SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 12
Download to read offline
1
TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries
THE WORLD IN 2030
Data Taxation
THE WORLD IN 2030
Better Batteries
2
TheWorldin2030BetterBatteriesFutureofPatientDataInsightsfromMultipleExpertDiscussionsAroundtheWorld
Better Batteries
New solid-state batteries offer safer, higher performance
than existing options and become viable options for use
across multiple sectors. Competitive pricing and proactive
policymaking accelerate global uptake.
Price of battery energy (2030) 	 $60/kWh
Number of recent US battery patents	 200,000
3
TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries
Battery development has become a priority area for
a broadening range of companies in recent years.
Significant investment is underway as a number
of new technologies compete for fast-growing
markets. Five years ago, we identified that energy
storage was the missing piece of the renewables
jigsaw: “If solved, it can enable truly distributed solar
energy as well as accelerate the electrification of the
transport industry.”1
Today, as economies focus on
faster decarbonisation and increasing electrification,
particularly in transportation, the speed of new
battery development has become a central issue for
many researchers, policy makers, investors
and companies.
Why is this? If we can get significantly more energy
from a lighter, more compact, but affordable battery
then the implications are enormous. Not only will
this accelerate the adoption of electric vehicles by
extending their range and providing a cheap way to
store renewable, particularly low cost solar, energy,
but it will also release a host of new developments
in other areas from wearable electronics to electric
planes, drones and scooters.
Given the demand for high performing batteries is
building, it is hardly surprising that there is as much
focus today on creating the batteries of tomorrow
as there was when the first rechargeable battery
was invented 160 years ago: according to a USPTO
search in the past decade or so over 200,000
battery related patents have been issued.2
The rush
to deliver the next generation technology is bringing
together a host of new partnerships and foremost
in many discussions is the potential impact of solid-
state batteries. Within the next decade these could
become the catalysts for substantial and lasting
change across many sectors.
The speed of new battery development
has become a central issue for many
researchers, policy makers, investors
and companies.
4
TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries
It may be useful to consider what happens inside
a battery to help clarify where change is likely
to happen. A battery is a pack of one or more
cells, each of which shares some common core
elements: a positive electrode (the cathode), a
negative electrode (the anode), a separator and
an electrolyte which can be liquid, solid or gel.
Electricity is generated when a chemical reaction
takes place that moves electrons from the anode to
the cathode. Using different chemicals and materials
for these affects the properties of the battery: how
much energy it can store; the energy output; how
much power it can provide; and the number of
times it can be discharged and recharged.3
In most
devices there is a trade-off between battery size,
design, safety, efficiency and performance.
Although well recognised and undergoing
continuous development, technologies such as
today’s lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries are not yet
sufficient to meet some performance needs and
so are not able to replace alternative systems such
as the diesel engines for trucks or the kerosene
engines which power planes. If they are to have
wider impact, advancements needs to be made in
several areas. Top of the list are two issues: energy
density (how much energy a battery can hold per
kg) and power density (the rate at which energy
can be discharged): Energy density helps maximise
range for an electric car or extend the battery life for
a laptop whereas as power density is all about how
quickly energy can be released so is an important
element for aviation.4
Across the field, there are all sorts of initiatives
exploring how to make a better battery – both in
terms of technologies as well as the companies
driving and delivering the innovations to market.
With large stationary batteries to store electricity for
domestic use, companies such as Sonnen (recently
acquired by Shell) use lithium iron phosphate
batteries and sees them as an intelligent storage
system that automatically adjusts the energy usage
in the home.5
Such is the effort to innovate that over
the next decade, some chemical companies expect
to create batteries that are half the size of those we
use today but with twice the capacity – so a four-
fold increase in energy density.6
This will open up
multiple nascent markets.
The opportunities presented to deliver more
effective batteries for electronic vehicles has
become a particular focus. Although the Tesla –
Panasonic collaboration on NCA (lithium nickel
cobalt aluminium oxide) batteries is often in the
news, it is very much geared around Tesla as a
single customer. Other electric car manufacturers,
and indeed Tesla for its energy storage products,
are increasingly opting for NMC (lithium nickel cobalt
manganese oxide) batteries for the next few years
but may well shift as the other technologies hit the
performance targets.
No matter what specific technology is being
advocated, time again over the past 15 years
we have heard that to be price competitive, an
electric vehicle has to have battery packs that are
less than $100/kWh. This is where companies
such as GM are placing their business case bets.7
Together with faster charging abilities and enough
stored energy to overcome users’ “range anxiety”
this is widely seen as the tipping point at which
the market dynamics will change in favour of
widespread adoption. Several organisations, such
as the IEA and Bloomberg NEF, expect that, with
improvements already in motion, this hurdle will be
overcome by Tesla / Panasonic shortly and that,
by 2030, costs may well be down to around $60/
kWh.8,9
This would mean the purchase price of an
electric vehicle could soon be the same as that of a
comparable petrol / diesel car without subsidy. With
better performance and aligned government policy,
the ease of switching will become increasingly
attractive to consumers.
Makers will have to be on their metal to provide
a step change in the next generation of batteries.
There will be competition other over price, reliability,
energy consumption and durability – including the
number of times they can be recharged. However,
although the battery technology is clearly pivotal, a
combination of complex supply chains and legacy
decisions by some companies means it unlikely that
there will be a single solution any time soon.
Current Technology
5
TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries
While the technical debates rumble on, supply-chain
access and the circular economy are mounting
challenges. Issues include the ethics around the
use of rare metals and the declining supplies of
increasingly expensive cobalt. Cobalt itself is a
by-product of copper mining and is under specific
focus because over half of its global reserves are in
the politically fractious and ethically dubious hands
of organisations in the DRC that, for instance, use
child labour as part of the norm. Despite this, many
key manufacturers continue to source from there.10
Minimising the amount of cobalt used, and making
sure more of it is recycled, are priorities for many
new innovations. Actions have already been taken,
for example Hydro and Northvolt have recently
launched a joint venture focused on large scale
end-of-life battery recycling in Norway.11
As the demand for more batteries increases, there
could be significant supply challenges for other raw
materials as well. So much so that the World Bank
foresees a 20% gap between supply and demand
by 2025 and that “global demand for strategic
minerals such as lithium, graphite and nickel will
skyrocket by 965%, 383% and 108% respectively
by 2050”.12
As a result, there is a pressing need to
accelerate the search for alternative materials with
a secure, sustainable supply in both research labs
and the mining sector. Companies such as Johnson
Matthey have been exploring how high-nickel
chemistries could allow lower levels of cobalt.13
Others are looking at how best to use new materials
like graphene within the electrodes.14
Globally there is widespread appetite to embrace
the circular economy and policymakers from all
corners are increasingly focussing their attention
in this area. It is complex as regulations differ
across the geographies. In China, for instance,
retailers have the responsibility for overseeing how
batteries are re-used after the initial customer has
finished with them – whether that be repurposing or
recycling.15
Equally in Europe the WEEE regulations
have gradually been tightening targets. In the US,
where recycling rates for batteries loiter at around
5%, changing habits as well as technologies are
now very much front of mind. Some, for example,
have been looking at means of repurposing old
batteries for use in solar farms.16
Non-Technical Challenges
Minimising the amount of cobalt used,
and making sure more of it is recycled, are
priorities for many new innovations.
6
TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries
While there is renewed interest on the potential of a
wide range of technologies such as hydrogen fuel
cells and thermal energy storage, in discussions to
date it seems that most of the combined research,
investment and industrial focus is on delivering
better batteries at scale: Flow batteries and air
batteries are two options attracting attention, but
by far the most significant for future impact are solid
state lithium-Ion products.
Flow batteries are a design where two acidic
liquids are mechanically pumped within a battery
pack. Although requiring more maintenance
than lithium batteries and having a low energy
density, they provide an exceptional lifetime of up
to 100,000 cycles and so are ideal for stationary
systems such as storage for renewable energy. They
have benefitted considerably from the increase in
solar energy - market analysts expect demand to
more than double by 2025.17
Several companies,
including Foxconn, Flextronics and Jabil, have
allocated significant investment to this technology.
Air batteries have been a focus for much recent
research, especially since breakthroughs with
lithium-air technologies were announced by the
University of Cambridge. These claimed up to
90% efficiency – five times that of conventional
batteries.18
Others have yet to replicate their
success, especially in achieving thousands rather
than tens of charging cycles and achieving improved
battery life.19
There is additional momentum in other
areas, for instance, in the use of graphene cathodes
and lithium hydroxide. As a signal of industrial intent,
Tesla has filed several patents for metal-air batteries
including lithium-air designs.20
Future Options
Flow batteries provide an exceptional
lifetime of up to 100,000 cycles and so
are ideal for stationary systems such as
storage for renewable energy.
7
TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries
While these options may have some future impact
in niche markets, today Li-ion batteries continue to
provide the highest energy density while charging
rates, operating temperatures as well as lifetime
length can all be fine-tuned with the choice of cell
and chemistry.
Current Li-ion technology is expected to reach
an energy limit in the next few years but recent
discoveries of new families of disruptive active
materials should unlock present limits. These
innovative compounds can store more lithium in
positive and negative electrodes.21
A number of
researchers around the world are also exploring the
use of lithium-sulphur to double energy density as
well as sodium-ion to also reduce cost and improve
charging.22,23,24,25
Others, such as Stanford spin-out
Amprius, have been developing technologies that
make use of silicon nanowires to improve anode
performance.26
In the UK, Cambridge based Echion
is another new company seeking to improve Li-ion
performance by using niobium in the anode.27
As
an indication of mounting activity, some analysts
suggest that nearly $2 billion of venture capital
flowed into battery start-ups in 2019 with $1.4bn
of this focused on lithium-ion research alone.28
Elsewhere, large corporations are making significant
minority investments in lithium technology firms
consider for examples Daimler’s investment in Sila
Nanotechnologies.29
Within the notable developments in the Li-ion
market, the use of what are called solid state
(rather than liquid) electrolytes is where much of the
current action lies. While there are several different
chemistries in development (sulphide-based, oxide-
based and polymer-based), the common ambition
across all solid-state electrolytes is to improve
energy density in a safer way than other options.
•	 They replace existing liquid electrolytes with
a high-conductivity solid membrane which is
both lighter and also allows the use of improved
anodes and cathodes that, when all combined,
can increase energy density by between 50%
and 75%.
Solid State Batteries
8
TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries
•	 They are safer than existing designs. Traditional
liquid electrolytes are flammable, but the solid
materials are not – even when heated. This makes
solid-state batteries (SSBs) particularly attractive
for multiple transportation applications just as
much as for laptops and mobile phones.
•	 In addition, they are both faster charging and
also have a reduce discharge so achieve a longer
shelf-life than traditional Li-ion products.
The UK Faraday Institution, for one, considers SSBs
as “the technology of the 2030s but the research
challenge of the 2020s”.30
Certainly as extra
innovation occurs, different SSBs will be launched
over the coming years - the first tranche will improve
energy performance and safety then there will be
a move to develop other, lighter weight versions.
Researchers at the University of Birmingham are just
some of an increasing global community focused
on optimising performance of SSBs – in their case
they are looking at how to improve recycling and
exploring how phase-change materials can enable
better temperature management.31
Over in Japan,
scientists from Tohoku University have developed a
new complex hydride lithium superionic conductor
that could deliver higher energy density.32
Around
the world, multiple research teams are engaged in
the search for the breakthroughs that will hopefully
deliver the potential from new solid-state designs.
The switch to battery power will be profound. In
terms of market impact, over the next decade SSBs
are expected to ramp up use in high-end electronics
and then move into electric vehicles, grid storage
and then, probably in the 2040s, electric planes.33
Global need for Li-ion batteries is predicted to
rise eight-fold this decade with electric vehicles
accounting for 85% of the core market by 2030.34
With overall demand expected to then increase
by over 200 times between 2030 and 2040, if
everything goes as planned, projected market
share for SSBs by 2040 maybe around half the
consumer electronics market and a third of electric
transportation.
With such growth forecasts it is little surprise that,
over recent years, companies such as Bosch and
Dyson have been busy buying up some leading
solid-state start-ups while VCs have invested
in more new ones. They are all keen to exploit
lithium as the lightest metal around and ideal
for high-performance applications. Daimler has
announced that it will use SSBs in the new range
of Mercedes-Benz eCitaro buses which are being
rolled out initially in Germany and then worldwide.35
In Asia, Toyota has filed more patents in this field
than any other company and, partly in partnership
with Panasonic, is aiming to introduce all-solid-
state batteries by 2022.36
Samsung has recently
announced a new SSB that could give EVs a range
of up to 800km.37
In the US notable start-ups in the
area include Ionic Materials and Solid Power - a
spin-off from the University of Colorado, plus MIT
start-up 24m which has gained a strong following
for its ‘semi-solid’ Li-ion technology as a means of
changing the production process and so cut costs
in half.38
In the UK Southampton University spin-off
Ilika and Oxford-based, Oxis Energy are two of a
number of companies now making marked progress
on future innovations.39,40
 
