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 The	
  Future	
  of	
  Educa/on	
  	
  
	
  Insights	
  from	
  Discussions	
  Building	
  on	
  an	
  Ini4al	
  Perspec4...
Context	
  
The	
  ini4al	
  perspec4ve	
  on	
  the	
  Future	
  of	
  Wealth	
  kicked	
  off	
  the	
  	
  
Future	
  Ag...
Educa/on	
  Systems	
  are	
  Obsolete	
  
The	
  educa4on	
  systems	
  in	
  almost	
  all	
  countries	
  are	
  obsole...
The	
  End	
  of	
  the	
  “3	
  Rs”	
  
Machines	
  will	
  make	
  reading,	
  wri4ng	
  and	
  arithme4c,	
  the	
  thr...
Delivering	
  Educa/on	
  for	
  All	
  
How	
  do	
  we	
  enable	
  people	
  in	
  remote	
  loca4ons	
  to	
  	
  
acc...
Self-­‐Organised	
  Learning	
  
By	
  removing	
  adult	
  restric4ons	
  on	
  educa4on	
  and	
  providing	
  children	...
Learning	
  to	
  Learn	
  
Children	
  thrive	
  best	
  when	
  le^	
  alone	
  to	
  uncover	
  knowledge,	
  par4cular...
Sparking	
  the	
  Imagina/on	
  
Profound	
  changes	
  to	
  how	
  children	
  access	
  vast	
  informa4on	
  are	
  y...
School	
  in	
  the	
  Cloud	
  
In	
  the	
  networked	
  age,	
  we	
  need	
  schools,	
  not	
  structured	
  like	
  ...
An	
  Educa/on	
  System	
  For	
  Our	
  Time	
  
The	
  system	
  was	
  designed	
  to	
  fit	
  the	
  needs	
  of	
  t...
Access	
  to	
  Knowledge	
  
The	
  informa4on	
  revolu4on	
  has	
  enabled	
  a	
  style	
  of	
  learning	
  that	
  ...
Freedom	
  to	
  Learn	
  
In	
  the	
  future	
  teachers	
  will	
  provide	
  prompts,	
  not	
  answers,	
  and	
  the...
Non-­‐Linear	
  Educa/on	
  Paths	
  
Building	
  on	
  the	
  success	
  of	
  online,	
  open	
  courses,	
  there	
  wi...
Unequal	
  Access	
  to	
  Educa/on	
  	
  
Inequali4es	
  of	
  access	
  to	
  educa4on	
  and	
  	
  con4nuing	
  commo...
Parental	
  Defini/ons	
  of	
  Success	
  
The	
  influence	
  of	
  parents	
  remains	
  core	
  and,	
  with	
  the	
  i...
Role	
  of	
  Educa/on	
  	
  
Educa4on	
  becomes	
  more	
  holis4c	
  and	
  increasingly	
  focused	
  on	
  self-­‐en...
The	
  Role	
  of	
  Private	
  Educa/on	
  
Reshaping	
  educa4on	
  in	
  La4n	
  America	
  is	
  focused	
  on	
  impr...
Crea/ve	
  Resilience	
  
We	
  move	
  from	
  placing	
  all	
  the	
  value	
  on	
  IQ	
  to	
  a	
  system	
  that	
 ...
Sustaining	
  Local	
  Language	
  and	
  Culture	
  
In	
  many	
  regions	
  Western	
  influence	
  affects	
  values,	
 ...
Symbiosis	
  of	
  Educa/on	
  and	
  Industry	
  
There	
  is	
  a	
  gap	
  between	
  the	
  educa4on	
  system	
  and	...
Teachers	
  as	
  Coaches	
  
Future	
  teachers	
  will	
  focus	
  less	
  on	
  content	
  transfer	
  and	
  more	
  o...
New	
  Governance	
  Models	
  
Educa4on	
  strategy	
  development	
  shi^s	
  from	
  a	
  centralised	
  to	
  a	
  mor...
Crea/ve	
  Values	
  
