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The challenge
of digital education
nowadays
Fernando Trujillo Sáez
https://unsplash.com/photos/4flhKx1sUdE
https://unsplash.com/photos/alt9KvwlERg
I love “challenges”!
https://unsplash.com/photos/G4ZjuxOFD8Y
The Challenges of
Digital…
•Humanities
•Equity
•Entrepreneurship
•Health
•Media
•Photography
•Public Security
•Theology
•…...
Digitalism is a global
challenge.
We roughly understand the
complexity of digital networks…
https://unsplash.com/photos/l090uFWoPaI
But we do perceive
their importance.
https://unsplash.com/photos/pkKeuRiDa2Q
Digital Education is as complex and
relevant as other “digital fields”.
The School is
sending us an
urgent SOS
message:
we want to
but we can’t.
challenges
of digital
education
https://unsplash.com/photos/H-82Nbe8m7o
Challenge #1:
The Digital Citizen
https://unsplash.com/photos/53d-jja8Owo
Digital
citizenship as
“good digital
safety and
good digital
etiquette”
Randy Hollandsworth, Judy Donovan & Mary Welch. 20...
Is Digital citizenship
an individual issue or
a collective concern?
Competence
and use are
individually-
defined
constructs.
https://unsplash.com/photos/zucx9-tQIVE
ILLUSTRATION:ELRUBENCIO
COGNITIVE DOMAIN
SIMPLE TASKS
WITH GUIDANCE
REMEMBERING
SIMPLE TASKS
AUTONOMY AND
WITH GUIDANCE
WH...
Digital
Citizenship is a
cornerstone of
our identity
and a
pervasive
concept
(as technology is)
https://unsplash.com/photo...
Social
responsibility
Critical
Thinking
Digital competence
https://unsplash.com/photos/RJla0P7GNiY
Digital
citizenship
Digital Citizenship
means a total revision
of the relationship of
the individual with
their natural and
sociocultural
envi...
Challenge #2:
The Digital
(Learning)
Environment
https://unsplash.com/photos/U0Vv8VgpsfY
The question “which elements of the
ecosystem are preventing digital
learning at school?”
is legitimate.
https://unsplash....
Analogical textbooks?
Initial or in-service teacher training?
Problems with broadband connection?
The curriculum?
https://...
But this narrow-focused approach
may be misleading.
https://unsplash.com/photos/ndP5Oj0sSps
Digital development takes
place in an ecological setting.
As literacy does.
https://unsplash.com/photos/pVdiv_8oY_s
It is an ecological issue:
“the whole is greater than
the sum of its parts”*
*Quote by Aristotle at the end of The Digital...
The Digital Agenda
for Europe paves
the way for deeper
and wider digital
competence in
Europe.
https://unsplash.com/photos...
The effort to
globally ingrain
digital technology
beyond the
school permeates
school learning
if…
https://unsplash.com/pho...
Challenge #3
Digital Learning
https://unsplash.com/photos/sQVXS8HBPPc
People using
digital
technology to
build knowledge
and develop their
competences?
https://unsplash.com/photos/wS73LE0GnKs
Digital technology is not
just a tool,
even less a “neutral” tool.
https://unsplash.com/photos/lt2GzPlOAmc
WITH
ABOUT
ABOVE and BEHIND
WITHOUT
Digital learning
means
Learning
Digital
Technology
https://unsplash.com/photos/ut67iFu...
Technology is
designed to
solve
problems.
Learning WITH
digital technology
means learning by
doing and solving
problems
ht...
Learning ABOUT digital technology
is an inquiry-based activity…
https://unsplash.com/photos/a05gCZBCmXY
… to understand th...
https://unsplash.com/photos/-swfFFgnF6Y
Learning ABOVE and BEHIND
Technology implies
considering Technology as a
control d...
Learning WITHOUT digital technology
means to reactivate our bodies to
learn with and through them.
https://unsplash.com/ph...
But to promote these four
approaches to digital learning
the school…
https://unsplash.com/photos/vC8wj_Kphak
Challenge #4
The Digital School
https://unsplash.com/photos/6cXZnFCd2KQ
A school is a special
concentration of
resources to promote
learning.
https://unsplash.com/photos/iC0MX40g480
Learning is guaranteed.
