The demographics of India are remarkably diverse. India is the second most populouscountry in the world, with over 1.18 bi...
[edit] Religious demographicsMain article: Religion in India  Table 1: 2001 Religious Data Composotion[11]  Religious Comp...
% total ofpopulation 80.5%       13.4%       2.3%          1.9%     0.8%          0.4%    0.6%200110-YrGrowth %           ...
Rank           Language              Speakers         Percentage1         Hindi dialects[23]        422,048,642      41.03...
Chart showing the Total Fertility Rate of Indian states (SRS survey 1996-98)[24]Total Population1,166,079,217 (July 2009 e...
Median age25.1 yearsPopulation growth rate1.548% (2009 est.)Birth rate21.76 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)Death rate6...
Sex ratioat birth: 1.12 male(s)/femaleunder 15 years: 1.098 male(s)/female15–64 years: 1.061 male(s)/female65 years and ov...
•   2010: 1,173,108,000   •   2020: 1,326,093,000   •   2030: 1,460,743,000   •   2040: 1,571,715,000   •   2050: 1,656,55...
Demographics of India                   Population of India, 1961-2003Population:         1,191,000,000 (2010 est) (2nd)Gr...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The demographics of india are remarkably diverse

939 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
939
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
16
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The demographics of india are remarkably diverse

  1. 1. The demographics of India are remarkably diverse. India is the second most populouscountry in the world, with over 1.18 billion people (estimate for April, 2010), more than asixth of the worlds population. Already containing 17.31% of the worlds population,India is projected to be the worlds most populous country by 2025, surpassing China, itspopulation exceeding 1.6 billion people by 2050.[1][2] However, India has an astonishingdemographic dividend where more than 50% of its population is below the age of 25 andmore than 65% hovers below the age of 35. It is expected that, in 2020, the average ageof an Indian will be 29 years, compared to 37 for China and 48 for Japan; and, by 2030,Indias dependency ratio should be just over 0.4.[3] India has more than two thousandethnic groups, and every major religion is represented, as are four major families oflanguages (Indo-European, Dravidian, Austro-Asiatic and Tibeto-Burman languages) aswell as a language isolate (the Nihali language[4] spoken in parts of Maharashtra).Further complexity is lent by the great variation that occurs across this population onsocial parameters such as income and education. Only the continent of Africa exceeds thelinguistic, genetic and cultural diversity of the nation of India.[5]Contents[hide] • 1 Salient features o 1.1 Religious demographics o 1.2 Linguistic demographics • 2 CIA World Factbook demographic statistics • 3 Population projections o 3.1 2020 Estimate • 4 Ethnic groups • 5 Genetics o 5.1 Y-chromosome DNA o 5.2 Mitochondrial DNA • 6 See also • 7 References • 8 External links [edit] Salient featuresIndia occupies 2.4% of the worlds land area and supports over 17.5% of the worldspopulation. India has more arable land area than any country except the United States,[6]and more water area than any country except Canada and the United States. Indian liferevolves mostly around agriculture and allied activities in small villages, where theoverwhelming majority of Indians live. As per the 2001 census, 72.2% of thepopulation[7] lives in about 638,000 villages[8] and the remaining 27.8%[9] lives in morethan 5,100 towns and over 380 urban agglomerations.[10]