Greater	
  individualisa4on	
  and	
  a	
  focus	
  on	
  boos4ng	
  crea4vity	
  will	
  be	
  	
  ...
Teacher-­‐less	
  Classrooms	
  
If	
  we	
  have	
  driver-­‐less	
  cars	
  then	
  we	
  can	
  also	
  have	
  teacher...
Curated	
  Informa/on	
  
Everything	
  you	
  will	
  need	
  to	
  know	
  will	
  be	
  available	
  online,	
  but	
  ...
Standards	
  of	
  Learning	
  
The	
  learning	
  that	
  takes	
  place	
  on	
  a	
  mobile	
  device	
  at	
  the	
  i...
Streaming	
  Learning	
  
Learning	
  content	
  will	
  emulate	
  the	
  model	
  of	
  music/media	
  streaming:	
  A	
...
Paradigm	
  ShiRs	
  
The	
  ancient	
  paradigm	
  of	
  a	
  teacher-­‐led	
  learning	
  approach	
  -­‐	
  rows	
  of	...
Collabora/ve	
  Networked	
  Learning	
  
There	
  will	
  be	
  a	
  movement	
  away	
  from	
  a	
  top-­‐down,	
  broa...
Personal	
  Learning	
  Networks	
  
Educators	
  encourage	
  their	
  learners	
  to	
  source	
  informa4on	
  from	
  ...
Learning	
  From	
  The	
  Crowd	
  
Embracing	
  adap4ve	
  learning	
  and	
  the	
  crowd-­‐sourced	
  learning	
  solu...
Deep	
  Distant	
  Interac/ons	
  
Reliable,	
  ubiquitous	
  mobile	
  communica4ons	
  will	
  enable	
  deep	
  and	
  ...
Mo/va/on	
  to	
  Learn	
  
The	
  need	
  to	
  learn	
  in	
  order	
  to	
  compete	
  in	
  the	
  global	
  workplace...
Breaking	
  Boundaries	
  
The	
  acceptance	
  of	
  opera4ng	
  in	
  a	
  digital	
  world	
  may	
  result	
  in	
  su...
Learning	
  to	
  be	
  Crea/ve	
  
Gamifica4on	
  helps	
  the	
  learning	
  experience	
  shi^	
  from	
  a	
  focus	
  ...
Ability	
  Benchmarks	
  
If	
  c20th	
  educa4on	
  was	
  about	
  standardisa4on	
  of	
  levels	
  of	
  knowledge,	
 ...
Bridging	
  the	
  Digital	
  Divide	
  
If	
  access	
  to	
  connec4vity	
  is	
  the	
  core	
  driver	
  of	
  change	...
Skilling	
  Rather	
  Than	
  Teaching	
  
As	
  most	
  informa4on	
  is	
  available	
  on	
  the	
  net,	
  the	
  need...
The	
  Hybrid	
  Experience	
  
Learning	
  increasingly	
  takes	
  place	
  via	
  a	
  combina4on	
  of	
  physical	
  ...
Life	
  Lessons	
  
There	
  is	
  rising	
  recogni4on	
  of	
  the	
  need	
  to	
  prepare	
  students	
  to	
  become	...
Future	
  Agenda	
  
84	
  Brook	
  Street	
  
London	
  
W1K	
  5EH	
  
+44	
  203	
  0088	
  141	
  
futureagenda.org	
 ...
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Future of education - Insights from discussions building on an initial perspective by Sugata Mitra, Professor of Educational Technology, Newcastle University.

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The initial perspective on the Future of Education kicked off the Future Agenda 2.0 global discussions taking place through 2015. This summary builds on the initial view and is updated as we progress the futureagenda2.0 programme. www.futureagenda.org

Published in: Education

Future of education - Insights from discussions building on an initial perspective by Sugata Mitra, Professor of Educational Technology, Newcastle University.