If everything goes as planned, projected
marketshare for SSBs by 2040 maybe
around half the consumer electronics
market and a third of electric transportation.
9
TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries
Although there may well be singular moves for
using better batteries by companies such as Tesla
and Dyson that are highly vertically integrated from
design to retail in their respective sectors and so
can control their supply chains, other organisations
that deliver improved performance in the next
decade will be far more collaborative in nature. The
complexity of the industrial partnerships between
chemical companies, battery manufacturers and
their myriad different customers means that to
deliver significant change the whole ecosystem has
to evolve in tandem. In some industries, such as
automotive, collaboration among many stakeholders
of the whole value chain is needed. This requires
coordination. While NASA continues to be a catalyst
for technology development in the US, in Europe,
initiatives are underway to align multiple parties
around the likely changes by 2030.41
For example
organisations such as the Fraunhofer Institute have
been created and are sharing updated technology
roadmaps for the past few years.42,43
As such defining which single company may be
the winner across multiple markets is very difficult
– with lots of cross-licencing of technologies and
co-ownership of intellectual property, mapping who
will have the most long-term influence is a challenge
for many investors. With new announcements, such
as the forthcoming Tesla Battery Day, now occurring
on a regular basis, we can, however, expect the
progression to better batteries to quicken further
over the next few years. Moreover, as the 2030
net zero emission targets now being introduced
in leading cities such as Oslo, Mexico City and
Paris are more widely adopted, policy will act as an
accelerator.
The outstanding questions for many will
nevertheless remain how far and how quickly can
mainstream industrials move by 2030 to address
this pivotal energy storage challenge. As we discuss
this further during 2020, it will be interesting to see
where more experts see new solutions emerging.
If only half of the current targets can be achieved,
then the impact on how we consider and use
renewable energy globally will shift dramatically.
Leading in 2030
10
TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries
References
1 	
https://www.futureagenda.org/foresights/energy-storage/
2 	
http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-adv
	htm&r=0&p=1&f=S&l=50&Query=ACLM%2F%28battery%29%0D%0A&d=PTXT
3 	
https://www.saftbatteries.com/media-resources/our-stories/three-battery-technologies-could-power-future
4 	
https://www.futureagenda.org/foresights/electricaviation/
5 	
https://sonnenbatterie.co.uk
6 	
https://www.ey.com/en_gl/advanced-manufacturing/how-the-balance-of-power-will-change-the-chemistry-of-an-ev-future
7 	
https://www.forbes.com/sites/samabuelsamid/2020/03/04/gm-announces-new-lower-cost-ultium-lithium-ion-batteries-for-new-	
	evs/#59a18bae4f10
8 	
https://www.iea.org/reports/global-ev-outlook-2019
9 	
https://about.bnef.com/new-energy-outlook/#toc-download
10 	
https://www.ft.com/content/aa09dbcb-37ed-4010-a0ee-ab6cfab4d4b5
11 	
https://www.hydro.com/en/media/news/2020/hydro-and-northvolt-launch-joint-venture-to-enable-electric-vehicle-battery-	
	recycling-in-norway/
12 	
https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2019/05/01/new-world-bank-fund-to-support-climate-smart-mining-for-	
	energy-transition
13 	
https://matthey.com/en/products-and-services/battery-materials/elno-next-generation-battery-material
14 	
https://grapheneindustry.org.au/2019/08/comparing-graphene-battery-with-lithium-ion-battery/
15 	
https://www.ey.com/en_gl/advanced-manufacturing/how-the-balance-of-power-will-change-the-chemistry-of-an-ev-future
16 	
http://news.mit.edu/2020/solar-energy-farms-electric-vehicle-batteries-life-0522
17 	
https://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/2007095-global-redox-flow-battery-market-insights-forecast-to-2025.html
18 	
https://www.enterprise.cam.ac.uk/opportunities/highly-rechargeable-efficient-lithium-air-battery/
19 	
https://spectrum.ieee.org/energywise/energy/batteries-storage/lithium-air-batteries-battery-news
20 	
https://www.digitaltrends.com/features/the-future-of-batteries-energy-storage-technology/
21 	
https://www.saftbatteries.com/media-resources/our-stories/three-battery-technologies-could-power-future
22 	
https://uwaterloo.ca/research/waterloo-commercialization-office-watco/business-opportunities-industry/ncs-multifunctional-cross-	
	linked-binders-lithium-sulfur-or
23 	
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-08359-y
24 	
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/09/180912111913.htm
25 	
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/11/191104112800.htm
26 	
https://www.amprius.com/about/
27 	
https://echiontech.com
28 	
https://mercomcapital.com/battery-storage-smart-grid-energy-efficiency-vc-funding-2019/
29 	
https://www.daimler.com/documents/investors/news/capital-market-releases/daimler-mercedes-benz-ir-release-en-20190416.pdf
30 	
https://faraday.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Faraday-Insights-5_Updated.pdf
31 	
https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/research/energy/research/centre-energy-storage/battery-storage.aspx
32 	
https://phys.org/news/2019-03-highest-energy-density-all-solid-state-batteries.html
33 	
https://www.futureagenda.org/future-of-energy-a-nordic-view/
11
TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries
34 	
https://www.iea.org/reports/global-ev-outlook-2019
35 	
https://www.greencarcongress.com/2019/04/20190410-ecitaro.html
36 	
https://www.autocar.co.uk/car-news/new-cars/toyota-introduce-game-changing-electric-vehicle-2022-report
37 	
https://news.samsung.com/global/samsung-presents-groundbreaking-all-solid-state-battery-technology-to-nature-energy
38 	
http://24-m.com
39 	
https://www.ilika.com
40 	
https://oxisenergy.com
41 	
https://battery2030.eu/digitalAssets/861/c_861008-l_1-k_roadmap-27-march.pdf
42 	
https://www.isi.fraunhofer.de/en/presse/2017/presseinfo-29-2017-hochenergie-batterien-2030.html
43 	
https://www.isi.fraunhofer.de/de/competence-center/neue-technologien/projekte/bema2020-batterie2020.html
12
TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries
The World in 2030
This is one of 50 global foresights from
Future Agenda’s World in 2030 Open
Foresight programme, an initiative which
gains and shares views on some of the
major issues facing society over the next
decade. It is based on multiple expert
discussions across all continents and covers
a wide range of topics. We do not presume
to cover every change that will take place
over the next decade however we hope to
have identified the key areas of significance.
Each foresight provides a comprehensive
10-year view drawn from in-depth expert
discussions. All foresights are on https://
www.futureagenda.org/the-world-in-2030/
Previous Global Programmes
The World in 2020 was published in
2010 and based on conversations from
50 workshops with experts from 1500
organisations undertaken in 25 countries
as part of the first Future Agenda Open
Foresight programme. This ground-breaking
project has proven to be highly accurate in
anticipating future change and the results
have been used by multiple companies,
universities, NGOs and governments
globally. Rising obesity, access not
ownership, self-driving cars, drone wars, low
cost solar energy, more powerful cities and
growing concerns over trust were just some
of the 50 foresights generated. For more
details: https://www.futureagenda.org/the-
world-in-2020/
Five years on, the World in 2025 programme
explored 25 topics in 120 workshops hosted
by 50 different organisations across 45
locations globally. Engaging the views of
over 5000 informed people, the resulting
foresights have again proven to be very
reliable. Declining air quality, the growing
impact of Africa, the changing nature of
privacy, the increasing value of data and
the consequence of plastics in our oceans
are some of the foresights that have already
grown in prominence. For more details:
https://www.futureagenda.org/the-world-
in-2025/
About Future Agenda
Future Agenda is an open source think
tank and advisory firm. It runs the world’s
leading Open Foresight programme,
helping organisations to identify emerging
opportunities, and make more informed
decisions. Future Agenda also supports
leading organisations on strategy, growth
and innovation.
Please contact us via:
douglas.jones@futureagenda.org
Future Agenda
84 Brook Street
London W1K 5EH
www.futureagenda.org
@futureagenda
Text © Future Agenda 2020
Images © istockimages.com and
corporate libraries

