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  1. 1. Population To revise the topic of Population
  2. 2. Population Distribution- the way in which people are spread out across the world. This distribution is uneven and changes over time. Population Density- the average number of people per square kilometre. It shows whether an area is sparsely or densely populated. Birth rates and death rates vary between countries. What do the following terms mean: Birth Rate Death Rate Life expectancy Dependency Ratio Infant Mortality Natural Increase
  3. 3. LEDC Factors increasing Factors decreasing Birth Rate Death Rate -Complete these tables
  4. 4. The rate of population change varies over time. The Demographic Transition Model shows population change -How many stages does the model have? -In which stage is Birth Rate and Death rate LOW? -In which stage does death rate decrease rapidly? Go to watch “The Demographic Transition Model”
  5. 5. How do the following differ between an MEDC and LEDC •Birth rate. •Life expectancy •Dependency ratio •Death Rate Contrasting population pyramids of an LEDC and an MEDC
  6. 6. Population Pyramids change over time. How do the following change as a country changes from an LEDC to MEDC. Birth Rate Life expectancy Dependency Ratio
  7. 7. Population Pyramids change over time. How will the UK population pyramid change between 2007 and 2050.
  8. 8. The relationship between population structure (and birth rates and death rates) and economic development Use High Low Short Long to complete the table Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Birth Rate Death rate Life expectancy Infant mortality What happens at stage 5?
  9. 9. The effects of overpopulation in an LEDC. The number of people living in a place outweighs the availability of resources. Name an example of overpopulation Why did it happen? What were the effects? Ageing populations What causes an Ageing population? How will these be affected by an ageing population? •Pensions •Demand for health services •Crime Rates
  10. 10. List the physical and human factors that result in the movement of people.
  11. 11. Consequences of Urbanisation Complete this table of the consequences of Urbanisation for MEDC and LEDC cities using the following: Increase in number of Jobs in service sector; Increase in car ownership causes congestion and pollution; Clean water, sanitation, health centres and power not available. Insufficient schools; Retail jobs lost to out of town locations; Shanty Town development; Poor quality housing in Inner city areas (terraced, Tower blocks) Large pool of cheap labour available for Industry; Retail parks and business parks in out of town locations; Growth in informal sector employment; Large number of commuters cause congestion; CBD dominated by finance and MNCs; Urban Sprawl and loss of Greenfield sites; Unemployment. Location Housing Traffic Services Jobs MEDC LEDC
  12. 12. Management of Urbanisation. Complete this table using the statements below to show how Urbanisation is managed in MEDC and LEDC cities: Rubbish recycling schemes; Improve public transport (Trams); Redevelopment; Squatters given legal title; Squatters given legal title; Regenerate city centres for Retail; Use of Brownfield sites; Gentrification; Car +1 dedicated lanes; Park and Ride schemes; Aided self help housing; Site and service schemes; Cycle lanes; Congestion charges; Limit number of cars; Develop public transport Location Housing Traffic Services Jobs MEDC LEDC
  13. 13. Causes of counter-urbanisation Are the following Push or pull factors: High crime rates; Pollution; Clean air; More of a community spirit; Poor services; Cheaper living; Peaceful Environment; Retirement; Traffic congestion Push Factors Pull Factors
  14. 14. The consequences of counter-urbanisation Can you give reasons for these consequences: Housing Traffic Services Jobs Increase in house price Young people forced to leave villages Use of Greenfield sites in popular villages Increase in number of cars in village Local shops, post offices and garages close. Local schools close Decrease in number of jobs vailable