Guide to the 2011 Fundación Natura Bolivia Internship Program This document is intended to serve as a brief overview to life in Bolivia as an intern with the Fundación Natura Bolivia. It covers some of the most important things you may need and want to know about us, as well as what to expect when living and working in Santa Cruz de la Sierra. Here too you can find out what Natura can offer you as an intern, and what you will be expected to contribute yourself. If you have any further questions, do not hesitate to call us on (+591 3) 353 2126 or email the program coordinator at email@example.com.Who are we?The Fundación Natura Bolivia is a non-proﬁt, non-government organization which specializes in thedevelopment of ﬁnancial mechanisms for conservation. Based in the Santa Cruz Department of eastern (sub-tropical) Bolivia, Natura is able to provide a unique experience for masters students or other researchers duringthe northern-hemisphere summer vacation period.Natura’s ﬂagship initiative, in the Los Negros municipality at the south of the majestic Amboró National Park,involves a direct annual payment to upstream farmers in exchange for the conservation of the cloud forestwhich ensures the provision of water to downstream communities. Located in a transition zone betweenAmazonian and temperate regions, the Amboró National Park is one of the eight most biodiverse parks onthe planet, with over 840 birds registered, a signiﬁcant number of amphibians and many species in dangerof extinction. The conservation of the Los Negros water catchment is essential to ensure the continuedpreservation of this natural gem.As a result of the Los Negros project, 45 farmers have signed contracts since 2003 to conserve over 3000hectares of cloud forest in exchange for one bee box and training in apiculture for every 10 hectares ofprotected forest. Natura is replicating the project in three other municipalities where participants will havethe option to choose alternative forms of compensation such as fencing wire or fruit trees, depending on localneeds. To ensure the self-sustainability of the project at the local level, Natura has helped the communities
establish funds for the protection of environmental services to which they themselves contribute by way of asmall additional charge in their monthly water bill. Natura is currently upscaling the initiative to seven moremunicipalities which together form the newly created, largely pristine Rio Grande-Cruceño Valleys Reserve.This area is one of Bolivia’s most important watersheds and home to an impressive biodiversity as well as a richcultural history, not least as the site of the last stand of revolutionary guerrilla ‘Che’ Guevara.We are also starting other initiatives including thepotential to protect the El Choré Forest Reserve,which is essential for the alimentary security ofthe Santa Cruz Department, through an avoideddeforestation scheme as part of the emerging globalcarbon market. Also as part of a project Naturais looking at how to conserve the potential of theAmboró National Park area as a future source ofwater for the city of Santa Cruz, in light of the factthat the rapidly growing city of 1.3 million people willneed a new and complementary water source withinthe next 10 to 20 years.What projects are available to work on?In 2011, Natura is oﬀering internships to work on one of the following projects. For the full descriptions pleasesee the document project description. 1. Estimating the volume of carbon in the “Rio Grande–Cruceño Valleys Reserve” Research question: How many tons of carbon, per forest type, exist in the Rio Grande–Cruceño Valleys Reserve? 2. Helping to design the ﬁrst carbon neutral project in a developing country such Bolivia Research question: Is there potential for the development of “carbon neutral” activities in a developing country such Bolivia? 3. Evaluating the potential to produce biofuels in the Cruceño Valleys Research question: Is it possible, social and economically, to develop a program for the sustainable production of biofuels in the Cruceño Valleys? 4. Developing a business plan for the Río Grande Canyon tourism attraction in the Río Grande-Valles Cruceños Protected Area Research question: What is the potential for tourism in the Ríos Grande Canyon sector of the Río Grande – Valles Cruceños Reserve? 5. Developing a business plan for sustainable use the endemic Sunkha Palm in the Río Grande-Valles Cruceños Protected Area Research question: What is the potential for sustainable management of the Palma de Sunkha, and economically viable marketing of handicrafts and other products?
