Common Defects

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Home inspection common defects / issues & how they are documented

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Common Defects

  1. 1. F u l l C i r c l e H o m e Top 10 Most Common Home I n s p Defects e c t i o n s Full Circle Home Inspection
  2. 2. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r c Here are examples of the top ten most common l e H defects found during home inspections. While o m common. Most of these defects can be easily, e I and inexpensively, fixed. n s p If left unattended to, these conditions can only get e c t worse and lead to much more expensive repairs, i o n and in some cases, structural failure or fire. s Copyright 2005 National Association of 2 Certified Home Inspectors
  3. 3. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r c 1. Foundation: Drainage l e H The house’s foundation should not be covered and o m be visible for at least 6” for brick walls and at e I n least 8” for siding and stucco walls. s p e c t i o Gutter downspouts should lead away from the n s foundation at least 6 feet, 10 feet is better. Covering the foundation can lead to water infiltration, insect intrusion, rot, mold and structural failure. Copyright 2005 National Association of 3 Certified Home Inspectors
  4. 4. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 1. Foundation c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 4 Certified Home Inspectors
  5. 5. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 1. Foundation c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 5 Certified Home Inspectors
  6. 6. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 1. Foundation c l e H True Story: o m e Brand New I n 4,400 SF s p House e c t With A BIG i o n Hidden s Problem Copyright 2005 National Association of 6 Certified Home Inspectors
  7. 7. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 1. Foundation c l e H Nice brick o planter at the m e front covers the I n foundations s p weep wicks e c with 3” of soil. t i o n The result? s Copyright 2005 National Association of 7 Certified Home Inspectors
  8. 8. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 1. Foundation c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Rotted Rim Joist and Sill Plate in 4 Months! $36,000 fix! Copyright 2005 National Association of 8 Certified Home Inspectors
  9. 9. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 1. Foundation c l e H Result – If o m Not Fixed. e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 9 Certified Home Inspectors
  10. 10. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r c 2. Electrical Defects l e A house’s electrical system can cause the most H o dangerous problems if it is not properly and m e professionally installed and maintained. I n s p e Always have any electrical work done by a licensed c t i o and insured electrical contractor. n s Electricians in Illinois are not licensed by the state. Some are ‘licensed’ by a municipality, requiring only minimum liability insurance. Copyright 2005 National Association of 10 Certified Home Inspectors
  11. 11. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 2. Electrical Panels – Location, Inaccessible c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 11 Certified Home Inspectors
  12. 12. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 2. Electrical Panels – Owner Repairs c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 12 Certified Home Inspectors
  13. 13. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 2. Electrical Panels – Double Tapping c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 13 Certified Home Inspectors
  14. 14. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 2. Electrical Panels – Double Tapping Main c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 14 Certified Home Inspectors
  15. 15. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 2. Non-Professional / Homeowner Wiring c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 15 Certified Home Inspectors
  16. 16. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 2. Electrical – Animal Problems c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 16 Certified Home Inspectors
  17. 17. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 3. Roof c l e Roofing problems are common, and the most H o easily dealt with. Make sure that all m e roofing work is done professionally and I n properly. s p e c t i o Roofers in Illinois are required to be state n s licensed and insured, but most are not. Contractor E & O insurance guarantees the quality of the work. Copyright 2005 National Association of 17 Certified Home Inspectors
  18. 18. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 3. Roof Drainage c l e H New House o m Builder Saved e I $20.00. n s p Buyer Lost e c Roof in 2 t i o Years! n s All upper downspouts must drain to lower gutters. Copyright 2005 National Association of 18 Certified Home Inspectors
  19. 19. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 3. Roof Drainage c l e H o 12,000 SF m House. e I n Downspout s p draining e c t directly onto i o n cedar shake s roof. Note the shake curling. Copyright 2005 National Association of 19 Certified Home Inspectors
