Blog: www.fairsnape.wordpress.com Email: [email_address] Twitter: @fairsnape Martin Brown fairsnape University of Central Lancashire Department of Built Environment Earth Day 2009
"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." 1987 Rachel Carson sent tremors through American society with the publication of her 1962 book "Silent Spring."
An Inconvenient Truth Inter-government Panel on Climate Change Report Stern Report Economics of Climate Change
<ul><li>2009 - What has changed – why the urgency now? </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges we face: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>• peak oil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• ecological footprint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• global warming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• global In-balance </li></ul></ul>
Source: UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (1.8 degC) (6 degC)
We exceed our ecological footprint: In 2001, the South West residents' ecological footprint was 27.4 million gha (global hectares) or 5.56 gha per person. The earth-share is 1.9 gha per person. How we use and share the one planet we have. ecological footprint
contraction & convergence 2050 Per Capita Emissions Rest of World India China Annex 1 (non-OECD ) OECD minus USA USA 5Gtc 10Gtc 1900 2000 2100 1800 2200 Gross Emissions 0 2 4 6
from grey to bright green Do nothing now Technology later will solve it Always plenty of resources Reject as much as possible Do as little as is necessary Legislation led Grass roots Because it makes sense Community based Tree huggers Earth is a balanced system Humans are pests Accommodationists Eco- Communialists Gaianists Cornucopians
“ Warming of more than 1 0 C above today’s level will make the Earth warmer than it has been in a million years”. Dr. James Hansen, NASA GISS
“ Business-as-usual, with fossil fuel CO 2 emissions continuing to increase will mean an additional warming of 2 0 C to 3 0 C this century and will make the Earth a different planet.” Dr. James Hansen, NASA GISS
“ At 2 0 C to 3 0 C the new equililibrium sea level is approximately 25 meters (80 feet) higher than today. Real world data suggest sea level changes in centuries rather than milenia.” Dr. James Hansen, NASA GISS
“ Action must be prompt, otherwise CO2- producing infrastructure will be built within a decade that will make it impractical to keep further warming under 1 0 C ”. Dr. James Hansen, NASA GISS
built environment impact 70% world population live in cities Cities require 70% global energy Cities responsible for 80% ecological footprint, and some 45% carbon footprint 70% buildings in 2050 are already built or in construction
2030 0 C hallenge to rapidly transform the US and global Building Sector from the major contributor of greenhouse gas emissions to a central part of the solution to the global-warming crisis.
Today, architecture, planning and building design must rapidly transform.
byo blue Coal alone will take us to tipping point (Hansen, NASA) UK coal mine closures enabled UK targets Kingsnorth will prevent UK targets USA / Australia China / India Carbon Capture, coal the green fuel ??
uk built environment zeitgeist Eco-Homes Zero Carbon Homes Eco Towns Eco Build Green Build Carbon Neutral Net Waste Renewables Merton Rule Code Level 6 Sustainable Construction Social Enterprises Micro generation Green Builder of the Year Enviro KPI’s
route 2 zero EPC 60% DQI 20% all BREAM Excel 100% Govt BREAM Excel Homes +25% Water Code 3 Homes CODE Mandatory Bldg Regs New Timber Laws British Land Carbon Neut Wates Carbon Neut Eff Improvement -25% Responsible Sourcing Waste -50% Govt Est Carbon Neut Stamp Relief Zero Waste 2020 London Emmis -60% 2025 UK Emmis - 60% 2050 2008 2009 2010 2010 - 2016 2016-2050 Efficiency -44% Zero Waste Carbon Zero Homes M and S Carbon Neut Industry Targets Milestones Requirements 2008 - 2050 Carbon Zero Schools Walmart Carbon Neut Wal-mart Zero Waste Lanc’s CC – 30% 2020 Hamps CC – CN 2050 Carbon Zero Non-Domestics
Impact – What’s your ripple? impact Social Environment Economic Local community staff customers National community Sustainable development suppliers shareholders Local community customers staff Local community Waste Emissions Energy use Life cycles Equal opportunities Human Rights Community regeneration Education employee volunteering value standards Ethnical trading employment Wealth generation
Triple Bottom Line John Elkington in 1994 People Planet Purpose Folk, Place, Work, Patrick Geddes 1900 Soil, Soul, Society Satish Kumar 2008 Health, Place, Nature SD Commission 2008
Thanks to a great crash programme in 2010 , a point of self reliance in energy is achieved through a 50% reduction in energy consumption and a massive scaling up of renewables to provide the remaining 50% Rob Hopkins, Transition Handbook
<ul><li>In 2014 , the Local Passiv Haus became the standard for all domestic building. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of local bio materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No space heating input – other than solar and occupants body heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In excess of 80% materials sourced locally </li></ul></ul>Rob Hopkins, Transition Handbook
Education in 2008 was woefully adequate, given the scale of tranistion to come. A new ciricumulm was approved in 2012 firmly based on foundations of sustainability and resilience building By 2018 universities were no longer to attract from wide geographical areas, following a rethink, they are now incubator centers for local business and skills Rob Hopkins, Transition Handbook
Beyond Zero Energy for ‘free’? Data centers could heat 70,000 homes The energy we waste using bottled water would be enough to power 190,000 homes. Passiv Haus Cement waste
“ Every time I have done the right thing for the environment I’ve made a profit ” Yvon Chouinard, Let my people surf founder and owner of Patagonia and 1% For The Planet