More Related Content

What's hot

Future of education project overview oct 2018 lr
Future of education project overview oct 2018 lrFuture of education project overview oct 2018 lr
Future of education project overview oct 2018 lrFuture Agenda
 
2020 Future Work Skills" by Institute of the Future (pdf)
2020 Future Work Skills" by Institute of the Future (pdf)2020 Future Work Skills" by Institute of the Future (pdf)
2020 Future Work Skills" by Institute of the Future (pdf)Errol A. Adams, J.D., M.L.S.
 
ICCA 2063 - Exploring the Next Fifty Years by Rohit Talwar 03/09/13
ICCA 2063 - Exploring the Next Fifty Years by Rohit Talwar 03/09/13ICCA 2063 - Exploring the Next Fifty Years by Rohit Talwar 03/09/13
ICCA 2063 - Exploring the Next Fifty Years by Rohit Talwar 03/09/13Rohit Talwar
 
Future of work employability and digital skills nov 2020
Future of work employability and digital skills   nov 2020Future of work employability and digital skills   nov 2020
Future of work employability and digital skills nov 2020Future Agenda
 
Insights into future skills and competences
Insights into future skills and competencesInsights into future skills and competences
Insights into future skills and competencesC4WI
 
Manufacturing Industry Survey Report
Manufacturing Industry Survey ReportManufacturing Industry Survey Report
Manufacturing Industry Survey ReportInnovations2Solutions
 
Automated, creative and dispersed: The future of work in the 21st century
Automated, creative and dispersed: The future of work in the 21st centuryAutomated, creative and dispersed: The future of work in the 21st century
Automated, creative and dispersed: The future of work in the 21st centuryThe Economist Media Businesses
 
Learning from COVID-19 pandemic
Learning from COVID-19 pandemicLearning from COVID-19 pandemic
Learning from COVID-19 pandemicaakash malhotra
 
DNV Report: 20 years UN Global Compact: Uniting business in the decade of act...
DNV Report: 20 years UN Global Compact: Uniting business in the decade of act...DNV Report: 20 years UN Global Compact: Uniting business in the decade of act...
DNV Report: 20 years UN Global Compact: Uniting business in the decade of act...Energy for One World
 
The Future of Jobs Employment, Skills and Workforce Strategy for the Fourth...
The Future of Jobs Employment, Skills and  Workforce Strategy for the  Fourth...The Future of Jobs Employment, Skills and  Workforce Strategy for the  Fourth...
The Future of Jobs Employment, Skills and Workforce Strategy for the Fourth...Samuel Chalom
 
OECD eksperta Andrea Basanini prezentācija
OECD eksperta Andrea Basanini prezentācijaOECD eksperta Andrea Basanini prezentācija
OECD eksperta Andrea Basanini prezentācijaLatvijas Banka
 
THE FOURTH 4 TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION’S EFFECT ON THE ENTERPRISE CYBER STRATEGY
THE FOURTH 4 TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION’S EFFECT ON THE ENTERPRISE CYBER STRATEGYTHE FOURTH 4 TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION’S EFFECT ON THE ENTERPRISE CYBER STRATEGY
THE FOURTH 4 TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION’S EFFECT ON THE ENTERPRISE CYBER STRATEGYIJMIT JOURNAL
 
Kopenhāgenas Biznesa skolas profesora Andersa Sērensena prezentācija
Kopenhāgenas Biznesa skolas profesora Andersa Sērensena prezentācijaKopenhāgenas Biznesa skolas profesora Andersa Sērensena prezentācija
Kopenhāgenas Biznesa skolas profesora Andersa Sērensena prezentācijaLatvijas Banka
 
Global Enterprises in China EN
Global Enterprises in China ENGlobal Enterprises in China EN
Global Enterprises in China ENBurson-Marsteller
 
Hays Journal 17 - Top Stories
Hays Journal 17 - Top StoriesHays Journal 17 - Top Stories
Hays Journal 17 - Top StoriesHays
 

What's hot (20)

Future of education project overview oct 2018 lr
Future of education project overview oct 2018 lrFuture of education project overview oct 2018 lr
Future of education project overview oct 2018 lr
 
Powering Advanced Industries: State by State
Powering Advanced Industries: State by StatePowering Advanced Industries: State by State
Powering Advanced Industries: State by State
 
2020 Future Work Skills" by Institute of the Future (pdf)
2020 Future Work Skills" by Institute of the Future (pdf)2020 Future Work Skills" by Institute of the Future (pdf)
2020 Future Work Skills" by Institute of the Future (pdf)
 
ICCA 2063 - Exploring the Next Fifty Years by Rohit Talwar 03/09/13
ICCA 2063 - Exploring the Next Fifty Years by Rohit Talwar 03/09/13ICCA 2063 - Exploring the Next Fifty Years by Rohit Talwar 03/09/13
ICCA 2063 - Exploring the Next Fifty Years by Rohit Talwar 03/09/13
 
White Paper - June 2019
White Paper - June 2019White Paper - June 2019
White Paper - June 2019
 
Future of work employability and digital skills nov 2020
Future of work employability and digital skills   nov 2020Future of work employability and digital skills   nov 2020
Future of work employability and digital skills nov 2020
 
Insights into future skills and competences
Insights into future skills and competencesInsights into future skills and competences
Insights into future skills and competences
 
Manufacturing Industry Survey Report
Manufacturing Industry Survey ReportManufacturing Industry Survey Report
Manufacturing Industry Survey Report
 
Automated, creative and dispersed: The future of work in the 21st century
Automated, creative and dispersed: The future of work in the 21st centuryAutomated, creative and dispersed: The future of work in the 21st century
Automated, creative and dispersed: The future of work in the 21st century
 
Learning from COVID-19 pandemic
Learning from COVID-19 pandemicLearning from COVID-19 pandemic
Learning from COVID-19 pandemic
 
DNV Report: 20 years UN Global Compact: Uniting business in the decade of act...
DNV Report: 20 years UN Global Compact: Uniting business in the decade of act...DNV Report: 20 years UN Global Compact: Uniting business in the decade of act...
DNV Report: 20 years UN Global Compact: Uniting business in the decade of act...
 
