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Humans vs the Internet of Things

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Presentazione tenuta al "4° Dauin Lunch Seminar" al Politecnico di Torino il 16/05/2018.
Video: https://youtu.be/r-_HszuwKRY

Abstract:
Gli ambienti intelligenti (Smart home, Smart building, Smart city, Smart car) vengono proposti come sistemi che aiutano gli utenti nelle loro attività quotidiane, andando loro incontro in modo trasparente e intelligente, proattivo ed efficiente, evitando di infastidirli o di compiere azioni contrarie alla loro volontà.
Gli ambienti intelligenti, basati su tecnologie IoT, hanno raggiunto una enorme complessità in quanto integrano sensori e machine learning, architetture distribuite ed interfacce tangibili, protocolli di comunicazione e analisi dei dati. Nella ricerca delle miglior soluzioni per la miriade di problemi che un ambiente intelligente deve gestire, i ricercatori del settore IoT si sono concentrati spesso sugli aspetti più tecnologici, dimenticando o abbandonando le aspettative, i bisogni ed i desideri degli utenti.
Nel seminario ragioneremo sulle “mostruosità” che questa disattenzione ha generato sugli utenti, sia dal punto di vista della ricerca che dei prodotti di mercato, e discuteremo in merito agli aspetti metodologici e progettuali che è necessario recuperare.

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Humans vs the Internet of Things

