19 Liturgical Year Precepts Of The Church

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  • 19 Liturgical Year Precepts Of The Church

    1. 1. LITURGICAL YEAR AND PRECEPTS OF THE CHURCH
    2. 2. SHARING <ul><li>What is the “solemnity” that is celebrated to-day? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the 3 readings & the Responsorial Psalm in your Bible. </li></ul><ul><li>Recall & share briefly what the Priest preached in his homily today. </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Liturgical Year <ul><li>A cycle of seasons & feasts celebrated by the Church during a 12 month period. </li></ul><ul><li>The seasons & feast days recall & celebrate the mysteries of Christ – His life, death & resurrection; as well as the love, devotion, faithfulness & holiness that surrounded His Mother, Mary, & the other Saints. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps us to grow in our spiritual life </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Liturgical celebrations are grouped into 3 categories, by order of importance:- </li></ul><ul><li>Solemnities: Highest order. Commemorate an event, a person or a belief of the highest significance in salvation history e.g. Christmas, Easter, Pentecost, Christ the King, the Immaculate Conception of Mary. </li></ul><ul><li>Feast Days: Commemorate the astonishing actions of God; give him thanks for them; perpetuate their remembrance & teach new generations to conform their conduct to them e.g. Feast of the Holy Family, Baptism of Jesus, Birth of Mary. </li></ul><ul><li>Memorials: Give glory to God for martyrs & Saints, whose examples encourage the faithful on their pilgrim journey to the heavenly Father e.g. St. Francis Xavier (Dec 3), St Anthony of Padua (Jun 13) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Pentecost Sunday The Liturgical Year ADVENT LENT Easter Ordinary Time 2 Ordinary Time 1 Christmas Easter Sunday Ash Wed 1 st Sunday of Advent
    6. 6. ADVENT <ul><li>From Latin “adventus” meaning arriving or coming. </li></ul><ul><li>Period of joyous, devout & expectant anticipation & preparation for both the celebration of Jesus’ birth & his expected second coming. </li></ul><ul><li>Period of waiting is marked with Advent Wreath with 4 candles, symbolizing the hopefulness of evergreens, the eternal love of God expressed in the circle without beginning or end, & the candle flames pushing out the darkness to make way for Christ, the Light of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The Crib reminds us of what we are anticipating. </li></ul><ul><li>Themes: Joyful expectation, penance & reform, hope. </li></ul><ul><li>Liturgical colour: Purple (symbolizes penance), third week rose/pink (joy). </li></ul>
    7. 7. CHRISTMAS <ul><li>Begins with Christmas Eve Mass. </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrates the birthday of our Lord Jesus Christ – “ the Word became flesh & dwelt among us” John 1:14. </li></ul><ul><li>A holy day of rejoicing & thanksgiving. </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas season lasts till Feast of the Baptism of Jesus on Jan 10, 2010. During this season we celebrate Jesus’ early childhood events: </li></ul><ul><li>Feast of the Holy Family (27 Dec), </li></ul><ul><li>Solemnity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Mother of God (Jan 1), </li></ul><ul><li>Solemnity of the Epiphany (Jan 3) </li></ul><ul><li>Themes: Joy, peace, Christ as Light of the world, The Incarnation </li></ul><ul><li>Liturgical colour: White (purity, holiness) </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas is second in importance to Easter </li></ul>
    8. 8. Ordinary Time 1 <ul><li>Root word “ordinal” means “the counted weeks”. </li></ul><ul><li>Begins on the Monday following Feast of the Baptism of Our Lord, & ends on the day before Ash Wed which marks the beginning of Lent. </li></ul><ul><li>Next year 2010, Ordinary Time starts 11 th Jan, ends 16 th Feb. Ash Wed on 17 th Feb. </li></ul><ul><li>This period allows us to reflect on the mysteries of Christ just celebrated; also provides for celebration of other solemnities, feasts days & memorials of Saints of the Church. </li></ul><ul><li>Main focus of readings is Christ’s earthly ministry. </li></ul><ul><li>Liturgical colour: Green symbolizing growth of spiritual life. </li></ul>
    9. 9. LENT <ul><li>Lent begins with Ash Wednesday & culminates in Easter, the most sacred day in the liturgical calendar. </li></ul><ul><li>Lent lasts 40 days. </li></ul><ul><li>Period of penance & purification, renewed repentance of our sins, a new turning to God, to get ourselves ready to celebrate Easter. </li></ul><ul><li>On Ash Wed we put ashes on our foreheads to signify repentance & sorrow for our sins. </li></ul><ul><li>During Lent we perform acts of penance – includes fasting & abstinence, prayers, sacrifices & almsgiving. </li></ul>