  20. 20. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 3. Roof Leaks c l e H Quick Fix for Leaky o Roof m e I Owner tries quick n s repair with p e elaborate siphon c t i system. o n s Wound up ruining the bedroom ceiling because the bucket filled and broke through. Copyright 2005 National Association of 20 Certified Home Inspectors
  21. 21. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 3. Roof Deck Rot Due To Moisture c l e H Lower gable attic, roof o m decking old, but e serviceable I n s p e c t i o n s Upper gable attic, roof decking rotted and soft. Upper attic had un-vented bathroom exhaust fan. Copyright 2005 National Association of 21 Certified Home Inspectors
  22. 22. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 4. Heating c l e H o m Heating systems are most commonly e plagued by the lack of the proper amount I n s of combustion air. Make sure that the p e furnace has an adequate source of c t i combustion air. The rule is 10 cubic feet o n s of air for each cubic foot of gas burned. Without exterior venting, a 100,000 BTU furnace requires a room 25 X 25 X 8 at a minimum! Copyright 2005 National Association of 22 Certified Home Inspectors
  23. 23. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 4. Heating - Insufficient Combustion Air c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 23 Certified Home Inspectors
  24. 24. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 4. Heating - Insufficient Combustion Air c l e H o Yellowing flame m means carbon e I monoxide is n s being produced. p e c t Beware of i o n furnaces s installed in closets that do not have an exterior air intake vent flue. Copyright 2005 National Association of 24 Certified Home Inspectors
  25. 25. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 4. Heating - Insufficient Combustion Air c l e H o Failed heat m exchanger e I caused by n s insufficient p e combustion c t i air. o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 25 Certified Home Inspectors
  26. 26. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 4. Heating - Insufficient Combustion Air c l e H o Brand new m high efficiency e I furnace. n s p Improperly e c t installed. i o n s Note missing combustion air vent on left. Copyright 2005 National Association of 26 Certified Home Inspectors
  27. 27. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 5. Improper Maintenance and Repair c l e H o m Always have all house repair done by e professional, licensed and insured I n s contractors. p e c t i o Make sure that you are fully informed when n s you make any do-it-yourself repairs Most times, money you think that you are saving, up front, is eaten up later. Copyright 2005 National Association of 27 Certified Home Inspectors
  28. 28. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 5. Improper Maintenance – Owner Repair c l e H o Leaky sink m drain? e I n What to do? s p e The Old c t i Diaper Trick. o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 28 Certified Home Inspectors
  29. 29. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 5. Improper Maintenance – Bad Plumbing c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 29 Certified Home Inspectors
  30. 30. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 5. Non-Professional Repairs c l e H No o m grounding. e I n Wires not s p enclosed, e c not t i o waterproof. n s Sink electrified! Copyright 2005 National Association of 30 Certified Home Inspectors
  31. 31. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 5. HVAC –Owner “Innovations” c l e H New and o m “improved”, e supercharged I n s water heater. p e c The only smart t i o thing about this n s setup is the fire extinguisher. Copyright 2005 National Association of 31 Certified Home Inspectors
  32. 32. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H o m Structural damage is probably the most e expensive type of damage to repair. If not I n s done properly, your house can collapse. p e c t i o Structural problems, though rare, are usually n s very expensive to repair. Copyright 2005 National Association of 32 Certified Home Inspectors
  33. 33. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H Floor joist cut o m to allow for e heating duct. I n s Structural p e integrity of the c t floor in i o n danger. s Copyright 2005 National Association of 33 Certified Home Inspectors
  34. 34. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H Welding torch o m hole cut in e steel beam in I n garage to s p facilitate the e c t garage door i o n opener. s Copyright 2005 National Association of 34 Certified Home Inspectors
  35. 35. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H o 1875 m e Apartment I building. n s p e Central c t foundation at i o n the middle is s failing. Copyright 2005 National Association of 35 Certified Home Inspectors
  36. 36. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H Old pier with o m washed e away footing I n s and CMU p e blocks set on c t their sides. i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 36 Certified Home Inspectors
  37. 37. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H Diagonal crack o m with multiple e plane. Uneven I n settling, s p commonly seen e c t in clay soil i o n conditions. s A real structural problem. Copyright 2005 National Association of 37 Certified Home Inspectors