  1. 1.  The  Future  of  Educa/on      Insights  from  Discussions  Building  on  an  Ini4al  Perspec4ve  by:    Prof.  Sugata  Mitra  |  University  of  Newcastle  
  2. 2. Context   The  ini4al  perspec4ve  on  the  Future  of  Wealth  kicked  off  the     Future  Agenda  2.0  global  discussions  taking  place  through  2015.     This  summary  builds  on  the  ini4al  view  and  is  updated  as  we  progress   Ini4al   Perspec4ves   Q4  2014   Global   Discussions   Q1/2  2015   Insight   Synthesis   Q3  2015   Sharing     Output   Q4  2015  
  3. 3. Educa/on  Systems  are  Obsolete   The  educa4on  systems  in  almost  all  countries  are  obsolete  having     been  designed  for  a  world  that  has  changed  –  we  need  to  reinvent     educa4on  to  prepare  today’s  students  for  the  jobs  of  the  future.  
  4. 4. The  End  of  the  “3  Rs”   Machines  will  make  reading,  wri4ng  and  arithme4c,  the  three     pillars  of  primary  educa4on,  redundant.  Knowing  will  be  obsolete     because  informa4on  will  be  forever  at  our  finger4ps.  
  5. 5. Delivering  Educa/on  for  All   How  do  we  enable  people  in  remote  loca4ons  to     access  high  quality  educa4on,  what  do  we  need  to  teach     and  how  can  we  best  deliver  educa4on?  
  6. 6. Self-­‐Organised  Learning   By  removing  adult  restric4ons  on  educa4on  and  providing  children     with  Internet  access  and  on-­‐line  support  and  encouragement,     children  are  able  to  self-­‐organise  and  learn.  
  7. 7. Learning  to  Learn   Children  thrive  best  when  le^  alone  to  uncover  knowledge,  par4cularly     when  their  imagina4on  is  charged  with  difficult  ques4ons,  and  achieve     more  when  they  are  encouraged  and  praised  for  their  achievements.  
  8. 8. Sparking  the  Imagina/on   Profound  changes  to  how  children  access  vast  informa4on  are  yielding  new   forms  of  peer-­‐to-­‐peer  and  individual-­‐guided  learning.  We  should  use  it  to     spark  the  imagina4ons  and  build  the  mental  muscles  of  children  worldwide.      
  9. 9. School  in  the  Cloud   In  the  networked  age,  we  need  schools,  not  structured  like  factories,     but  like  clouds.  We  know  the  way  we  will  work  in  the  future  will  change.   Therefore  the  way  we  are  educated  and  learn  must  change.  
  10. 10. An  Educa/on  System  For  Our  Time   The  system  was  designed  to  fit  the  needs  of  the  industrial  revolu4on,  we  need   an  educa4on  system  fit  for  the  digital  revolu4on.  We  need  a  curriculum  of  big   ques4ons,  examina4ons  where  children  can  talk,  share  and  use  the  Internet.      
  11. 11. Access  to  Knowledge   The  informa4on  revolu4on  has  enabled  a  style  of  learning  that  was  not   possible  before  and  educa4on  systems  need  to  evolve  accordingly.     If  this  happens  everything  will  be  different.    
  12. 12. Freedom  to  Learn   In  the  future  teachers  will  provide  prompts,  not  answers,  and  then  they     will  step  aside  so  students  can  teach  themselves  and  one  another.     They  will  create  ways  for  children  to  discover  their  passion.    
  13. 13. Non-­‐Linear  Educa/on  Paths   Building  on  the  success  of  online,  open  courses,  there  will  be  a  rise  in  non-­‐ linear  educa4on  paths.  Success  will  be  re-­‐defined  to  include  self-­‐actualisa4on   and  micro-­‐badging  will  gain  credibility.  Interna4onal  benchmarks  will  emerge.  
  14. 14. Unequal  Access  to  Educa/on     Inequali4es  of  access  to  educa4on  and    con4nuing  commodifica4on  of  learning   lead  to  more  stra4fied  provision.  Economic  developments  con4nue  to  benefit   the  wealthy  and  connec4on  to  technology  remains  a  key  global  challenge.  