WHO WHAT WHEN
HOW
MUCH
OR
DEEP
https://unsplash.com/photos/MLtcpbwQT7I
It depends.
Does the school need
to be a competitive
ecosystem for the
students?
https://unsplash.com/photos/dYHu_GuU73o
A supporting, empowering school is
much better oriented to success-for-all,
which is much more profitable
in social terms....
So providing the
school with the
adequate
resources for
inclusive digital
learning means
catering for a
really (competent)...
https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/digcomporg
TECHNO-ORGANIZATIONAL DIMENSION TECHNO-PEDAGOGICAL DIMENSION
Leadership & Governance
Collaboration/Networking
Professional...
And helping
Schools
become open
learning hubs
make them
more
sustainable.
But then
teachers…
https://unsplash.com/photos/P...
Challenge #5
The Digital Teacher
https://unsplash.com/photos/75nbwHfDsnY
Teachers nowadays are
connected citizens.
In general.
https://unsplash.com/photos/rvH5oPPUvbk
Teachers, as
specialized
workers,
need the
best tools
to produce
the best
results.
Including
digital tools.
https://unspla...
Can all schools in
Europe claim they have
the digital equipment
to appropriately face
Digital Education?
https://unsplash....
And part of those
“best tools” are
RESPECT for
teachers and
SELF-CONFIDENCE.
https://unsplash.com/photos/r1YbXj0nkAU
Innovation only grows from
a grassroots movement.
It is a bottom-up upsurge.
https://unsplash.com/photos/BggmN_OiBMo
Dissemination
as part of teacher
professionalism
https://unsplash.com/photos/mdADGzyXCVE
Digital professional
development experiences
https://unsplash.com/photos/mcLpPD36-2k
https://unsplash.com/photos/3To9V42K0Ag
“Teaching and learning
to teach are
contextually situated.
Professional
developmen...
Connectivist MOOCshttps://unsplash.com/photos/xKSEI2l1lmU
New teachers for
new students
https://unsplash.com/photos/wWZzXlDpMog
Challenge #6 (The Final Challenge)
The Digital Student
https://unsplash.com/photos/y88uVd4tcNo
Is the digital student
something different
from the digital citizen?
https://unsplash.com/photos/BsWgMBfb208
The student-as-digital-
citizen builds on the
“student agency, which
focuses specifically on
student capabilities to
influen...
Agency is the capacity
to face a challenge
and take action.
https://unsplash.com/photos/JRVxgAkzIsM
Agency is linked to
two other concepts:
“ownership” and “sense-making”.
Inspired by Ketelaar, E., Beijaard,
D., Boshiizen, ...
Does the learning activity
allow students to express
who they are and what
they consider important?
Inspired by Ketelaar, ...
Does the learning activity
allow students to
“understand” the world
around them?
Inspired by Ketelaar, E., Beijaard, D., Bo...
How can we promote
“agency”, “ownership” and
“sense-making” through
digital learning?
https://unsplash.com/photos/EyTS92S8...
Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the
European Higher Education Area (ESG). (2015). Brussels,
Belgium.
htt...
Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in
the European Higher Education Area (ESG). (2015).
Brussels, Belgium.
Hig...
The real challenge
implies offering
students a school
environment as
stimulating in relation
to learning as the
outside-of...
Can digital technology
help us attain
that goal?
https://unsplash.com/photos/TVQFl9R-MLQ
Can we plan a set of actions
so that Digital Education becomes real?
https://unsplash.com/photos/r9T0LZv8xWQ
https://unsplash.com/photos/ipxnkyzX13U
We hope so!
That’s your
challenge
today!
https://unsplash.com/photos/GiUJ02Yj_io
Fernando Trujillo Sáez
http://fernandotrujillo.es
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The challeges of digital education nowadays

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Lecture at the European Commission, Directorate-Generale of Education, Youth, Sport and Culture (Brussels), 5th June 2018

Published in: Education
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The challeges of digital education nowadays

  1. 1. The challenge of digital education nowadays Fernando Trujillo Sáez https://unsplash.com/photos/4flhKx1sUdE
  2. 2. https://unsplash.com/photos/alt9KvwlERg I love “challenges”!
