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Online Ethnography:
Penggunaan Facebook pada Multi-Sited
Fieldwork dalam Penelitian Masyarakat
Menyebar (Diaspora) Jawa-Su...
Lalu Apa Istimewanya Facebook dalam
Penelitian Antropologi (Sosial Lainnya)?
• Social Media = Resonansi Interaksi dan
Peri...
DIALEKTIKA
Facebook = Penelitian Lapangan/ Lapangan Penelitian
Multi-Sited Fieldwork
• Snow Ball dan –emic term
Godhong Ga...
Online Ethnography
Intersection: Jembatan
Dunia Nyata dan Dunia
Maya
The cyber ethnography
(Muir(2004), Farquhar (2012))
t...
Empiris: Masyarakat Menyebar (Diaspora)
Jawa-Suriname di Belanda
• Estafet Antropolog Indonesia setelah (42 Tahun Kosong) ...
• Rentang tahun 1890-1939 ada 31.499 Orang Jawa pergi
ke Dutch West Indies (Suriname) untuk bekerja di
perkebunan Tebu, ta...
Diaspora: The Home-Making
Community
(Basu, 2007; Clifford, 1994; Cohen, 2008;
Falzon, 2003 Knott, 2010; Levy and
Weingrod,...
4 Modus Multi-Sited Fieldwork pada
Online-Ethnography (Fuji Prastowo, 2015)
(1) From online to offline and vice versa
(2) Going Inside on Virtual Space
• Ciri Pembeda Etnograf pengguna
Facebook pada Multi-Sited
Fieldwork : Partisipasi Aktif...
THE NOTION OF SERENDPITY
(Sunier dan Verkaaik, 2005)
Ngumpulke Balung Pisah Mbah Atmowerdojo (1930-2015)
Menunaikan Wasiat Alm. Soemardjan Atmowerdojo “Ngumpulke Balung
Pisah” lewat keturunannya generasi ke-3 dan ke-4 di Beland...
3. Following People
4. Following Issues and Metaphors
Penutup
• On Facebook, We Face(d) Java : Facebook
mendekatkan Diaspora pada ‘rumahnya’.
• Facebook : Resonansi Perilaku Ma...
Pitutur Pamungkas
Urip Kaya Ilining Banyu,
Angeli tur ora Keli.
Aja Mandheg Sakdurunge Nelesi,
Aja Ngrusak sing Dilewati.
...
Referensi
• Allen, Pamela. 2013. Diasporic representation-ns of the home culture: case studies from Suriname and New Caled...
Online-Ethnography : Penggunaan Facebook pada Multi-Sited Fieldwork dalam Penelitian Masyarakat Menyebar (Diaspora) Jawa-S...
Online-Ethnography : Penggunaan Facebook pada Multi-Sited Fieldwork dalam Penelitian Masyarakat Menyebar (Diaspora) Jawa-S...
Online-Ethnography : Penggunaan Facebook pada Multi-Sited Fieldwork dalam Penelitian Masyarakat Menyebar (Diaspora) Jawa-S...
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Online-Ethnography : Penggunaan Facebook pada Multi-Sited Fieldwork dalam Penelitian Masyarakat Menyebar (Diaspora) Jawa-Suriname di Belanda

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This slide of presentation written in Bahasa Indonesia is presented at Indonesian Scholar Talks in Den Haag talking about the methodological issue of using Facebook to be applied at Multi-Sited Fieldwork in the case of Suriname-Javanese Diasporic People in the Netherlands. The forum is held by Indonesian Student Associations, Indonesian embassy, and etc to mediate Indonesian scholars talking about their idea that can be contributed to the development of Indonesia.