6. Developing a business plan for the sustainable production of honey and its derivatives in Los Negros Research question: What is the potential for sustainable production of honey in the area of Los Negros, and the economically viable marketing of honey products in the local and international market?Natura will seek to match student interests to project needs, but depending on demand students seekingacceptance may need to be ﬂexible. You will have the opportunity to indicate your preferences on theapplication form.What can we oﬀer? Supervisors You will be allocated a supervisor for the duration of your internship, whose role will include: helping to deﬁne the project; provide information prior to arrival if available; provide contact information and advice about how to obtain information in Bolivia; explain monthly reunions and support your participation; meet with you on a fortnightly basis to consider progress made and any questions that may arise; and write intermediate and ﬁnal reports for Natura about your work. However, please note that for the most part students will be expected to work independently, be self-disciplined and use their own initiative and creativity to seek and analyze the information needed. These capacities are an important pre-requisite for acceptance to the program. Monthly stipend For successful applicants Natura is able to oﬀer a monthly allowance of US$100 to cover minimal local expenses such as transport or food while in the ﬁeld. Apart from this, Natura will cover the costs of equipment or materials required in order to undertake the investigation, but these will remain with the institution upon the departure of the intern. All other costs are to be borne by the intern; however Natura can provide a letter of support for funding applications to other sources if necessary. Oﬃce equipment Natura will provide each intern with a desk and chair for use during his or her internship. During your stay with Natura you can request speciﬁc items needed for your investigation through the Administrative Director. Natura’s oﬃce has wireless internet, a kitchenette, storage space for luggage, gardens, etc. Monthly meetings At the end of each month, the entire Natura team meets at the Santa Cruz oﬃce to discuss the month’s advances. Each member of the team gives a short oral report outlining his or her achievements, challenges and plan for the following month.
It is a great opportunity to ﬁnd out about the workings of conservation NGO in a developing country and understand where your own project ﬁts into the bigger picture. As an intern you will also be expected to give a short report in Spanish about your project. It will give others a chance to see how they might be able to help you and it will also give you an opportunity to practice your Spanish.If selected, what will we expect of you?In order to be eligible for Natura’s internship program,you must: Foto de S. Cloth FNB • Be studying or have completed a graduate (masters) or post-graduate (PhD) program • Be willing and able to intern on a full-time basis spending ﬁve days a week for a minimum period of three months • Be able to read, speak and understand Spanish at least at an intermediate level, so as to ensure that both the student and Natura may make the most of the opportunity. Please note that non-native speakers will be required to demonstrate their proﬁciency in a phone interview in Spanish prior to acceptance.In addition, we will expect you to: • Participate in monthly team meetings with a short oral report (in Spanish) about progress made on the project • Provide Natura with a copy of all materials prepared during your internship • Provide a ﬁnal written report for the project with all primary data appended • Complete a questionnaire evaluating your internship prior to your departure, to help us improve the program in following years • Contribute to an article about your internship for the institutional newsletter • Allow us to include your photograph and information about your internship in material used to publicize our projectsWhat will you need to bring?We recommend you ensure you have the following items to bring with you to Bolivia: • Visa: please check with the Bolivian embassy in your country if you will need a visa to enter Bolivia. For example, as of January 2010, US citizens need a visa. • Yellow fever vaccinations are required to enter the country. Your certiﬁcate may be requested on arrival. Be sure to consult your doctor about other medications and vaccinations, well before you come. Note for example, that dengue fever is quite common in eastern Bolivia. • Laptop: you will need to bring your own computer with you.
• Health and accident insurance: if you choose not to take out insurance, please note that you will be expected to bear any costs arising from accidents and/or illnesses incurred during your period with us. • Sleeping bag: for use in the ﬁeld. • Money: to estimate the total amount of money you may need to cover the full internship period, please see our guide to living expenses in the following section. Keep in mind that the $100 monthly stipend from Natura is principally intended to cover your expenses in the ﬁeld. Natura can provide a letter of support for funding applications to other sources. • Towel: you could also choose to buy one in Bolivia if you prefer. They are cheap in the markets.What can you expect in Bolivia?Santa Cruz de la Sierra is a rapidly growing city of 1.3million people. Prices in Santa Cruz tend to be muchhigher than in other parts of Bolivia, although in mostcases it will still be cheap relative to other countries. • Money As of January 2011, the oﬃcial exchange rate is 6.96 “Bolivianos” (Bs) = US$1, but the US dollar has been gradually losing value over the past year and we expect this to continue, so check closer to the internship period (http://www. oanda.com/currency/converter/). US dollars can be used in most big restaurants, supermarkets, hotels etc., but you will need local currency for smaller restaurants, transportation, markets etc. There are plenty of banks and ATMs in the city center which accept Visa and Mastercard, but you will need to withdraw money in advance for ﬁeld trips, as some communities do not even have a bank, much less an ATM. • Accommodation Accommodation prices vary greatly. A private room with shared bathroom in a recommended hostel close to the city center (Residencial Bolivar) currently costs US$9 a night. However, hostel prices start as low as US$2.50 a night for those on a very tight budget. Opportunities to rent are limited by the short period of the rental, pushing prices up. You will usually be expected to pay a bond and a month’s rent in advance. Also, you will have to cover the full month, even if much of it is spent in the ﬁeld. Expect to pay maybe US$200 up to US$350 a month for a short-term rental of a one bedroom apartment in or close to the city center. However, sharing with other interns will reduce costs, as will choosing to live further from the city center, where prices may be signiﬁcantly lower. Be careful about choosing accommodation where cleaning staﬀ have access to your room: there have been cases of belongings being stolen. When you ﬁrst arrive, Natura recommends booking a room at the Residencial Bolivar or another nearby hostel until you are able to ﬁnd something more to your liking. We also suggest you get in contact with the other interns prior to your arrival to determine whether you might like to share a rental place. The Sunday El Deber newspaper is the best day for rental advertisements. We have a map of the city and will advise you on locations and prices. When possible we will make a staﬀ member available to accompany you on your housing visits, and you will be able to visit housing options during work hours when necessary. However, please note that the responsibility for ﬁnding suitable accommodation will ultimately be your own.