  38. 38. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 6. Structural Damage c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 38 Certified Home Inspectors
  39. 39. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 7. Plumbing Problems c l e H o m Plumbing problems are most commonly e caused by inadequate maintenance or I n s owner repairs. p e c t i o Plumbers, in Illinois, are required to be state n s licensed and insured, but many are not. Copyright 2005 National Association of 39 Certified Home Inspectors
  40. 40. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 7. Plumbing Problems – Water Heater c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 40 Certified Home Inspectors
  41. 41. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 7. Plumbing Problems – Improper Fixture Use c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 41 Certified Home Inspectors
  42. 42. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r c 8. Water and Air Infiltration l e H o m e Water infiltration is, often, the most easily I n avoided house problem. Remember, to a s p e house, water is the enemy. c t i o n s Water in wood = ROT, regardless of the age of the wood. A brand new 2 x 4 can completely rot in 4 months if its moisture content is greater than 38%. Kiln dried Copyright 2005 National Association of wood has a moistureInspectors Certified Home content < 4%. 42
  43. 43. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 8. Water and Air Infiltration c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 43 Certified Home Inspectors
  44. 44. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 8. Water and Air Infiltration c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Thermal imaging to display ceiling water infiltration. Copyright 2005 National Association of 44 Certified Home Inspectors
  45. 45. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 8. Water and Air Infiltration c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 45 Certified Home Inspectors
  46. 46. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H o m Along guarding against water infiltration, e proper ventilation is the best way to make I n s sure that water is kept out. p e c t i o Crawlspaces and attics must be ventilated in n s order to avoid wood rot and mold. Copyright 2005 National Association of 46 Certified Home Inspectors
  47. 47. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 47 Certified Home Inspectors
  48. 48. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H Clothes o m dryer vented e to Attic I n s p 6 month old e c house t i o n Rotten roof s decking Copyright 2005 National Association of 48 Certified Home Inspectors
  49. 49. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H Bathroom o m Exhaust Fan e Vented to Attic I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 49 Certified Home Inspectors
  50. 50. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 50 Certified Home Inspectors
  51. 51. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H Weird things found in attics and crawlspaces o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 51 Certified Home Inspectors
  52. 52. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H Weird things found in attics and crawlspaces o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 52 Certified Home Inspectors
  53. 53. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 9. Crawlspace / Attic Ventilation c l e H The deadly “Assassin Kitty”! o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 53 Certified Home Inspectors
  54. 54. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 10. Non-Inspected Construction Defects c l e H o m Just because your house passed a e governmental code inspection, that is no I n s guarantee that it is free of defects. Code p e inspectors are overworked and building c t i codes are merely minimal requirements. o n s Even brand new houses can have substantial and expensive defects and safety hazards! Copyright 2005 National Association of 54 Certified Home Inspectors
  55. 55. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 10. Non-Inspected Construction Defects c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 55 Certified Home Inspectors
  56. 56. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 10. Non-Inspected Construction Defects c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 56 Certified Home Inspectors
  57. 57. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 10. Non-Inspected Construction Defects c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 57 Certified Home Inspectors
  58. 58. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 10. Installation Defects c l e H o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Hair dryer installed near bathroom basin, against manufacturer’s instructions. Copyright 2005 National Association of 58 Certified Home Inspectors
  59. 59. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r 10. Old / Defected Electrical Equipment c l e H Zinsco o m e I n s p e c t i o n s Federal Pacific Equipment Copyright 2005 National Association of 59 Certified Home Inspectors
  60. 60. F u l l Top 10 Home Defects C i r c l e H o Thank you for your time. m e I n s p Questions? e c t i o n s Copyright 2005 National Association of 60 Certified Home Inspectors

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