The Future of Jobs Employment, Skills and Workforce Strategy for the Fourth...
The Future of Jobs Employment, Skills and  Workforce Strategy for the  Fourth...The Future of Jobs Employment, Skills and  Workforce Strategy for the  Fourth...
The Future of Jobs Employment, Skills and Workforce Strategy for the Fourth...
 
OECD eksperta Andrea Basanini prezentācija
OECD eksperta Andrea Basanini prezentācijaOECD eksperta Andrea Basanini prezentācija
OECD eksperta Andrea Basanini prezentācija
 
THE FOURTH 4 TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION’S EFFECT ON THE ENTERPRISE CYBER STRATEGY
THE FOURTH 4 TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION’S EFFECT ON THE ENTERPRISE CYBER STRATEGYTHE FOURTH 4 TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION’S EFFECT ON THE ENTERPRISE CYBER STRATEGY
THE FOURTH 4 TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION’S EFFECT ON THE ENTERPRISE CYBER STRATEGY
 
Kopenhāgenas Biznesa skolas profesora Andersa Sērensena prezentācija
Kopenhāgenas Biznesa skolas profesora Andersa Sērensena prezentācijaKopenhāgenas Biznesa skolas profesora Andersa Sērensena prezentācija
Kopenhāgenas Biznesa skolas profesora Andersa Sērensena prezentācija
 
The Future of Work
The Future of WorkThe Future of Work
The Future of Work
 
Catherine Beaudry
Catherine BeaudryCatherine Beaudry
Catherine Beaudry
 
Global Enterprises in China EN
Global Enterprises in China ENGlobal Enterprises in China EN
Global Enterprises in China EN
 
Hays Journal 17 - Top Stories
Hays Journal 17 - Top StoriesHays Journal 17 - Top Stories
Hays Journal 17 - Top Stories
 
McMaster Continuing Education Presentation, Sept 2017
McMaster Continuing Education Presentation, Sept 2017McMaster Continuing Education Presentation, Sept 2017
McMaster Continuing Education Presentation, Sept 2017
 

Similar to The World in 2030: Better Batteries Advance with Solid-State Tech

Electric energy storage: preparing for the revolution
Electric energy storage: preparing for the revolutionElectric energy storage: preparing for the revolution
Electric energy storage: preparing for the revolutionWhite & Case
 
Charge! @BalticTransportJournal
Charge! @BalticTransportJournalCharge! @BalticTransportJournal
Charge! @BalticTransportJournalGabrielė Songin
 
Battery technology for the future
Battery technology for the futureBattery technology for the future
Battery technology for the futureiodaps iodaps
 
Creating More Efficient Batteries with New Anodes
Creating More Efficient Batteries with New AnodesCreating More Efficient Batteries with New Anodes
Creating More Efficient Batteries with New AnodesMargaret Smith
 
Capgemini ses - smart grid operational services - leveraging technology to ...
Capgemini   ses - smart grid operational services - leveraging technology to ...Capgemini   ses - smart grid operational services - leveraging technology to ...
Capgemini ses - smart grid operational services - leveraging technology to ...Gord Reynolds
 
Cannibalization in Renewable Energies (Part I: Solar Energy)
Cannibalization in Renewable Energies (Part I: Solar Energy)Cannibalization in Renewable Energies (Part I: Solar Energy)
Cannibalization in Renewable Energies (Part I: Solar Energy)Romeu Gaspar
 
EC-3-2015 Solar Storage
EC-3-2015 Solar StorageEC-3-2015 Solar Storage
EC-3-2015 Solar StorageJacob Harris
 
Electrical Vehicles (EV)| All you need to know| January 2021
Electrical Vehicles (EV)| All you need to know| January 2021Electrical Vehicles (EV)| All you need to know| January 2021
Electrical Vehicles (EV)| All you need to know| January 2021paul young cpa, cga
 
SMU108 This case was written by Profess.docx
SMU108     This case was written by Profess.docxSMU108     This case was written by Profess.docx
SMU108 This case was written by Profess.docxdurantheseldine
 
ِAdvanced Nuclear Energy
ِAdvanced Nuclear EnergyِAdvanced Nuclear Energy
ِAdvanced Nuclear EnergyMohamed Gamal
 
4th Energy Wave Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Annual Review, 2015
4th Energy Wave Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Annual Review, 20154th Energy Wave Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Annual Review, 2015
4th Energy Wave Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Annual Review, 2015Kerry-Ann Adamson
 
Is energy storage the magic bullet for renewables?
Is energy storage the magic bullet for renewables?Is energy storage the magic bullet for renewables?
Is energy storage the magic bullet for renewables?Entelligent
 

Similar to The World in 2030: Better Batteries Advance with Solid-State Tech (20)

Pgt future of_batteries
Pgt future of_batteriesPgt future of_batteries
Pgt future of_batteries
 
Electric energy storage: preparing for the revolution
Electric energy storage: preparing for the revolutionElectric energy storage: preparing for the revolution
Electric energy storage: preparing for the revolution
 
BP Technology Outlook - 2015
BP Technology Outlook - 2015BP Technology Outlook - 2015
BP Technology Outlook - 2015
 
Fuel cell industry
Fuel cell industryFuel cell industry
Fuel cell industry
 
Charge! @BalticTransportJournal
Charge! @BalticTransportJournalCharge! @BalticTransportJournal
Charge! @BalticTransportJournal
 
Battery technology for the future
Battery technology for the futureBattery technology for the future
Battery technology for the future
 
Creating More Efficient Batteries with New Anodes
Creating More Efficient Batteries with New AnodesCreating More Efficient Batteries with New Anodes
Creating More Efficient Batteries with New Anodes
 
Biz Model for Bio-Batteries
Biz Model for Bio-BatteriesBiz Model for Bio-Batteries
Biz Model for Bio-Batteries
 
Capgemini ses - smart grid operational services - leveraging technology to ...
Capgemini   ses - smart grid operational services - leveraging technology to ...Capgemini   ses - smart grid operational services - leveraging technology to ...
Capgemini ses - smart grid operational services - leveraging technology to ...
 
EY - Let's Talk Sustainability Issue 4
EY - Let's Talk Sustainability Issue 4EY - Let's Talk Sustainability Issue 4
EY - Let's Talk Sustainability Issue 4
 
Explosion Proof Batteries.pdf
Explosion Proof Batteries.pdfExplosion Proof Batteries.pdf
Explosion Proof Batteries.pdf
 
Cannibalization in Renewable Energies (Part I: Solar Energy)
Cannibalization in Renewable Energies (Part I: Solar Energy)Cannibalization in Renewable Energies (Part I: Solar Energy)
Cannibalization in Renewable Energies (Part I: Solar Energy)
 
EC-3-2015 Solar Storage
EC-3-2015 Solar StorageEC-3-2015 Solar Storage
EC-3-2015 Solar Storage
 
Electrical Vehicles (EV)| All you need to know| January 2021
Electrical Vehicles (EV)| All you need to know| January 2021Electrical Vehicles (EV)| All you need to know| January 2021
Electrical Vehicles (EV)| All you need to know| January 2021
 
SMU108 This case was written by Profess.docx
SMU108     This case was written by Profess.docxSMU108     This case was written by Profess.docx
SMU108 This case was written by Profess.docx
 
ِAdvanced Nuclear Energy
ِAdvanced Nuclear EnergyِAdvanced Nuclear Energy
ِAdvanced Nuclear Energy
 
4th Energy Wave Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Annual Review, 2015
4th Energy Wave Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Annual Review, 20154th Energy Wave Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Annual Review, 2015
4th Energy Wave Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Annual Review, 2015
 
Electricity Access Essay
Electricity Access EssayElectricity Access Essay
Electricity Access Essay
 
Is energy storage the magic bullet for renewables?
Is energy storage the magic bullet for renewables?Is energy storage the magic bullet for renewables?
Is energy storage the magic bullet for renewables?
 