  3. 3. https://unsplash.com/photos/G4ZjuxOFD8Y
  4. 4. The Challenges of Digital… •Humanities •Equity •Entrepreneurship •Health •Media •Photography •Public Security •Theology •… https://unsplash.com/photos/JR1ChBgzJvQ
  5. 5. Digitalism is a global challenge.
  6. 6. We roughly understand the complexity of digital networks… https://unsplash.com/photos/l090uFWoPaI
  7. 7. But we do perceive their importance. https://unsplash.com/photos/pkKeuRiDa2Q
  8. 8. Digital Education is as complex and relevant as other “digital fields”.
  9. 9. The School is sending us an urgent SOS message: we want to but we can’t.
  10. 10. challenges of digital education https://unsplash.com/photos/H-82Nbe8m7o
  11. 11. Challenge #1: The Digital Citizen https://unsplash.com/photos/53d-jja8Owo
  12. 12. Digital citizenship as “good digital safety and good digital etiquette” Randy Hollandsworth, Judy Donovan & Mary Welch. 2017. “Digital Citizenship: You Can’t Go Home Again”. TechTrends, 61, pp. 524-530. https://unsplash.com/photos/BYL0-7AP8-c
  13. 13. Is Digital citizenship an individual issue or a collective concern?
  14. 14. Competence and use are individually- defined constructs. https://unsplash.com/photos/zucx9-tQIVE
  15. 15. ILLUSTRATION:ELRUBENCIO COGNITIVE DOMAIN SIMPLE TASKS WITH GUIDANCE REMEMBERING SIMPLE TASKS AUTONOMY AND WITH GUIDANCE WHERE NEEDED REMEMBERING Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Level 6 Level 7 Level 8 ON MY OWN UNDERSTANDING Learning to swim in the Digital Ocean: THE DIGITAL COMPETENCE FRAMEWORK FOR CITIZENS (V. 2.1) Foundation Intermediate Advanced Highly-specialised TASKS, AND WELL-DEFINED & NON-ROUTINE PROBLEMS INDEPENDENT AND ACCORDING TO MY NEEDS UNDERSTANDING WELL-DEFINED AND ROUTINE TASKS, AND STRAIGHTFORWARD PROBLEMS GUIDING OTHERS APPLYING DIFFERENT TASKS AND PROBLEMS DigComp 2.1 is a collaboration between the Joint Research Centre and DG Em- ployment Social Affairs and Inclusion COMPLEXITY OF TASKS AUTONOMY MOST APPROPRIATE TASKS ABLE TO ADAPT TO OTHERS IN A COMPLEX CONTEXT EVALUATING RESOLVE COMPLEX PROBLEMS WITH LIMITED SOLUTIONS CREATING INTEGRATE TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE AND TO GUIDE OTHERS RESOLVE COMPLEX PROBLEMS WITH MANY INTERACTING FACTORS CREATING PROPOSE NEW IDEAS AND PROCESSES TO THE FIELD
  16. 16. Digital Citizenship is a cornerstone of our identity and a pervasive concept (as technology is) https://unsplash.com/photos/KGcLJwIYiac
  17. 17. Social responsibility Critical Thinking Digital competence https://unsplash.com/photos/RJla0P7GNiY Digital citizenship
  18. 18. Digital Citizenship means a total revision of the relationship of the individual with their natural and sociocultural environment. https://unsplash.com/photos/d_4sntoSP_E
  19. 19. Challenge #2: The Digital (Learning) Environment https://unsplash.com/photos/U0Vv8VgpsfY
  20. 20. The question “which elements of the ecosystem are preventing digital learning at school?” is legitimate. https://unsplash.com/photos/MYRG0ptGh50
  21. 21. Analogical textbooks? Initial or in-service teacher training? Problems with broadband connection? The curriculum? https://unsplash.com/photos/yP19KADwhEI
  22. 22. But this narrow-focused approach may be misleading. https://unsplash.com/photos/ndP5Oj0sSps
  23. 23. Digital development takes place in an ecological setting. As literacy does. https://unsplash.com/photos/pVdiv_8oY_s
  24. 24. It is an ecological issue: “the whole is greater than the sum of its parts”* *Quote by Aristotle at the end of The Digital Skills and Jobs Coalition Members Charter
  25. 25. The Digital Agenda for Europe paves the way for deeper and wider digital competence in Europe. https://unsplash.com/photos/KGcLJwIYiac
  26. 26. The effort to globally ingrain digital technology beyond the school permeates school learning if… https://unsplash.com/photos/zosE9lAYQlo
