We often see other people differently to how they see themselves. Some of what we see may be the same, but we also make judgements about people (sometimes without even knowing). These judgements can be useful – to keep us safe for example, but they can sometimes be unfair, hurtful, or even harmful to others.
Stigma because of how people look (race, weight, body markings, disability), Stigma because of how people act (mental illness, speech disorder, addictions), Stigma because of people’s origins or beliefs (ethnicity, nationality, language, religion).
Effects: people discriminating against (treating differently) certain individuals/groups, hurting people’s emotional wellbeing (their confidence, happiness, peace of mind etc), Damage a sense of community and shared humanity (that we are all humans no matter our differences), Develop into more serious tensions.
Migrants are often viewed with scepticism in the UK. Often there is the notion that they are poor, uneducated, threatening and culturally incompatible. Given this current climate of hostility, can we learn something about how we perceive migrants from taking a closer look at the adventures of Paddington Bear, one of the country’s best-loved children’s characters.
Banksy is a pseudonym (name assumed for a particular purpose and differs from original name) graffiti artist from Bristol. His work of a political nature which has featured all over the world.
Slides 12-17 provide support and ideas for the teacher to show clips of the film
Use the inside of your outline and
show with pictures or words, all
of the things that make up your
Think about events, experiences,
abilities, likes etc.
-What makes us who we are?
-Can you embrace different perspectives?
-What are the harmful effects of stigma?
-Can you reflect on assumptions about migration?
-Work in pairs and label yourselves A and B.
-Person A asks Person B ‘What do you think
makes me who I am?’
-Person A- record ideas from your partner
around the edge of your outline.
Stay in your pairs. Reflect on the first
-How did the way your partner see you differ
from the way you see yourself?
-How did the way you see your partner differ
from how they see themselves?
-Why might there be differences?
Treating individuals or groups differently due to negative and often unfair beliefs
and attitudes about them.
-Can you think of examples of types of Stigma?
-Fear of the unknown
-Misinformation or misunderstanding about a particular issue, often from the media
-Prejudice from peers or family members
-Uncertainty about how to communicate (i.e. because of language barriers or
-Difference (perhaps from the dominant norm)
Challenge: What are the harmful effects of stigma?
What is migration?
Migration is the movement of people from one place to another. There are
many different types. See if you can define the following:
Look at these headlines.
What do they suggest about migrants?
How might they lead to stigma?
Daily Mail Daily Express
What makes you feel welcome?
(Think about moving to a different place, changing
schools or going to a different place on holiday)
Watch the following clips of Paddington.
See if you can identify examples of stigma, discrimination, migration,
welcome, unwelcome in the movie. Ideas should be both positive and
-Although he seeks refuge from an earthquake, Paddington would not qualify as
a refugee under the terms of the UN Convention Relating to the Status of
Refugees. Refugee status can only be claimed by those fleeing persecution for
certain specified reasons and natural disasters are not among them.
(Earthquake clip from 5
min until 7 min 15 Sec).
-Seeking a new home, his own in Peru being devastated by an earthquake,
Paddington stows away to London. He deliberately avoids the authorities.
-This makes him in formal terms an illegal entrant and as such commits a
criminal offence punishable by up to 6 months in prison. If or when detected
by the authorities it is more likely he would be removed back to Peru. To avoid
that fate he would have to make out a legal basis to stay.
11 min 20)
From the very start of
the film, Paddington's
adventures mirror those
of others who undertake
long and dangerous
trips in search of a
better life. His passage
here also underlines
another point - if
migrants are prepared
to come to the UK
associated dangers, it
must be a good place to
The Daily Mail
-Mr and Mrs Brown could face prosecution for harbouring an illegal immigrant,
in which the maximum sentence is 14 years in prison.
(Browns and Paddington- 12 min 40 sec- 14 min 43 sec)
Paddington wants to fit in but Mr. Brown (the father) is sceptical and does not trust
Paddington’s plea to find the explorer.
(19 min 50 sec- 25 min 40 sec)
-Nicole Kidman plays an evil taxidermist and wants to stuff the bear. The neighbour hates
illegal immigrants and fears that more bears will arrive.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/Images from The Guardian
(1. 47 min until 47 min 54 sec)
(2. 53 min 44 sec until 54 min 56 sec)
Like many others in his position, Paddington tries to get on with his life. The film only
captures his first days in the United Kingdom, so we never find out how he gets on.
Paddington misses home (55 min until 57 min 25 sec).
His home is hunted. His presence is tracked through video cameras and intelligence
from members of the public. (58 min until 1 hr 5 min and 10 sec).