ARD Policy by Cat & Effect
Policy Context Household Assets
Low/No Urban Bias
Rural Public Goods Roads, Power Human Capital: Education,
Health, Water, Research & Ext.
↓ TransacHons Costs
↓ Monopoly Power
Esp.: Finance, Inputs
Transfer Capital Grants & Subsidies
Social Protection Jobs
Who needs what?
A: Step Up B: Step Up C: Step Out Chronic Poor:
Private Sector Approach ?? ??
Institutions, Collectives or State?
Capital X X ?? ??
Protection X ??
What happens to marginal
• Part-time/Weekend/Hobby farms
• Entrust/Lend/Rent/Sell to
Do not (all)
• Support Staple Crops
• From 3/6 to 6/9/12 months food supply
• Timmer, C. Peter, 2009, A World without Agriculture.
The Structural Transformation in Historical Perspective,
Washington DC: AEI Press Publisher for the American
• Wiggins, Steve, John Farrington, Giles Henley, Natasha
Grist & Anna Locke, 2013, Agricultural development
policy: a contemporary agenda, Background Paper for
GIZ, London: Overseas Development Institute: pp 18–22
• Wiggins, Steve, 2011, Island nation or global citizen?
Solving the food crisis by helping small scale farmers,
Policy Report, Melbourne: World Vision Australia
"The African Agriculture Policy Agenda in Practice: Managing processes and improving advisory capacities”, Accra, June 2014