  27. 27. Challenge #3 Digital Learning https://unsplash.com/photos/sQVXS8HBPPc
  28. 28. People using digital technology to build knowledge and develop their competences? https://unsplash.com/photos/wS73LE0GnKs
  29. 29. Digital technology is not just a tool, even less a “neutral” tool. https://unsplash.com/photos/lt2GzPlOAmc
  30. 30. WITH ABOUT ABOVE and BEHIND WITHOUT Digital learning means Learning Digital Technology https://unsplash.com/photos/ut67iFuoD2o
  31. 31. Technology is designed to solve problems. Learning WITH digital technology means learning by doing and solving problems https://unsplash.com/photos/kL6poGNsv7c
  32. 32. Learning ABOUT digital technology is an inquiry-based activity… https://unsplash.com/photos/a05gCZBCmXY … to understand the functioning of Technology.
  33. 33. https://unsplash.com/photos/-swfFFgnF6Y Learning ABOVE and BEHIND Technology implies considering Technology as a control device and regarding its implications to our identity, safety and freedom.
  34. 34. Learning WITHOUT digital technology means to reactivate our bodies to learn with and through them. https://unsplash.com/photos/T4iYRu6oIlE
  35. 35. But to promote these four approaches to digital learning the school… https://unsplash.com/photos/vC8wj_Kphak
  36. 36. Challenge #4 The Digital School https://unsplash.com/photos/6cXZnFCd2KQ
  37. 37. A school is a special concentration of resources to promote learning. https://unsplash.com/photos/iC0MX40g480
  38. 38. Learning is guaranteed. WHO WHAT WHEN HOW MUCH OR DEEP https://unsplash.com/photos/MLtcpbwQT7I It depends.
  39. 39. Does the school need to be a competitive ecosystem for the students? https://unsplash.com/photos/dYHu_GuU73o
  40. 40. A supporting, empowering school is much better oriented to success-for-all, which is much more profitable in social terms. https://unsplash.com/photos/AX-ma0j6elM
  41. 41. So providing the school with the adequate resources for inclusive digital learning means catering for a really (competent) digital society https://unsplash.com/photos/x2Tmfd1-SgA
  42. 42. https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/digcomporg
  43. 43. TECHNO-ORGANIZATIONAL DIMENSION TECHNO-PEDAGOGICAL DIMENSION Leadership & Governance Collaboration/Networking Professional Development Teaching & Learning Evaluation Content & Curricula INFRAESTRUCTURE (DIGITAL+SPACES)
  44. 44. And helping Schools become open learning hubs make them more sustainable. But then teachers… https://unsplash.com/photos/PmpMQDiQ2F8
  45. 45. Challenge #5 The Digital Teacher https://unsplash.com/photos/75nbwHfDsnY
  46. 46. Teachers nowadays are connected citizens. In general. https://unsplash.com/photos/rvH5oPPUvbk
  47. 47. Teachers, as specialized workers, need the best tools to produce the best results. Including digital tools. https://unsplash.com/photos/HgUDpaGPTEA
  48. 48. Can all schools in Europe claim they have the digital equipment to appropriately face Digital Education? https://unsplash.com/photos/NP4mDCN0PIU
  49. 49. And part of those “best tools” are RESPECT for teachers and SELF-CONFIDENCE. https://unsplash.com/photos/r1YbXj0nkAU
  50. 50. Innovation only grows from a grassroots movement. It is a bottom-up upsurge. https://unsplash.com/photos/BggmN_OiBMo
  51. 51. Dissemination as part of teacher professionalism https://unsplash.com/photos/mdADGzyXCVE
  52. 52. Digital professional development experiences https://unsplash.com/photos/mcLpPD36-2k
  53. 53. https://unsplash.com/photos/3To9V42K0Ag “Teaching and learning to teach are contextually situated. Professional development activities must therefore build on teachers' own knowledge and beliefs, perceived problems, and classroom practices.” Linda van den Bergh, Anje Ros, Douwe Beijaard. 2015. Teacher learning in the context of a continuing professional development programme: A case study. Teaching and Teacher Education, 47, 142-150.