  15. 15. Parental  Defini/ons  of  Success   The  influence  of  parents  remains  core  and,  with  the  increased   commercialisa4on  of  educa4on  and  the  new  op4ons  that  result,  parental   influence  will  keep  alive  the  tension  between  teacher,  parents  and  children.  
  16. 16. Role  of  Educa/on     Educa4on  becomes  more  holis4c  and  increasingly  focused  on  self-­‐enrichment,   responsible  ci4zenship  and  decision-­‐making  with  integrity.  This  broad  focus   guides  systemic  change  in  the  curriculum,  in  assessment  and  in  pedagogy.    
  17. 17. The  Role  of  Private  Educa/on   Reshaping  educa4on  in  La4n  America  is  focused  on  improving  policies  and   changing  aftudes  towards  learning.  Integral  within  this  is  the  role  of  private   educa4on  in  sefng  standards  –  that  extend  beyond  just  the  wealthy.  
  18. 18. Crea/ve  Resilience   We  move  from  placing  all  the  value  on  IQ  to  a  system  that  values,  EQ  and   learning  from  risk  taking,  innova4on  and  entrepreneurship.  We  will  have   greater  focus  on  developing  resilience  and  wellbeing  in  students.    
  19. 19. Sustaining  Local  Language  and  Culture   In  many  regions  Western  influence  affects  values,  causing  cultural  instability     at  a  na4onal  level.  In  the  struggle  to  keep  tradi4ons,  educa4on  will  play  a  key   role  in  helping  to  preserve  language  and  maintaining  balance  in  the  system.  
  20. 20. Symbiosis  of  Educa/on  and  Industry   There  is  a  gap  between  the  educa4on  system  and  the  workplace.  As  industry   becomes  more  involved  in  learning,  new  models  of  skills  development  will   emerge  leading  to  meaningful  internship  programmes  for  students.      
  21. 21. Teachers  as  Coaches   Future  teachers  will  focus  less  on  content  transfer  and  more  on  facilita4ng   good  learning  -­‐  coaching  students  to  become  beger  thinkers  and  decision   makers  is  the  priority:  Many  teachers’  status  in  society  rises.  
  22. 22. New  Governance  Models   Educa4on  strategy  development  shi^s  from  a  centralised  to  a  more     collabora4ve  mul4-­‐party  process:  Business,  NGOs,  students,  parents  and   teachers  provide  advice  to  government  on  curriculum  and  learning  approach.  
  23. 23. Crea/ve  Values   Greater  individualisa4on  and  a  focus  on  boos4ng  crea4vity  will  be     increasingly  valued  by  the  young  -­‐  they  will  be  comfortable  with  uncertainty,   living  by  new  values  as  well  as  becoming  more  adaptable  and  diverse.  
  24. 24. Teacher-­‐less  Classrooms   If  we  have  driver-­‐less  cars  then  we  can  also  have  teacher-­‐less  classrooms:     As  learning  comes  from  mul4ple  sources  beyond  the  school,  we  reinvent  the   educa4on  experience  around  project-­‐based  collabora4on  and  sharing.  
  25. 25. Curated  Informa/on   Everything  you  will  need  to  know  will  be  available  online,  but  it  is  going     to  be  vital  that  there  is  a  way  of  filtering  and  cura4ng  this  overwhelming   wealth  of  informa4on  in  a  way  that  is  simple,  intui4ve  and  valuable.  
  26. 26. Standards  of  Learning   The  learning  that  takes  place  on  a  mobile  device  at  the  ins4ga4on  of  an   inquisi4ve  learner  needs  to  have  the  same  status  as  courses  delivered     in  the  tradi4onal  learning  environments  of  schools  and  universi4es.  
  27. 27. Streaming  Learning   Learning  content  will  emulate  the  model  of  music/media  streaming:  A     learner  will  be  able  to  engage  with  valuable  content  as  and  when  they  need     to  without  needing  to  subscribe  to  full  courses  or  a  full  set  of  materials.  