Energy Storage
Energy StorageEnergy Storage
Energy Storage
 

More from Future Agenda

Future of Off-Premise Dining - Emerging View.pdf
Future of Off-Premise Dining - Emerging View.pdfFuture of Off-Premise Dining - Emerging View.pdf
Future of Off-Premise Dining - Emerging View.pdfFuture Agenda
 
Future of off premise dining an initial perspective - 01 03 22
Future of off premise dining   an initial perspective - 01 03 22 Future of off premise dining   an initial perspective - 01 03 22
Future of off premise dining an initial perspective - 01 03 22 Future Agenda
 
The future of work in europe
The future of work in europeThe future of work in europe
The future of work in europeFuture Agenda
 
Future of asthma care a global expert view - summary - august 2021
Future of asthma care   a global expert view - summary - august 2021Future of asthma care   a global expert view - summary - august 2021
Future of asthma care a global expert view - summary - august 2021Future Agenda
 
Future of work employability and digital skills march 2021
Future of work employability and digital skills   march 2021Future of work employability and digital skills   march 2021
Future of work employability and digital skills march 2021Future Agenda
 
The UK in 2030 - An expert informed view on some key trends
The UK in 2030 - An expert informed view on some key trendsThe UK in 2030 - An expert informed view on some key trends
The UK in 2030 - An expert informed view on some key trendsFuture Agenda
 
Future of retail - Five key future trends - 9 Dec 2020
Future of retail - Five key future trends - 9 Dec 2020Future of retail - Five key future trends - 9 Dec 2020
Future of retail - Five key future trends - 9 Dec 2020Future Agenda
 
Ten major global trends for 2030
Ten major global trends for 2030Ten major global trends for 2030
Ten major global trends for 2030Future Agenda
 
Future of retail global trends summary nov 2020
Future of retail   global trends summary nov 2020Future of retail   global trends summary nov 2020
Future of retail global trends summary nov 2020Future Agenda
 
The uk in 2030 initial views
The uk in 2030   initial viewsThe uk in 2030   initial views
The uk in 2030 initial viewsFuture Agenda
 
The world's most innovative cities past present future - oct 2020
The world's most innovative cities   past present future - oct 2020The world's most innovative cities   past present future - oct 2020
The world's most innovative cities past present future - oct 2020Future Agenda
 
The future of data risk sept 2020
The future of data risk   sept 2020The future of data risk   sept 2020
The future of data risk sept 2020Future Agenda
 
Moving water world in 2030
Moving water   world in 2030Moving water   world in 2030
Moving water world in 2030Future Agenda
 
Future of hospital design initial perspective - sept 2020
Future of hospital design   initial perspective - sept 2020Future of hospital design   initial perspective - sept 2020
Future of hospital design initial perspective - sept 2020Future Agenda
 
Future Risk: 12 Key Issues for Insurance in the Next Decade
Future Risk: 12 Key Issues for Insurance in the Next DecadeFuture Risk: 12 Key Issues for Insurance in the Next Decade
Future Risk: 12 Key Issues for Insurance in the Next DecadeFuture Agenda
 
Porous organisations 2020
Porous organisations 2020Porous organisations 2020
Porous organisations 2020Future Agenda
 
Future of retail emerging trends 2020
Future of retail   emerging trends 2020Future of retail   emerging trends 2020
Future of retail emerging trends 2020Future Agenda
 
World in 2030 ispim - 8 june 2020
World in 2030   ispim - 8 june 2020World in 2030   ispim - 8 june 2020
World in 2030 ispim - 8 june 2020Future Agenda
 
Future of autonomous vehicles 2020
Future of autonomous vehicles 2020Future of autonomous vehicles 2020
Future of autonomous vehicles 2020Future Agenda
 

More from Future Agenda (20)

Future of Off-Premise Dining - Emerging View.pdf
Future of Off-Premise Dining - Emerging View.pdfFuture of Off-Premise Dining - Emerging View.pdf
Future of Off-Premise Dining - Emerging View.pdf
 
Future of off premise dining an initial perspective - 01 03 22
Future of off premise dining   an initial perspective - 01 03 22 Future of off premise dining   an initial perspective - 01 03 22
Future of off premise dining an initial perspective - 01 03 22
 
The future of work in europe
The future of work in europeThe future of work in europe
The future of work in europe
 
Future of asthma care a global expert view - summary - august 2021
Future of asthma care   a global expert view - summary - august 2021Future of asthma care   a global expert view - summary - august 2021
Future of asthma care a global expert view - summary - august 2021
 
Future of work employability and digital skills march 2021
Future of work employability and digital skills   march 2021Future of work employability and digital skills   march 2021
Future of work employability and digital skills march 2021
 
The UK in 2030 - An expert informed view on some key trends
The UK in 2030 - An expert informed view on some key trendsThe UK in 2030 - An expert informed view on some key trends
The UK in 2030 - An expert informed view on some key trends
 
Future of retail - Five key future trends - 9 Dec 2020
Future of retail - Five key future trends - 9 Dec 2020Future of retail - Five key future trends - 9 Dec 2020
Future of retail - Five key future trends - 9 Dec 2020
 
Ten major global trends for 2030
Ten major global trends for 2030Ten major global trends for 2030
Ten major global trends for 2030
 
Future of retail global trends summary nov 2020
Future of retail   global trends summary nov 2020Future of retail   global trends summary nov 2020
Future of retail global trends summary nov 2020
 
The uk in 2030 initial views
The uk in 2030   initial viewsThe uk in 2030   initial views
The uk in 2030 initial views
 
The world's most innovative cities past present future - oct 2020
The world's most innovative cities   past present future - oct 2020The world's most innovative cities   past present future - oct 2020
The world's most innovative cities past present future - oct 2020
 
The future of data risk sept 2020
The future of data risk   sept 2020The future of data risk   sept 2020
The future of data risk sept 2020
 
Moving water world in 2030
Moving water   world in 2030Moving water   world in 2030
Moving water world in 2030
 
Future of hospital design initial perspective - sept 2020
Future of hospital design   initial perspective - sept 2020Future of hospital design   initial perspective - sept 2020
Future of hospital design initial perspective - sept 2020
 
Future Risk: 12 Key Issues for Insurance in the Next Decade
Future Risk: 12 Key Issues for Insurance in the Next DecadeFuture Risk: 12 Key Issues for Insurance in the Next Decade
Future Risk: 12 Key Issues for Insurance in the Next Decade
 
Porous organisations 2020
Porous organisations 2020Porous organisations 2020
Porous organisations 2020
 
Peak soil
Peak soilPeak soil
Peak soil
 
Future of retail emerging trends 2020
Future of retail   emerging trends 2020Future of retail   emerging trends 2020
Future of retail emerging trends 2020
 
World in 2030 ispim - 8 june 2020
World in 2030   ispim - 8 june 2020World in 2030   ispim - 8 june 2020
World in 2030 ispim - 8 june 2020
 
Future of autonomous vehicles 2020
Future of autonomous vehicles 2020Future of autonomous vehicles 2020
Future of autonomous vehicles 2020
 

Recently uploaded

SALESFORCE EDUCATION CLOUD | FEXLE SERVICES
SALESFORCE EDUCATION CLOUD | FEXLE SERVICESSALESFORCE EDUCATION CLOUD | FEXLE SERVICES
SALESFORCE EDUCATION CLOUD | FEXLE SERVICESmohitsingh558521
 
Passkey Providers and Enabling Portability: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
Passkey Providers and Enabling Portability: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptxPasskey Providers and Enabling Portability: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
Passkey Providers and Enabling Portability: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptxLoriGlavin3
 
Developer Data Modeling Mistakes: From Postgres to NoSQL
Developer Data Modeling Mistakes: From Postgres to NoSQLDeveloper Data Modeling Mistakes: From Postgres to NoSQL
Developer Data Modeling Mistakes: From Postgres to NoSQLScyllaDB
 
How to write a Business Continuity Plan
How to write a Business Continuity PlanHow to write a Business Continuity Plan
How to write a Business Continuity PlanDatabarracks
 
DevEX - reference for building teams, processes, and platforms
DevEX - reference for building teams, processes, and platformsDevEX - reference for building teams, processes, and platforms
DevEX - reference for building teams, processes, and platformsSergiu Bodiu
 
DSPy a system for AI to Write Prompts and Do Fine Tuning
DSPy a system for AI to Write Prompts and Do Fine TuningDSPy a system for AI to Write Prompts and Do Fine Tuning
DSPy a system for AI to Write Prompts and Do Fine TuningLars Bell
 
Use of FIDO in the Payments and Identity Landscape: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
Use of FIDO in the Payments and Identity Landscape: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptxUse of FIDO in the Payments and Identity Landscape: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
Use of FIDO in the Payments and Identity Landscape: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptxLoriGlavin3
 
