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Mirapeix EAPM 2017 seleccion


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Resumen de la exposición de Dr. Mirapeix (Fundipp) en el Congreso de Medicina Psicosomática de Barcelona

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Mirapeix EAPM 2017 seleccion

  1. 1. Coordinator: Dr. Carlos Chiclana. Carlos Mirapeix: Some introductory comments. Enrique Aubá : Spirituality and physical health. Francisco López Cánovas: Spirituality and mental health.
  2. 2.  Personal experience.  Context of Spirituality and Religion in Spain.  Orthogonal representation of concepts.  Spirituality, Religiosity and well- being.  The self and dialogic multiplicity.  A transcultural approach  Final comments.
  3. 3. Defining multiple terms.
  4. 4.  Religiousness is an organized system of beliefs, practices, rituals and symbols designed to facilitate the nearness to the sacred or transcendent (God, high power or ultimate truth or reality), to nurture or understand one's responsibility to others, in life in the community. According to Koenig (2000),
  5. 5.  Spirituality as the personal quest to find answers to essential questions of life about meaning and relationships with the sacred and transcendent, which may or may not lead to, or arising from, the development of religious beliefs and community formation According to Koenig (2000),
  6. 6. RELIGIOSITY SPIRITUALITY  Institutional, beliefs, organization, denominational, belief system, doctrine, external, explanation of the mystical, ritual, community, social, traditional, and dogmatic.  Meaning, connection, transcendence, subjectivity, purpose, universal experience, compassion, totality, experiential, integral, multidimensional, existential, hope, individual, inner experience, inner satisfaction, well-being and quality of life, unlimited, natural, personal, individual and spontaneous.
  8. 8.  TEMPERAMENT  Novelty Seeking (NS)  Harm Avoidance (HA)  Reward Dependence (RD)  Persistence (PS)  CHARACTERS  Self-Directedness (SD)  Cooperativeness (CO)  Self-Transcendence (ST)
  9. 9. STAGES OF SELF- AWARENNESS ON THE PATH TO WELL- BEING Stage Descriptions Psychological Characteristics Ego State 0 Unaware Inmature, seeking immediate gratificacion “Childlike” 1 Average adult Purposeful but egocentric cognition, able to delay gratification, but has frequent negative emotions (anxiety, anger, disgust) “Adult” 2 Meta- cognition Mature and allocentrict, aware of own subconcious thinking, calm and patient, so able to supervise conflicts and relatioships “Parental” 3 Contemplation Efforless calm, impartial awareness, wise, creative, and loving, able to access what was previously unconcious as needed without effort or distress. “State of Well- being “ Cloninger, R
  10. 10.  Faith:  Do you consider yourself spiritual? Do you have a religious faith?  Importance:  How important are your religious beliefs and how might they influence decisions related to your health?  Community:  Are you part of a religious or spiritual community? If so, how does this community support you?  Address:  How might I address your spiritual needs?
  11. 11. Culture and Expression styles The implicit role of religious culture Emotionally Expressive Emotionally Unexpressive Confromtational Avoid Confrontation Israel France Russia Spain Italy U.S Netherlands Germany Dennmark UK Sweden Korea Japan Brazil Mexico India Saudi Arabia Phillippines
  12. 12. 14  Need to emphasize:  Competency: requires that the therapist be culturally aware, in touch with his/her own biases about minority patients, comfortable with such differences, & sensitive to circumstances that may require the referral to circumstances that may require referral to same-culture therapist.
  13. 13. The spiritual by-pass to psychological conflicts An absence of social criticism RELEVANT CONSEQUENCES FOR TRAINING
  14. 14. Carlos Mirapeix @psicopeix