  28. 28. Paradigm  ShiRs   The  ancient  paradigm  of  a  teacher-­‐led  learning  approach  -­‐  rows  of  iden4cal   desks  or  chairs  facing  the  same  single  point  of  reference  at  the  front  of  the   room  -­‐  will  be  replaced  by  a  more  fluid,  collabora4ve  pedagogical  method.  
  29. 29. Collabora/ve  Networked  Learning   There  will  be  a  movement  away  from  a  top-­‐down,  broadcast  approach     of  learning  to  a  hyper-­‐collabora4ve  global  network  consis4ng  of     learners,  ins4tu4ons  and  content  providers.  
  30. 30. Personal  Learning  Networks   Educators  encourage  their  learners  to  source  informa4on  from  their  own   Personal  Learning  Networks  and  to  also  ac4vely  contribute  themselves   to  requests  from  other  individuals  within  their  communi4es.  
  31. 31. Learning  From  The  Crowd   Embracing  adap4ve  learning  and  the  crowd-­‐sourced  learning  solu4ons     radically  changes  the  culture  surrounding  learning  and  promotes  the     shi^  from  a  top-­‐down  model  to  one  of  collabora4on  and  exchange.  
  32. 32. Deep  Distant  Interac/ons   Reliable,  ubiquitous  mobile  communica4ons  will  enable  deep  and     effec4ve  geographically-­‐distant  interac4ons  where  the  online  experience     will  be  difficult  to  differen4ate  from  face-­‐to-­‐face  mee4ngs.  
  33. 33. Mo/va/on  to  Learn   The  need  to  learn  in  order  to  compete  in  the  global  workplace  will  lead  to   increasing  numbers  of  overseas  students  at  established  ins4tu4ons,  while   others  choose  integrated  learning  experiences  over  tradi4onal  academia.  
  34. 34. Breaking  Boundaries   The  acceptance  of  opera4ng  in  a  digital  world  may  result  in  substan4ve  shi^s   that  break  down  geographical,  genera4onal  and  cultural  boundaries.  But  this   could  poten4ally  build  new  e-­‐boundaries  –  perhaps  boundaries  of  access?  
  35. 35. Learning  to  be  Crea/ve   Gamifica4on  helps  the  learning  experience  shi^  from  a  focus  on  avoiding   failure  to  one  that  encourages  learning  from  mistakes,  recognises  different   learning  styles  and  abili4es  and  embraces  problem  solving.    
  36. 36. Ability  Benchmarks   If  c20th  educa4on  was  about  standardisa4on  of  levels  of  knowledge,  then     the  c21st  is  focused  on  ability  and  insight.  In  a  world  of  MOOCS  and  knowledge   credits  from  mul4ple  plahorms,  a  key  challenge  is  sefng  the  global  reference.  
  37. 37. Bridging  the  Digital  Divide   If  access  to  connec4vity  is  the  core  driver  of  change  for  educa4on  for  some,   what  about  those  on  the  other  side  of  the  digital  divide?  Many  focus  on     off-­‐line  learning  evolve  and  support  the  development  of  the  other  billion.    
  38. 38. Skilling  Rather  Than  Teaching   As  most  informa4on  is  available  on  the  net,  the  need  to  prepare  us  for  the   increasingly  unstructured  nature  of  work  drives  schools  to  become  places  for   developing  core  skills  –  emo4onal  intelligence  /  leadership  /  cri4cal  thinking.    
  39. 39. The  Hybrid  Experience   Learning  increasingly  takes  place  via  a  combina4on  of  physical  spaces  and   digital  classrooms  –  and  flows  seamlessly  across  both.  Students  use  different   parts  of  their  brain  as  educa4on  becomes  much  more  experien4al.  
  40. 40. Life  Lessons   There  is  rising  recogni4on  of  the  need  to  prepare  students  to  become    a  valuable  member  of  the  community  through  ‘teaching’  such  issues    as  empathy,  ethics,  handling  failure  and  managing  ambiguity.    
  41. 41. Future  Agenda   84  Brook  Street   London   W1K  5EH   +44  203  0088  141   futureagenda.org   The  world’s  leading  open  foresight  program   What  do  you  think?   Join  In  |  Add  your  views  into  the  mix     www.futureagenda.org  

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