• TranspotIn the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, there are four basic forms of transport:1. Buses called “micros” will take you anywhere along their route for 1.50 Bs (about 20 cents). They can be hailed from any point on the route and are very frequent: in the city center you will rarely have to wait more than a few minutes. Destinations painted on the front of the micro indicate the route, as there are no bus schedules, although you can buy a map of the bus routes of the city at some shops in the city center.2. “Truﬁs” are vehicles which have a set route around one of the concentric rings of the city. These are shared with other passengers and can be hailed from any point of the ring. Like the micros, the price is 1.50 Bs regardless of distance. They have a sign ﬁtted to the roof of the car which will say “1er anillo” or “2do anillo” (1st ring/2nd ring) .3. Taxis can be hailed oﬀ the street. However, this is to be avoided if possible due to the potential of robberies or assaults. If you do take a normal taxi, be sure to ask the price beforehand. There are no set rates and no meters, and taxi drivers will often try to overcharge foreigners. Prices have increased over the past two years and are likely to continue to do so, but the following is a general guide as of December 2010: within the ﬁrst ring, 8 to 9 Bs; 9 to 10 Bs to the second ring; 11 to 13 Bs to the third ring; 13 to 16 Bs to the fourth ring; and 18 Bs to the ﬁfth ring. Expect to pay more the further you go, at nighttime and when there are more than two people. If you drop someone oﬀ or pick someone up on the way, it will usually be charged as two separate journeys unless on a direct route.4. ´Moviles´ o ´radiomóviles´ are taxi services linked to a central agency by radio. You call the number and the agency sends the taxi to your location. As with the unaﬃliated taxis there are no meters; in this case general rates are ﬁxed by the central agency, although it is worthwhile asking beforehand if you have doubts. You can also request that the driver call the agency to ask a price if you are not conﬁdent you have been given a reasonable quote. Prices should be similar to those described in (3).In the ﬁeld, transport may be by bus, truﬁ or taxi, depending on the destination. Often communitiescan only be reached by motorbike or four-wheel drive. In these cases you will need to coordinatetransportation with Natura administrative and ﬁeld staﬀ. When it rains, transportation even on pavedroads may become diﬃcult or impossible for a few days, due to landslides on the main route to the areaswhere Natura’s projects are located. However, the rainy period does not coincide with the usual internshipperiod from May to August, so this is less likely to impact on interns.• ComidaSanta Cruz has a surprisingly wide range of culinaryoptions. Apart from the many places oﬀering nationalfare, there are also restaurants serving Italian, Spanish,Mexican, Chinese, Japanese, pizza, fried chicken,hamburgers, salad wraps, Greek kebabs, vegetarianfood, etc. Food prices start at 10-15 Bs for a typicalBolivian lunch or “almuerzo” which includes soup, mainand sometimes dessert. You choose from the dailyoptions, usually there will be two to four options.Otherwise, 25-35 Bs will pay for most medium-levelmeals, whereas for a better quality meal you shouldexpect to pay 40+ Bs. There are a quite a few decentvegetarian restaurants for those who don’t eat meat,
and the number of places oﬀering salads or healthy wraps is increasing, but don’t expect many vegetableswith your “almuerzo”; Bolivians love carbohydrates and it is quite common to be served rice, chips andyucca on the same plate. Alternately, there are plenty of markets for buying fruit, vegetables and breadetc. while the supermarkets stock a reasonably good range of local and imported products.• TippingIt is normal to tip ~10% of the bill at restaurants, a Boliviano or two for the bag-packers at thesupermarkets, and also for hotel porters etc., but you don’t need to tip taxi drivers or in other locations.