  2. 2. [edit] Religious demographicsMain article: Religion in India Table 1: 2001 Religious Data Composotion[11] Religious Composition Population (%)Hindus 827,578,868 80.5%Muslims 138,188,240 13.4%Christians 24,080,016 2.3%Sikhs 19,215,730 1.9%Buddhists 7,955,207 0.8%Jains 4,225,053 0.4%Other religions & persuasions 6,639,626 0.6%Religion not stated 727,588 0.1% 1,028,610,32Total 100.0% 8N.B. "Total" excludes Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul subdivisions of Senapati Districtof Manipur state.India contains the majority of the worlds Zoroastrians, Sikhs, Hindus, Jains and Baháí.India is also home to the third-largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia andPakistan.Religious majorities vary greatly by state. Jammu and Kashmir and Lakshadweep areMuslim majority states; Nagaland, Mizoram and Meghalaya are Christian majority;Punjab is majority Sikh; It is to be noted that while participants in the Indian census maychoose to not declare their religion, there is no mechanism for a person to indicate thathe/she does not adhere to any religion. Due to this limitation in the Indian census process,the data for persons not affiliated with any religion may not be accurate.The table below summarizes the findings of the 2001 census with regards to religion inIndia: 1. All figures in %. 2. Others including Baháís, Jews, and Parsis. 3. Tribal Animists (and non religious) are grouped under Others after 1926 (1931 census onwards) Table 2: Census information for 2001* [14 [16Compositio Hindus [12] Muslims[13] Christians Sikhs[15] Buddhist Jains[17] Others[18] ] ] n
  3. 3. % total ofpopulation 80.5% 13.4% 2.3% 1.9% 0.8% 0.4% 0.6%200110-YrGrowth % 20.3% 29.5% 22.6% 18.2% 24.5% 26.0% 103.1%(est 91–01)[19] *Sex ratio† 935 940 1009 895 955 940 1000(avg. 944)Literacy rate(71.7% for 75.5 60.0 90.3 70.4 73.0 95.0 50.0Age 7 &above)[20]WorkParticipation 40.4 31.3 39.7 37.7 40.6 32.9 48.4RateRural sex 944 953 1001 895 958 937 995ratio[19]Urban sex 922 907 1026 886 944 941 966ratio[19]Child sexratio (0–6 925 950 964 786 942 870 976yrs)N.B. Table excludes Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul subdivisions of Senapati District ofManipur state.* The data is "unadjusted" (without excluding Assam and Indian-administered Kashmir);1981 census was not conducted in Assam and 1991 census was not conducted in Jammuand Kashmir.† No. of females/1000 males.[edit] Linguistic demographicsMain article: List of languages by number of native speakers in India43% of the Hindus speak Hindi while the rest speak Bangla, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil,Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Assamese and other languages. Almost 45% of theMuslims speak Urdu while the rest speak Bangla, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil,Gujarati, Assamese and other languages. About one-third of the Christians speakMalayalam, one-sixth speak Tamil while the rest speak a variety of languages. In total,there are 1,652 languages and dialects spoken in India.[21]Languages of India by number of native speakers as per the 2001 census[22]
  4. 4. Rank Language Speakers Percentage1 Hindi dialects[23] 422,048,642 41.03%2 Bengali 83,369,769 8.11%3 Telugu 74,002,856 7.19%4 Marathi 71,936,894 6.99%5 Tamil 60,793,814 5.91%6 Urdu 51,536,111 5.01%7 Gujarati 46,091,617 4.48%8 Kannada 37,924,011 3.69%9 Malayalam 33,066,392 3.21%10 Oriya 33,017,446 3.21%11 Punjabi 29,102,477 2.83%12 Assamese 13,168,484 1.28%13 Maithili 12,179,122 1.18%14 Bhili/Bhilodi 9,582,957 0.93%15 Santali 6,469,600 0.63%16 Kashmiri 5,527,698 0.54%17 Nepali 2,871,749 0.28%18 Gondi 2,713,790 0.26%19 Sindhi 2,535,485 0.25%20 Konkani 2,489,015 0.24%21 Dogri 2,282,589 0.22%22 Khandeshi 2,075,258 0.20%23 Kurukh 1,751,489 0.17%24 Tulu 1,722,768 0.17%25 Meitei (Manipuri) 1,466,705* 0.14%26 Bodo 1,350,478 0.13%27 Khasi 1,128,575 0.112%28 Mundari 1,061,352 0.105%29 Ho 1,042,724 0.103%N.B. The percentage of speakers of each language for 2001 has been worked out on thetotal population of India (excluding Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul subdivisions ofSenapati District of Manipur state due to cancellation of census results).* Excludes Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul of Senapati District.[edit] CIA World Factbook demographic statisticsThe following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwiseindicated.