  1. 1. Humans vs. the Internet of Things Fulvio Corno – Politecnico di Torino https://elite.polito.it
  2. 2. Outline DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT2  IoT and Humans  Motivation  Ambient Intelligence  Architectural framework  Looking forward  Defining Missing Features
  3. 3. IoT and Humans Humans vs. the Internet of Things https://elite.polito.it
  4. 4. IoT Definition DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT4
  5. 5. Definizione di IoT DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT5
  6. 6. Definizione di IoT DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT6 84 pagine Incompleto Non aggiornato (May 2015)
  7. 7. Technologies, we have a lot of them DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT7
  8. 8. What kinds of applications? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT8 Microsoft Azure IoT Oracle Cloud Service Bosch IoT Suite Google Cloud IoT Amazon AWS IoT
  9. 9. DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT9 Sensors Cloud Dashboards Connectivity magic Analytics magic Currently… IoT ≈ Sensor-To-Dashboard pipeline Where are the users? Where is interaction? Where is intelligence? Where are smart spaces?
  10. 10. What about users? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT10 http://radar.oreilly.com/2014/05/most-of-what-we- need-for-smart-cities-already-exists.html http://radar.oreilly.com/2014/04/ioth-the-internet-of- things-and-humans.html
  11. 11. Conquering the user Smart Home Electrical plants and components Consumer electronics Computers Telecommunic ations Industrial automation plants Surveillance systems Smart appliance On-line services DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT11 Controlling the consumer IoT market is appealing to producers of… May we talk?
  12. 12. Intranets of Silos of Things DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT12
  13. 13. Intranets of Silos of Things DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT13
  14. 14. Ambient Intelligence Humans vs. the Internet of Things https://elite.polito.it
  15. 15. why what AmI is people- oriented Ambient Intelligence (AmI) DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT15
  16. 16. AmI Features AmI Sensitive Responsive Adaptive Transparent Ubiquitous Intelligent DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT16
  17. 17. AmI Features AmI Sensitive Responsive Adaptive Transparent Ubiquitous Intelligent Able to sense the environments and its inhabitants. Able to process sensor data. Able to respond to user needs. Able to act on the environment. Present, appearing, found everywhere. Able to be distributed over the ambient and over different people. Incorporates Artificial Intelligence: Machine learning, agent-based software, robotics Hearing, vision, language, knowledge processing Semantic web, reasoning DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT17 "The most profound technologies are those that disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it." Mark Weiser Able to infer a situational context: - from environment data - from user data (identity, presence, actions, …) - from statistics and preferences - from external information sources Able to adapt to the context, by means of the interpretation of sensing and the generated response
  18. 18. Smart Environment DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT18
  19. 19. Smart Environment DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT19
  20. 20. What Would You Ask to Your home? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT20 2 13 Bonino D., Corno F. (2011). What Would You Ask to Your Home if It Were Intelligent? Exploring User Expectations about Next-Generation Homes. In: JOURNAL OF AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE AND SMART ENVIRONMENTS, vol. Volume 3, Number 2 / 2011 n. Number, pp. 111-126. – ISSN 1876-1364. DOI:10.3233/AIS-2011-0099
  21. 21. What would you ask – Comfort DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT21
  22. 22. What would you ask – Housekeeping DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT22
  23. 23. Meanwhile, researchers… DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT23
  24. 24. Meanwhile, researchers… DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT24
  25. 25. Smart Environment: User expectations DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT25
  26. 26. Quiz DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT26  What is the difference between an enchanted house (or castle) and a haunted one?
  27. 27. Quiz DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT27  What is the difference between an enchanted house (or castle) and a haunted one?  Both are autonomous in performing some actions (playing music, controlling doors and windows, providing food and entertainment, etc.)  Both could be powered by similar intelligent systems
  28. 28. Quiz DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT28  What is the difference between an enchanted house (or castle) and a haunted one?  Difference lies in user perception actions of an enchanted house are expected, desired and welcomed by the user, in a proactively friendly environment the haunted space will execute actions contrary to the will of the user, who will feel trapped by an hostile entity
  29. 29. Smart Environment: User expectations DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT29
  30. 30. Smart Environment DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT30
  31. 31. Sensing Acting ReasoningInteracting Main Steps for an AmI System DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT31
  32. 32. Looking forward Humans vs. the Internet of Things https://elite.polito.it
  33. 33. The IoT we all want… DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT33 I wish IoT were…
  34. 34. The IoT we all want… DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT34 I wish IoT were… Useful Easy Safe Durable
  35. 35. Useful? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT35 Mandatory reading: https://twitter.com/internetofshit
  36. 36. Useful? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT36
  37. 37. Useful? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT37
  38. 38. Easy? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT38
  39. 39. Easy? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT39
  40. 40. Easy? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT40
  41. 41. OMG… user interfaces DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT41
  42. 42. Safe? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT42
  43. 43. Safe? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT43 Mandatory reading: https://attivissimo.blogspot.it/
  44. 44. Safe? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT44
  45. 45. Safe? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT45
  46. 46. Safe? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT46
  47. 47. DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT47
  48. 48. Durable? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT48
  49. 49. Durable? DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT49
  50. 50. Conclusion Humans vs. the Internet of Things https://elite.polito.it
  51. 51. Internet of Things and Humans DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT51  IoT systems should include acting on the user-perceivable part of the environment  Otherwise it’s not a «smart» home/building/car/city/…  Users should close the loop of the intelligent algorithms  They must feel connected and feel in control  Consider user needs and requirements  More technology is not always the answer  Research is not going in the ‘right’ direction  Industry is not going in the ‘right’ direction
  52. 52. Contact information DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT52  Fulvio Corno Politecnico di Torino fulvio.corno@polito.it @fulcorno  e-Lite Research Group https://elite.polito.it/  Ambient Intelligence course https://bit.ly/polito.ami (course materials) https://ami-2018.github.io (student projects)
  53. 53. Licenza d’uso DAUIN Lunch SeminarHumans vs IoT53 This work is licensed under the Creative Commons “Attribution- NonCommercial-ShareAlike Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3,0)” License. You are free:  to Share - to copy, distribute and transmit the work  to Remix - to adapt the work Under the following conditions:  Attribution -You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).  Noncommercial -You may not use this work for commercial purposes.  Share Alike - If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/license/by-nc-sa/3.0/

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