  54. 54. Connectivist MOOCshttps://unsplash.com/photos/xKSEI2l1lmU
  55. 55. New teachers for new students https://unsplash.com/photos/wWZzXlDpMog
  56. 56. Challenge #6 (The Final Challenge) The Digital Student https://unsplash.com/photos/y88uVd4tcNo
  57. 57. Is the digital student something different from the digital citizen? https://unsplash.com/photos/BsWgMBfb208
  58. 58. The student-as-digital- citizen builds on the “student agency, which focuses specifically on student capabilities to influence their learning environments.” Manja Klemenčič, 2017, “From Student Engagement to Student Agency: Conceptual Considerations of European Policies on Student-Centered Learning in Higher Education”. Higher Education Policy, 2017, 30, (69–85), pg. 80. https://unsplash.com/photos/CJpMLpeuQng
  59. 59. Agency is the capacity to face a challenge and take action. https://unsplash.com/photos/JRVxgAkzIsM
  60. 60. Agency is linked to two other concepts: “ownership” and “sense-making”. Inspired by Ketelaar, E., Beijaard, D., Boshiizen, H. P. A., Den Brok, P. J. 2012. “Teachers’ positioning towards an educational innovation in the light of ownership, sense- making and agency”. Teaching and Teacher Education, 28, 273-282. https://unsplash.com/photos/jfkD2buRaxA
  61. 61. Does the learning activity allow students to express who they are and what they consider important? Inspired by Ketelaar, E., Beijaard, D., Boshiizen, H. P. A., Den Brok, P. J. 2012. “Teachers’ positioning towards an educational innovation in the light of ownership, sense-making and agency”. Teaching and Teacher Education, 28, 273-282. Ownership https://unsplash.com/photos/UvRMcIeXq9Y
  62. 62. Does the learning activity allow students to “understand” the world around them? Inspired by Ketelaar, E., Beijaard, D., Boshiizen, H. P. A., Den Brok, P. J. 2012. “Teachers’ positioning towards an educational innovation in the light of ownership, sense-making and agency”. Teaching and Teacher Education, 28, 273-282. Sense-Making https://unsplash.com/photos/p0W9Q9gei4g
  63. 63. How can we promote “agency”, “ownership” and “sense-making” through digital learning? https://unsplash.com/photos/EyTS92S8lPs
  64. 64. Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG). (2015). Brussels, Belgium. https://unsplash.com/photos/jR4Zf-r
  65. 65. Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG). (2015). Brussels, Belgium. High Expectations Flexibility and variety Active learning methodologies Trans-forming Assessment Learner autonomy through scaffolding Respect for and appreciation of diversity https://unsplash.com/photos/VLaKsTkmVhk
  66. 66. The real challenge implies offering students a school environment as stimulating in relation to learning as the outside-of-school environment. https://unsplash.com/photos/Zqwo009nmCc
  67. 67. Can digital technology help us attain that goal? https://unsplash.com/photos/TVQFl9R-MLQ
  68. 68. Can we plan a set of actions so that Digital Education becomes real? https://unsplash.com/photos/r9T0LZv8xWQ
  69. 69. https://unsplash.com/photos/ipxnkyzX13U We hope so! That’s your challenge today!
  70. 70. https://unsplash.com/photos/GiUJ02Yj_io Fernando Trujillo Sáez http://fernandotrujillo.es

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