  5. 5. Chart showing the Total Fertility Rate of Indian states (SRS survey 1996-98)[24]Total Population1,166,079,217 (July 2009 est. CIA)[25] 1,028.7 million (2001 Census final figures, March1 enumeration and estimated 124,000 in areas of Manipur that could not be covered in theenumeration)Map showing the population density of each district in IndiaRural Population72.2%, male: 381,668,992, female: 360,948,755 (2001 Census)Age structure0–14 years: 30.8%, male: 188,208,196, female: 171,356,02415–64 years: 64.3%, male: 386,432,921, female: 364,215,75965+ years: 4.9%, male: 27,258,259, female: 30,031,289 (2007 est.)
  6. 6. Median age25.1 yearsPopulation growth rate1.548% (2009 est.)Birth rate21.76 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)Death rate6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2009 est.)Map showing the literacy rate of each district in IndiaLiteracy rate71.7% (Age 7 & above) [20]Percent of the population under the poverty line22% (2006 est.)Unemployment Rate7.8%Net migration rate−0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
  7. 7. Sex ratioat birth: 1.12 male(s)/femaleunder 15 years: 1.098 male(s)/female15–64 years: 1.061 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.908 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.064 male(s)/female (2006 est.)Infant mortality ratetotal: 30.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.) male: 34.61 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 25.17 deaths/1,000 live birthsLife expectancy at birthtotal population: 69.89 yearsmale: 67.46 yearsfemale: 72.61 years (2007 est.)Total fertility rate2.72 children born/woman (2009 est.) The TFR (Total number of children born perwomen) according to Religion in 2001 was :Hindus — 2.0 Muslims — 2.4 Sikhs — 2.1 Christians — 2.1 Buddhists — 2.1 Jains —1.4 Animists and Others — 2.99 Tribals — 3.16 Scheduled Castes — 2.89[citation needed]ReligionsHindu 80.5% Muslim 13.4% Christian 2.3% Sikh 1.8% Buddhists 0.8% Jains 0.4%others 0.7% unspecified 0.1% (2001 Census) [26][27] .[28][29]Scheduled Castes and TribesScheduled Castes: 16.2% (2001 Census) Scheduled Tribes: 8.2% (2001 Census)Languages: See Languages of India and List of Indian languages by total speakers.There are 216 languages with more than 10,000 native speakers in India. The largest ofthese is Hindi with some 337 million (the second largest being Bangla with some 207million). 22 languages are recognized as official languages. In India, there are 1,652languages and dialects in total.[21][30][edit] Population projections[2]
  8. 8. • 2010: 1,173,108,000 • 2020: 1,326,093,000 • 2030: 1,460,743,000 • 2040: 1,571,715,000 • 2050: 1,656,554,000[edit] 2020 EstimateYear Under 15 15–64 65+ Total2000 361 604 45 10102005 368 673 51 10932010 370 747 58 11752015 372 819 65 12562020 373 882 76 1331
  9. 9. Demographics of India Population of India, 1961-2003Population: 1,191,000,000 (2010 est) (2nd)Growth rate: 1.548% (2009 est)Birth rate: 22.22 births/1,000 population (2009 est)Death rate: 6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2009 est)Life expectancy: 69.89 years (2009 est)–male: 67.46 years (2009 est)–female: 72.61 years (2009 est)Fertility rate: 2.72 children born/woman (NFHS-3, 2008)Infant mortality 30.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)rate: Age structure: 31.1% (male 190,075,426/female0-14 years: 172,799,553) (2009 est) 63.6% (male 381,446,079/female15-64 years: 359,802,209) (2009 est) 5.3% (male 29,364,920/female 32,591,030)65-over: (2009 est) Sex ratio:At birth: 1.12 male(s)/female (2009)Under 15: 1.10 male(s)/female (2009)15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female (2009)65-over: 0.90 male(s)/female (2009) Nationality:Major ethnic: See Ethnic Groups of India Language:Official: See Languages of India

×