Social Media & Democracy


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  • Problem is complexitiy.Why does internet have an effect on democratization or why not?So this research is about:How doe societal factors influence the interaction between social media crowdsourcing tools and democratization,How can we us that information to design better tools, and deploy them in a better way.
  • What do youexpect, of the effect of the Internet?That is why, Afghanistan was chosen.
  • ObjectivesEnable citizen participation in election monitoring throughout Afghanistan on election day.Prove that even in the developing world, conflict areas, and fragile states, crucial data can be made available with low overhead and local contributors as primary sources.Assist the international community by providing a transparent, contextualized overview of events on election day, in near real-time.
  • Social Media & Democracy

    1. 1. Social media & democracy<br />Case study on Ushahidi in Afghanistan<br />1<br />
    2. 2. Ushahidi<br />Ushahidi is a tool that is build for democratizing information, increasing transparency and lowering the barriers for individuals to share their stories.<br />First website created by a community of Kenyan bloggers, developed into a free software platform<br />Egypt<br /><br />Afghanistan <br /><br />2<br />
    3. 3. Ushahidi platform<br />Combines existing technology<br /><ul><li>Open source software
    4. 4. PHP (Kohana PHP5 framework)
    5. 5. Built-in support for SMS gateways</li></ul>Clickatell for sending<br />FrontlineSMS for receiving<br /><ul><li>Google Maps API for geocoding</li></ul>3<br />
    6. 6. SMS reportingand feedback cycle<br />4<br />
    7. 7. Research Topics<br /><ul><li>Ushahidi
    8. 8. Theoretical propositions on</li></ul>IT system performance<br />Democracy<br />Media effects on society & democracy<br />Internet effects on society & democracy<br /><ul><li>Influence of</li></ul> Societal factors<br /> Design decisions<br /> Deployment decisions<br />5<br />
    9. 9. Socio-Technical system<br />6<br />Socio-technical levels (Whitworth, 2009)<br />
    10. 10. Web of system performance<br />7<br />Web Of System Performance (Whitworth, 2009)<br />
    11. 11. What is a democracy?<br />Dennis and Snyder (1997): “All democracies share certain important precepts – open debate with sufferance of unpopular opinions, and decisions taken by honest voting and thereupon accepted.”<br />Tocqueville, Democracy in America<br /><ul><li>Importance of associations
    12. 12. Importance of free press
    13. 13. Third wave of democratization</li></ul>Industrial revolution<br />Post WWII era<br />ICT revolution<br />8<br />
    14. 14. Media system dependencytheory<br />9<br />MSD theory (S. J. Ball-Rokeach & DeFleur, 1976)<br />
    15. 15. Influence ICT on Democraticgrowth<br />10<br />Hypothetical Model for the influence of Communication Technologies and Endogenous Sociocultural Structures on Democratic Growth Based on Relationships Identified by MSD theory (Groshek, 2009)<br />
    16. 16. Alive in Afghanistan<br />11<br />
    17. 17. Alive in Afghanistan<br />12<br />
    18. 18. Alive in Afghanistan<br />Alive in Afghanistan<br /><ul><li>Presidential elections of 2009
    19. 19. Parliamentary elections of 2010</li></ul>Afghanistan<br /><ul><li>42 % below national poverty line
    20. 20. 18 % literacy rate (age >15)
    21. 21. Important media: Radio and Mobile Telephony</li></ul>13<br />
    22. 22. Alive in Afghanistan<br />14<br />
    23. 23. Alive in Afghanistan<br />15<br />
    24. 24. Societal factors influencing success<br /><ul><li>Level of Education</li></ul>Literacy<br />Digital literacy<br />Concepts of democracy, participation, etc.<br /><ul><li>Location: Urban/Rural
    25. 25. Wealth
    26. 26. Age: Junior/Senior
    27. 27. Trust in Government: Sociopolitical (in)stability, corruption
    28. 28. Level of democracy
    29. 29. Level of development
    30. 30. Cultural factors: Religion, emancipation, importance of family
    31. 31. Level of Communication Infrastructure</li></ul>16<br />
    32. 32. Design & deployment Decisions<br /><ul><li>Good Partnerships
    33. 33. Marketing of the platform
    34. 34. Creating alternative ways to interact
    35. 35. ‘Social’ rules: Policies on crowdsourcing, privacy, community building, etc.
    36. 36. Contingency planning
    37. 37. Estimating feasibility of citizen-reporting</li></ul>17<br />
    38. 38. Final thoughts<br />18<br />Hypothetical Model for the influence of Communication Technologies and Endogenous Sociocultural Structures on Democratic Growth Based on Relationships Identified by MSD theory (Groshek, 2009)<br />