    10. 10. LENT cont’d <ul><li>Fasting means that a person can eat one full meal & two half meals on fast days. </li></ul><ul><li>Abstinence means to refrain from eating meat or meat products. </li></ul><ul><li>On Ash Wednesday & Good Friday, Catholics of age 18 – 59 are required to fast & abstain. </li></ul><ul><li>During Lent, the Church encourages its faithful to exercise personal self-denial & sacrifice for spiritual health i.e. to abstain from doing something we normally enjoy. </li></ul><ul><li>Catholics of age 18 to 59 years are required to fast. </li></ul>
    11. 11. LENT cont’d <ul><li>Abstinence shows a desire to become less self-centred, to overcome sinful inclination & to identify oneself with the sacrifice & death of Jesus. </li></ul><ul><li>We do works of mercy & deeds of kindness for those in need. </li></ul><ul><li>We give alms/ donations for charity. </li></ul><ul><li>We give more time for prayers & go for spiritual retreat, to take stock of our spiritual life. </li></ul><ul><li>Themes of Lent: Penance, prayer, sacrifice </li></ul><ul><li>Liturgical colour: Purple </li></ul>
    12. 12. LENT cont’d <ul><li>Holy week recalls Jesus’ passage from life & death to the glory of his resurrection. </li></ul><ul><li>Holy week starts with Palm Sunday & ends in the 3 days of Easter Triduum – Holy Thursday, Good Friday & Holy Saturday </li></ul>Palm Sunday Time-line of Lent Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Holy Week Week 5 Ash Wednesday Triduum Easter
    13. 13. <ul><li>Easter Triduum: </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Thursday recalls Jesus’ last supper with His disciples, when He instituted the Sacrament of the Eucharist & the Holy Order of Priesthood. </li></ul><ul><li>Good Friday commemorates his sufferings & death. On this day Mass is not celebrated, only a communion service, where the cross is venerated. </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Saturday commemorates the day Jesus lay in the tomb. There is no daytime Mass, until midnight when the Easter Vigil Mass is celebrated - Christ has risen from the dead, conquering death! </li></ul><ul><li>This marks the beginning of Easter. </li></ul>
    14. 14. EASTER <ul><li>Celebrates the resurrection of Jesus. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pascal Candle is lighted to signify that Christ as Light of the world has triumphed over sin & death. </li></ul><ul><li>Themes: New life in Christ, Light, Christian victory </li></ul><ul><li>Liturgical colour: White, often with gold. </li></ul><ul><li>During Vigil Mass, the singing of the Gloria & the Alleluia ring out with the bells ringing, to express our joy </li></ul>
    15. 15. EASTER <ul><li>The Easter event of God raising Jesus to life is crucial to the Christian faith. </li></ul><ul><li>Through the resurrection of Jesus, Christians believe that God our Creator offers salvation & hope to all humanity. </li></ul><ul><li>This is what Easter is about. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditionally, it is also the time for all catechumens to be baptized on Easter Vigil. </li></ul><ul><li>Easter season lasts for 50 days, ending on Pentecost Sunday </li></ul>
    16. 16. Ordinary Time 2 <ul><li>After Pentecost we enter Ordinary Time again. </li></ul><ul><li>During this period, the mystery of Christ in all its fullness is celebrated & reflected on. </li></ul><ul><li>Special Sunday celebrations like Holy Trinity Sunday, Corpus Christi & Christ the King, help accomplish this purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Solemnity of Christ the King marks the end of the Church Year, & a new cycle begins. </li></ul><ul><li>Themes: Growth, journey in Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Liturgical colour: Green </li></ul>
    17. 17. THE LECTIONARY CYCLE <ul><li>The Lectionary is a book of Scripture readings used during Mass. </li></ul><ul><li>Term means “gathering or selection of readings”. </li></ul><ul><li>Every day of the year appropriate Scripture texts are prescribed & proclaimed in our Masses. This is the Lectionary Cycle. </li></ul><ul><li>For Sunday masses, there are 3 readings & a Psalm. </li></ul><ul><li>These readings follow a 3-year cycle A, B & C. </li></ul><ul><li>For weekday masses, there are 2 readings & a Psalm, & follow a 2-year cycle. </li></ul><ul><li>Odd years are cycle 1 & even years cycle 2. </li></ul><ul><li>Readings for each cycle are different. </li></ul>
    18. 18. PRECEPTS OF THE CHURCH <ul><li>To keep holy all Sundays and Days of Obligation. </li></ul><ul><li>To observe the days of penance. </li></ul><ul><li>To go to confession at least once a year. </li></ul><ul><li>To receive Holy Communion at Easter Time. </li></ul><ul><li>To contribute to the support of the Church. </li></ul>

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