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Online-Ethnography : Penggunaan Facebook pada Multi-Sited Fieldwork dalam Penelitian Masyarakat Menyebar (Diaspora) Jawa-Suriname di Belanda

  1. 1. Online Ethnography: Penggunaan Facebook pada Multi-Sited Fieldwork dalam Penelitian Masyarakat Menyebar (Diaspora) Jawa-Suriname di Belanda Den Haag, 29 Agustus 2015 Fuji Riang Prastowo (Yogyakarta, Indonesia) Anthropology and Development Studies Radboud University Nijmegen
  2. 2. Lalu Apa Istimewanya Facebook dalam Penelitian Antropologi (Sosial Lainnya)? • Social Media = Resonansi Interaksi dan Perilaku Manusia Abad Ini (‘the second life: human behavior and technology lihat Bernal (2010), Bouvier (2012), Farquhar (2012), Jones (2002), Peachey and Mark (2011), Sherman (2011), Turkle (2011)) • Etnografi Jawa-Suriname di Belanda = PERISTIWA FACEBOOK • Jagading Facebook Jowo Global Village dan The “Click Traveling” to Homeland
  3. 3. DIALEKTIKA Facebook = Penelitian Lapangan/ Lapangan Penelitian Multi-Sited Fieldwork • Snow Ball dan –emic term Godhong Garing (dry leaf) • “The crossroad intersection’ • Siapa Lebih Jawa ? : “a clashing diasporic imagination’ (Fuji Prastowo, 2015)
  4. 4. Online Ethnography Intersection: Jembatan Dunia Nyata dan Dunia Maya The cyber ethnography (Muir(2004), Farquhar (2012)) the second life "alone together' (Turkle, 2005) Intersection : Liminal State (Sherman, 2011)
  5. 5. Empiris: Masyarakat Menyebar (Diaspora) Jawa-Suriname di Belanda • Estafet Antropolog Indonesia setelah (42 Tahun Kosong) : J. Ismael (1943) Parsudi Suparlan (1973) • Klasifikasi Diaspora Jawa di Belanda (Fuji Prastowo, 2015) 1. Indische-Javanese Diaspora 2. Indonesian-Javanese Diaspora 3. Suriname-Javanese Diaspora
  6. 6. • Rentang tahun 1890-1939 ada 31.499 Orang Jawa pergi ke Dutch West Indies (Suriname) untuk bekerja di perkebunan Tebu, tambang, dan sebagainya (Allen (2013), Aaonghas (2001), Blakely (1998), Pasurdi (1995). Beberapa orang juga dilaporkan sebagai korban perdagangan dan penculikan manusia (Parsudi, 1995). Sensus penduduk Suriname tahun 2004, tercatat ada 71.879 keturunan Jawa di Suriname (Hartoyo, 2010). • Sejarah berlanjut, pada tahun 1975-1980-an, sekitar 200.000-300.000 orang Suriname (sekitar 35.000) orang Jawa eksodus dari Suriname ke Belanda untuk mempertahankan status warga Belanda (Chickrie, 2011, Gowricharn, 2004) • Sehingga berkembang pesat komunitas Jawa-Suriname di Belanda hingga sekarang.
  7. 7. Diaspora: The Home-Making Community (Basu, 2007; Clifford, 1994; Cohen, 2008; Falzon, 2003 Knott, 2010; Levy and Weingrod, 2005; Morawska, 2011; Rozen, 2008; Sheffer, 2010; Tölölyan, 2007).
  8. 8. 4 Modus Multi-Sited Fieldwork pada Online-Ethnography (Fuji Prastowo, 2015) (1) From online to offline and vice versa
  9. 9. (2) Going Inside on Virtual Space • Ciri Pembeda Etnograf pengguna Facebook pada Multi-Sited Fieldwork : Partisipasi Aktif. • Dua Prinsip Utama : 1. TERLIHAT 2. TERLIBAT • Aplikasi Antropologi: NGUMPULKE BALUNG PISAH
  10. 10. THE NOTION OF SERENDPITY (Sunier dan Verkaaik, 2005) Ngumpulke Balung Pisah Mbah Atmowerdojo (1930-2015)
  11. 11. Menunaikan Wasiat Alm. Soemardjan Atmowerdojo “Ngumpulke Balung Pisah” lewat keturunannya generasi ke-3 dan ke-4 di Belanda Axel-Terneuzen Zeeland, Lelystad, Almere (2-7Agustus, 2015)
  12. 12. 3. Following People
  13. 13. 4. Following Issues and Metaphors
  14. 14. Penutup • On Facebook, We Face(d) Java : Facebook mendekatkan Diaspora pada ‘rumahnya’. • Facebook : Resonansi Perilaku Manusia • Facebook : Mediasi Etnografi • Limitasi : Artifisial dan Banalitas • Saran : Keseimbangan Titik Temu dunia nyata dan dunia maya.
