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Siddharth Bhansali
B.Com (Hons) 4 Sem
IB-2K13-48
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PRESENTATION OUTLINE
Introduction
E-Waste
Composition
Impacts of e-waste
Indian E-waste s...
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INTRODUCTION
Electronics industry is the world's largest and fastest
growing manufacturing in...
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e-waste
• Electronic waste or e-waste is any broken or
unwanted electrical or electronic appli...
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Indian Scenario: Numbers tell the story
• Historic Waste: Over 20 Lakhsold PCs ready
for dispo...
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E-waste accumulation
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E-Waste: Main Sources
• Imports
• Govt., public and private sector
discards (over 70%)
• PC re...
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Problems
• Ewaste is the most rapidly growing waste problem
in the world.
• It is a crisis of ...
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Hazardous Material
The recycling of hazardous substances, e.g.
carcinogens such as lead and a...
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Of particular concern is Lead in e-waste
Lead is a toxic substances which may cause
lead poi...
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E-waste Effects on Human
health:
• Damage to central and peripheral nervous
systems, bloodsys...
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E-waste Management:
• E-waste management starts
right from the point of
production. Sustainab...
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Toxics Free Products:
• Computer manufacturers should have a cradle-to-
graveapproach
• Produ...
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Refurbishing v/s Recycling:
 Although Refurbishing is a good option on paper,
practically it...
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Energy Efficient Products:
• Product should be Energy Star 5.0
compliant-20% savings on bills...
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Each one of us has a role to play!
Need for a e-waste policy and legislation
Encourage and ...
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E waste and management

this presentation is about electronics waste and it's management.

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E waste and management

  1. 1. Powerpoint Templates Page 1 Siddharth Bhansali B.Com (Hons) 4 Sem IB-2K13-48
  2. 2. Powerpoint Templates Page 2
  3. 3. Powerpoint Templates Page 3 PRESENTATION OUTLINE Introduction E-Waste Composition Impacts of e-waste Indian E-waste scenario Conclusion
  4. 4. Powerpoint Templates Page 4 INTRODUCTION Electronics industry is the world's largest and fastest growing manufacturing industry. Rapid growth, combined with rapid product obsolescence and discarded electronics is now the fastest growing waste fraction, accounting for 8% of all municipal waste in European Union (The Economist, 2005). In developing countries, on an average it equals to 1% of total solid waste and is expected to grow to 2% by 2010 (UNEP, 2009)
  5. 5. Powerpoint Templates Page 5 e-waste • Electronic waste or e-waste is any broken or unwanted electrical or electronic appliance. • E-waste includes computers, entertainment electronics, mobile phones and other items that have been discarded by their original users. • Composition includes : • •High-quality plastics • •Valuable metals • •Toxic and hazardous pollutants
  6. 6. Powerpoint Templates Page 6 Indian Scenario: Numbers tell the story • Historic Waste: Over 20 Lakhsold PCs ready for disposal in India • Every year, 30000 computers become obsolete • Last year, 8.1 million PCs and notebooks sold • More than 100 thousand servers sold • By May 2012, India had 929.37million mobile phone base • …………And every month, 10 million new mobiles are added • It has theworld's third-largestInternet user- base with over 137 million as of June 2012.
  7. 7. Powerpoint Templates Page 7 E-waste accumulation
  8. 8. Powerpoint Templates Page 8 E-Waste: Main Sources • Imports • Govt., public and private sector discards (over 70%) • PC retailers, manufacturers • Secondary market of old PCs • Individual Households
  9. 9. Powerpoint Templates Page 9 Problems • Ewaste is the most rapidly growing waste problem in the world. • It is a crisis of not quantity alone but also a crisis born from toxics ingredients, posing a threat to the occupational health as well as the environment. • Rapid technology change, low initialcost, high obsolescence rate have resulted in a fast growing problema round the globe. • Legal framework , proper collection system missing. • Imports regularly coming to the recycling markets. • In humanworking conditions for recycling.
  10. 10. Powerpoint Templates Page 10 Hazardous Material The recycling of hazardous substances, e.g. carcinogens such as lead and arsenic ,CRT, Capacitors, Mercury switches and relays, Batteries, Liquid crystal displays is critical and poses serious health risks and environment dangers of not properly handled
  11. 11. Powerpoint Templates Page 11 Of particular concern is Lead in e-waste Lead is a toxic substances which may cause lead poisoning and can be especially harmful young children. A typical 17-inch computer monitor contains approximately 2.2 pounds of lead the 500 million computers that became obsolete between 1997 and 2007 will contain nearly 1.6 billion pounds of lead
  12. 12. Powerpoint Templates Page 12 E-waste Effects on Human health: • Damage to central and peripheral nervous systems, bloodsystems and kidney damage • Affects brain development of children Chronic damage to the brain • Respiratory and skin disorders due to bioaccumulation in fishes Asthmatic bronchitis • DNA damage • Reproductive and developmental problems Immune system damage • Lung Cancer • Damage to heart, liver and spleen
  13. 13. Powerpoint Templates Page 13 E-waste Management: • E-waste management starts right from the point of production. Sustainable Product Design ensures: • 1. Toxics-free Products • 2. 100% recyclability • 3. Serviceability • 4. Energy Efficient Products
  14. 14. Powerpoint Templates Page 14 Toxics Free Products: • Computer manufacturers should have a cradle-to- graveapproach • Products should be made with minimum toxic- chemicals, resulting inconsequent toxic-free e- waste • Major Toxic Chemicals to be considered: • 1. PVC • 2. BFR • 3. Antimony • 4. Beryllium • Product Packaging Optimization for minimum Environmental Impact
  15. 15. Powerpoint Templates Page 15 Refurbishing v/s Recycling:  Although Refurbishing is a good option on paper, practically it has notbeen very successful. Here’s why: 1.Technology changes in Hardware and Software render the oldcomputers non-refurbishablebeyond a point 2.The refurbishing charges are relatively higher, acting as a deterrent tothe customer to refurbish 3.Original Software licensing is not clear for reused/refurbishedproducts 4.Prices of newer hardware keep on slashing down, prompting thecustomer to buy a new- product, rather than go thru the hassle of
  16. 16. Powerpoint Templates Page 16 Energy Efficient Products: • Product should be Energy Star 5.0 compliant-20% savings on bills and20% lesser CO2emissions in the air • Product should have energy Optimizing software features • Major components to consider: • 1. Display: LCD displays save energy • 2. Processor: New Generation processors are more energy efficient • Are we as consumers willing to pay a little extra premium to protect the • environment
  17. 17. Powerpoint Templates Page 17 Each one of us has a role to play! Need for a e-waste policy and legislation Encourage and facilitate organized recycling systems Should subsidies recycling and disposal industries Collect fee from manufactured/consumers for the disposal of toxic material Incentive schemes for garbage collectors and general public for collecting and handling over e-waste Awareness programs on e-waste for school children and general public
  18. 18. Powerpoint Templates Page 18

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