Gen AI in Business - Global Trends Report 2024.pdf
Gen AI in Business - Global Trends Report 2024.pdfGen AI in Business - Global Trends Report 2024.pdf
Gen AI in Business - Global Trends Report 2024.pdfAddepto
 
A Journey Into the Emotions of Software Developers
A Journey Into the Emotions of Software DevelopersA Journey Into the Emotions of Software Developers
A Journey Into the Emotions of Software DevelopersNicole Novielli
 
unit 4 immunoblotting technique complete.pptx
unit 4 immunoblotting technique complete.pptxunit 4 immunoblotting technique complete.pptx
unit 4 immunoblotting technique complete.pptxBkGupta21
 
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024BookNet Canada
 
Take control of your SAP testing with UiPath Test Suite
Take control of your SAP testing with UiPath Test SuiteTake control of your SAP testing with UiPath Test Suite
Take control of your SAP testing with UiPath Test SuiteDianaGray10
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024BookNet Canada
 
Digital Identity is Under Attack: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
Digital Identity is Under Attack: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptxDigital Identity is Under Attack: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
Digital Identity is Under Attack: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptxLoriGlavin3
 
What's New in Teams Calling, Meetings and Devices March 2024
What's New in Teams Calling, Meetings and Devices March 2024What's New in Teams Calling, Meetings and Devices March 2024
What's New in Teams Calling, Meetings and Devices March 2024Stephanie Beckett
 
WordPress Websites for Engineers: Elevate Your Brand
WordPress Websites for Engineers: Elevate Your BrandWordPress Websites for Engineers: Elevate Your Brand
WordPress Websites for Engineers: Elevate Your Brandgvaughan
 
The Fit for Passkeys for Employee and Consumer Sign-ins: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
The Fit for Passkeys for Employee and Consumer Sign-ins: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptxThe Fit for Passkeys for Employee and Consumer Sign-ins: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
The Fit for Passkeys for Employee and Consumer Sign-ins: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptxLoriGlavin3
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024BookNet Canada
 
What is DBT - The Ultimate Data Build Tool.pdf
What is DBT - The Ultimate Data Build Tool.pdfWhat is DBT - The Ultimate Data Build Tool.pdf
What is DBT - The Ultimate Data Build Tool.pdfMounikaPolabathina
 
Rise of the Machines: Known As Drones...
Rise of the Machines: Known As Drones...Rise of the Machines: Known As Drones...
Rise of the Machines: Known As Drones...Rick Flair
 

Recently uploaded (20)

SALESFORCE EDUCATION CLOUD | FEXLE SERVICES
SALESFORCE EDUCATION CLOUD | FEXLE SERVICESSALESFORCE EDUCATION CLOUD | FEXLE SERVICES
SALESFORCE EDUCATION CLOUD | FEXLE SERVICES
 
Passkey Providers and Enabling Portability: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
Passkey Providers and Enabling Portability: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptxPasskey Providers and Enabling Portability: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
Passkey Providers and Enabling Portability: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
 
Developer Data Modeling Mistakes: From Postgres to NoSQL
Developer Data Modeling Mistakes: From Postgres to NoSQLDeveloper Data Modeling Mistakes: From Postgres to NoSQL
Developer Data Modeling Mistakes: From Postgres to NoSQL
 
How to write a Business Continuity Plan
How to write a Business Continuity PlanHow to write a Business Continuity Plan
How to write a Business Continuity Plan
 
DevEX - reference for building teams, processes, and platforms
DevEX - reference for building teams, processes, and platformsDevEX - reference for building teams, processes, and platforms
DevEX - reference for building teams, processes, and platforms
 
DSPy a system for AI to Write Prompts and Do Fine Tuning
DSPy a system for AI to Write Prompts and Do Fine TuningDSPy a system for AI to Write Prompts and Do Fine Tuning
DSPy a system for AI to Write Prompts and Do Fine Tuning
 
Use of FIDO in the Payments and Identity Landscape: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
Use of FIDO in the Payments and Identity Landscape: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptxUse of FIDO in the Payments and Identity Landscape: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
Use of FIDO in the Payments and Identity Landscape: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
 
Gen AI in Business - Global Trends Report 2024.pdf
Gen AI in Business - Global Trends Report 2024.pdfGen AI in Business - Global Trends Report 2024.pdf
Gen AI in Business - Global Trends Report 2024.pdf
 
A Journey Into the Emotions of Software Developers
A Journey Into the Emotions of Software DevelopersA Journey Into the Emotions of Software Developers
A Journey Into the Emotions of Software Developers
 
unit 4 immunoblotting technique complete.pptx
unit 4 immunoblotting technique complete.pptxunit 4 immunoblotting technique complete.pptx
unit 4 immunoblotting technique complete.pptx
 
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
 
Take control of your SAP testing with UiPath Test Suite
Take control of your SAP testing with UiPath Test SuiteTake control of your SAP testing with UiPath Test Suite
Take control of your SAP testing with UiPath Test Suite
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
 
Digital Identity is Under Attack: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
Digital Identity is Under Attack: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptxDigital Identity is Under Attack: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
Digital Identity is Under Attack: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
 
What's New in Teams Calling, Meetings and Devices March 2024
What's New in Teams Calling, Meetings and Devices March 2024What's New in Teams Calling, Meetings and Devices March 2024
What's New in Teams Calling, Meetings and Devices March 2024
 
WordPress Websites for Engineers: Elevate Your Brand
WordPress Websites for Engineers: Elevate Your BrandWordPress Websites for Engineers: Elevate Your Brand
WordPress Websites for Engineers: Elevate Your Brand
 
The Fit for Passkeys for Employee and Consumer Sign-ins: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
The Fit for Passkeys for Employee and Consumer Sign-ins: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptxThe Fit for Passkeys for Employee and Consumer Sign-ins: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
The Fit for Passkeys for Employee and Consumer Sign-ins: FIDO Paris Seminar.pptx
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
 
What is DBT - The Ultimate Data Build Tool.pdf
What is DBT - The Ultimate Data Build Tool.pdfWhat is DBT - The Ultimate Data Build Tool.pdf
What is DBT - The Ultimate Data Build Tool.pdf
 
Rise of the Machines: Known As Drones...
Rise of the Machines: Known As Drones...Rise of the Machines: Known As Drones...
Rise of the Machines: Known As Drones...
 