  15. 15. Pitutur Pamungkas Urip Kaya Ilining Banyu, Angeli tur ora Keli. Aja Mandheg Sakdurunge Nelesi, Aja Ngrusak sing Dilewati. Ki Kadang Ludiro Ngumpulke Balung Pisah : Etnografi dan Visual Anthropology Jawa Sak-Ndunyo (PR: Kokos Pasifik, Ceylon, Afrika Selatan, Madagaskar). fujiriang@gmail.com
  16. 16. Referensi • Allen, Pamela. 2013. Diasporic representation-ns of the home culture: case studies from Suriname and New Caledonia. Journal Asian Ethnicity: 1-19. • Aonghas, St-Hilaire. 2001. Ethnicity, assimilation and nation in plural Suriname. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 24:6, 998-1019. • Basu, Paul. 2007. Highland Homecomings Genealogy and heritage tourism in the Scottish diaspora. London: Routledge • Bernal, Victoria. 2010. “Diasporas and cyberspace”. In Diaspora: Concepts, Intersections, Identities, edited by Knott, Kim and Sean McLoughlin. 167-171. England: Zed Books • Blakely, Allison. 1998. Historical Ties among Suriname, the Netherlands Antilles, Aruba, and The Netherlands. Caribbean Literature from Suriname, The Netherlands Antilles, Aruba, and The Netherlands: A Special Issue (Summer, 1998), Callaloo, Vol. 21, No. 3, 472-478 • Bouvier, Gwen. 2012. How Facebook users select identity categories for self presentation, Journal of Multicultural Discourses, 7:1, 37-57 • Chickrie, Raymond S. 2011. Muslims in Suriname: Facing Triumphs and Challenges in a Plural Society. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 31:1, 79-99. • Clifford, James. 1994. Diasporas. Cultural Anthropology Vol 9. No 3 pp 302-308 • Cohen, Robin. 2008. Global Diasporas: An Introduction, Second Edition. London. Routledge • Falzon, Mark-Anthony. 2003. 'Bombay, Our Cultural Heart': Rethinking the relation between homeland and diaspora, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 26:4, 662-683. • Farquhar, Lee. 2012. Performing and interpreting identity through Facebook imagery. Journal of Research into New Media Technologies 19(4) 446-471 • Gowricharn, Ruben. 2004. Moral capital in Surinamese transnationalism, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 27:4, 607-621 • Hartoyo, Imam. 2010. Bingkai Jawa di Suriname. Jakarta : Kementrian Budaya dan Pariwisata Indonesia • Jones, Steven G. 2002. Virtual Culture: Identity and Communication in Cyber-society. London : Sage Publications. • Knott, Kim and Sean McLoughlin. 2010. Diaspora: Concepts, Intersections, Identities. England: Zed Books. • Levy, André and Alex Weingrod. 2005. Homelands and Diasporas: Holy Lands and Other Places. Stanford: Stanford University Press • Marcus, George. 1995. Ethnography in/of the world system: The emergence of multi-sited ethnography. Annual Review of Anthropology, 24 (1): 95-117. • Melhuus, Marit, John P Mitchell, and Helena Wulff. 2010. Ethnographic Practice in the Present. New York: Berghan Books • Morawska, Ewa. 2011. "‘Diaspora’ diasporas' representations of their homelands: exploring the polymorphs." Ethnic and Racial Studies, 34:6: 1029-1048. • Muir, S. 2004. “Not quite at home: Field envy and New Age ethnographic dis-ease”. In Anthropologists in the field: Cases in participant observation. Edited by L. Mulcock. 185-200. New York: Columbia University Press. • Parsudi, Suparlan. 1995. The Javanese in Suriname: Ethnicity in an Ethnically Plural Society. Arizona : Arizona State University Press. • Peachey, Anna and Mark Childs. 2011. Reinventing Ourselves: Contemporary Concepts of Identity in Virtual Worlds. London: Springer. • Rozen, Minna. 2008. Homelands and Diasporas: Greeks, Jews and Their Migrations. London. Tauris & Co Ltd • Ruben, A. 2012. “Multi-sited fieldwork”. In Ethnographic fieldwork: An anthropological reader, Second Edition. Edited by A. Sluka. 367-373. Oxford : Blackweel Publishing . • Sheffer, Gabriel. 2010. Homeland and Diaspora: An Analytical Perspective on Israeli–Jewish Diaspora. Ethnopolitics: Formerly Global Review of Ethnopolitics 9:3-4: 379-399. • Sherman, K. M. 2011. “An Imagined Community of Avatars? : A Theoretical Interrogation of Second Life TM as Nation through the Lens of Benedict Anderson’s Imagined Communities”. In Creating Second Lives: Community, Identity and Spatiality as Constructions of the Virtual. Edited by Astrid Ensslin and Eben Muse. New York Routledge: 33-50. • Sunier, T. and O. Verkaaik. 2005. Serendipity and the art of fieldwork: Interview with Anton Blok. Etnofoor, 18 (2): 105-123. • Tölölyan, Khachig. 2007. The Contemporary Discourse of Diaspora Studies. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Volume 27, Number 3, 2007, pp. 647-655 • Turkle, Sherry. 2011. Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other. New York, Basic Books •

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