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Autumn Seminar. Retos del gas no convencional. D. Javier Ripoll

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Autumn Seminar. Retos del gas no convencional. D. Javier Ripoll

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Autumn Seminar. Retos del gas no convencional. D. Javier Ripoll

  1. 1. AUTUMN SEMINAR RETOS DEL GAS NO CONVENCIONAL Retos Regulatorios y Ambientales. Aspectos ambientales más relevantes (España) Javier Ripoll - URS España Madrid, 9 de octubre de 2014
  2. 2. RETOS REGULATORIOS ASPECTOS AMBIENTALES MAS RELEVANTES (ESPAÑA) Fuente: Rosetta Resources
  3. 3. 2 • Anexo I (evaluación ambiental ordinaria), incluye los proyectos de perforación, investigación o explotación de hidrocarburos…que requieran la utilización de técnicas de fracturación hidráulica. • Excluye la toma de testigos previos, y no contempla trabajos de sísmica on shore. Ley 21/2013 de Eval. Ambiental • Incertidumbres en plazos y resolución. Carácter preceptivo de diversos informes. • Inclusión de nuevos aspectos: peligrosidad sísmica natural y peligrosidad sísmica inducida, temporal y permanente.
  4. 4. Retos 3 • Fuerte oposición social • Falta de conocimiento específicos por parte de Admón. y de documentos técnicos que faciliten tramitación • Ausencia de un mensaje claro desde la UE • Fuerte oposición de CCAA y entidades locales • Elevación a Anexo I de las sísmicas y sondeos para testigos previos. • Mismo nivel de análisis para exploración y producción. • Dilatación de plazos de tramitación ¿Consecuencias? Incertidumbre sobre inversiones (promotor)
  5. 5. 4 Infraestructura superficial básica Well Pad (6 - 8 wells) 35,000m3 Agua Dulce 23,500 m3 Flowback/Agua Producida Camino de acceso Suministro de agua 0.8 km
  6. 6. 5 Un aspecto clave: el agua Noticia: Hoy, la gran mayoría del agua de retorno (flowback) y de proceso se recicla. Esto reduce mucho la necesidad de extraer agua adicional de acuíferos y ríos Reúso en el desarrollo del shale gas Vertido a río Tratamiento Skid o Instalación fija Residuo Flow Back/ Brines Ríos Fuentes No-tradicionales Agua tratada desde Planta de tratamiento Suministro Público Water Sources Conveyance Acueducto Storage Tanques portátiles En el emplazamiento Embalses construidos Uses Estimulación hidráulica Perforación y construcción del pozo Terminación del pozo e infraestructura Pruebas hidrostáticos y geofísicos Evaporación en el embalse Incorporarse en productos Otros usos Inyección Reúso Flowback/Produced Agua & Salmueras Acuíferos Suministro de agua Transporte Tanque cisterna Almacena- miento Usos Residuos sólidos
  7. 7. 6 Principales aspectos ambientales • Consumo y Gestión de aguas • Autorizaciones de captación y vertido • Seguimiento ambiental • Transporte • Reutilización Tanques de fibra de vidrio (60 m3 ) para agua de Flowback y agua producida Almacenamiento de agua móvil / provisional
  8. 8. 7 Principales aspectos ambientales • Fracturación hasta capas sensibles • Control de presión y volúmenes bombeados • Control por mapas de micro - sísmica • Estudios previos • Monitorización antes y durante trabajos • Sismicidad inducida
  9. 9. 8 Principales aspectos ambientales • Ruptura de aislamiento del casing / potencial contaminación de acuíferos • Pruebas de Integridad • Uso de cementos específicos • Sistema de aislamiento (doble-triple anular) • Control continuo de aguas • Registro público de los aditivos utilizados
  10. 10. 9 Principales aspectos ambientales • Potenciales vertidos en superficie • Dimensionamiento, aislamiento y diseño de balsas • BOP • Retención de fluidos en depósitos estancos • Gestión de Aguas de retorno • Caracterización y análisis (pe. NORMs) • Adecuada gestión
  11. 11. Algunas propuestas … • Mayor comunicación y foros de debate • Formalización de beneficios a nivel local • Promover un debate objetivo • Asesoramiento especializado de Administración • Definición de guías / requisitos técnicos específicos para tramitación de proyectos • Otros? 10
  12. 12. GRACIAS Si necesitan más información por favor contacten con: Javier Ripoll javier.ripoll@urs.com

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