• Climate and clothingThe tropical climate of Santa Cruz de la Sierra is warm and humid virtually all year round, with averagetemperatures of around 30 degrees Celsius for much of the year. However, with the periodic arrival ofstrong southerly winds in winter (June to early September) the temperature can drop dramatically toaround 10-15°C and a winter coat will be needed for a few days until the “surazo” passes over. The rainyseason is from December to February, while the winter period is relatively dry. In the ﬁeld where Natura’sprojects are located, temperatures tend to be much lower due to the higher altitude. We recommend youbring a range of clothing for warm and cold weather, including a waterproof/windproof jacket for use inthe ﬁeld, plus swimwear, hiking boots, sunglasses, hat, and clothes/shoes for special occasions as well asnightclubs you may like to visit.• Tourist attractions/entertainmentWhile the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra does not boast many natural or cultural tourist attractions in itself,there are plenty that can be reached within a couple of hours drive. To the south, sleepy and attractiveSamaipata is not only the jumping oﬀ point for Natura’s projects, but it is also a big draw-card for touristsseeking ecotourism or adventure activities in the Amboró National Park (mentioned above) or in theRío Grande-Cruceño Valleys area (which includes the sites of revolutionary Che Guevara’s last battles).Samaipata is also home to the El Fuerte ruins, the largest carved rock-face in the world and a UNESCOWorld Heritage site. On the way to Samaipata you can also visit beautiful waterfalls and natural pools atBermejo.To the north of Santa Cruz, Bella Vista is another traditional town and access point to the AmboróNational Park, as well as coﬀee tours and other activities of interest. Five hours from Santa Cruz city is thetown of Concepcion, the biggest of a series of towns established by Jesuit missionaries between 1691 and1760. The impressive churches of these towns are also UNESCO World Heritage sites and are worth a visit.You can also see the workshops where local people learn to make the intricate carvings used to decoratethe churches and on sale to tourists.
Within the city of Santa Cruz, we recommend the following activities: visit the zoological gardens, enjoy some traditional hot cocoa and cheesy arepas at the nearby pueblo of Cotoca (which looks like Santa Cruz must have been 50 years ago), walk around the botanical garden, have lunch at the cabañas near the Río Piraí, go see a 3D movie at Cine Center, hang out at one of the many eateries on the Calle Monseñor Rivero, get wet at the Aqualand or Playland theme parks, enjoy the lagoon and orchids at the Biocentro Guembe, stuﬀ yourself at the Sunday buﬀet while enjoying the lily pads of the Rinconada, or dance until you drop at one of the city’s nightclubs or salsa bars. • Safety issues The political situation has led to confrontations between pro-government supporters and the rest of the opposing Santa Cruz population over the past few years, which have resulted in police interventions with the use of tear-gas. However, such confrontations are widely publicized by the media and thus very easy to avoid. In Bolivia as in many South American countries, visitors need to be much more conscious of their safety than if they were at home. This means not walking around with anything valuable if you can help it, not taking photos in the markets unless you want to lose your camera, being careful about using your mobile phone on buses, using radiomóviles instead of taxis oﬀ the street whenever possible etc. Armed robberies have occurred in broad daylight in the city center. When you arrive, ask Natura staﬀ about which areas of the city are safe and where you need to be careful. • Conditions in the ﬁeld Conditions in the ﬁeld are generally quite basic, an opportunity to ﬁnd out how the majority live in Bolivia! In a few communities Natura has a small oﬃce with one or two beds; we are in the process of adding a cooktop to the Santa Rosa oﬃce. Otherwise you will be placed in the houses of community members or in local lodgings, and will need to buy or prepare meals according to what is available. Despite the humble surroundings, past interns have said that the time spent in the ﬁeld—getting to know the people and customs of rural Bolivia—was the best part of the experience.How does the application process work?The application process is competitive and only three students will be selected in 2010.Interested students should send their completed application form, cover letter and curriculum vitae firstname.lastname@example.org by february 28, 2011. On the basis of these documents, students will beselected for oral interviews in Spanish, and successful applicants will be notiﬁed by march 11, 2011.