The World in 2030: Better Batteries Advance with Solid-State Tech

  • 1. 1 TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries THE WORLD IN 2030 Data Taxation THE WORLD IN 2030 Better Batteries
  • 2. 2 TheWorldin2030BetterBatteriesFutureofPatientDataInsightsfromMultipleExpertDiscussionsAroundtheWorld Better Batteries New solid-state batteries offer safer, higher performance than existing options and become viable options for use across multiple sectors. Competitive pricing and proactive policymaking accelerate global uptake. Price of battery energy (2030) $60/kWh Number of recent US battery patents 200,000
  • 3. 3 TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries Battery development has become a priority area for a broadening range of companies in recent years. Significant investment is underway as a number of new technologies compete for fast-growing markets. Five years ago, we identified that energy storage was the missing piece of the renewables jigsaw: “If solved, it can enable truly distributed solar energy as well as accelerate the electrification of the transport industry.”1 Today, as economies focus on faster decarbonisation and increasing electrification, particularly in transportation, the speed of new battery development has become a central issue for many researchers, policy makers, investors and companies. Why is this? If we can get significantly more energy from a lighter, more compact, but affordable battery then the implications are enormous. Not only will this accelerate the adoption of electric vehicles by extending their range and providing a cheap way to store renewable, particularly low cost solar, energy, but it will also release a host of new developments in other areas from wearable electronics to electric planes, drones and scooters. Given the demand for high performing batteries is building, it is hardly surprising that there is as much focus today on creating the batteries of tomorrow as there was when the first rechargeable battery was invented 160 years ago: according to a USPTO search in the past decade or so over 200,000 battery related patents have been issued.2 The rush to deliver the next generation technology is bringing together a host of new partnerships and foremost in many discussions is the potential impact of solid- state batteries. Within the next decade these could become the catalysts for substantial and lasting change across many sectors. The speed of new battery development has become a central issue for many researchers, policy makers, investors and companies.
  • 4. 4 TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries It may be useful to consider what happens inside a battery to help clarify where change is likely to happen. A battery is a pack of one or more cells, each of which shares some common core elements: a positive electrode (the cathode), a negative electrode (the anode), a separator and an electrolyte which can be liquid, solid or gel. Electricity is generated when a chemical reaction takes place that moves electrons from the anode to the cathode. Using different chemicals and materials for these affects the properties of the battery: how much energy it can store; the energy output; how much power it can provide; and the number of times it can be discharged and recharged.3 In most devices there is a trade-off between battery size, design, safety, efficiency and performance. Although well recognised and undergoing continuous development, technologies such as today’s lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries are not yet sufficient to meet some performance needs and so are not able to replace alternative systems such as the diesel engines for trucks or the kerosene engines which power planes. If they are to have wider impact, advancements needs to be made in several areas. Top of the list are two issues: energy density (how much energy a battery can hold per kg) and power density (the rate at which energy can be discharged): Energy density helps maximise range for an electric car or extend the battery life for a laptop whereas as power density is all about how quickly energy can be released so is an important element for aviation.4 Across the field, there are all sorts of initiatives exploring how to make a better battery – both in terms of technologies as well as the companies driving and delivering the innovations to market. With large stationary batteries to store electricity for domestic use, companies such as Sonnen (recently acquired by Shell) use lithium iron phosphate batteries and sees them as an intelligent storage system that automatically adjusts the energy usage in the home.5 Such is the effort to innovate that over the next decade, some chemical companies expect to create batteries that are half the size of those we use today but with twice the capacity – so a four- fold increase in energy density.6 This will open up multiple nascent markets. The opportunities presented to deliver more effective batteries for electronic vehicles has become a particular focus. Although the Tesla – Panasonic collaboration on NCA (lithium nickel cobalt aluminium oxide) batteries is often in the news, it is very much geared around Tesla as a single customer. Other electric car manufacturers, and indeed Tesla for its energy storage products, are increasingly opting for NMC (lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide) batteries for the next few years but may well shift as the other technologies hit the performance targets. No matter what specific technology is being advocated, time again over the past 15 years we have heard that to be price competitive, an electric vehicle has to have battery packs that are less than $100/kWh. This is where companies such as GM are placing their business case bets.7 Together with faster charging abilities and enough stored energy to overcome users’ “range anxiety” this is widely seen as the tipping point at which the market dynamics will change in favour of widespread adoption. Several organisations, such as the IEA and Bloomberg NEF, expect that, with improvements already in motion, this hurdle will be overcome by Tesla / Panasonic shortly and that, by 2030, costs may well be down to around $60/ kWh.8,9 This would mean the purchase price of an electric vehicle could soon be the same as that of a comparable petrol / diesel car without subsidy. With better performance and aligned government policy, the ease of switching will become increasingly attractive to consumers. Makers will have to be on their metal to provide a step change in the next generation of batteries. There will be competition other over price, reliability, energy consumption and durability – including the number of times they can be recharged. However, although the battery technology is clearly pivotal, a combination of complex supply chains and legacy decisions by some companies means it unlikely that there will be a single solution any time soon. Current Technology
  • 5. 5 TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries While the technical debates rumble on, supply-chain access and the circular economy are mounting challenges. Issues include the ethics around the use of rare metals and the declining supplies of increasingly expensive cobalt. Cobalt itself is a by-product of copper mining and is under specific focus because over half of its global reserves are in the politically fractious and ethically dubious hands of organisations in the DRC that, for instance, use child labour as part of the norm. Despite this, many key manufacturers continue to source from there.10 Minimising the amount of cobalt used, and making sure more of it is recycled, are priorities for many new innovations. Actions have already been taken, for example Hydro and Northvolt have recently launched a joint venture focused on large scale end-of-life battery recycling in Norway.11 As the demand for more batteries increases, there could be significant supply challenges for other raw materials as well. So much so that the World Bank foresees a 20% gap between supply and demand by 2025 and that “global demand for strategic minerals such as lithium, graphite and nickel will skyrocket by 965%, 383% and 108% respectively by 2050”.12 As a result, there is a pressing need to accelerate the search for alternative materials with a secure, sustainable supply in both research labs and the mining sector. Companies such as Johnson Matthey have been exploring how high-nickel chemistries could allow lower levels of cobalt.13 Others are looking at how best to use new materials like graphene within the electrodes.14 Globally there is widespread appetite to embrace the circular economy and policymakers from all corners are increasingly focussing their attention in this area. It is complex as regulations differ across the geographies. In China, for instance, retailers have the responsibility for overseeing how batteries are re-used after the initial customer has finished with them – whether that be repurposing or recycling.15 Equally in Europe the WEEE regulations have gradually been tightening targets. In the US, where recycling rates for batteries loiter at around 5%, changing habits as well as technologies are now very much front of mind. Some, for example, have been looking at means of repurposing old batteries for use in solar farms.16 Non-Technical Challenges Minimising the amount of cobalt used, and making sure more of it is recycled, are priorities for many new innovations.
  • 6. 6 TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries While there is renewed interest on the potential of a wide range of technologies such as hydrogen fuel cells and thermal energy storage, in discussions to date it seems that most of the combined research, investment and industrial focus is on delivering better batteries at scale: Flow batteries and air batteries are two options attracting attention, but by far the most significant for future impact are solid state lithium-Ion products. Flow batteries are a design where two acidic liquids are mechanically pumped within a battery pack. Although requiring more maintenance than lithium batteries and having a low energy density, they provide an exceptional lifetime of up to 100,000 cycles and so are ideal for stationary systems such as storage for renewable energy. They have benefitted considerably from the increase in solar energy - market analysts expect demand to more than double by 2025.17 Several companies, including Foxconn, Flextronics and Jabil, have allocated significant investment to this technology. Air batteries have been a focus for much recent research, especially since breakthroughs with lithium-air technologies were announced by the University of Cambridge. These claimed up to 90% efficiency – five times that of conventional batteries.18 Others have yet to replicate their success, especially in achieving thousands rather than tens of charging cycles and achieving improved battery life.19 There is additional momentum in other areas, for instance, in the use of graphene cathodes and lithium hydroxide. As a signal of industrial intent, Tesla has filed several patents for metal-air batteries including lithium-air designs.20 Future Options Flow batteries provide an exceptional lifetime of up to 100,000 cycles and so are ideal for stationary systems such as storage for renewable energy.
  • 7. 7 TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries While these options may have some future impact in niche markets, today Li-ion batteries continue to provide the highest energy density while charging rates, operating temperatures as well as lifetime length can all be fine-tuned with the choice of cell and chemistry. Current Li-ion technology is expected to reach an energy limit in the next few years but recent discoveries of new families of disruptive active materials should unlock present limits. These innovative compounds can store more lithium in positive and negative electrodes.21 A number of researchers around the world are also exploring the use of lithium-sulphur to double energy density as well as sodium-ion to also reduce cost and improve charging.22,23,24,25 Others, such as Stanford spin-out Amprius, have been developing technologies that make use of silicon nanowires to improve anode performance.26 In the UK, Cambridge based Echion is another new company seeking to improve Li-ion performance by using niobium in the anode.27 As an indication of mounting activity, some analysts suggest that nearly $2 billion of venture capital flowed into battery start-ups in 2019 with $1.4bn of this focused on lithium-ion research alone.28 Elsewhere, large corporations are making significant minority investments in lithium technology firms consider for examples Daimler’s investment in Sila Nanotechnologies.29 Within the notable developments in the Li-ion market, the use of what are called solid state (rather than liquid) electrolytes is where much of the current action lies. While there are several different chemistries in development (sulphide-based, oxide- based and polymer-based), the common ambition across all solid-state electrolytes is to improve energy density in a safer way than other options. • They replace existing liquid electrolytes with a high-conductivity solid membrane which is both lighter and also allows the use of improved anodes and cathodes that, when all combined, can increase energy density by between 50% and 75%. Solid State Batteries
  • 8. 8 TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries • They are safer than existing designs. Traditional liquid electrolytes are flammable, but the solid materials are not – even when heated. This makes solid-state batteries (SSBs) particularly attractive for multiple transportation applications just as much as for laptops and mobile phones. • In addition, they are both faster charging and also have a reduce discharge so achieve a longer shelf-life than traditional Li-ion products. The UK Faraday Institution, for one, considers SSBs as “the technology of the 2030s but the research challenge of the 2020s”.30 Certainly as extra innovation occurs, different SSBs will be launched over the coming years - the first tranche will improve energy performance and safety then there will be a move to develop other, lighter weight versions. Researchers at the University of Birmingham are just some of an increasing global community focused on optimising performance of SSBs – in their case they are looking at how to improve recycling and exploring how phase-change materials can enable better temperature management.31 Over in Japan, scientists from Tohoku University have developed a new complex hydride lithium superionic conductor that could deliver higher energy density.32 Around the world, multiple research teams are engaged in the search for the breakthroughs that will hopefully deliver the potential from new solid-state designs. The switch to battery power will be profound. In terms of market impact, over the next decade SSBs are expected to ramp up use in high-end electronics and then move into electric vehicles, grid storage and then, probably in the 2040s, electric planes.33 Global need for Li-ion batteries is predicted to rise eight-fold this decade with electric vehicles accounting for 85% of the core market by 2030.34 With overall demand expected to then increase by over 200 times between 2030 and 2040, if everything goes as planned, projected market share for SSBs by 2040 maybe around half the consumer electronics market and a third of electric transportation. With such growth forecasts it is little surprise that, over recent years, companies such as Bosch and Dyson have been busy buying up some leading solid-state start-ups while VCs have invested in more new ones. They are all keen to exploit lithium as the lightest metal around and ideal for high-performance applications. Daimler has announced that it will use SSBs in the new range of Mercedes-Benz eCitaro buses which are being rolled out initially in Germany and then worldwide.35 In Asia, Toyota has filed more patents in this field than any other company and, partly in partnership with Panasonic, is aiming to introduce all-solid- state batteries by 2022.36 Samsung has recently announced a new SSB that could give EVs a range of up to 800km.37 In the US notable start-ups in the area include Ionic Materials and Solid Power - a spin-off from the University of Colorado, plus MIT start-up 24m which has gained a strong following for its ‘semi-solid’ Li-ion technology as a means of changing the production process and so cut costs in half.38 In the UK Southampton University spin-off Ilika and Oxford-based, Oxis Energy are two of a number of companies now making marked progress on future innovations.39,40   If everything goes as planned, projected marketshare for SSBs by 2040 maybe around half the consumer electronics market and a third of electric transportation.
  • 9. 9 TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries Although there may well be singular moves for using better batteries by companies such as Tesla and Dyson that are highly vertically integrated from design to retail in their respective sectors and so can control their supply chains, other organisations that deliver improved performance in the next decade will be far more collaborative in nature. The complexity of the industrial partnerships between chemical companies, battery manufacturers and their myriad different customers means that to deliver significant change the whole ecosystem has to evolve in tandem. In some industries, such as automotive, collaboration among many stakeholders of the whole value chain is needed. This requires coordination. While NASA continues to be a catalyst for technology development in the US, in Europe, initiatives are underway to align multiple parties around the likely changes by 2030.41 For example organisations such as the Fraunhofer Institute have been created and are sharing updated technology roadmaps for the past few years.42,43 As such defining which single company may be the winner across multiple markets is very difficult – with lots of cross-licencing of technologies and co-ownership of intellectual property, mapping who will have the most long-term influence is a challenge for many investors. With new announcements, such as the forthcoming Tesla Battery Day, now occurring on a regular basis, we can, however, expect the progression to better batteries to quicken further over the next few years. Moreover, as the 2030 net zero emission targets now being introduced in leading cities such as Oslo, Mexico City and Paris are more widely adopted, policy will act as an accelerator. The outstanding questions for many will nevertheless remain how far and how quickly can mainstream industrials move by 2030 to address this pivotal energy storage challenge. As we discuss this further during 2020, it will be interesting to see where more experts see new solutions emerging. If only half of the current targets can be achieved, then the impact on how we consider and use renewable energy globally will shift dramatically. Leading in 2030
  • 10. 10 TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries References 1 https://www.futureagenda.org/foresights/energy-storage/ 2 http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-adv htm&r=0&p=1&f=S&l=50&Query=ACLM%2F%28battery%29%0D%0A&d=PTXT 3 https://www.saftbatteries.com/media-resources/our-stories/three-battery-technologies-could-power-future 4 https://www.futureagenda.org/foresights/electricaviation/ 5 https://sonnenbatterie.co.uk 6 https://www.ey.com/en_gl/advanced-manufacturing/how-the-balance-of-power-will-change-the-chemistry-of-an-ev-future 7 https://www.forbes.com/sites/samabuelsamid/2020/03/04/gm-announces-new-lower-cost-ultium-lithium-ion-batteries-for-new- evs/#59a18bae4f10 8 https://www.iea.org/reports/global-ev-outlook-2019 9 https://about.bnef.com/new-energy-outlook/#toc-download 10 https://www.ft.com/content/aa09dbcb-37ed-4010-a0ee-ab6cfab4d4b5 11 https://www.hydro.com/en/media/news/2020/hydro-and-northvolt-launch-joint-venture-to-enable-electric-vehicle-battery- recycling-in-norway/ 12 https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2019/05/01/new-world-bank-fund-to-support-climate-smart-mining-for- energy-transition 13 https://matthey.com/en/products-and-services/battery-materials/elno-next-generation-battery-material 14 https://grapheneindustry.org.au/2019/08/comparing-graphene-battery-with-lithium-ion-battery/ 15 https://www.ey.com/en_gl/advanced-manufacturing/how-the-balance-of-power-will-change-the-chemistry-of-an-ev-future 16 http://news.mit.edu/2020/solar-energy-farms-electric-vehicle-batteries-life-0522 17 https://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/2007095-global-redox-flow-battery-market-insights-forecast-to-2025.html 18 https://www.enterprise.cam.ac.uk/opportunities/highly-rechargeable-efficient-lithium-air-battery/ 19 https://spectrum.ieee.org/energywise/energy/batteries-storage/lithium-air-batteries-battery-news 20 https://www.digitaltrends.com/features/the-future-of-batteries-energy-storage-technology/ 21 https://www.saftbatteries.com/media-resources/our-stories/three-battery-technologies-could-power-future 22 https://uwaterloo.ca/research/waterloo-commercialization-office-watco/business-opportunities-industry/ncs-multifunctional-cross- linked-binders-lithium-sulfur-or 23 https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-08359-y 24 https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/09/180912111913.htm 25 https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/11/191104112800.htm 26 https://www.amprius.com/about/ 27 https://echiontech.com 28 https://mercomcapital.com/battery-storage-smart-grid-energy-efficiency-vc-funding-2019/ 29 https://www.daimler.com/documents/investors/news/capital-market-releases/daimler-mercedes-benz-ir-release-en-20190416.pdf 30 https://faraday.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Faraday-Insights-5_Updated.pdf 31 https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/research/energy/research/centre-energy-storage/battery-storage.aspx 32 https://phys.org/news/2019-03-highest-energy-density-all-solid-state-batteries.html 33 https://www.futureagenda.org/future-of-energy-a-nordic-view/
  • 11. 11 TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries 34 https://www.iea.org/reports/global-ev-outlook-2019 35 https://www.greencarcongress.com/2019/04/20190410-ecitaro.html 36 https://www.autocar.co.uk/car-news/new-cars/toyota-introduce-game-changing-electric-vehicle-2022-report 37 https://news.samsung.com/global/samsung-presents-groundbreaking-all-solid-state-battery-technology-to-nature-energy 38 http://24-m.com 39 https://www.ilika.com 40 https://oxisenergy.com 41 https://battery2030.eu/digitalAssets/861/c_861008-l_1-k_roadmap-27-march.pdf 42 https://www.isi.fraunhofer.de/en/presse/2017/presseinfo-29-2017-hochenergie-batterien-2030.html 43 https://www.isi.fraunhofer.de/de/competence-center/neue-technologien/projekte/bema2020-batterie2020.html
  • 12. 12 TheWorldin2030BetterBatteries The World in 2030 This is one of 50 global foresights from Future Agenda’s World in 2030 Open Foresight programme, an initiative which gains and shares views on some of the major issues facing society over the next decade. It is based on multiple expert discussions across all continents and covers a wide range of topics. We do not presume to cover every change that will take place over the next decade however we hope to have identified the key areas of significance. Each foresight provides a comprehensive 10-year view drawn from in-depth expert discussions. All foresights are on https:// www.futureagenda.org/the-world-in-2030/ Previous Global Programmes The World in 2020 was published in 2010 and based on conversations from 50 workshops with experts from 1500 organisations undertaken in 25 countries as part of the first Future Agenda Open Foresight programme. This ground-breaking project has proven to be highly accurate in anticipating future change and the results have been used by multiple companies, universities, NGOs and governments globally. Rising obesity, access not ownership, self-driving cars, drone wars, low cost solar energy, more powerful cities and growing concerns over trust were just some of the 50 foresights generated. For more details: https://www.futureagenda.org/the- world-in-2020/ Five years on, the World in 2025 programme explored 25 topics in 120 workshops hosted by 50 different organisations across 45 locations globally. Engaging the views of over 5000 informed people, the resulting foresights have again proven to be very reliable. Declining air quality, the growing impact of Africa, the changing nature of privacy, the increasing value of data and the consequence of plastics in our oceans are some of the foresights that have already grown in prominence. For more details: https://www.futureagenda.org/the-world- in-2025/ About Future Agenda Future Agenda is an open source think tank and advisory firm. It runs the world’s leading Open Foresight programme, helping organisations to identify emerging opportunities, and make more informed decisions. Future Agenda also supports leading organisations on strategy, growth and innovation. Please contact us via: douglas.jones@futureagenda.org Future Agenda 84 Brook Street London W1K 5EH www.futureagenda.org @futureagenda Text © Future Agenda 2020 Images © istockimages.com and corporate libraries